This design is based on the AD9951 DDS chip – a simple first order phase accumulator.  This part has a 14 bit DAC and is used in the Kenwood TS-590S and other radios. 



Reference Clock

     I am going to use the NBXSBB023 – 400MHz LVPECL clock oscillator as my reference clock.  I have chosen to use a high frequency input rather than a low frequency that would require the internal clock multiplier.  From the AD9951 data sheet, it is clear that the lowest phase noise occurs when the internal PLL clock multiplier is not used.  Measurements of the circuit show that my LVPECL oscillator noise floor is the limiting factor in the DDS VFO output noise, but it should be ‘good enough’ for ham radio.


Output Transformer

     I am using the T1-1T+ 50 ohm transformer.  The differential to singled ended conversion was shown on the AD evaluation board so I decided to use it as well.  From AN-912, the resulting output voltage will be ~120mV which is not large enough to drive a TUF-1+ mixer which requires a 7dBm drive level.


VFO Buffer

     The MAR-8A+ amplifier has 31.5dB gain.  The part can do a maximum of 12.5dBm, so this is more than adequate to drive my mixer.


     The series inductor is sized to be 10X the output impedance (50 ohm) at the lowest operating frequency (30MHz).  I will need to adjust the series resistor for the MAR8 so I can produce 7dBm into a 50 ohm load. 


          +7dBm = 10*log(Pmw) = 10*log(5mW) = 10*log(mV^2 / 50)
              so this is: 500mVrms or 1.4Vp-p           


Output Elliptic Filter

     The seventh order elliptic filter was also shown on the AD evaluation board, but their design has a 200MHz cutoff.  The filter has a sharp transition from passband to stopband which will reduce unwanted harmonics.  My design requires a maximum VFO frequency of less than 45MHz so I can use a lower cutoff frequency than the AD design.




     Below is a phase noise plot of the overall DDS performance after the buffer and filter – a whopping 14dBm signal but I only need 7dBm for my LO so I may back down the drive level.