A Proposal for Amateur Radio IP Addressing Conventions - for the Wisconsin 220.127.116.11 Network
A unified DNS for Amateur Radio - Microhams 2017 - K7VE (PDF)
Global AMPR reporting - In May 2017 Marius, YO2LOJ introduced a real-time AMPR mapping experiment
Rebuilding Net-44 - Rethinking Amateur Radio Networking - Microhams 2012 - K7VE (PDF)
Amprnet Net 44 Update - DCC 2012 Talk - K7VE (YouTube)
Amprnet Overview - and some history - KB9MWR
A Brief Look at Internet Networking Over Amateur Radio - WB6CYT (2011)
Diagram of Amprnet IP Routing and data flow. Distribution of routing and hostname information.
44Net - AMPRNet working group mailing list - A good resource for gateway operators
http://www.ampr.org- The AMPR central DNS and core routers are maintained by Brian Kantor, WB6CYT
https://portal.ampr.org/networks.php- List of AMPRNet IP address coordinators
ftp://gw.ampr.org/pub/ - A Link to the official full list of all registered ampr hosts, updated daily in hosts.net and domain.txt format
IPv6 over the amateur radio - Naoto Shimazaki, 7L4FEP (1998)
https://sourceforge.net/projects/hamv6/ - Base 37 callsign to IPv6 /64 subnet address encoder - N1LQJ & N1ZZH Mesa ARC (2011)
https://github.com/darconeous/ham-addr - Amateur Radio Numeric Callsign Encoding - N6DRC (2015)
IPv6 In Amateur Radio - DCC 2016 Talk - W9CR (YouTube) Abstact (PDF)
IPv6 For Amateur Radio - EA4GPZ/M0HXM
Using IPv6 hosts for AMPRNET - VK5ASF (2017)
Set up an IPv6 Gateway on packet - N1URO
ampr-ripd.html - ampr-ripd and Amprnet Net-44 notes, my complete Debian Linux setup notes - KB9MWR (2014)
startampr - My full startup script as referenced/explained in the Debian Linux setup notes above - KB9MWR (2014)
Protocol 4 Fowarding Bug - When folks can't reach you, but you can reach them, this might be the issue.
ipipfilter - How to only accept IPIP packets (protocol 4) from addresses in the gateway list for added security.
checkampr.txt - A tool for ampr IP coordinators- looks for expired callsigns in the ampr.org host list - uses PHP. (2012)
ampr-ripd-1.5.tgz - Marius, YO2LOJ - Routing daemon written in C similar to Hessu's rip44d including optional resending of RIPv2 broadcasts for router injection.
44ripd - An AMPRNet mesh maintenance daemon for BSD by Dan, AC2OI
amprupdate - Reads AMPR encap format from stdin and updates the target Mikrotik router with new, removed, or changed routes from the encap. - KD7LXL (GitHub)
amprroutes.pl - generates router tunnel configurations for various types of routers including; Cisco, Juniper, VyOS, or Linux. - AH6BW
EdgeRouter4.txt - Routing from and to the internet. This is from my Ubiquity EdgeRouter - M0MUX
mikrotik.html - RouterOS natively only supports PtP only, not PtMP IPIP interfaces
Bringing Net 44 And IPV6 To Your Station Via VPN - K7VE (2018)
How To Setup An Amprnet Gateway-On-Linux - quick start - DL/LX1DUC
Basic Paranoid Iptables Firewall For An Amprnet Gateway - DL/LX1DUC
ampr-with-nat - Method Of Connecting An Endpoint From A Low Grade Router Using NAT - N1URO
Steps for a AMPRNet Gateway - Documentation of a three interface gateway - AI4ZV
44net / HamNet 32-bit ASN Registry - 32-bit Autonomous System Numbers
HamWAN LAN Integration - Shows the various routing techniques of how to tie into your home network.
Modern RF Network Resources:
High-Speed Multimedia Radio - The implementation of wireless data networks over amateur radio frequencies using commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware (Wikipedia)
Broadband-Hamnet - BBHN - A self configuring ham HSMM-Mesh network.
Amateur Radio Emergency Data Network - AREDN - A self configuring ham HSMM-Mesh firmware that supports non-Part 15 channels
Wireless Networking in the Developing World - Free E-book about designing, implementing, and maintaining low-cost wireless networks.
HamWAN - Modern Microwave Network For Ham Radio - AE7SJ/VE7AVR - 2013 DCC (YouTube)
Minneapolis Wi-Fi network aids rescuers - bridge collapse (YouTube)
bbhn-to-44net.txt - Waldek, SP2ONG explains how he changed his BBHN install to work on 44net.
1:1 NAT in Iptables - Possible solution for converting 10.X addresses used in BBHN to 44.X addresses
Because all modes should have the same bandwidth rules..
High Speed Wireless Networking on 420 MHz - W2LNX - 2012 DCC (YouTube)
Experimenting with High-Speed Wireless Networking in the 420 MHz Band - 2012 DCC Paper - W2LNX - (PDF)
70cm ATV History and case for modified future HSMM use(Draft)
One the the things 44net provides is a secured ham only IP space environment. You can rest your mind that the person on the other end of the connection is a ham.
