Field Day Primer



Sixth Edition

by John L. Gaffey, WS1E

01 June 1999


Sixth edition edited by Jim Heedles, WW1Y


For over two decades the Nashua Area Radio Club has participated in the American Radio Relay League’s Field Day, most often with one of the larger operations involved in the exercise. The club has been consistently among the top ten scoring clubs in the country; and placed first, overall, in 1983, 1995, 1996, 1997 and 1998.

The Field Day Primer was first published in 1994 with two objectives in mind:

  1. To provide an introduction to Field Day for those who have not been involved in past Field Days, and
  2. To serve as a guide to Field Day participants (in the hope that we could move up in the overall standings).

This, the sixth edition of the Primer, has been revised somewhat to include some additional information.

The author, as usual, would appreciate any constructive comments for improvement or suggestions for additional topics to be included, when and if subsequent editions are prepared.

Table Of Contents

1. What is Field Day?

2. How is the Nashua Area Radio Club involved?

3. Preparation.

The Station Master.

Computer logging.

Electromagnetic Interference.

4. Operating.

Typical Contacts.

Operating Tips.

5. CT Basics

Starting CT

Logging a Contact

Recording operator changes.

CT to the Max!

6. Summary

Some food for thought.

ITU Recommended Phonetics

Station Master Checklist

Field Day Entry Categories

ARRL / Canadian Section designators

CT Quick Reference Guide



  1. What is Field Day?

Field Day is a competitive event sponsored by the American Radio Relay League (ARRL). The objective is for participating individuals and organizations to:

    1. Go to a location where there is normally no communications capability.
    2. Create one.
    3. Contact as many stations as possible during the operating period.
    4. Tear the site down, and pack it away for a real emergency.

Stations can be contacted on any or all of the amateur bands (except for the 10, 18 and 24 MHz “WARC” bands) during the 27 hour operating period (1800 UTC Saturday through 2100 UTC Sunday). There are limitations on how much of the 27 hour period may be used depending upon when station setup is begun. Field Day is normally conducted on the fourth full weekend in June of each year. This is usually, but not always, the last full weekend.

Competition is open to all United States and Canadian amateurs, including the Yukon and Northwest Territories. Foreign amateur stations may be contacted for credit, but they are not eligible to compete.

Emphasis is placed on learning to operate under simulated emergency conditions and acquainting the public with amateur radio. The scoring structure provides bonus points to prevent the die-hard contesters from ignoring the public and emergency preparedness aspects of the event.

  1. How is the Nashua Area Radio Club involved?
  2. The Nashua club conducts Field Day as a multipurpose event. It provides an opportunity to expose the general public to amateur radio. It is the major social event of the year for the club. It provides an opportunity for “friendly” competition with other ARRL affiliated clubs throughout the country. And it provides an opportunity for learning new skills related to station setup and operating, especially under adverse or emergency conditions.

    The club’s Field Day activity is publicized in the local media to alert the general public to the event and its location. Club members conduct informal tours of the operating stations and answer questions regarding the Field Day operation and ham radio for non-ham visitors.

    Socializing competes heavily with the actual Field Day related operating activities. The Saturday evening meal is a large scale event that draws additional club members and guests to the site for a family outing.

    The Nashua Area Radio Club participates in “Class A,” (one of several categories of competition) which is for club and non-club portable operation. In this class, stations must be set up at locations that are not regular station locations. Additionally, use of facilities or structures permanently installed for Field Day are prohibited.

    In recent years, the club field day site has been located behind an orchard located off of Ridge Road in Hollis, NH; where we are hosted by “Buzz” Muzzey, KA1OMJ .

    Beginning at 1800 UTC on the Friday before the Field Day operating period, club members transform the grassy fields and forest clearings into what has been described as a small city. The transformation is complete by the time the operating period begins 24 hours later. Because the club begins setup on Friday, operating time is limited to 24 of the overall 27 hour operating period.

