The Internationl Morse Code


A: "didah"
B: "dadididit"
C: "dadidadit"
D: "dadidit"
E: "dit"
F: "dididadit"
G: "dadadit"
H: "didididit"
I: "didit"
J: "didadadah"
K: "dadidah"
L: "didadidit"
M: "dadah"
N: "dadit"
O: "dadadah"
P: "didadadit"
Q: "dadadidah"
R: "didadit"
S: "dididit"
T: "dah"
U: "dididah"
V: "didididah"
W: "didadah"
X: "dadididah"
Y: "dadidadah"
Z: "dadadidit"



1: "didadadadah"
2: "dididadadah"
3: "didididadah"
4: "dididididah"
5: "dididididit"
6: "dadidididit"
7: "dadadididit"
8: "dadadadidit"
9: "dadadadadit"
0: "dadadadadah"



/ (slash): "dadididadit"
, (comma): "dadadididada"
. (full stop): "didadidadidah"
? (question mark): "dididadadidit"



BT      "=" equals sign or pause
CQ     Calling any station
AR     "+" over, end of message
K        invite any station to transmit
KN     invite a specific station to transmit
BK      break, invite receiving station to transmit
R        all received OK
AS     please stand by (AS 5 = Wait 5 Minutes)
SK      end of contact
CL      clear, closing, going off the air

Prosigns are symbols formed by running together two characters into one - without the intercharacter space.
ex: AR (end of message): "didadidadit"

Q-codes most used on the ham bands
         and their informal meaning

QRG Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ___)? Your exact frequency (or that of ___) is ___ kHz.
informal use: Frequency

QRL Are you busy? I am busy (or I am busy with ___). Please do not interfere.
informal use: Is the frequency in use? / The frequency is in use

QRM Is my transmission being interfered with? Your transmission is being interfered with ___.(1. Nil 2. Slightly 3. Moderately 4. Severely 5. Extremely)
informal use: Interference from other stations

QRN Are you troubled by static? I am troubled by static ---. (1-5 as under QRM) informal use: Interference from atmospheric noise or nearby electrical apparatus

QRO Shall I increase power? Increase power.
informal use: High power

QRP Shall I decrease power? Decrease power.
informal use: Low power

QRQ Shall I send faster? Send faster ___. (WPM)
informal use: High speed cw

QRS Shall I send more slowly? Send more slowly ___. (WPM)

QRT Shall I stop sending? Stop sending.
informal use: Close(d) down

QRU Have you anything for me? I have nothing for you.

QRV Are you ready? I am ready.
informal use: Are you operational on...? / I am operational on...

QRX When will you call me again? I will call you again at ___ hours (on ___ kHz).
informal use: Stand by

QRZ Who is calling me? You are being called by ___ (on ___ kHz).

QSB Are my signals fading? Your signals are fading.
informal use: Fading

QSL Can you acknowledge receipt? I am acknowledging receipt.
informal use: Verification card; confirm

QSO Can you communicate with ___ direct or by relay? I can communicate with ___ direct (or by relay through ___).
informal use: Radio contact

QSP Will you relay to ___? I will relay to ___.

QST General call preceding a message addressed to all amateurs and ARRL members. This is in effect, "CQ ARRL".

QSX Will you listen to ___ on ___ kHz? I am listening to ___ on ___ kHz.
informal use: Working split and listening up, ex: QSX UP2  =  listening up 2 KHz

QSY Shall I change to transmission on another frequency? Change transmission to another frequency (or ___ kHz).
informal use: Change frequency

QTH What is your location? My location is ___.
informal use: Location

Q Signals take the form of a question only when each is followed by a question mark.


Extract of the most common used abbreviations for CW work

ABT                  About

AGN                 Again

AM                   Amplitude Modulation

ANT                 Antenna

BCNU               Be seeing you

BK                    Break, Break in

BUG                 Semi-Automatic key

B4                    Before

C                      Yes

CFM                 Confirm; I confirm

CL                    I am closing my station; Call

CLD                  Called

CLG                  Calling

CONDX            Conditions

CUAGN            See you again

CUD                 Could

CUL                 See you later

CUZ                 Because

CQ                   Calling any station

CW                   Continuous wave

DR                    Dear

DX                    Distance

ES                    And

FB                    Fine Business, excellent

FER                  For

FM                    Frequency Modulation

FREQ                Frequency

GA                    Go ahead; Good afternoon

GB                    Goodbye

GE                    Good evening

GL                    Good luck

GM                   Good morning

GN                   Good night

GND                 Ground

GUD                 Good

HI                    The telegraph laugh; High

HPE                  Hope

HR                    Here; Hear

HV                    Have

HW                   How

II                     Repetition/error signal

LID                   A bad operator

MNI                  Many

MSG                  Message

N                       No

NIL                   Nothing; I have nothing for you ; Nothing heard

NR                     Number; Near

NW                    Now

OM                    Old man

OP                     Operator

OT                    Old timer

PSE                   Please

PWR                  Power

R                       Are; Received

RCVR,RX            Receiver

RIG                   Station equipment

RPRT                 Report

RTTY                Radio teletype

SASE                Self-addressed, stamped envelope

SIGS                 Signals

SKED                 Schedule

SRI                   Sorry

SSB                   Single Side Band

STN                  Station

SWL                  Short Wave Listener

T                       Zero

TFC                   Traffic

TMW                 Tomorrow

TNX; TKS          Thanks

TU                     Thank you

TVI                    Television interference

TX                      Transmitter

TXT                    Text

UR                      Your; You are

URS                   Yours

VY                      Very

WID                   With

WKD                   Worked

WKG                   Working

WL                     Well; Will

WUD                  Would

WX                    Weather

XCVR                 Transceiver

XMTR                Transmitter

XYL                   Wife

YL                     Young lady


73                    Best Regards (for OM ops)

88                    Love and Kisses (for YL ops)


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