Pagina de initiere in tainele alfabetului MORSE

Codul MORSE

A -
B -
C --
D -
E
F -
G --
H
I
J ---
K --
L -
M --
N -
O ---
P --
Q ---
R -
S
T -
U -
V -
W --
X --
Y ---
Z --
1 ----
2 ---
3 --
4 -
5
6 -
7 --
8 ---
9 ----
0 -----

Practicati transmiterea semnalelor morse folosind applet-ul Java de mai jos.
Pentru aceasta este suficient sa scrieti textul dorit in spatiul liber, dupa care apasati pe butonul "play"
(Nu uitati sa deschideti boxele computerului!)
Sorry but the G4ZFE Morse Code Applet requires a Java-enabled Web browser.

 

Alte caractere MORSE

   .
   ,
   /
   +
   =
   ?
   (
   )
   -
   "
   
 ---
 ----
 --  
 --
 --
 --
 ---
 ----
 --
 --

  _
  '
  :
  ;
  $

 
---
----
  ---
  ---
 --

Atentionare .-..-
Eroare   ........
Repetare    .. ..

Extensii internationale si abrevieri numerice
 
Extensii internationale

`A acute ---
 A-corona .--.-
  umlaut --
`E acute -
~N tilde ----
  umlaut --
  umlaut ---
 ! ----

Abrevieri numerice
Folosite in concursuri 

1 -
2 -
3 --
4 -
5
6 -
7 --
8 -
9 -
0 -

Semnale procedurale in codul MORSE

Semnalele procedurale sint simboluri formate prin transmiterea "legata" a 2 caractere (fara spatiu de separare intre ele) obtinindu-se astfel o prescurtare pentru cele mai uzuale semnale procedurale. Deobicei se noteaza cu o bara deasupra celor doua caractere. 

AR ----- (Sfirsitul mesajului)
AS ----- (Ramin in asteptare)
BK ----- (Invitatie adresata statiunii aflate la receptie sa emita)
BT ----- (Pauza; pauza in text)
KA ----- (Inceputul mesajului)
KN ----- (Sfirsitul transmisiei)
CL ----- (Inchid statia)
CQ ----- (Apel general catre toti radioamatorii)
K ------- (Invitatie adresate celeilalte statii sa transmita)
KN ----- (Invitatie adresata numai unei anumite statii sa transmita)
R ------ All received OK (Totul s-a receptionat in regula)
SK ----- End of contact (sent before call) (Sfirsitul legaturii ; se transmite inaintea indicativului)

 

Calcularea vitezei transmisiunilor telegrafice

Cuvintul "PARIS" este standardul pentru determinarea vitezei transmisiunilor telegrafice.
Fiecare punct (di) = 1 element
Fiecare linie (da) = 3 elemente
Spatiul dintre elementele aceluiasi caracter (puncte si/sau linii) = 1 element
Spatiul dintre caractere = 3 elemente
Spatiul dintre cuvinte = 7 elemente
Notati ca dupa fiecare punct/linie a literei "P"este folosit spatiul de 1 element cu exceptia ultimului (spatiul dintre semne)
Dupa ce ultimul punct al literei "P" s-a transmis, se adauga 3 elemente (spatiul dintre caractere)
Dupa transmiterea cuvintului PARIS se adauga 7 elemente
Cuvintul PARIS contine exact 50 de elemente.

Astfel:
P
di da da di
1 1 3 1 3 1 1 (3) =
14 elemente
A
di da
1 1 3 (3) =
8 elements
R
di da di
1 1 3 1 1 (3) =
10 elements
I
1 1 1 (3) =
6 elements
S
di di di
1 1 1 1 1 [7] =
12 elements
Total =
50 elements
() = spatiul dintre caractere
[] = spatiul dintre cuvinte

Daca transmiteti cuvintul PARIS de 5 ori intr-un minut , adica 5 cuvinte/minut (5WPM) inseamna ca a-ti transmis 250 de elemente (folosind spatiul corect).

Largimea de banda in CW = wpm X 4 (ex. 40 WPM = 160 Hz)

 

Prescurtari folosite in telegrafie

AA -       All after
AB -       All before
ABT -     About
ADEE -   Addressee
ADR -     Address
ADS -     Address
AGN -     Again
AM -      Amplitude Modulation
ANI -      Any
ANS -     Answer
ANT -     Antenna
AS -       Stand by
 

BCI -     Broadcast Interference
BCL -    Broadcast Listener
BCNU - Be seeing you
BD -      Bad
BK -     Break, Break in
BN -     All between; Been
BT -     Separation (break) between addr & text; between txt & signature
BTH -   Both
BTR -   Better
BTW -  By The Way
BUG -  Semi-Automatic key
BURO -Bureau
B4 -     Before

 

 

C -       Yes, Correct
CB -     CallBook
CBA - Callbook Address
CFM -  Confirm; I confirm
CK -    Ckeck
CKT -  Circuit
CL -     I am closing my station; Call
CLBK - Callbook
CLD -  Called
CLG -  Calling
CMG - Coming
CNT -  Can't
CONDX - Conditions
CPI -   Copy
CQ -    Calling any station
CRD -  Card
CS -     Call Sign
CU -    See You
CUAGN - See You Again
CUD  - Could
CUL -  See You later
CUM - Come
CUZ -  Because
CW -   Continuous wave