    In addition to tower erection, antenna installation, and shelter (tents/camping trailers) setup for stations; setup involves major logistics facilities, power and food. The club’s own “PSNH” (Private Service NARC Hams/Power Supplied by NARC Hams) sets up electrical power generation facilities and runs distribution wiring to all of the operating locations. A large field kitchen area is set up where meals are prepared and served. Portable sanitary facilities are placed at strategic locations around the site. Signs are placed to guide people throughout the site.

  3. Preparation.
  4. Preparations for Field Day actually begin, each year, about three to four months before the event. A series of planning meetings are conducted by the volunteer Field Day “Incident Commander”. No one individual could possibly handle all of the arrangements necessary to pull off a successful Field Day on the scale of the Nashua club’s. Other volunteers assume the responsibility for various areas of preparation. These areas include “PSNH”, the kitchen, and each of the operating stations planned for service during Filed Day. The planning meetings provide a forum to report on progress, discuss problems encountered and sharing ideas for improving club performance.

    1. The Station Master.
    2. Early in the planning stage, one individual assumes the responsibility as “Station Master” for each station that will be operating during Field Day. Typically, there will be a station master for each band and/or mode planned for use. In some cases, such as “VHF,” one individual may assume the responsibility for several bands and/or modes.

      As the title implies, the Station Master is the “Master” of a station; with the responsibility of ensuring that all required equipment, supplies, and immediate area facilities are available and operational at the start of the operating period. Further, the Station Master must arrange for primary and relief operators needed to maintain operations during the full 24-hour operating period.

      The Nashua Area Radio Club owns and provides many of the major items needed to set up the stations. Towers, guy wire, many (but not all) of the needed HF antennas, generator, and coaxial cable needed to put stations on the air on both modes (SSB and CW) are available from club assets. The Station Master should verify the availability and condition of an antenna and coaxial cable for his particular station. “PSNH” only guarantees AC power to within 50 feet of your equipment, so be prepared to bring an extension cord.

      A sample checklist is attached that should be helpful to the Station Master. For the most part the items listed are the minimum items needed, although some adjustments may be made depending on the experience level and preferences of the station operators. One “item” often overlooked is a tool kit containing sufficient tools to perform minor electronic and electrical repairs, such as replacement of cable connectors.

    3. Computer logging.
    4. The Nashua club uses computer logging for all of the high volume stations. In addition to making the job of logging much easier during the contest, it makes the post-contest job of score calculation and double checking for duplicate contacts much easier. Before computer logging, dupe checking and scoring took weeks of effort by several people. Since all logs are computerized using the same logging software (“CT” by K1EA), the merging of logs, duping, and preparing the formal entry is accomplished in a matter of a few hours by one person.

      The preferred computer type for Field Day is a laptop (386 or better preferred) with an internal hard drive. If provisions for an external monitor and/or keyboard are included, so much the better for ease of use.

      The software used is copyrighted, and strict procedures are followed to ensure that unauthorized copies are not distributed. Prior to the start of the operating period, a single revision level copy of the software is installed on the logging computers by one designated individual. Immediately following the operating period, the same individual collects the log files on floppy disks and removes the logging program files from the computer hard disk. Station Masters planning on obtaining a computer for logging should coordinate with someone familiar with the hardware and operating system requirements for the logging program to ensure compatibility.

    5. Electromagnetic Interference.

    Minimizing interference between many stations operating simultaneously within such a small geographic area (all stations must be within a 1000 foot diameter circle) is a major technical challenge. There are many things that must be considered to keep the interference level down to a point that other stations can be heard and contacted. Selection of transceivers and antennas, location of towers, orientation of antennas, assignment of stations to towers, all must be considered. Even with power being limited to the 100 watt class, as we do, interference can be a serious and frustrating problem in a multi-transmitter environment.

    Locations for the towers, assignment of stations to the several towers and orientation of antennas have been optimized empirically based on experience at the site. With continuing refinements, the layout has continued to work very well, as evidenced by the record number of contacts logged in 1995, 1996, 1997, and again in 1998.

