Construction details 9-Ele.-28-Ohm 10-Ele-28-Ohm 11-Ele-28-Ohm
12-Ele.-28-Ohm 14-Ele.-28-Ohm 17-Ele.-28-Ohm 19-Ele.-28-Ohm

For the design principles of high-gain Longyagis click       here

Latest versions, optimized for gain, pattern and SWR! 

Very important Informations for constructing, please read all carefully before assembling!

 

Meanwhile a lot of contest-crews are working with vertically stacked DK7ZB-Yagis. Easy to build, easy to match and good results.

 

The picture left shows the

 4x9-Element with 18dBd gain

 

by  Miros, OK1KRQ

History of the Yagis with worldwide first used technologies:

1995: Introducing the 28-Ohm- and 12,5-Ohm matching technology  by DK7ZB (Issue 4/1995 german magazine "Funkamateur")

1996: The construction of the DK7ZB-Longyagis with 28-Ohm-stretched dipoles and 112-Ohm-folded dipoles (Issue 1/1997 german magazine "Funkamateur")

1998: Yagis in 12,5-Ohm-technology for 50 MHz, feeding with the DK7ZB-impedance-choke (Issue 4/1998 german magazine "Funkamateur")

2008: 50-Ohm-Yagis with the DK7ZB-choke (Issue 7/2008 german magazine "Funkamateur")

The philosophy of the DK7ZB-Longyagis is:

High gain, good pattern and acceptable bandwidth. These aims can be realized with a radiation-resistance of 25-35Ohms. Because the 28-Ohm-feedpoint is very simple to match, I use this impedance for my long Yagis.

Link to a Youtube-File 

2-m-TEP-QSO   9Z4BM - PY5HOT 

3900 km with a 12-El.-DK7ZB-Yagi at 9Z4BM

The Yagis are in the VE7BQH-List, there you find the stacking dimensions for H-groups (mni tnx to Lionel, VE7BQH!). The Yagis are designed for the SSB/CW- and EME-part of the band, a very good SWR can be expected between 144,0 and 144,6MHz. The 9-el-Yagi is updated now and has higher gain and better G/T.

The feedpoint impedance for all Yagis is 28Ohm, the radiator is a simple split-dipole with the DK7ZB-match. Keep the length 2mm longer each side, the fine-tuning for best SWR is made by shortening the radiator to SWR-minimum. If you get an SWR > 1.2, there is something wrong!

The 2x75-Ohm-coax-cables for the match 28/50Ohm must be absolutely parallel. If you mount them above the boom, take a piece of isolated material (uncritical) of 2-3mm thickness between the cables and the boom.The high voltage at power >300W RF can cause a short circuit and arcing between screen and boom!

The given length of the radiator elements are from tip to tip, including 10mm spacing for the insulated part.

If you construct the Yagis carefully you get a result like Pino, IW0AIJ with his 12-Ele.-28-Ohm

This professional dipole is constructed by DJ3MF. For hams he is willing to build some of these excellent radiators for the 28/50-Ohm match.

To contact him use his e-mail adress:

kh-druecker@onlinehome.de

 

These are the parts for the DJ3MF-radiator-box. The coax-socket will be grounded by the screw for fixing the radiator to the boom.

The 10-Element-28-Ohm-Yagi built by Mattias, SA0AZT. Link to pictures with the homemade holders    SA0AZT

Important hint:

The 2x75-Ohm-coax-cables (or 2x50-Ohm) for the match 28/50 Ohm (or 12,5/50 Ohm) must be absolutely parallel. If you mount them above the boom, take a piece of insulated material (uncritical) of 2-3mm thickness between the cables and the boom.The high voltage at power >300W RF can cause a short circuit or arcing between screen and boom!

The 28-Ohm-match with 2x75-Ohm-CATV/SATV-cable shown above will handle 750Wtts RF on SSB/CW on 2m.  Do not bend the loop with a to small diameter! The V (Velocity of propagation) with these cables is in the range of 0,8-0,85, most cables have a V=0,82. Use a good quality, in the last time a lot of inferior cables with a steel braid are on the market.

With 2xRG-59 (MIL-quality!) you can handle 300Wtts on 2m. The given or calculated lengths is related to the shield with short leads.

All DK7ZB-Longyagis have insulated mounted elements above the boom. That is the best way for mounting, because the formulas for mounting through the boom and on the boom are not very trustworthy. The factor for the longer elements in that cases must be another for the several directors. One constant factor is not a good choice. 

I prefer elements with 8mm or 10mm diameter, because they are much less critical than smaller diameters, e.g. 4mm. Bandwidth and tolerance against rain, fog and stacking harnesses are much better with thicker elements, keep that in mind!

The elements are mounted insulated with Polyamid- clamps (Nuxcom), the screw in the electrical "zero-point" has no influence to the length of the element and is connected to the boom. "Insulated" means, that no part of the element is "short-cut", e.g. by the metal of the boom.

The Polyamid-clamps above and the middle parts for the radiators right are available at Nuxcom.

 

www.nuxcom.de

Here an other interesting source for several holding clamps for round and square booms in metric and imperial dimensions (15 mm, 20 mm, 25 mm, 30 mm, 1'', 1 1/4'', 1 1/2'')

 by  Pablo, EA4TX:

 

Link to his page:   Shop EA4TX

Clamps for 20x20mm-Boom and 25x25mm-Boom distributed by

Henryk, SP6GWN

e-mail:sp6gwn (at) wp.pl

 

For 15x15mm and 20x20mm-clamps

also try it at www.nuxcom.de

Another kind of holders for round booms, here for 28-mm-boom. Other parts available, too.

by  Aage, LA4ZH

For e-mail-contact:

la4zh (at) arrl.net

Another method with homemade clamps (cheap and easy) by Adam, 9A4QV. See further details on his homepage:

        http://www.qsl.net/9a4qv/Antenna_insulators.htm

Simple homemade holder

by Sergey,  RW3TU

Short data for the Yagis:

Type Boomlength Gain F/B G/T (4x)
9-Element 5,00m (2,4 WL) 12,5dBd >30dB -3,41
10-Element 6,00m (2,88 WL) 13,1dBd > 30dB -2,8
12-Element 8,00m (3,84 WL) 14,2dBd >30dB -1,6
14-Element 9,90m (4,73 WL) 15,0dBd > 30dB -0,77
17-Element 12,10m (5,83 WL) 15,8dBd > 40dB (!) +0,12

Important:

If you use correction factors (DL6WU-formula) for non-insulated mounting through thicker booms with 30-40mm diameter, you must be sure, that the operating frequency has not changed.

You find that out by measuring the horizontal pattern. Look for the frequency, where the deep minimum between the main lobe and the first side lobe disappears. This frequency is about 1,5-1,7MHz above the design-frequency of my 28-Ohm-Longyagis. The picture shows this for the 12-Element-DK7ZB at 146MHz:

Pattern at 144.3 MHz

Pattern at 146.0 MHz

You can see two phenomena: The minimum at 330/30 degrees disappears (look for the pattern of the 12-Ele at 144.300MHz) and the F/B-ratio is 10-15dB worse in relation to the designing frequency. If you have found out the real operating frequency of your longyagi, you can correct the element-lengths if needed.

Construction of a long Boom with 20x20mm-square Aluminium