1. Political Entities:
Political Entities are those areas which are separated by
reason of government or political division. They generally contain an
indigenous population which is not predominantly composed of military or
An Entity will be added to the DXCC
a Political Entity if it meets one or more of the following criteria:
entity is a UN Member State.
entity has been assigned a callsign prefix bloc by the ITU. (The exceptions
to this rule are international organizations, such as the UN and ICAO. These
Entities are classified under Special Areas, 3.a); and Ineligible Areas,
4.b).) A provisional prefix bloc assignment may be made by the Secretary
General of ITU. Should such provisional assignments not be ratified later by
the full ITU, the Entity will be deleted from the DXCC List.
entity contains a permanent population, is administered by a local
government, and is located at least 800 km from its parent. To satisfy the
"permanent population" and "administered by a local government" criteria of
this sub-section, an Entity must be listed on either (a) the U.S. Department
of State's list of "Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty" as having
a local "AdministrativeCenter," or (b) the United Nations list of
New Entities satisfying one or more of the conditions above
will be added to the DXCC List by administrative action as of their "Event
Entities qualifying under this section will be referred to as
the "Parent" when considering separation under the section "Geographical
Separation." Only entities in this group will be acceptable as a Parent for
2. Geographic Separation Entity
A Geographic Separation Entity may result when a single
Political Entity is physically separated into two or more parts. The part of
such a Political Entity that contains the capital city is considered the
Parent for tests under these criteria. One or more of the remaining parts
resulting from the separation may then qualify for separate status as a DXCC
Entity if they satisfy paragraph a) or b) of the Geographic Separation
Criteria, as follows.
a) Land Areas:
A new Entity results when part of a DXCC Entity is separated
from its Parent by 100 kilometers or more of land of another DXCC Entity.
Inland waters may be included in the measurement. The test for separation
into two areas requires that a line drawn along a great circle in any
direction from any part of the proposed Entity must not touch the Parent
before crossing 100 kilometers of the intervening DXCC Entity.
b) Island Areas (Separation by Water):
A new entity results in the case of an island under any of
the following conditions:
i) The island is separated from its Parent, and any other islands that make
up the DXCC entity that contains the Parent, by 350 kilometers or more.
Measurement of islands in a group begins with measurement from the island
containing the capital city. Only one entity of this type may be attached to
ii) The island is separated from its Parent by 350 kilometers or more, and
from any other island attached to that Parent in the same or a different
island group by 800 kilometers or more.
iii) The island is separated from its Parent by intervening land or islands
that are part of another DXCC entity, such that a line drawn along a great
circle in any direction, from any part of the island, does not touch the
Parent before touching the intervening DXCC entity. There is no minimum
separation distance for the first island entity created under this rule.
Additional island entities may be created under this rule, provided that
they are similarly separated from the Parent by a different DXCC entity and
separated from any other islands associated with the Parent by at least 800
3. Special Areas
The Special Areas listed here may not be divided into
additional Entities under the DXCC Rules. None of these constitute a Parent
Entity, and none creates a precedent for the addition of similar or
International Telecommunications Union in Geneva (4U1ITU) shall, because of
its significance to world telecommunications, be considered as a Special
Entity. No additional UN locations will be considered under this ruling.
Antarctic Treaty, signed on December 1, 1959 and entered into force on June
23, 1961, establishes the legal framework for the management of Antarctica.
The treaty covers, as stated in Article 6, all land and ice shelves below 60
degrees South. This area is known as the Antarctic Treaty Zone. Article 4
establishes that parties to the treaty will not recognize, dispute, or
establish territorial claims and that they will assert no new claims while
the treaty is in force. Under Article 10, the treaty States will discourage
activities by any country in Antarctica that are contrary to the terms of
the treaty. In view of these Treaty provisions, no new entities below 60
degrees south will be added to the DXCC
long as the Treaty remains in force.
Spratly Islands, due to the nature of conflicting claims, and without
recognizing or refuting any claim, is recognized as a Special Entity.
Operations from this area will be accepted with the necessary permissions
issued by an occupying Entity. Operations without such permissions, such as
with a self-assigned (e.g., 1S) callsign, will not be recognized for DXCC
of Western Sahara (S0) is currently an issue between Morocco and the
indigenous population. The UN has stationed a peacekeeping force there.
Until the sovereignty issue is settled, only operations licensed by the RASD
shall count for DXCC purposes.
on the 1998 DXCC
do not qualify under the current criteria remain as long as they retain the
status under which they were originally added. A change in that status will
result in a review in accordance with Rule 5 of this Section.
(quoted from ARRL DXCC rules and criteria, ARRL Web page,
as of 2016-05-15)