DA -     Day
DE -     From, This Is
DIFF -  Difference
DLD -   Delivered
DLVD - Delivered
DN -     Down
DR -     Dear
DWN -  Down
DX -     Distance

EL -     Element
ES -     And
ENUF - Enough
EU -     Europe
EVE -  Evening

FB -     Fine Business, excellent
FER -   For 
FM -    Frequency Modulation: From
FONE - Phone
FQ -     Frequency
Freq -- Frequency
FWD -- Forward
GA -     Go ahead; Good Afternoon
GB -     Good bye, God Bless
GD -     Good, Good Day
GE -     Good Evening
GESS - Guess
GG -     Going
GLD -- Glad
GM -    Good morning
GN -     Good night
GND -   Ground
GP --    Ground Plane
GS -     Green Stamp
GUD -   Good
GV -     Give
GVG -  Giving
HH -     Error in sending
HI -      The telegraph laugh; High
HPE -   Hope
HQ -    Headquarters
HR -    Here; Hear, Hour
HRD -  Heard
HRS -  Hours
HRD -- Heard
HV -    Have
HVG - Having
HVY - Heavy
HW -   How, How Copy?
II  --     I Repeat
IMI -    Repeat, Say Again
INFO - Info
JA -    Japanese Station
K -       Invitation To Transmit
KLIX - KeyClicks
LID -     A poor operator
LNG -   Long
LP -     Long Path
LSN -   Listen
LTR -   Later; letter
LV -     Leave
LVG -  Leaving
LW -    Long Wire., Long Wave
MA -    Millamperes
MGR -  Manager
MI -     My

MILL - Typewiter
MILS -  Millamperes
MNI -    Many
MOM - Moment
MSG -  Message; Prefix to radiogram
MULT - Multiplier
N -       No, Negative, Incorrect, No More
N -       Nine (as in Signal Report)
NCS -  Net Control Station
ND -     Nothing Doing 
NIL -    Nothing; I have nothing for you;   Not In Log
NM -    No more
NR -     Number, Near
NW -    Now; I resume transmission
OB -    Old boy
OC -    Old chap
OK -    Correct
OM -    Old man
OP -    Operator
OPR -  Operator
OT -    Old timer; Old top
OW -   Old Woman
PBL -    Preamble
PKG -    Package
PSE -    Please
PT -      Point
PWR -   Power
PX -      Press, Prefix
R -       Received as transmitted; Are;
R -       Decimal Point 
(with numbers)
RC -     Ragchew
RCD -   Received
RCVR - Receiver
RE -     Concerning; Regarding
REF -   Refer to; Referring to; Reference
RFI -    Radio frequency interference
RIG -    Station equipment
ROTFL - Rolling on the floor laughing
RPT -   Repeat, Report
RTTY - Radio teletype
RST -   Readability, strength, tone
RX -     Receive, Receiver
SA -        Say
SASE -    Self-addressed, stamped envelope
SED -      Said
SAE -     Self-Addressed Envelope
SEZ -      Says
SGD -     Signed
SHUD -   Should
SIG -      Signature; Signal
SINE -    Operator's personal initials or nickname
SK -       Silent Key
SKED -   Schedule
SN -       Soon
SP -       Short Path
SRI -      Sorry
SS -       Sweepstakes
SSB -     Single Side Band
STN -     Station
SUM -    Some
SVC -     Service; Prefix to service message
SWL -   Short Wave Listener
/ST short timer on check in
T -         Zero (with numbers)
TEMP - Temperature
TEST - Testing or Contest
TFC -    Traffic
TIA -     Thanks In Advance
TMW -  Tomorrow
TKS -    Thanks
TNX -    Thanks
TR -      Transmit
T/R -     Transmit/Receive
TRBL - Trouble
TRIX -   Tricks
TRX -    Transceiver
TT -      That
TTS -    That is
TU -      Thank you
TVI -     Television interference
TX -      Transmitter; Transmit
TXT -    Text
U -        You
UFB -    Ultra Fine Business
UNLIS - Unlicensed
UR -      Your; You're
URL -    Universal Resource Locator
             Address For a WebPage
URS -    Yours










VERT - Vertical
VFB -    Very fine business
VFO -    Variable Frequency Oscillator
VY -      Very
W -     Watts
WA -   Word after
WATSA - What Say
WB -    Word before
WD -   Word
WDS -  Words
WID -   With
WKD -  Worked
WKG -  Working
WL -    Well; Will
WPM - Words Per Minute
WRD - Word
WRK - Work
WUD - Would
WW -  Would
WX-    Weather
XCVR -    Transceiver
XMAS -   Christmas
XMTR -    Transmitter
XTAL -     Crystal
XYL -        Wife
YF -Wife
YL -   Young lady
YR -   Year
Z - Zulu Time
30 -   I have no more to send
33 -  Fondest Regards
55 -  Best Success
73 -   Best Regards
88 -   Love and kisses
161 - 73+88=161
 ? question (like QRL?)