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Inactive Stations
The landscape of clandestine radio changes alongside the wind of politics.  Opposition groups sometimes win, lose funding and support, and occasionally disappear for unknown reasons.  Clandestine radio stations are not meant to last, and they survive for only as long as is feasible for their backers.  Below is a database of stations that have recently disappeared from the airwaves.
 
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Africa
 
Angola

Websites

    VORGAN - a Voz Resistencia do Galo Negro  
 
VORGAN used 4 mobile "containers" like this one to broadcast its programs with 10kW.
      Organization: UNITA, previously backed by U.S., South Africa & Zaire
      Broadcast from: Jamba, Angola (UNITA-held territory)
      Languages: Portuguese, English, French & vernaculars
      Identification:
      Active: January 4, 1979 to April 2, 1998
      Contact Address
            UNITA
                  e-mail: UNITA@unita.com
                  e-mail: UNITAusa@erols.com
            UNITA Representative, Rue Montoyer n°6 , bte 6, Bruxelles 1000, Belgium
                  e-mail: rep.unita@skynet.be
      Related Website
            UNITA
            Clandestine Radio Intel Investigative Report
            "UNITA wants to keep Radio Vorgan on until April" Lusa News, Jan 21 1998
            UN Secretary General Announcement on the Transformation of VORGAN
            Kwacha Unita Press
            Angola Peace Monitor
            U.S. Department of Justice Foreign Agents Registration Act Annual Report for 1995 on UNITA
     Monitored
        Mar 98:  UNITA plans on continuing operations past April 1998.  (Direct via Grace, DC)
                     0500-0900  9770 kHz
                     1100-1430  11880 kHz
                      1700-2100  6225 kHz  (BBCM via BCDX 355)
                     2045-2103*  6225 kHz with jamming  (Kuhl, GER via CDX 181)
        Apr 98: Signed off the air on Apr 2.  (BBCM, UNITA)
 
 
Egypt

Websites

    Radio Egypt of Arabism
        Organization: ?
        Broadcast from: Iraq, possibly. Similar to Voice of Egypt of Arabism program broadcast
                via Iraqi Radio.  Reported to share transmitters with the Voice of the Movement of the
                Mojahedin of Iranian Baluchestan (BBCM via The ACE, Aug 96).
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification: (Arabic) Idhaat Misr al-Urubah
        Active: May 27, 1979, following the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty, to 1997?
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Jun 96: 2100* 11875 kHz (BBCM via The ACE Aug 96)
 
 
Eritrea
 
    Voice of Eritrea
        Organization: ?
        Broadcast from: Iraq
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification: (Arabic) Sawt al-Iritriyyah
        Active: June 19, 1995 to ?
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Jul 95: 1600-1700 17740 kHz (BBCM via NASWA Aug 95)
 
 
Nigeria
 
    Ogene Ndigbo Radio
        Organization: Eastern Mandate Union-Abroad and the World Igbo Council
        Broadcast from: WHRI, USA.  Affiliated with Voice of Oduduwa and Radio Igbo.
        Languages: Igbo
        Active: June 24, 1998 to October 1998
        Identification:
        Contact Address
            P.O. Box 91425, Washington, DC 20059
            Ben Akpa e-mail: bakpa@yahoo.com
        Related Website
            "Igbos in Quest of Justice and Fair Play," Concerned Citizens of Ndigbo press release, Aug 30, 1994
            Igbo.com
        Monitored
            Jul 98:  2100-2200  Wed  15460 kHz  (Direct via Newsgroups via DXW 123)
            Sep 98: 2115-2200*  15460 kHz  (Tomasko-USA via CDX 207)
            Nov 98:  Programs cancelled by WHRA.  (Johnson-USA via CDX 216)

    Radio Igbo (?)
        Organization: Ijaw group
        Broadcast from: WHRI, USA.  Affiliated with Voice of Oduduwa and Ogene Ndigbo Radio.
        Languages: Ijaw
        Active: June 24, 1998 - October 1998
        Identification:
        Contact Address
            P.O. Box 91425, Washington, DC 20059
            Ben Akpa e-mail: bakpa@yahoo.com
        Website
        Monitored
            Jul 98:  2100-2200  Fri  15460 kHz  (Schoech-Germany CRW 8)
            Nov 98:  Programs cancelled by WHRA.  (Johnson-USA via CDX 216)

