The Malaysian 2 Meter Net Controllers Infomation Page.
(This is a must read for all net Controllers)

NET START'S Sharp at 2100 hrs Local or 1300 Hrs UTC.

Opening call.

It is suggested that the 2-meter net has an introduction at the beginning, for information, similar to any other radio nets:

Good Evening,this is the MARTS 2 meter net meeting every Night at 13.00 UTC or 21.00 Hrs Malaysian Standard Time on 9M2RUK etc, Freq. Rx 147.900 MHz to handle amateur radio traffic for hams within the repeater coverage. The Net Controller tonight is Callsign

Please start with this phrase (Minimum 3 times at 15 sec interval)

Is there any Emergency, Urgent or Priory traffic for the MARTS 2 Meter Net, please Call Net Control Callsign

Give a readability report to the station checking in station.( Please use the RST system ).Then hand it back to the calling station for any traffic. (please note they can go QRU or QSY but cannot go QRT until net is over)

When you are satisfied that there is no Emergency, Urgent or Priority traffic then go for MOBILE station check in. Using this phrase ( Minimum 3 times at 15 sec interval).

Are there are any mobile, station wishing to check into the MARTS 2 Meter Net please Call Net Control Callsign

Give a readability report to the station checking in station.( Please use the RST system ).Than hand it back to the calling station for any traffic. (please note they can go QRU or QSY but cannot go QRT until net is over)

Followed by this phrase (Minimum 3 times at 15 sec interval).

Any station wishing to check into the MARTS 2-meter net please Call Net Control Callsign

Give a readability report to the station checking in station.( Please use the RST system ).Than hand it back to the calling station for any traffic. (please note they can go QRU or QSY but cannot go QRT until net is over)

Before closing the net it is advisable to call for any late Check Stations.

Followed by this phrase (Minimum 3 times at 15 sec interval).

Any LATE CHECK station wishing to check into the MARTS 2-meter net please Call Net ControlCallsign

Give a readability report to the station checking in station.( Please use the RST system ).Than hand it back to the calling station for any traffic. (please note they can go QRU or QSY but cannot go QRT until net is over). Prior to closing the NET please Request for volunteers for net controller. (Submit name to Net Control Supervisor)

B. Read that week's society news, info and other matters to all that have checked in to the net and the others who may be listening.

(Note: Try to avoid thing of a personal nature i.e. People wanting to sell rigs, cars, houses etc. If you are not sure Please check with Net Supervisor OR ANY COMMITTEE MEMBER.

Suggests closing phrase.

Thank you all for participating in the Marts 2 Meter Net for today ..............(DATE). The net controller for tomorrow will be ............(Callsign). Total stations check in today ..........(No). Thank You again and the MARTS 2 Meter net is now officially close. The frequency is available for general use.


General Infomation for net Controllers

Two Meter Repeater Etiquette.
The Society's Repeaters system is for Members of th society. MARTS is working to increase repeater coverage. The increase in new license operators using the Two Meters which will mean bigger QSO as more people use the repeaters. If everyone employs the following procedures the repeaters will continue to run efficiently.

1. Pressing your mike button for a second before you speak will ensures that the others on the repeater will hear your entire call sign. (It takes time for relays to click over when the repeaters switch to transmit from receive.)

2. Always give your full call sign, using proper phonetics, when you call. This enables the other station to copy your call sign correctly the first time, which reduces confusion and the need for repeats (i.e. 9 Whiskey 2 Alpha Alpha this is 9 Whiskey 2 Alpha Charlie).

3. You must direct transmissions to Licensed Ham stations only. You should not acknowledge unlicensed stations wishing to break in or speak to you.

4. Monitor the repeater before making your call.

5. Keep contacts and arrangements brief. If you can't finish an arrangement in a couple of sentences, please make arrangements to QSY.

