|WM918_Interconnect.gif||86,885||1505 x 1130 x 256||Interconnect board and sensor cables||1||C||A|
|WM918_Layout.gif||29,688||1126 x 1501 x 256||Main unit major component diagram||2||A||A Portrait|
|WM918_Rear_Board.gif||47,850||1505 x 1130 x 256||Rear board including interconnect cable||3||A||A|
|WM918_Main_A.gif||40,870||1126 x 1501 x 256||Main board regulators and RS232 circuits||4||A||A Portrait|
|WM918_Main_B.gif||50,4459||1505 x 1130 x 256||Wind, pressure and rain sensors||5||B||A|
|WM918_TH_Sensor.gif||85,495||1505 x 1130 x 256||Thermo-hydro sensor unit||6||A||A|
|WM918_MPU.gif||80,109||2405 x 1505 x 256||MPU, MCU and misc. main board items.||7||C||B|
|2comms.gif||6,980 bytes||640 x 480 x 256|| 1 WX200 to 2 serial ports.
by Ian ZL1VFO
|WM918 Interconnect.gif||A||20 Sep 00||Various corrections.|
|B||1 Dec 00||Minor corrections to J1|
|C||22 Mar 01||Corrected regulator labels.|
|WM918 Rear Board.gif||A||20 Sep 00||Various corrections|
|WM918 Main A.gif||A||15 Sep 00||Added missing cap values provided by ZL1VFO|
|WM918 Main B.gif||A||1 Dec 00||Added user mod for rain circuit and other minor corrections.|
|B||5 Dec 01||Changed signal labels alignment.|
|WM918 TH Sensor.gif|
|WM918 MPU.gif||A||2 Dec 00||Added boxed labels and made minor corrections.|
|B||22 Mar 01||Change backlight lamps to LEDs, added Battery Sense label.|
|C||5 Dec 01||Changed signal labels, pins 52 and 56 on U1 were backwards.|
|Problem||False rain readings|
|Explanation|| The wind speed and rain gauge circuits are, by poor design, very susceptible to interference. The short version is the 'normally open' wires connected to the high impedance inputs of the MPU act like antennas.
Since the two circuits are nearly identical random interference may effect both but evidence of a problem is usually only detected on the rain gauge. In this particular situation nearby electrical equipment is producing a pulse on the rain gauge circuit that the micro-processor unit (MPU) detects as a valid bucket flip. The wind speed circuit is probably also getting some extra pulses but these are not detectable in the thousands of valid pulses.
A large book could be written about all the types of interference that can prey on your weather station. This mod may help other forms of interference but I don't know for certain. According to Ted this mod has completely eliminated false rain readings in his situation.
|The Fix||This mod places an opto-coupler between the rain gauge and the MPU. This works because it lowers the impedance that the "antenna" is connected to. Small induced voltages are not able to forward bias the diode but the reed switch will.
The schematic WM918 Main B.gif has the wiring info for this mod.
What you'll need:
Soldering iron, common tools, razor knife
24 AWG wire, preferable stranded
Heat shrink tubing or electrical tape
Opto-coupler - 4N35 or similar
0.1µF ceramic capacitor
|1.||Unplug and open the main unit by removing the three screws on the back. The two halves are difficult to separate because the top edge has interlocking tabs. Pry gently while pressing the back half downward. Flatten the ribbon cables so the two halves will lay flat on the bench. The conductors in the ribbon cables will not tolerate repeated bending or flexing.|
|2.||The 4N35 is a 6 pin dual in line (DIP) package. It can be glued dead-bug style (upside-down) in the bottom corner of the front case adjacent to the two electrolytic capacitors. First, solder the capacitor across pins 2 and 4 (not polarity sensitive) then attach wire leads on the four appropriate pins. Insulate the joints with tape or heat shrink tubing.|
|3.||Glue the chip in place.|
|4.||Using a razor knife cut the link between the two halves of jumper SP7. The half that is connected to J12 gets the wire from pin 2. The other half gets the wire from pin 5. Make sure these connections lay flat so as not to interfere with the ribbon cable when the unit is reassembled. Also check that a solder bridge has not reformed over SP7.|
|5.||Pin 1 goes to 5.5V which can be found many places like the positive lead of C39. Pin 4 goes to ground which can also be found at C39.|
|6.||Before closing up check that the rain gauge is working properly.|
|Additional||Opto-couplers also come in dual packages so both the rain gauge and the wind speed circuits can be modified with one chip.|