    Use of transceivers that exhibit a minimum of transmitter “phase noise” is very important. Transmitters with high phase noise broadcast broadband noise across large sections of the spectrum that cannot be filtered out by nearby receivers. Even though the transmitters may comply with FCC requirements, the small distances involved at the Field Day site can result in locally generated noise being much higher than the signal level of the stations that are being worked. There are several models of solid state, synthesized transceivers that are notorious for their phase noise. Newer transceivers have been improved as this type of problem has become more well known.

    On the receiver side, transceivers with a “bullet proof” front end are essential. With the potential for more than a dozen transmitters being on the air at the same time that one station is trying to hear a weak signal, the receiver must be able to tolerate very high “out of band” RF levels without generating (internally) unacceptable intermodulation products. Certainly the preferred complement of transceivers would be in the classes of the IC-781 or IC-765. To minimize internal receiver intermodulation, receiver RF amplifiers (preamplifier) should be switched OFF. If the receiver has a built in, selectable attenuator; try adding 10 dB of attenuation while watching the receiver’s S-meter. If the S-meter reading drops more than 10 dB when the attenuator is switched in, the receiver front end is “overloaded,” and you will probably be able to copy stations (even weak ones) with the attenuator.

    After Field Day 1994, the club invested in a number of bandpass filters (materials purchased by the club and assembled as a club project thanks to Pauline, KA1LDF). The filter design was published in the June 1994 issue of QST. They were designed specifically for use in Field Day, multi-transmitter environment and are used for both transmit and receive, handling 150 Watt transmitter outputs comfortably. Two such filters were used in 1994 by NO1V and WS1E at the 20 and 40 meter CW stations and worked very well for them. A sufficient number of the filters are now available to equip all of the stations operating from 80 through 10 meters, CW and SSB.

    All (well, almost all) of the club owned antennas are monoband types. This is the preferred type for all stations since these antennas do not radiate or receive out of band signals as efficiently as those within their design frequency range. This reduces the level of transmitted harmonics and noise levels, and conversely reduces the received level of nearby transmitter signals. With stations on both phone, CW, and occasionally RTTY portions of the HF bands, the best antennas for this situation are not the ones you would choose for your home station! The higher the VSWR on the portion of the band(s) you are not using, the better the antenna is at Field Day!

    By the way… unless that fluorescent desk lamp that your thinking about using has been proven to be “quiet,” leave it home and grab an incandescent table lamp!

  5. Operating.
  6. As stated previously, the object during Field Day operation is to log valid contacts with as many other stations as possible during the allowed operating period. A valid contact requires exchanging callsigns and additional information consisting of the station's operating class and their ARRL/Canadian section.

    The class is composed of a number and a letter. The number signifies the total number of transmitters operated. Over ninety-eight percent of Field Day operations use between 1 and 6 stations, with the higher numbers rarely heard. Less than one half of one percent operate in the double-digit categories. Prior to 1998 you were allowed one phone and one CW (or digital) station per amateur band. Beginning in 1998, the digital modes are allowed as a separate mode. This raised the maximum number from 46 to 69. The letter (A, B, C, D, or E) signifies the type of operation. “A” is a club or group of 3 or more amateurs operating portable with emergency power (generator, battery, etc.). “B” is used by one or two people operating portable with emergency power. Class A and B stations have a subcategory, Battery, where operation is QRP (less than 5 Watts) and entirely from batteries. “C” is used by mobile stations. “D” is used by home stations operating from their normal commercial power source. “E” is a home station operating with emergency power. This list can be found in the operating aids included in the Primer.

    The class in which the Nashua club will operate during the 1999 Field Day will be determined a few weeks before the event. In 1997 the club used 29 Alpha. For the purposes of the example exchanges that follow, this value is used for the club, and 3 Alpha is used for the other station (AB4NC).

    The class information is followed by the section, which for the Nashua club’s operation is “New Hampshire” or “NH.” Many states have more than one ARRL section, so it is a good idea to have a list of the sections and their common abbreviations handy at the operating position. This information, along with a complete list of the ARRL/CRRL sections and definitions of the Field Day operating classes is also included in the operating aids.

