CEPT Licensing information

Prepared by: OH2MCN - Veke, G3PJT - Bob, F5CW - Dany, G3PJT - Bob, N1ND – Dan, OH2MCN - Veke
Status: Feb 1997, Aug 1997, Sep 1998, June 1999 (USA added), July 1999, July 2001 updated CEPT lists, March 2004, Oct 2004, Feb 2006, Feb 2008, Sep 2008, Nov 2010

Addition from ARRL 

European Reciprocal Licenses Now Limited to Advanced and Extra Class Licensees (Feb 4, 2008) -- The European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) has revised its table of equivalence between FCC amateur licenses and the CEPT license. Effective February 4, 2008, Recommendation T/R 61-01 (as amended) now grants full CEPT privileges only to those US citizens who hold an FCC-issued Amateur Extra or Advanced class license. This means that those US licensees who hold an FCC-issued General or Technician license are no longer eligible for full operating privileges in countries where CEPT-reciprocal operation had previously been permitted. US Novice class licensees have had no reciprocal operating privileges under the CEPT provisions. These changes are the result of a re-evaluation of US and CEPT license classes equivalence by the CEPT's Radio Regulatory Working Group at its meeting January 29-February 1, 2008 in Basel, Switzerland. The Working Group deals with numerous areas of concern including Amateur Radio, and is responsible for applications from countries to participate in T/R 61-01, as well as other Amateur Radio related issues. "Changes in the US license structures and examinations often have ancillary implications beyond the immediate impact upon the US licensees," said Dan Henderson, N1ND, ARRL Regulatory Information Manager. "While this CEPT change affects several classes of US licensees when they visit Europe and other CEPT signatory countries, it has no effect on their operating privileges at home."

Thanks and 73

Dan Henderson, N1ND

Note on T/R 61-01 by G3PJT
Chairman of Radio Regulatory Working Group, IARU Region 1.

The text of T/R 61-01 has been revised following WRC 2003. 

The changes are:
- The deletion of the Morse code requirement for access to frequencies below 30MHz,
- The merging of the old CEPT Class 1 and 2 licences into a single class, the “CEPT radio amateur licence'',
- Removal of an ambiguity concerning portable and mobile operation,
- Freedom to use any amateur station in the country visited, not just the visitors ‘own’ station.

In practice a visitor has now to:
- Check that his national licence class does qualify for a CEPT Licence and that his national licence document confirms this. If not then confirmation that the licence held is equivalent to the CEPT licence is needed from his national licence authority.
- Check what national licence class in the country to be visited is equivalent to the CEPT Licence.
- Check what are the operating privileges and regulations covering the use of that national licence class in the country to be visited.
- Use the appropriate prefix which has to be appended to his own national callsign.

The key point is that the operating privileges for the visitor operating under the CEPT Licence are defined by the COUNTRY BEING VISITED, NOT THE PRIVILEGES IN HIS OWN COUNTRY.

The text of T/R 61-01 is available at 
Appendix 2 contains the information on national licence equivalence.

There is also a summary table listing those countries which have implemented the T/R 61-01 at
1. Not all of the countries who implemented the previous versions of T/R 61-01 have implemented the revised and current version. In such cases it is reasonable to assume that the requirement for Morse code for operation below 30MHz and any other restrictions still stand. 
2. Not all members of CEPT have implemented any version of T/R 61-01. 
3. Any country can add extra conditions to T/R 61-01. These conditions will be shown as footnotes in T/R 61-01 Appendix II. 
4. The situation will change throughout this year as countries update their internal legislation following WRC2003. The definitive website is that of ERO, referenced above.
5. Please also note that special conditions often apply to overseas territories such as those of France. Local permission will often be required in such locations..
6. T/R 61-01 bears no relation to the import and export of amateur radio equipment, which is subject only to relevant customs regulations.

