Delta, Pennant, Flag antenna notes



  • Recommend a 900 ohm low capacitance primary antenna connection. Isolation: Less than 6pf (3-4pf typical) inter-winding capacitance for minimum common mode transfer, and best ground independence.


  • Use a SO-239, for 50 ohm coax matching, or a F type fitting for matching 75 ohm coax.


  • Flag, Pennant, and Delta antennas, in order to receive low angles, need to be decoupled from ground to achieve ground independence.


  • Ground independence requires common mode signal decoupling of the coax cable shield. This is done by minimizing the matching transformer primary to secondary capacitance. A BN-73-202 binocular core, with low capacitance windings, can provide the needed isolation.


  • With the coax cable buried, or on the ground, a common mode choke may not be necessary.


  • Avoid metal, metal enclosures of the matching transformer as this can increase transformer winding inter-capacitance.


  • A small strong plastic box can provide transformer protection in most weather events.


  • As per Earl, K6SE (sk). The Delta receiving antenna has been the favorite of many DX-peditions, requiring only one non-metallic support at the top apex. The lower corners are typically fastened with ropes to tent pins that can be easily relocated to change antenna direction. eham K6SE delta-FO0AAA antenna info


  • Flag, Pennant, Delta antennas operate with low signal levels. A 15-20 db gain preamplifier, usually located in the radio room, is necessary. The preamplifier in your transceiver is not adequate in gain, although it may help in conjunction with the external one.


  • Use insulators where the transformer and termination resistor connect, to take mechanical strain away from components.


  • For rotatable flag, pennant, delta antennas. Use a light weight support rod, such as fiberglass, from the antenna mast to the transformer for physical support of the transformer and coax cable.


  • Reception direction. If you are standing by the termination resistor, reception is from the direction of the transformer.


  • Any problem with poor reception, and/or poor front to back is most likely coupling to the transmit antenna. Transmit antenna detuning may be necessary. A relay may need to be installed at the transmit antenna feed point to disconnect the coax, or to disable/change other element tuning components while receiving.


  • A deep null on the back of the antenna is useful for interference control.


  • Typical terminations resistors are, 903 ohms for point terminated Pennant antennas, 945 ohms for Flag antennas, and 948 ohms for Delta antennas.


  • Avoid using heat shrink wrap over termination resistors. Protective coverings are not necessary.






  • Increased common mode decoupling of the coax cable was often accomplished by addng a coil of many coax turns, beyond the matching transformer, where the coax first met earth ground. As time passed the number of turns were reduced by adding ferrite cores.



  • Now a popular choke is constructed by winding 6-8 turns of small diameter coax in a 6 inch diameter coil and held together with plastic ties. One mix 31 ferrite 'clamp on' core Amidon 2x31-1081P2, or equivalent is installed over the windings.





  •      Beverage antenna
         Beverage transformers
         BOG/WOG antennas
         BOG/WOG antenna transformers
         Delta, Pennant, Flag antenna transformer.




    Questions? Call, or email  k1fz@MyFairPoint.net

    73

    Bruce-K1FZ
    Clark Electronics
    65 Patterson Hill Road
    Belfast, ME 04915-7300
    (207) 338-0474