To overcome these and other obstacles you don't have to re-plan or rebuild a transceiver. You can instead interpose between the P.C. and the transceiver a particular modulator/demodulator which transforms digital signals of the P.C. into audio signals bet ween 300 and 3,000 KHz (passband of the transmitter modulator); these signals are thus sent to the transceiver as if coming from a microphone. The device, normally called a modem, generates a continuous sinusoid signal centered in the L.F. passband of th e transmitter, whose parameters (amplitude, frequency, phase) are varied by the serial digital signal coming from the P.C.
The transfer in phonic band is obtained modulating a sinusoid signal, whose frequency is in the L.F. passband of the transmitter (nearly 300 - 3,000 Hz), by means of the digital signal coming from the P.C. The techniques of modulation are basically three :
Frequency modulation pre-sets a given frequency value in the generated sinusoid signal to each of the two logic statuses 0 and 1, as shown in figure:
Phase modulation pre-sets two different phases of the carrier wave to the two logic statuses 0 and 1; as shown in figure below, for level 0 waveform is modulated in phase with the reference mark, that is phase remains unchanged, whilst for symbol 1 there is a leap of 180 ° and thus phase inversion; during reception obviously it is mandatory for the receiver to have a phase reference to discriminate variations.
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