Q Signals (or Q Abbreviation)

Q Signals take the form of a question only when each is followed by a question mark.


QRG - Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ___)?

Your exact frequency (or that of ___) is ___ kHz.

QRH - Does my frequency vary?

Your frequency varies.

QRI - How is the tone of my transmission?

The tone of your transmission is ___. (1. Good 2. Variable 3. Bad)

QRJ - Are you receiving me badly?

I can not receive you. Your signals are too weak.

QRK - What is the intelligibility of my signals (or those of ___)?

The intelligibility of your signals (or those of ___) is:

(1. Bad 2. Poor 3. Fair 4. Good 5. Excellent)

QRL - Are you busy?

I am busy (or I am busy with ___). Please do not interfere.

QRM - Is my transmission being interferred with?

Your transmission is being interferred with ___.

(1. Nil 2. Slightly 3. Moderately 4. Severely 5. Extremely)

QRN - Are you troubled by static?

I am troubled by static ---. (1-5 as under QRM)

QRO - Shall I increase power?

Increase power.

QRP - Shall I decrease power?

Decrease power.

QRQ - Shall I send faster?

Send faster ___. (WPM)

QRS - Shall I send more slowly?

Send more slowly ___. (WPM)

QRT - Shall I stop sending?

Stop sending.

QRU - Have you anything for me?

I have nothing for you.

QRV - Are you ready?

I am ready.

QRW - Shall I inform ___ that you are calling on ___ kHz?

Please inform ___ that I am calling on ___ kHz.

QRX - When will you call me again?

I will call you again at ___ hours (on ___ kHz).

QRY - What is my turn?

Your turn is numbered ___.

QRZ - Who is calling me?

You are being called by ___ (on ___ kHz).

QSA - What is the strength of my signals (or those of ___)?

The strength of you signals (or those of ___) is ___.

(1. Scarcely perceptable 2. Weak 3. Fairly good 4. Good 5. Very good)

QSB - Are my signals fading?

Your signals are fading.

QSD - Is my keying defective?

Your keying is defective?

QSG - Shall I send ___ messages at a time?

Send ___ messages at a time.

QSK - Can you hear me in between your signals and if so, can I break in on your transmission?

I can hear you between my signals; break in on my transmission.

QSL - Can you acknowledge receipt?

I am acknowledging receipt.

QSM - Shall I repeat the last message I sent you, or some previous message?

Repeat the last message you sent me [or message(s) number(s) ___].

QSN - Did you hear me (or ___) on ___ kHz?

I did hear you (or ___) on ___ kHz.

QSO - Can you communicate with ___ direct or by relay?

I can communicate with ___ direct (or by relay through ___).

QSP - Will you relay to ___?

I will relay to ___.

QSU - Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on ___ kHz)?

Send a series of Vs on this frequency (or on ___ kHz).

QSW - Will you send on this frequency (or on ___ kHz)?

I am going to send on this frequency (or on ___ kHz).

QSX - Will you listen to ___ on ___ kHz?

I am listening to ___ on ___ kHz.

QSY - Shall I change to to transmission on another frequency?

Change transmission to another frequency (or ___ kHz).

QSZ - Shall I send each word or group more than once?

Send each word or group twice (or ___ times).

QTA - Shall I cancel message number ___?

Cancel message number ___.

QTB - Do you agree with my counting of words?

I do not agree with your counting of words. I will repeat the first letter or digit of each word or group.

QTC - How many messages have you to send?

I have ___ messages for you (or for ___).

QTH - What is your location?

My location is ___.

QTR - What is the correct time?

The correct time is ___.

 Common abbreviations for CW work


AA - All after

PBL - Preamble

AB - All before

PSE - Please

ABT - About

PWR - Power

ADR - Address

PX - Press

AGN - Again

R - Received as transmitted; Are

AM - Amplitude Modulation

RCD - Received

ANT - Antenna

RCVR - Receiver

BCI - Broadcast Interference

RX - Receiver

BCL - Broadcast Listener

REF - Refer to; Referring to; Reference

BK - Break, Break in

RFI - Radio frequency interference

BN - All between; Been

RIG - Station equipment

BUG - Semi-Automatic key

RTTY - Radio teletype

B4 - Before

SASE - Self-addressed, stamped envelope

C - Yes

SED - Said

CFM - Confirm; I confirm

SIG - Signature; Signal

CK -Ckeck

SINE - Operator's personal initials or nickname

CL - I am closing my station; Call

SKED - Schedule

CLD - Called

SRI - Sorry

CLG - Calling

SSB - Single Side Band

CQ - Calling any station

SVC - Service; Prefix to service message

CW - Continuous wave

T - Zero

DLD - Delivered

TFC - Traffic

DLVD - Delivered

TMW - Tomorrow

DR - Dear

TKS - Thanks

DX - Distance

TNX - Thanks

ES - And

TT - That

FB - Fine Business, excellent

TU - Thank you

FM - Frequency Modulation

TVI - Television interference

GA - Go ahead

TX - Transmitter

GM - Good morning

TXT - Text

GN - Good night

UR - Your; You're

GND - Ground

URS - Yours

GUD - Good

VFO - Variable Frequency Oscillator

HI - The telegraph laugh; High

VY - Very

HR - Here; Hear

WA - Word after

HV - Have

WB - Word before

HW - How

WD - Word

LID - A poor operator

WDS - Words

MA - Millamperes

WKD - Worked

MILS - Millamperes

WKG - Working

MSG - Message; Prefix to radiogram

WL - Well; Will

N - No

WUD - Would

NCS - Net Control Station

WX- Weather

ND - Nothing Doing

XCVR - Transceiver

NIL - Nothing; I have nothing for you

XMTR - Transmitter

NM - No more

XTAL - Crystal

NR - Number

XYL - Wife/Partner (Stands for: ex young lady)

NW - Now; I resume transmission

YL - Young lady

OB - Old boy

73 - Best Regards

OC - Old chap

88 - Love and kisses

OM - Old man

OP - Operator

OPR - Operator

OT - Old timer; Old top




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