Whilst every effort was made to ensure that the information given herein is accurate, no responsibility is accepted by IARU, or the author for any errors, omissions or misleading statements in that information by negligence or otherwise, and no responsibility is accepted in regard to any subsequent action based on this note.

G3PJT - Bob

Intro: The telecommunication administrators of most European and some other countries have agreed about CEPT licensing where your own country's CEPT license is good for using temporarily your radio amateur equipment without any separate new license in the country visited. The agreement is based on CEPT T/R 61-01 "CEPT radio amateur licence" from years 1985 and 1992. The number of CEPT countries (administrators who have signed it) now is 23 and the list below is the latest I have found.

The complete list of CEPT countries is maintained by ERO and the list is shown under Recommendation CEPT T/R 61-01 as a pdf- file. Some of the footnotes are not very easy to read and there are some errors in them regarding especially the use of call area.

There are some differences around Europe how this list should be applied especially in the case of French overseas' territories. The countries where the problems appear are FR/*, FK, FO, FW, and FT. The truth from the DXCC point of view is that you need a license from the local authorities in the French overseas' territory visited (not Paris) or a hard-to-get landing permission [in the case of FR/* from Reunion].

See also Foreign Amateur Operation in the United States, its Possessions or Territories and the CEPT pages of the ARRL.

Regarding this ARRL concludes: "It is not likely that CEPT covers these areas [FR/*, FK, FO, FW, and FT]".
And also ERO concludes: "I have been doing some research and we have received a communication from the French administration. The position is very clear and it seems that Appendix II of T/R 61-01 is quite precise and unambiguous. The French have also confirmed this and say there is nothing to add."
(Dave Court ERO 26 Feb 1997)

A word of warning:

Regardless of what your national PTT, league, local authorities or other information sources are telling the ARRL QSL accepting policy is only according to the Recommendation CEPT T/R 61-01 (*.pdf) list which is the only list giving eligibility for the CEPT operations in the ARRL's DXCC award.

This is confirmed by Bill Kennamer in his Email: "I would still suggest that TR61/01 is the only reliable document." 73 Bill K5FUV
on 25 Feb 1997.

CEPT countries: (ERO Situation on 1 March 2010)

I have made some additions regarding the use of call areas (OH2MCN).

EUROPE (please check the ERO implementation document and T/R61-01 list for any possible updates, this list dated 5 Nov 2010)

Austria OE1), Belgium ON, Bosnia and Herzegovina T9 2,3), Bulgaria LZ, Croatia 9A 4), Cyprus 5B, Czech Republic OK, Denmark OZ, Faroe Islands OY, Greenland OX, Estonia ES 5,6) , Finland OH, Aland Islands OH0, France F 7), Corsica TK 7),  Guadeloupe FG 7),  Guyana FY 7),  Martinique FM 7),  St-Bartholomew FJ 7),  St. Pierre & Miquelon FP 7),  St-Martin FS 7),  Réunion FR 7),  Glorieuse, Juan de Nova, Tromelin, Mayotte FH 7),  French Antarctica FT 7),  Crozet, Kerguelen, St. Paul & Amsterdam, Terre Adelie, French Polynesia & Clipperton  FO 7),  New Caledonia FK 7),  Wallis & Futuna FW 7),  Germany DL, Greece SV  8),  Hungary HA HG ,  Iceland TF, Ireland EI EJ 9,10), Italy I  2,3),  Latvia YL  2,3,11),  Liechtenstein HB0, Lithuania LY, Luxembourg LX,  Macedonia Z3, Malta 9H 12, Monaco 3A,  Montenegro 4O (four oscar), Netherlands PA 13, Norway LA, Svalbard JW, Poland SP Portugal CT7, Azores CT8, Madeira CT9, Romania YO, Slovak Republic OM, Slovenia S5  14), Spain EA EB,  Sweden SM 15,16), Switzerland HB9, Turkey TA, Ukraine UT, United Kingdom M, Isle of Man MD, N. Ireland MI, Jersey MJ, Scotland MM, Guernsey MU, Wales MW