Other sites allow you transmit RF, directly or indirectly. Such as IRLP, EchoLink, Allstar APRS-IS, remotehamradio.com etc. And there is more potential for that. I.e. text messages for DMR, APRS, SDR, and remotely operated stations. Only licensed hams can transmit, remember. We have to have some way to authenticate people and prove that they are who they say they are before you can let them do cool things. Presently each such service has a different manual authentication method, that takes up time and resources. At the September 2013 DCC, Heikki Hannikainen, OH7LZB gave a talk on using the Log Book of the World P12 certificates, titled "Authenticating Amateur Radio Services on the Internet."Authenticating Amateur Radio Services on the Internet - OH7LZB
Misc Foward Thinking
Amateur Radio in 2037 - Some forward thinking
Vint Cerf Re-Thinking the Internet - Worth viewing for those into researching new protocols, mechanisms, etc (2011)
Depreciated / Historical Information and Resources:- Details on some antiquated practices that predate TCPIP/SMTP and Linux standards
Assigned Network Numbers RFC 790 - First publication that mentions the Amprnet (Sept 1981)
Packet Radio Networking
Proposal - Presented to the Los Angeles Amateur Packet Radio Group by
Packet Radio in the Amateur Service
- KA9Q, NK6K & N5AHD (1985) Reusable
IP Addresses in a Dynamic Network - N3CVL (1987) Improving
Round-Trip Time Estimates in Reliable Transport Protocols - Phil Karn, &
Craig Partridge (1988) IP Encapsulation
of AX.25 Frames - Request for comments, May 1991 NOSintro This extensive
guide covers TCP/IP over packet radio as an introduction to the KA9Q
network operating system (22 MB PDF) - 1992 Setting up a Packet-Internet Gateway
Hierarchical Addressing Protocol - Used to address mail and flood messages
(1995) Setting Up Subnets -
Packet Radio in the Amateur Service - KA9Q, NK6K & N5AHD (1985)
Reusable IP Addresses in a Dynamic Network - N3CVL (1987)
Improving Round-Trip Time Estimates in Reliable Transport Protocols - Phil Karn, & Craig Partridge (1988)
IP Encapsulation of AX.25 Frames - Request for comments, May 1991
NOSintro This extensive guide covers TCP/IP over packet radio as an introduction to the KA9Q network operating system (22 MB PDF) - 1992
Setting up a Packet-Internet Gateway - VK1XWT (1994)
BBS Hierarchical Addressing Protocol - Used to address mail and flood messages (1995)
Setting Up Subnets -VK1XWT (1996)
Networking Without Wires- Radio Based TCP/IP - 1999 - N8UR (1.76 MB PDF)
TAPR NOS-BBS list - A good resource if you still run a BBS.
mungle.pl - convert a KA9Q NOS format gateways route file (usually called 'encap.txt') into a Linux routing table format for the IP tunnel driver. Perl version by OH7LZB (uses iproute2)
iproute2_ampr_munge - WA7V's version of the shell script to process the gateways (encap.txt) file for updating an iproute2-based Linux AMPRNet gateway
ipip.munge - G0LGS' perl version (2007)
convert-wrt.txt - Process encap.txt script for DD-WRT/Open WRT routers
cisco.txt - Cisco IOS example - Jason, KY9J
encapconvertnew.pl.txt - converts encap.txt into a loadable config file for use on Cisco or Juniper routers - Antonio, AH6BW
pfsense.html - IPIP with pfSense Firewalls
ampr_extractor.txt - script is intended to extract sub-domain information from the file ampr.org - by Simon, G0FNB, EA4ELS
http://www.cvhdpc.org/sendmail.html - Linux sendmail configuration for ampr.org
htaccess.txt - Example web password prompting via non 44 IP, else none
yacysearch.html - YaCy Decentralized Search System as a Distributed Search Engine - DD2MIC
resource.txt is now often called gateways.txt - This is the Internet/Amprnet Gateways Resource List not intended for public distribution, but available portal FTP access.
dgipip - AMPRNet dynamic IPIP encapsulation routing daemon by K2MF & VK2KTJ (1999). Clients each request their routing when they become active... similar to dhcp.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMPRNet - AMateur Packet Radio Network (Wikipedia)
http://www.dd-wrt.com - 3rd party consumer router firmware that will pass IPIP
http://www.ubuntu.com - Linux compatible with rip44d/ampr-ripd
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2003 - IP Encapsulation within IP proposed standard
http://linux.die.net/man/8/ip - tutorial on the ip command, this will setup the tunnel and routes
http://linux.die.net/man/8/iptables - tutorial on the iptables command, this configures the firewall
http://www.ntop.org/products/ntop/ - ntop is a network probe that shows network usage in a way similar to what top does for processes. In Web mode, it acts as a web server, creating a HTML dump of the network status.
implements NBMA Next Hop Resolution Protocol (as defined in RFC 2332). It makes
it possible to create dynamic multipoint VPN Linux router using NHRP, GRE and
IPsec. It aims to be Cisco Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN) compatible.
Tinc VPN - open-source, self-routing, mesh networking protocol, used for compressed, encrypted, virtual private networks
Return to the WAPR Home Page