    Radio Kudirat
 
        Organization: United Democratic Front of Nigeria (UDFN) with the assistance of Worldview Rights
                in Norway.
        Broadcast from: 100kW transmitters in Meyerton, South Africa
        Languages: English
        Identification: This is R Kudirat, Nigeria
        Active: June 11, 1996 to January 1999
            Known as R Democrat International until July 14, 1996  
        Contact Address
            UDFN, P.O.Box 9663, London SE1 3ZD, England  radio@udfn.com
        Related Website
            Radio Kudirat
            Radio Kudirat Schedule via SENTECH
        Monitored
            Dec 97: 1930+  6205 kHz  (Frodge, MI via CDX 168)
            Jan 98:  *1905-2005*  6205 kHz  (Direct via Rausch, NJ via NU 1458)
            Feb 98:  *1905-2005*  6205, 11540 kHz  (Rausch, NJ via CDX 178)
            Jul 98:  *1858+  11540 kHz  (Quaglieri-New York via TFW 65)
            Sep 98: *1900+  6205, 11540 kHz  (Famularo-Japan via DXW 129)
            Oct 98:   1920-1929 6205 kHz (Szucs-Hungary via CDX 210)


    Radio NADECO

        Organization: National Democratic Coalition - NADECO
        Broadcast from: WWCR
        Languages: English
        Identification:
        Active: June 30, 1997 to July 1998
        Contact Address
            National Democratic Coalition of Nigeria (NADECO), 514 10th Street, NW, Suite 600,
                        Washington DC 20004, USA
                Phone: (202) 347-1960 Fax: (202) 347-0921
                e-mail: nadeco@aol.com
        Related Website
            Radio NADECO
        Monitored
            Jan 98:  *0600-0700*  Mon-Fri  5070 kHz
                         *2045+  Mon-Fri  15685 kHz  (WWCR)
            Jun 98:  0800-0815  Sun  5070 kHz
                        1930-1945  Wed  15685 kHz  (WWCR via Hauser-USA via BCDX 369)
            Jul 98:  Inactive following financial and logistical problems.  (WWCR, Direct via Johnson-USA
                                                                                                     via CDX Special Jul 7, 1998)

  Radio New Nigeria   Became Save Nigeria Broadcasting Service
        Organization: National Advocacy Group for Democracy and Human Rights
        Broadcast from: Juelich, Germany
        Languages: English
        Active: June 12, 1997 to June 12, 1998 (Radio New Nigeria)
                     June 12, 1998 to September 20, 1998  (Save Nigeria Broadcasting Service)
        Identification:
        Contact Address
            P.O.Box 202, Boston, MA 02131
                Tel: (617) 364-6301  Coordinator: Ms. Gold
                Fax (617) 264-7362
                e-mail: nagdhr@aol.com  or  radioNNig@aol.com
        Website
            Radio New Nigeria
        Monitored
            Nov 97: Saturdays *0600-0629*   11670 to Nigeria and West Africa
                          Sundays   *0100-0129*     5905 to North America
                          Sundays   *1500-1529*     6175 to Central Europe (Johnson, CO via Cumbre Special)
            Jan 98:  Left the air on January 17.  (Direct via Johnson, FL via CDX 175)
            Mar 98:  1500-1530  Sun  6175 kHz  (Direct via BCDX 355)
            Jun 98:  *0530-0600*  5085 kHz
                        *1930-2000*  9400 kHz  (Direct via Johnson-USA via CDX 194)
            Jul 98:  1930-2000  Sat  9400 kHz  (BBCM via NU 1483)
            Sep 98: Off the air due to lack of funding and programming.