and the important footnotes 

1 The existing (old) licence classes “1” and “2” have become the new licence class “1”. For the licence holders with Morse code proficiency (old licence class 1), which is from 15 September 2003 no longer a requirement of T/R 61-01, information regarding Morse code proficiency is added as remark (for countries still retaining Morse).
2 Equivalence between CEPT licence and highest national licence level as of September 2003, i.e. before Morse code proficiency requirement was removed from T/R 61-01.
3 Morse code proficiency is required for use of HF bands.
4 For the time being the national licence and CEPT licence are separate. The national licence includes more data.
5 This call sign prefix has to be supplemented with the digit designating the region where the amateur station is operating.6 The national A and B licenses correspond to CEPT licence and allow the access to HF bands. Foreign CEPT licence holders can operate in Estonia for up to three months with rights granted by Estonian national B class without any additional verification. For A licence the confirmation of Morse code proficiency (min 5 words per minute) is required.
7 Morse code proficiency is required for use of Morse code in HF bands.8 SV requires Morse code proficiency examination test but SW does not

8 SV requires Morse code proficiency examination test but SW does not
9 Both CEPT 1 & CEPT 2 licence holders have full access to HF frequency as per ECP for reasons of reciprocity with countries still retaining Morse. Morse code requirements removed as of 15 September 2003. CEPT 2 has no Morse qualifications.
10 EJ is a special prefix for offshore islands and may also be assigned, at ComReg’s discretion, to Special National Events.
11 Holders of the Latvian National Amateur Radio Station Licence are not automatically issued a CEPT licence. To acquire a CEPT licence holders of the Latvian National Amateur Radio Station Licence must pass an examination consistent with CEPT Recommendation T/R 61-02 "Harmonised Amateur radio Examination Certificates".
12 A revision to the current legislation is still being considered by the Malta Administration. Hence, for the time being, visitors still have to apply for a licence and call sign.
13 New licences will be granted as Full licence in line with CEPT (with or without the remark morse code included).14 The existing (old) licences: 1, 2 and 3 have become the new “A” licence. For the licence holders with Morse code proficiency (old 1 and 2), which is from 15 September 2003 no longer a requirement of T/R 61-01 information regarding Morse code proficiency is added as remarks (for countries still retaining Morse).

14 The existing (old) licences: 1, 2 and 3 have become the new “A” licence. For the licence holders with Morse code proficiency (old 1 and 2), which is from 15 September 2003 no longer a requirement of T/R 61-01 information regarding Morse code proficiency is added as remarks (for countries still retaining Morse).
15 After 1 October 2004 amateur radio is exempted from licensing. Exemption is only applicable for anyone who has a valid amateur radio certificate. As a result of this no separate license document will be issued to new amateurs after 1 October 2004. The callsign will after 1 October 2004 be included in the certificate.
16 Amateur radio is licence exempted according to secondary legislation which entered into force 1 October 2004. Exemption is applicable for anyone with an amateur radio certificate. No separate document will be issued to new amateurs.

NON CEPT COUNTRIES that implement TR 61-01 (ERO paper dated 5 Nov 2010)

Australia VK 17), Canada VE, Newfoundland and Labrador VO, Yukon Territory and Province of Prince Edward Island VY, Israel 4X 4Z, Netherlands Antilles 18), Curacao PJ2, Bonaire PJ4, St. Eustatius PJ5, Saba PJ6, St. Maarten PJ7, New Zealand ZL 19), Peru OA  20), South Africa ZS 21), USA W*, Alaska KL7, American Samoa KH8, Baker Isl. KH1, Com. of North. Mariana Isl. KH0, Com. of Puerto Rico KP4, Desecheo Island KP5, Guam KH2, Hawaii KH6, Howland Island KH1, Jarvis Isl. KH5, Johnston Isl KH3, Kingman Reef KH5K, Kure Island KH7, Midway Isl. KH4, Navassa Isl. KP1, Palmyra Isl. KH5, Peale & Wake & Wilkes Isl. KH9, Virgin Isl. KP2.
For some U.S. Islands Landing Permission is also required (see below).