    1. Typical Contacts.
    2. Phone. On phone, in response to hearing another stations "CQ," you respond with the full callsign (N1FD) being used by the club for Field Day. If the station you call hears you, he will respond giving your callsign and his exchange information. You enter the information in the log and respond with your exchange information including callsign. On CW, the process is the same. A typical "search and pounce" contact would go as follows:




      He calls

      CQ Field Day Alpha Bravo Four November Charlie

      CQ CQ FD de AB4NC

      You would respond

      November One Foxtrot Delta


      He answers with

      N1FD Three Alpha North Carolina

      N1FD 3A NC

      You complete your part with

      Twenty-nine Alpha New Hampshire, N1FD

      29A NH N1FD

      He confirms and moves on...

      Roger, QRZ Alpha Bravo Four November Charlie

      “TU QRZ AB4NC" or "TU AB4NC"

      When "running" a frequency (staying on the same frequency and calling CQ), roles are reversed from the above and would go like this:




      You make a general call

      CQ Field Day, CQ Field Day November One Foxtrot Delta

      CQ FD N1FD

      You listen...and hear

      N1FD here is Alpha Bravo Four November Charlie


      You respond

      Alpha Bravo Four November Charlie Twenty-nine Alpha New Hampshire

      AB4NC 29A NH

      He answers

      “Three Alpha North Carolina" or

      “Three Alpha North Carolina AA4NC”

      "3A NC" or

      “3A NC AB4NC”

      You confirm and move on

      Roger, QRZ November One Foxtrot Delta

      TU N1FD

      You listen, and if no one answers, repeat

      CQ Field Day, CQ Field Day November One Foxtrot Delta

      CQ FD N1FD

    3. Operating Tips.

    To maximize the number of contacts, there are several practices that should be followed.

    Call CQ. Most of the Field Day participating stations will be "casual" operations whose goal may be to work their last needed state for Worked All States or 5-Band Worked All States. These stations will not be calling CQ! They will be tuning the bands "searching and pouncing" on stations that they need to achieve their individual goals. The ONLY way to log a contact with one of these stations is to keep "N1FD" on the air to be heard and called by them.

    Keep your calls and listening periods short. Don't make stations wait for you to end a long winded "CQ." Give them frequent opportunities to call you. Similarly, allow enough time for someone to begin a response before calling again, but don't wait longer than necessary. Timing this properly takes some practice. On CW, using QSK if available on the transceiver allows you to catch the "slow starter."

    It is tough to know when to stop CQing and go to a "search and pounce" mode of operation. There are a few stations, serious competitors, in the 2 to 6 station classes that may not do much, if any, "search and pounce" operation. If the rate at which you are getting calls drops off, there may be another station on your frequency that you can't hear (and can't hear you) because of propagation. If the adjacent frequency is clear, you may want to move up or down a bit and try there. Otherwise, a quick pass through the band "searching and pouncing" may be more productive, at least until you can find a new frequency to camp out on, "CQ!"

    When you are in the "search and pounce" mode, the logging program's "CHECK PARTIAL" feature is invaluable for identifying stations worked before. As soon as you have typed at least 2 characters in the CALL field, a list of all calls in the log containing that character sequence will be displayed. As additional characters are entered, the list is updated.

    Even after operating in many contests, the decision of when to "search and pounce" is a difficult one, and always subject to second guessing afterwards. If in "CQ!"

    Don't Ragchew. Even though Field Day is a somewhat "laid back" contest, don't fall to the temptation to ragchew, especially if you have been receiving one or more responses to each CQ call. The serious competitor will not wait for you to finish chatting! He will recognize that he could log 2, 3 or more contacts while he waited (and possibly you could also have logged as many more!). We may get more people wanting to ask questions based on the June 99 QST article. Be polite, but don't waste time.

