Re: [SI-LIST] : Modeling connector pin vias

Chris Heard/US/3Com (Chris_Heard/US/3Com%[email protected])
29 Oct 97 13:50:23 EDT

Formula for calculating capacitance of plated through holes:

Treat the via as a coax cable where the non functional pad (or drilled hole) is
the inner conductor diameter and the clearance around the via is the outer
shield diameter.

C = (0.2*pi*Erel* L) / ln (D/d) picofarads where

pi = 3.1416
Erel = 4.3 after processing for multifunctional FR-4.
L = thickness of pcb (inches)
D = diameter of clearance to plane around via (inches or same units as "d")
d = diameter of non functional pad (or drilled hole in the case of no non
functional pad). (inches or same units as "D")

Accuracy improves with increasing layer count and pcb thickness AND don't rely
too heavily on this formula. I've found that it calculated Capacitance on the
high side.

Chris Heard
3Com Corporation

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To: si-list @ silab.Eng.Sun.COM @ SMTP1
Date: Wednesday October 29, 1997 10:26 AM
Subject: [SI-LIST] : Modeling connector pin vias
Item Subject: cc:Mail Text

I am interested in modeling vias for through-hole connector pins in a
multilayer controlled impedance board.

I have found that I get lower TDR impedances on bussed signal traces
routed to several connectors than for a simple test trace of the same
geometry. This is true even on a bare board with no connectors or
other components installed.

The lower impedance appears to be due to parasitic capacitance of the
feedthroughs and associated pads and PWR/GND planes. Signal rise times
in my application are about 1-1.5ns, so it seems reasonable to model
the vias as an excess lumped capacitance at the connector pin nodes.

My guess is that pin capacitance is a function of connector itself
(which the connector manufacturer may provide a model for), as well
PCB parameters such as thickness, number of layers (including PWR and
GND planes), pad size and clearance to plane layers.

Does anyone know of a calculation tool or formulas to get an
equivalent lumped via/pin capacitance I can use with a transmission
line simulator?

Also does anyone have experience with the technique of clearing a
rectangular region of metal in the PWR/GND layers around the connector
signal pins to reduce excess capacitance? In my application, which
uses differential signals, the increased impedance and loop area for
common mode GND currents should be less troublesome than for single
ended signals.