    Voice of Free Nigeria 
        Organization: Free Nigeria Movement, "a grassroots based global organization which has as its aim
                and objective the full and  total restoration of freedom to Nigeria and its people. In the areas of
                not only democracy, but also human and  environmental rights."
        Broadcast from: Juelich, Germany
        Languages: English
        Identification: This is the Voice of Free Nigeria
        Active: June 12, 1997 to August 1998
        Contact Address
            P.O.Box 441395, Indianapolis, IN 46244, USA
            Phone: (317) 216-4590 e-mail: PR@FreeNigeria.org
        Related Website
            Free Nigeria Movement
            Clandestine Radio Intel Investigative Report
        Monitored
            Jan 98:  *1900-2000*  Saturday  11645 kHz  (Johnson, FL via CDX 174)
            Mar 98:  *1900-2000*  Saturday  12015 kHz  (Direct via PanIview, BUL via CDX 178)
                         1900-2000  Sat  12015 kHz  (Direct via BCDX 355)
            Jun 98:  *1900-2000*  Saturday  11645 kHz  (Direct via Johnson-USA via CDX 194)
            Aug 98:  Ended broadcasts as a result of poor audience-relations results.  (Direct via CDX Aug 9)

    Voice of Oduduwa, Radio Yoruba

        Organization: Egbe Omo Yoruba (Association of Yoruba Descendants Worldwide), advocating
                separation of Yoruba state from Nigeria.
        Broadcast from: WHRA, USA.  Affiliated with Radio Igbo and Ogene Ndigbo Radio.
        Languages: Yoruba
        Identification: Ijinle Ohun Oduduwa
        Active: May 4, 1998 to October 1998
        Contact Address
            Egbe Omo Yoruba, 7600 Georgia Avenue NW Suite 405, Washington D.C 20012, USA
                Tel: 202 291-9471  Fax: 202 291-9473
        Related Website
            Egbe Omo Yoruba
        Monitored
            Jun 98:  2000-2100  15460, 17665 kHz  Mondays  (Direct)
            Jul 98:  2100-2200  Mon  15460 kHz  (Direct & Johnson-USA via CDX)
                        2100-2200  Mon  15460 kHz  (BBCM via NU 1483)
            Nov 98:  Programs cancelled by WHRA.  (Johnson-USA via CDX 216)
 

 
Sierra Leone
 
    FM 98.1

        Organization: Loyal to deposed President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, run by Ben Williams
        Broadcast from: Lungi, Sierra Leone - UN-held territory.  Had planned SW service.
        Languages: English
        Identification:
        Active: June 1997 - February 1998
        Contact Address
        Websites
            FM 98.1 News
        Monitored
            Dec 97: ?  98.1 MHz (Reuters via Internet)
            Jan 98:  ?  98.1, 99.9 MHz with 1000w.  SW planned.  (Direct via Sierra Leone Web)
            Feb 98:  Off the air when the African Peacekeeping forces overthrew the government (Grace, DC)
 
 
Sudan
 
    National Unity Radio
        Organization: Moral Guidance Branch of the Sudanese Armed Forces (Sudanese government to
                counter Radio SPLA)
        Broadcast from: Omdurman, Sudan
        Languages: Arabic, English, vernaculars
        Identification:
        Active: September 1986 - 1993
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Aug 93:  1315-1500  9165 kHz  (BBCM via NASWA Sep 93)

    Radio SPLA
 
        Organization: Sudanese People's Liberation Army, a Christian guerilla group based in
                Southern Sudan and headed by John Garang.
        Broadcast from: Sudan
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification:
        Active: October 18, 1984 - 1993
        Contact Address
        Related Website
            SPLA Background and Biodata
            "Fighting for Survival in Sudan"
        Monitored
            Feb 93: 0500-0600  9190 kHz (BBCM via NASWA Mar 93)
            Last heard in 1993 (Greenway, BBCM)


Americas

Cuba
 
    Agenda Cuba
        Organization: Agenda Cuba
        Broadcast from: WRMI
        Languages: Spanish
        Active: 1996
        Contact Address
            Pedro Solares, 7175 SW 8th St, Suite 217, Miami, FL 33144, USA
        Monitored
            Jul 96: 2300-2330 9955 kHz

    Caribe Llama Cuba
        Organization:
        Broadcasts from: WRMI, however, previously broadcast by La Voz del CID.
        Languages: Spanish
        Active Since: December 6, 1997
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Dec 97: 0315-0330 Mon-Fri  9955 kHz
            May 98: 0215-0230  9955 kHz  Mon, Wed, Fri  (WRMI via Jeff White)
            Jul 98:  No longer on the air.  (WRMI via Jeff White via CRW 9)