    Keep your transmissions short. Not only to save your voice but to save time for other contacts, keep the content of your transmissions short and limited to only the essential information. It is not discourteous to omit "73" from the end of each contact. If you are "searching and pouncing," you need not formally acknowledge receipt of the "CQing" stations information but need only to respond with your own. If you didn't catch all of his information, a simple "AGAIN?" on phone, or "?" on CW should be enough to get the information repeated before you give your portion of the exchange.

    Use the full callsign. When "searching and pouncing" always call the station using your full callsign, never use just the last two letters. No competent operator working a frequency wants to have to ask anyone to repeat their call if they can copy it initially. They can't copy it if you don't give it! The two letter "call" is very poor operating practice at any time, regardless of how often you may hear it in DX pile ups.

    Don't bother duping during the operating period. If you are stuck using a paper log, follow the advice about CQing to the limit, and don't waste time checking to see if a station calling you has been logged before. Let the stations calling you do the duping during the contest. If you follow the advice to call CQ throughout the contest, your dupe rate will be no worse than if you used one and you will log more contacts.

    Rework "dupes" that call you. Even if you have worked him before, it is faster to work him again and indicate "dupe" in the log than it is to discuss it. There is no score penalty for working a station more than once on a band, as long as points are not claimed for the duplicate contact(s).

    Always end with your callsign. It is very frustrating to be rapidly tuning across a band, "searching and pouncing" and hear a "CQ" or "TEST" and then silence. You know the station is looking for contacts, but who is it? You have to make a quick decision whether to wait for the station to call again; to call him "blind," not knowing whether you have worked him before; or to move on without calling him.

    Either of the first options are time consuming and utterly wasted if you have worked before.

    Frankly, the best option for maximum time efficiency is to quickly store the frequency in memory and move on. Check back later, (switching between Memory and VFO modes) in between other contacts. Don't force these measures on others or lose needed contacts...always end with the callsign!

    "QRZ N1FD" not "N1FD QRZ"

  7. CT Basics
  8. If you can, it is best if you familiarize yourself with the use of the logging program before Field Day starts. If you are not a registered user of CT, or cannot visit someone who is for a "training" session; you should study the following summary of functions important for using the program for the Field Day contest.

    1. Starting CT
    2. During preparations of the computer for use in the contest, a special Field Day only version of a popular contesting program. CT by K1EA will be installed on the computer. Special files will be installed so that if you need to restart the program you simply need to type "NARC" and <ENTER> at the DOS prompt. If you are running Windows 95 or 98 a shortcut will be placed on the desktop called NARC. These batch or shortcut files will load CT and bypass several setup screens so that the main logging screen will come up automatically. This file is also invoked on startup. A practice log file is also installed. To use it, type "PLAY" and <ENTER>.

      The first thing you need to do is to make sure that the proper band and mode are set. The active logging line is near the lower left corner of the screen, with a flashing cursor in the callsign field. To the left of the cursor are two numbers the first (far left) is the QSO number, the second number is the band. At the right end of the logging line, the mode is shown "CW" or "SSB"). Once a contact has been logged, CT “remembers” the last band and mode.

      To change the band use ALT-F1 or ALT-F2. You will see the "Summary" window to the right on the screen. ALT-F1 will cause the band to change in order to move the band "up" the Summary Window list. To get a full view of the Summary Window use ALT-S. Conversely, ALT-F2 will cause the band to change in order to move the band "down" the "Summary" window list. The current band also is highlighted in the "Summary" window.

      To change the mode use CTRL-F1 or CTRL-F2. If the "Check Partial" window is not visible at the top left of the screen, enable that function by pressing the F8 key. Now you are ready to begin logging contacts!

    3. Logging a Contact
    4. The flashing cursor is in the callsign field on start up and after each contact is logged, so you are ready to enter the next contact’s callsign. Simply type in the call and when ready to copy the exchange, hit the Spacebar (or Tab key) (many find the spacebar most convenient). This moves the cursor to the field for the station's Class. Enter the Class as you copy it, and hit the Spacebar again. You will then be in the Section field where you enter the ARRL/CRRL section abbreviation of the station. When the contact is completed, press the <Enter> key, at which point the contact will be logged to disk and the cursor will jump to the callsign field for the next contact.

