No.03 1992 Mar. p66~67, by 黃國雄 / BV2WC
The Republic of China (ROC) government currently controls the Taiwan, Kinmen and Matsu areas.
The Taiwan area, with thirty-six thousand square kilometers, includes Taiwan proper, the Penghu Islands, Green Island, Orchid Island and Tiaoyutai Islets.
Taiwan, also known as Formosa, is an island about one hundred sixty kilometers off the southeast coast of mainland China. It is seperated from Fukien Province on the mainland China by the Taiwan strait.
The island measures three hundred and seventy-seven kilometers long and one hundred forty-two kilometers wide at its widest point.
The Central Mountain Range slopes gently to a broad and fertile plain in the west.
Hills and mountains cover two-third of the island which has sixty-two mountains over three thousand meters tall.
Yushan is the highest mountain,about three thousand nine hundred and ninty-seven meters tall, is the loftiest peak in Northeast Asia.
In the east, the mountains descend precipitously to the Pacific.
The island's uplands are so extensive that only about one-fourth of Taiwan is arable.
Shorelines are fairly straight and good natural harbors are few.
Rivers are short, useful for power generation but not for navigation.
Physiographically, Taiwan has five major areas: the Central Mountain Range, volcanic mountains, foothills, tablelands, coastal plains and basins.
The Kinmen and Matsu, with one hundred and eighty square kilometers, are two island groups just off the mainland China.
The climate is subtropical with average temperature around twenty-two degree Celsius (seventy-two degree Fahrenheit) in the north and twenty-four point five degree Celsius (seventy-six degree Fahrenheit) in the south.
Summer season runs from May to October, winter from December to February.
Rainfall is heavy, averaging twentyfive hundred millimeters annually.
Local and seasonal variations are numerous. The north is often rainy in the winter, and the south in the summer. Winter snows occur in the higher mountains.
Language spoken are Chinese in the Mandarin, Amoy and Hakka dialects. Mandarin of the Peiping dialect is taught in the schools.
History reports that aborigines reached Taiwan in prehistoric times. Chinese started coming about fourteen hundred years ago.
Dutch and Spanish came to the island in the seventeenth century and the Japanese were in occupation from eighteen ninty-five to ninteen forty-five.
The present government was established January first, ninteen twelve after the fall of Ching dynasty.
Tourism draw over one and a half million visitors annually. Traditional Chinese hospitality is the secret behind such success......plus abundant natural beauties.
Apart from Taipei, the principal cities are Kaohsiung, Tainan, Taichung, and Keelung. The population of Taiwan exceeds twenty million.
73s！See you guys next time.