    La Voz del Escambray
        Organization: Ejecrito Cubano Anticomunista
        Broadcasts from: WRMI
        Languages: Spanish
        Active Since:
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Apr 98: 0400-0430 Mon-Fri  9955 kHz  (WRMI via Anti-Castro Historiography)
            May 98: 0300-0330  9955 kHz  Mon, Thurs  (WRMI via Jeff White)
            Jul 98:  No longer on the air.  (WRMI via Jeff White via CRW 9)
 

 
Guatemala

    La Voz Popular
        Organization: URNG
        Broadcast from: jungles of the Sierra Madres near the Tajumulco volcano with a 2 kW transmitter
            & dipole antenna. (Ross, ON via NASWA Jan 94)
        Languages: Spanish
        Identification:
        Active: 1988-1996, ended with a truce between the rebels and government.
        Contact Address
            NISGUA, c/o Julia Batres Lemus, 930 F St, NW, Suite 720, Washington, DC 20004, USA
                    nisgua@igc.apc.org
            Fernando Garcia, Centro de Promocion Popular, Apartado 20-668, Mexico City, D.F., Mexico
            Apartado Postal 19619, Mexico City, D.F., 03910, Mexico
            Arcoios, P.O.Box 835, Seattle, WA 98111, USA
        Related Website
            URNG Information
        Monitored
            Nov 93: Tue, Fri 2300-0045 7000v kHz
                          Tue, Fri 0200-0300 3500v kHz (Ross, ON via NASWA Jan 94)
            Aug 96: Tue, Fri *2215 7000v kHz (Direct via Johnson, CO/Cumbre DX)

Asia
 
Cambodia
Websites     Voice of the Solidarity Army (Currently Inactive)
        Organization: Khmer Rouge faction supporting Khieu Samphan
        Broadcast from: Choam (Cambodia), the Khmer base near the Thai border
        Languages: Khmer
        Identification: (Khmer) Sathani vitthyu samleng kangtoap samakki cheat
        Contact Address
        Active: October 27, 1997 - May 11, 1998 when destroyed in an attack.
                This station has had a long history & a handful of different names:
                Radio of the Transitional Government of Solidarity and National Salvation (? - Oct 97)
                Radio of the Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia (Jul 94 - ?)
                Voice of the Great National Union Front of Cambodia (Oct 27 91 - Jul 94) Merger of 2 stations below
                Voice of Democratic Kampuchea (Jan 79 - Oct 91) Khmer Rouge-run
                Voice of the National Army of Democratic Kampuchea (Feb 83 - Oct 91) Coalition Government of
                    Democratic Kampuchea-run
        Websites
            Terrorist Group Profiles
            AFP Article, April 25, 1998
            "Khmer Rouge Go for New Radio Image," Reuters, Oct 26 1997
        Monitored
            Jan 93: 1200-1500 5408 kHz (Weerakon, THAI via NASWA Feb 93)
            Mar 96: 2330 5407.2 kHz (Kuhl, GER via The ACE Apr 96)
            Nov 96: *2330 5407.2 kHz (Rooy, NETH via DXW 37)
            Jan 97: 2345-0015+ 5405v kHz (Phillips, NETH via DXW 49)
            Feb 97: 2330-0130+ 1130-1330 5405v kHz (Weerakon via DXW 50)
            Jun 97: *1130-1330*  5407 kHz
                        *2330-0130*  5407 kHz  (BBCM via DXW 69)
            Jul 97: *1130-1300*, *2330-0100*  5407v kHz (BBCM via DXW 71)
            Oct 97: *1100-1300*, *2300-0100*  5407v kHz (BBCM via Cumbre 162)
            Nov 97:  1150-1210+  5407.15 kHz  (Novello, VA via DXW 91)
            Mar 98:  1144-1200+  5407.16 kHz  (Johnson, FL via CDX 180)
            May 98: *1100-1200*  5407v kHz
                         *2330-0030*  5407v kHz  (BBCM via NU 1474)
                         Destroyed by an attack on May 11  (BBCM via NU 1476)
 
 
China (PRC)

