Q Signals (or Q Abbreviation)
Q Signals take the form of a question only when each is followed by a question mark.
QRG - Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ___)?
Your exact frequency (or that of ___) is ___ kHz.
QRH - Does my frequency vary?
Your frequency varies.
QRI - How is the tone of my transmission?
The tone of your transmission is ___. (1. Good 2. Variable 3. Bad)
QRJ - Are you receiving me badly?
I can not receive you. Your signals are too weak.
QRK - What is the intelligibility of my signals (or those of ___)?
The intelligibility of your signals (or those of ___) is:
(1. Bad 2. Poor 3. Fair 4. Good 5. Excellent)
QRL - Are you busy?
I am busy (or I am busy with ___). Please do not interfere.
QRM - Is my transmission being interferred with?
Your transmission is being interferred with ___.
(1. Nil 2. Slightly 3. Moderately 4. Severely 5. Extremely)
QRN - Are you troubled by static?
I am troubled by static ---. (1-5 as under QRM)
QRO - Shall I increase power?
QRP - Shall I decrease power?
QRQ - Shall I send faster?
Send faster ___. (WPM)
QRS - Shall I send more slowly?
Send more slowly ___. (WPM)
QRT - Shall I stop sending?
QRU - Have you anything for me?
I have nothing for you.
QRV - Are you ready?
I am ready.
QRW - Shall I inform ___ that you are calling on ___ kHz?
Please inform ___ that I am calling on ___ kHz.
QRX - When will you call me again?
I will call you again at ___ hours (on ___ kHz).
QRY - What is my turn?
Your turn is numbered ___.
QRZ - Who is calling me?
You are being called by ___ (on ___ kHz).
QSA - What is the strength of my signals (or those of ___)?
The strength of you signals (or those of ___) is ___.
(1. Scarcely perceptable 2. Weak 3. Fairly good 4. Good 5. Very good)
QSB - Are my signals fading?
Your signals are fading.
QSD - Is my keying defective?
Your keying is defective?
QSG - Shall I send ___ messages at a time?
Send ___ messages at a time.
QSK - Can you hear me in between your signals and if so, can I break in on your transmission?
I can hear you between my signals; break in on my transmission.
QSL - Can you acknowledge receipt?
I am acknowledging receipt.
QSM - Shall I repeat the last message I sent you, or some previous message?
Repeat the last message you sent me [or message(s) number(s) ___].
QSN - Did you hear me (or ___) on ___ kHz?
I did hear you (or ___) on ___ kHz.
QSO - Can you communicate with ___ direct or by relay?
I can communicate with ___ direct (or by relay through ___).
QSP - Will you relay to ___?
I will relay to ___.
QSU - Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on ___ kHz)?
Send a series of Vs on this frequency (or on ___ kHz).
QSW - Will you send on this frequency (or on ___ kHz)?
I am going to send on this frequency (or on ___ kHz).
QSX - Will you listen to ___ on ___ kHz?
I am listening to ___ on ___ kHz.
QSY - Shall I change to to transmission on another frequency?
Change transmission to another frequency (or ___ kHz).
QSZ - Shall I send each word or group more than once?
Send each word or group twice (or ___ times).
QTA - Shall I cancel message number ___?
Cancel message number ___.
QTB - Do you agree with my counting of words?
I do not agree with your counting of words. I will repeat the first letter or digit of each word or group.
QTC - How many messages have you to send?
I have ___ messages for you (or for ___).
QTH - What is your location?
My location is ___.
QTR - What is the correct time?
The correct time is ___.
Common abbreviations for CW work
AA - All after
PBL - Preamble
AB - All before
PSE - Please
ABT - About
PWR - Power
ADR - Address
PX - Press
AGN - Again
R - Received as transmitted; Are
AM - Amplitude Modulation
RCD - Received
ANT - Antenna
RCVR - Receiver
BCI - Broadcast Interference
RX - Receiver
BCL - Broadcast Listener
REF - Refer to; Referring to; Reference
BK - Break, Break in
RFI - Radio frequency interference
BN - All between; Been
RIG - Station equipment
BUG - Semi-Automatic key
RTTY - Radio teletype
B4 - Before
SASE - Self-addressed, stamped envelope
C - Yes
SED - Said
CFM - Confirm; I confirm
SIG - Signature; Signal
SINE - Operator's personal initials or nickname
CL - I am closing my station; Call
SKED - Schedule
CLD - Called
SRI - Sorry
CLG - Calling
SSB - Single Side Band
CQ - Calling any station
SVC - Service; Prefix to service message
CW - Continuous wave
T - Zero
DLD - Delivered
TFC - Traffic
DLVD - Delivered
TMW - Tomorrow
DR - Dear
TKS - Thanks
DX - Distance
TNX - Thanks
ES - And
TT - That
FB - Fine Business, excellent
TU - Thank you
FM - Frequency Modulation
TVI - Television interference
GA - Go ahead
TX - Transmitter
GM - Good morning
TXT - Text
GN - Good night
UR - Your; You're
GND - Ground
URS - Yours
GUD - Good
VFO - Variable Frequency Oscillator
HI - The telegraph laugh; High
VY - Very
HR - Here; Hear
WA - Word after
HV - Have
WB - Word before
HW - How
WD - Word
LID - A poor operator
WDS - Words
MA - Millamperes
WKD - Worked
MILS - Millamperes
WKG - Working
MSG - Message; Prefix to radiogram
WL - Well; Will
N - No
WUD - Would
NCS - Net Control Station
ND - Nothing Doing
XCVR - Transceiver
NIL - Nothing; I have nothing for you
XMTR - Transmitter
NM - No more
XTAL - Crystal
NR - Number
XYL - Wife/Partner (Stands for: ex young lady)
NW - Now; I resume transmission
YL - Young lady
OB - Old boy
73 - Best Regards
OC - Old chap
88 - Love and kisses
OM - Old man
OP - Operator
OPR - Operator
OT - Old timer; Old top