(There is recent information that also Senegal 6W implements CEPT starting about February 2002 (F5CW - Dany) but nothing else heard since then)

17 VK should be appended to a visitor’s personal call sign as a suffix.
18 The requirement for Morse code proficiency was removed from T/R 61-01 on 15 September 2003. Since then, the equivalence between the CEPT Licence and the national licence of this country is in the process of being re-established.
19 The “General User Radio Licence” allow holders of a CEPT amateur radio licence to operate in New Zealand for up to 90 days on all allocated amateur bands without the requirement to obtain any permits or approvals, or register with the regulator.
20 The letters OA, to be followed with a number indicating the zone in Peru from which the station is operated, form a suffix to the national call sign of the operator.
21 The requirement for Morse code proficiency was substituted with a number of assessments in 2004. The Administration is in the process of amending the requirements that will reflect during 2010.

* W Followed by Call Area (USA)

Please check the latest information also from the above ERO link. (follow deliverables, recommendation, scroll down to TR61-01, a long way down)

Oh2mcn at sral.fi

For more information about access restrictions on US Pacific Islands see U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Pacific Region . There is a map of Pacific Ocean where there are links to each Pacific Island(s) for additional details like Baker, Howland & Jarvis Islands, Johnston Island, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Hawaiian Islands, and Palmyra Atoll.

The regions of Netherland Antilles (SA / NA)

Curacao PJ2
Bonaire PJ4
Eustatius PJ5
Saba PJ6
Maarten PJ7

The regions of Estonia

Hiiumaa, Saaremma, Isles west of Estonia ES0
Tallinn ES1
Harjumaa ES2
Laanamaa, Raplamaa, Jarvamaa ES3
Laane-Virumaa, Ida-Virumaa ES4
Jogevamaa, Tartumaa ES5
Polvamaa, Valgamaa, Vorumaa ES6
Viljandimaa ES7
Parnumaa ES8

The regions of Greece
Attica - Biotica SV1
Macedonia SV2
Peloponesus SV3
Thessali SV4
Dodecanesos SV5
Epirus SV6
E. Macedonia & Thacia SV7
Adratic & Ionian Isles SV8
Crete SV9

The regions of Azores
Santa Maria CU1
Sao Miguel CU2
Terceira CU3
Graciosa CU4
Sao Jorge CU5
Pico CU6
Faial CU7
Flores CU8
Corvo CU9