6. When making a call, remember to speak S * L * O * W * L * Y and normally keeping to the speed of natural conversation. When using the repeaters, please remember that you are on a party line. In other words, you are not the only one who may want to use the system. Please leave a three-second pause before you start your QSO exchange with the party you are talking to. This will give someone else who may need to use the repeater a chance to identify themselves or in case of emergency traffic.

When calling another station, please make sure the repeater is not in use. Monitor for a few seconds to make sure there is no QSO in progress. If you hear nothing you are mostly assured the frequency is clear. This is especially important when using the repeater system, as you could end up jumping into the middle of a net or emergency situation. When breaking in on an ongoing QSO, please do so only if, it is an emergency, if you need to make a short call, or if you intend on joining the QSO. It is considered very rude to join in on a QSO just to start up your own. Give the first parties time to finish their QSO before you take over the repeater. During your QSO please note the courtesy tone that the repeater gives. The idea of the courtesy tone is to allow other stations to have time to break-in, in the event of an emergency. Please do not start your transmission until you hear the tone. If the repeater you are on does not have a tone then please wait for the squelch tail or the carrier to drop.

REMEMBER: Emergency Traffic takes priority over all other traffic and you enter by using the word BREAK and all traffic must stop for you.

Use your call sign in international phonetics only, to join normal traffic.

Repeater Usage Priority

Priority Type of Usage
1. Emergency Traffic or calls
2. Mobile / Portable stations,
3. Fixed stations / Control to open close repeater.
4. Public service events / Non emergency nets
5. General QSO

Call Signs
Hams are very famous it seems for their constant exchange of identifying your station, and that of the other party. You only need to identify your station when you first start your QSO and at the end of your QSO or over. You do not have to identify the other party's station, that is their responsibility. It is suggested that you always use international phonetics (i.e. Mike, Alpha, November) when giving your call sign. This especially true when you are on the fringe of the repeaters footprint, or during nets and emergency situations. A lot of letters sound the same when spoken quickly, or with QRM (i.e. C, D, E, G, T, and V). Please try to remove the heedlessness from our airwaves.

Mobile Operation
When travelling around the city where the repeater is located, you may from time to time experience dead spots. Do not worry, simply move to another location and try again. If you are in your car please make sure that you have eliminated as much of the background QRM as possible. (i.e. broadcast radio, wind noise, etc.). The repeater system is designed to provide superior audio throughout the entire linking system. Any noise that goes into the system will be amplified several times, and could end up being stronger than your voice at the receiving end of the QSO. Do not speak directly into the microphone, this just ends to producing popping sounds. It is suggested that you hold the microphone approximately 4-6 cm. from your face and speak across (diagonal)to the microphone. Please make sure that when you are finished with your QSO that your microphone is placed back on its bracket, and is not left on the seat where the PTT may be stuck in the closed position. Nothing is more embarrassing than tying up the repeaters with an open microphone. Squelch should be adjusted when getting near the fringe of the repeater coverage, as the signal gets weaker.

Hand held Operation
Amateurs these days are using small hand held rigs. While these are adequate for most city operations, they are not intended for use along the highways. The current setup of MARTS repeaters is for operation of mobile rigs with 25 watts of power to a 5/8 wave boot mounted antenna. When your signal is too weak to make it to the repeater, so is the repeater's ability to make it back to your vehicle. Portable rigs just do not have the power for this type of operation. Please use your portable rigs only when in the vicinity of the local repeater. If you run with low power, please make sure that it is enough to make it to the repeater without needless noise. Remember that a noisy signal into the repeater; means a noisy signal out all repeaters.

If you are one of these hams please remember that not only are you kerchunking the local repeater, but you are also kerchunking many other repeaters and hundreds of radios monitoring those repeaters. One possible reason to kerchunk a repeater would be to test if your rig is transmitting (always use a dummy load for this). The another possible reason would be to test if the repeater is transmitting. For that one-second transmission it is suggested that you also send some audio along with your transmission. This should be your call sign.