      Each time you hit the spacebar the cursor will move from one field to the next, rotating through all of the field into which you need to enter data. The left and right arrow keys move the cursor within the current field for editing.

      Oops! If, while "searching and pouncing," you find that you have worked a station before; you can "wipe" out the information that you had entered with a single key stroke. The F11 key (or ALT-W combination if you don't have an "AT-Type" keyboard erases all data entered in the current log line.

      Help! A series of "Help" screens can be accessed which provide a tabulation of the key combinations and commands for most CT functions. This is accessed by the key combination ALT-S. <Page Down> and <Page Up> move you through the screens, and <ESC> closes the help window.

    5. Recording operator changes.
    6. CT has a feature to record short "notes" that you should use to record operator changes. The key combination ALT-N pops up the Note window. Simply type your note, such as "WS1E off, K2TE on" and hit <Enter>. The note will be saved in the log file, time tagged. (This feature is also handy for keeping track of the number of "WOWs" you get because of the size of our Field Day operation!)

      To quit CT you can use any of three ways. Type "QUIT" in the callsign field and hit <Enter>, or use a key combination of ALT-Q or ALT-X.

    7. CT to the Max!

    To fully utilize the capabilities of CT, the station must be equipped with a computer/radio interface and either a voice keyer supported by CT or a CW keying interface. Few of us will be so equipped, and it is up to the Station Master to ensure that all operators are familiar with operating his (or her) particular setup. Stations masters that do use the voice or keying features of CT are responsible for setting up CT to do so on their own. The default Field Day CT installation does not support any advanced features. Keyboard templates that include all of the functions usually required during a (CW) contest will be available and distributed with the computers on Saturday.

  9. Summary/Operating Aids
    1. Some food for thought.
    2. In 1995, using N1NH, we recorded the high score (21,648 points) for all participants. In 1996 we again were high score (21,756 points). In 1997, for the third time in a row, N1NH again recorded high score (22,080 points). In 1998, for an unprecedented four times in a row, this time using the new club callsign of N1FD we came in high score (26,274 points). In 1999 we are the target that others will be out to beat! And we've had lots of exposure from the June 99 QST article describing out setup. We can win again! And... we don’t need to operate QRP/battery to do it! In case you are curious, the overall record score for Field Day was set by K6CAB operating 15A (battery powered) in 1994, with a score of 30,150 points.

      However, lest we get too proud of ourselves, the number 2 scoring station in 1998 was W3AO running 4 Alpha! Their score of 19,366 was only 6,908 points behind us. That difference equates to only 70 CW QSOs/Hour. And they did it with only 15 people!. If we scale that up to the 87 people we had for 1998 we would have scored 152,389 and made over 50 thousand QSOs. We certainly do a lot better.

    3. Station Master Checklist
    4. Item






      Shelter (tent, camper)




      Rug to protect tent floor


      Chairs (2)




      Desk Lamp


      Coaxial Cable








      Memory Keyer or Voice Keyer




      Keyer Paddles or Microphone


      Spare Batteries for flashlight


      Headphones (2 sets)


      50-ft (#12 or heavier) extension cord


      Y-Adapter (for headphones)


      Multi-outlet surge protected power strip


      Computer System or Log Sheets


      Insect repellent


      Dupe sheets (if no computer)


      Electrical tool kit

    6. Field Day Entry Categories
    7. Exchange is Operating Category and ARRL/CRRL Section.

      Class Meaning Example

      A Portable: 3 or more amateurs 4A - 6 amateurs with 4 radios out in a field somewhere