The regions of Italy

Addition from: Mauro Pregliasco, I1JQJ/KB2TJM
425 DX News Editor, 11.11.1997

E-mail: i1jqj at amsat.org

Dear Veke,
first of all, thank you for your terrific job, extremely useful indeed.
The Italian prefixes are the following:
Prefix(es)        Region                    Provinces 
I1, IK1, IZ1, IW1 Piemonte                  Torino, Alessandria, Asti,
                                            Biella, Cuneo, Novara,
                                            Verbania, Vercelli
I1, IK1, IZ1, IW1 Liguria                   Genova, Imperia, La Spezia, Savona
IX1, IW1          Valle d'Aosta             Aosta
I2, IK2, IZ2, IW2 Lombardia                 Milano, Bergamo, Brescia, Como,
                                            Cremona, Lecco, Lodi, Mantova,
                                            Pavia, Sondrio, Varese
I3, IK3, IZ3, IW3 Veneto                    Venezia, Belluno, Padova, Rovigo,
                                            Treviso, Verona, Vicenza
IN3, IW3          Trentino Alto Adige       Bolzano, Trento
IV3, IW3          Friuli Venezia Giulia     Trieste, Gorizia, Pordenone, Udine
I4, IK4, IZ4, IW4 Emilia Romagna            Bologna, Ferrara, Forli', Modena,
                                            Parma, Piacenza, Ravenna, Reggio
                                            Emilia, Rimini
I5, IK5, IZ5, IW5 Toscana                   Firenze, Arezzo, Grosseto, Livorno,
                                            Lucca, Massa Carrara, Pisa, Pistoia,
                                            Prato, Siena
I6, IK6, IZ6, IW6 Marche                    Ancona, Ascoli Piceno, Macerata,
I6, IK6, IZ6, IW6 Abruzzo                   L'Aquila, Chieti, Pescara, Teramo
I7, IK7, IZ7, IW7 Puglia                    Bari, Brindisi, Foggia, Lecce,
I7, IK7, IZ7, IW7 Basilicata                only Matera province
I8, IK8, IZ8, IW8 Basilicata                only Potenza province
I8, IK8, IZ8, IW8 Campania                  Napoli, Avellino, Benevento,
                                            Caserta, Salerno
I8, IK8, IZ8, IW8 Calabria                  Catanzaro, Cosenza, Crotone, Reggio
                                            Calabria, Vibo Valentia
I8, IK8, IZ8, IW8 Molise                    Campobasso, Isernia
IT9, IW9          Sicilia                   Palermo, Agrigento, Caltanissetta,
                                            Catania, Enna, Messina, Ragusa,
                                            Siracusa, Trapani
I0, IK0, IZ0, IW0 Umbria                    Perugia, Terni
I0, IK0, IZ0, IW0 Lazio                     Roma, Frosinone, Latina, Rieti,
IS0, IW0      Sardegna                      Cagliari, Nuoro, Oristano, Sassari
Please note that I, IK and IZ denote an "Ordinary Licence" (all bands),
while IW denotes a "Special Licence" (from 6 metres up only). Ordinary
licenses are given chronologically, so that an I is older than an IK, who in
his turn is older than and IZ.
The HF prefixes for Italian marine islands are as follows:
IA1, IP1          Liguria Region islands
IL3               Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia Regions islands
IL4               Emilia Romagna Region islands
IA5               Toscana Region islands
IL6               Marche Region islands
IJ7               Puglia Region islands (Jonian Sea only)
IL7               Puglia Region islands (Adriatic Sea only)
IC8               Campania Region islands
ID8               Basilicata Region islands (Tirrenian Sea)    
ID8               Calabria Region islands (Tirrenian Sea)
IJ8               Basilicata Region islands (Jonian Sea)
IJ8               Calabria Region islands (Jonian Sea)
ID9               Eolie Islands
IE9               Ustica Island
IF9               Egadi Islands
IG9               Pelagie Islands
IH9               Pantelleria Island
IJ9               Sicilia Region islands (Jonian Sea)
IB0               Lazio Region islands
IM0 (DXCC = IS0)  Sardegna Region Islands
A Special Licensee is always IW, whatever island he operates from (only the
number changes: IW1 Liguria Islands, IW5 Toscana Islands etc). 
The IY prefix is issued to Marconian stations.
IA0PS is the Italian Antarctic Base (Terranova Bay).
Note 1: a CEPT licensee can operate /m *only* from 144 MHz up (no HF)
Note 2: when operating from a I/IK/IZ Region, a Class 1 CEPT licensee must
sign IK../home call (IK1/OH2MCN, IK4/OH2MCN, IK0/OH2MCN etc), he
        cannot be I../ or IZ../.  A Class 2 CEPT licensee shall be IW../home
Note 3: CEPT licences do not cover 6 metres. Temporary licences for this
band           are issued upon specific request. 
Should you have any other query, please do not hesitate to contact me.
Best 73,
Mauro, I1JQJ
Mauro Pregliasco, I1JQJ/KB2TJM
425 DX News Editor
E-mail: i1jqj at amsat.org

73's Veke OH2MCN

I have deleted all OLDER info (OH2MCN at sral.fi)

Back to MENU