The administrators are always monitoring the repeaters that may not be functioning properly. If there is kerchunking, it is very hard to know if it is a ham or a malfunction on a repeater. Hams in these areas leave their rigs on all day long in the event a fellow hams is in need of assistance while travelling. If there is constant kerchunking, they just might end up turning off their rig and missing that emergency call for help. Please be courteous and think of your fellow Ham.

Nets are becomingpopular on 2 meters. The Society encourages people who have a need for a net to start them, and then ensure that they continue. If anyone wishes to start a net they are more than welcome. The repeaters have been established for the use of fellow hams for their enjoyment of the hobby. They are also there for use in the event of an emergency situation. The use of controlled nets is a way of training net controller operators and monitoring hams, proper technique and skill, should they ever be required. If you have a net you would like to get started, please contact the president of the MARTS, who will help to co-ordinate a scheduled time for the net to take place.

Signal Readability and Strength

1 Unreadable.
2 Barely readable, occasional words distinguishable.
3 Readable with considerable difficulty.
4 Readable with practically no difficulty.
5 Perfectly readable.
1 Faint signals, barely perceptible.
2 Very weak signals.
3 Weak signals.
4 Fair signals.
5 Fairly good signals.
6 Good signals.
7 Moderately strong signals.
8 Strong signals.
9 Extremely strong signals.


International Phonetics

A Alfa (AL FAH) N November (NO VEM BER)
B Bravo (BRAH VOH) O Oscar (OSS CAH)
D Delta (DELL TAH) Q Quebec (KEH BECK)
E Echo (ECK OH) R Romeo (ROW ME OH)
F Foxtrot (FOKS TROT) S Sierra (SEE AIR RAH)
G Golf (GOLF) T Tango (TANG GO)
I India (IN DEE AH) V Victor (VIK TAH)
J Juliet (JEW LEE ETT) W Whiskey (WISS KEY)
L Lima (LEE MAH) Y Yankee (YANG KEY)
M Mike (MIKE) Z Zulu (ZOO LOO)

Note: The Boldfaced syllables are emphasized. The pronunciations shown in the table were designed for speakers from all international languages. The pronunciations given for "Oscar" and "Victor" may seem awkward to English-speaking people 

Channel No Frequency Channel No
145.2000  V16 145.4000 V32
145.2125 V17 145.4125 V33
145.2250 V18 145.4250 V34
145.2375 V19 145.4375 V35
145.2500 V20 145.4500 V36
145.2625 V21 145.4625 V37
145.2750 V22 145.4750 V38
145.2875 V23 145.4875 V39
145.3000 V24 145.5000 V40 Call Channel
145.3125 V25 145.5125 V41
145.3250 V26 145.5250 V42
145.3375 V27 145.5375 V43
145.3500 V28 145.5500 V44
145.3625 V29 145.5625 V45
145.3750 V30 145.5750 V46
145.3875 V31 145.5875 V47


The Radio Amateur VHF Band is 144.000 - 146.000 MHz Primary and 146.000 - 148.000 MHz Secondary on a shared basis. We can only operate in the secondary band 146.000 - 148.00 MHz on allocate repeater Frequency's in this segment.

Refrain from using 145.800-146.000 MHz for simplex operation as this frequency is allocated for Amateur satellite operation.

The common "Q" codes used

QRL - Freq. in use/busy
QRM - Interference from other station
QRN - Interference from static/ electrical equipment
QRO - High power
QRP - Low power
QRS - Send slowly
QRT - Closing down station
QRU - That all from me
QRX - Standby
QRZ - Who is calling me?
QSB - Fading
QSL - Confirmation receive/ yes
QSO - Contact between station
QSY - Change Freq.
QTH - Location
QTHR- Address as per call book.
QRK - The intelligibility of your signal ( Q 1 - 5 )
QSA - The strength of your signal ( S 1 - S9 )
This format is not exhaustive and will be changed from time to time.

If a net controller cannot go on air due to any reason he/she should be pro-active and get their own replacement than notify net control supervisor. To make the necessary arrangements.

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