      B Portable: 1 or 2 amateurs 2B - 2 amateurs with a radio each,

      C Mobile: Car, boat, plane 1C - Most contacts with amateurs in cars

      D Home: Regular power 1D - The casual operator from home

      E Home: Emergency Power 2E - Two transmitters at home on emergency power

    8. ARRL / Canadian Section designators
    9. ARRL/Canadian Sec


      Prefixes, alternates

      ARRL/Canadian Sec


      Prefixes, alternates




      North Texas





      AK, KL7

      Northern Florida





      ALT, ALB, AB, VE6

      Northern New Jersey


      NNJ, NN, NJ



      ARI, AZ

      Northern New York






      NYC-Long Island


      NY, NL

      British Columbia


      BC, VE7












      CT, CN, CON



      ON, VE3



      DE, DL



      ORG, ORA

      East Bay






      Eastern Massachusetts






      Eastern New York



      Province of Quebec


      PQ, QU, VE2

      Eastern Pennsylvania



      Puerto Rico


      PR, KP4

      Eastern Washington



      Rhode Island



      Foreign, except Canada



      Sacramento Valley


      SV, SAC




      San Diego






      San Francisco


      SF, SANF




      San Joaquin Valley


      SJV, SANJ




      Santa Barbara





      IO, IA

      Santa Clara Valley





      KA, KS



      SA, SK, VE5



      KY, KTY

      South Carolina



      Los Angeles



      South Dakota





      LA, LOU

      South Texas





      ME, MAI

      Southern Florida





      MB, MA, VE4

      Southern New Jersey


      SNJ, SN

      Maritime Provinces





      TN, TEN



      MD, DC












      MIN, MN

      Virgin Islands


      VI, KP2, KV4



      MIS, MS







      West Texas





      MON, MT

      West Virginia






      Western Massachusetts





      NEV, NV

      Western New York





      VO1, VO2

      Western Pennsylvania



      New Hampshire



      Western Washington



      New Mexico





      WI, WS

      North Carolina






      North Dakota



      Yukon, Northwest Terr.



      YU, NW, VE8, NUN, VY0


    10. CT Quick Reference Guide
    11. Key







      Send CQ

      Shift F1

      Set CQ

      Alt F1

      Band down


      Send exchange

      Shift F2

      Set exchange

      Alt F2

      Band up


      Send confirm

      Shift F3

      Set confirm



      Send call (N1FD)

      Shift F4

      Set call

      Alt F7

      Send QSO before msg


      Send his call


      Alt F8

      Wipe QSO (Also Alt-W)


      Send custom 1

      Shift F6

      Set custom 1



      Send custom 2

      Shift F7

      Set custom 2

      Ctrl F1

      Mode down


      Check partial

      Shift F8

      Super check

      Ctrl F2

      Mode up


      Check call

      Shift F9

      Set QSO before msg



      Check country

      Shift F10

      Zone check

      Ctrl F9

      Rate graph


      Wipe QSO



      Check unique



      Show schedules window


      Beginning of field


      Log QSO

      Alt C

      Toggle countries window


      Delete character


      Same as F5, F2


      Make a schedule


      Move to end of field


      Same as F3, <Enter>


      Show help window


      Go to log line number


      Show split freq window


      Toggle keyboard mode


      Delete rest of line


      Panic stop


      Show multiplier window


      Wipe field


      Move forward one char


      Show notes window



      Move back one char


      Save log and quit


      Start of field


      Move to next Call


      Show rate window


      End of field


      Move to previous Call


      Show summary window


      Toggle Call & Info


      Move to next field


      Super check partial



      Previous field


      Wipe QSO (Also Alt-F8)


      Scroll forward 1 pg


      Delete previous char


      Save log and quit


      Scroll back 1 page


      Delete char on cursor


      Show zone map



      Scroll backward 24 hrs



      Command Line Commands (Enter in the callsign field)

      AutoSave Save the log to the floppy in drive A - Drive A Only! You must have a formatted floppy inserted!

      Quit Saves log and exits

      NoAutoSave Turn off Autosave


      Seven fields of log file








      QSO Number


      Time UTC


      Received Category

      Received Section

      Received Mode


    12. ITU Recommended Phonetics