    Radio Free Tibet
        Organization:
        Broadcasts from: Lithuania
        Languages: Mandarin Chinese
        Identification: (Mandarin) Ziyou Xizang Huayi Diantai
                             (English) Radio Free Tibet of the Overseas Chinese
        Active: March 10, 1998 to September 30, 1998
        Contact Address
            Mr. Rimantas Pleikys at riplei@lrs.lt
                Fax: +370-2-224747
        Articles
            See Report in CRW 5, May 29, 1998
        Monitored
            Jun 98: 1300-1330  9710 kHz  (Sigitas Zilionis-Lithuania via HCDX)
            Aug 98: *1300-1330*  9710 kHz  Mandarin  Mon, Wed
                         *1300-1330*  9710 kHz  Tibetan?  Tues, Thurs  (Kuhl-Germany via CRW 10)
            Nov 98: Station closed due to financial difficulties.  (Pleikys-Lithuania)
 

 
Myanmar

    Thabye Radio (Victory Radio)
        Organization: SLORC government in Yangon against the Karen National Union
        Broadcasts from: Myanmar
        Languages: Maymo
        Identification:
        Active: November 1995 - 1996?
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            1995: 0030-0130 / 0530-0630 / 1030-1230 6355 kHz (BBCM via CRBweb)
 

 
Vietnam

    Forum for Democracy
        Organization: Vietnam Restoration Party, based in CA, to promote free elections & free enterprise in Vietnam
        Broadcast from: KWHR in Hawaii
        Languages: Vietnamese
        Identification:
        Active: 1995
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Jul 95: 1400 9930 kHz via KWHR (White, FL via Jihad DX #39)


Central Asia
 
Afghanistan
 
    Radio Afghanistan
        Organization: Pro Jamiat-e-Islami (Rabanni party) and anti-Taliban
        Broadcast from: Taloqan, Takhar Province, Afghanistan
                Previously believed to have been broadcast from Pakistan, and possibly shared transmitter
                time with the Voice of Free Tajikistan (also off the air).
        Languages: Pashto, Dari
        Idenitification: (Pashto) Radio Afghanistan, Baroi-e Afghanistan
        Active Since: January 1997 - August 9, 1998
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Jan 97: 1400 7100 kHz (Mekhonoshin, RUS via Cumbre 122)
            Mar 97: 0730-0830 7080 - 7100v kHz
                         1330-1430 7080 - 7100v kHz (BBCM via Cumbre 129)
                         *1330 7080 kHz (Johnson & Valko, HI via Cumbre Special)
            Jun 97: 1400-1420*  7082 kHz  (Mekhonoshin, RUS via Kropf, GER via Cumbre 144)
            Oct 97:  *0730-0835*  7084 kHz
                          *1230-1330*  7084 kHz  (BBCM via Cumbre 160)
            Mar 98:  *0230-0330*  7084v kHz
                          *1430-1530*  7084v kHz  (BBCM via NU 1465)
            Aug 98:  Overtaken by Taliban forces on August 10 and has since become the
                          Radio Voice of Shari'ah of Takhar Province.  (BBCM via NASWA Sep 1998)

    Radio Message of Freedom
        Organization: Hizb-i Islami (Islamic Party of Afghanistan), headed by Golboddin Hekmatyar (HQ in
                Charasiab, near Kabul).
        Broadcast from: Afghanistan
        Languages: Pashto, Dari
        Identification: (Dari) Pyam-e Azadi
        Active: 1995? to October 1996 when Rabanni was overthrown
        Contact Address
            GPO Box 857 (or 875), University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan
        Related Website
            Afghanistan & Hekmatyar
        Monitored
            Apr 95: 0230 / 0730 7090v, 6145 kHz (BBCM via NASWA May 95)
            Oct 96: Reportedly inactive following the Taliban's capture of the Afghan government.
 

 
Georgia

    Free Georgia
        Organization:
        Broadcast from: Abkhazia?
        Languages: Georgian, Russian
        Identification: (Russian) Svobodnaya Gruzya
        Active: August 1997? to ?
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Aug 97: 1920+  7020 kHz (Voice of Russia Klub DX via Pashkevich, Rus via DXW 80)
 

 
Tajikistan     Voice of Free Tajikistan
        Organization: United Tajik Opposition, an Afghanistan-based coalition of Muslim guerillas against the
                Moscow-backed government.  A peace accord was signed in May 1997 so the status of this
                station is in question.
        Broadcast from: Tajik refugee camps in northern Afghanistan and possibly shared transmitter with
                clandestine Radio Afghanistan (also off the air).
        Languages: Tajik
        Identification: (Tajik) Sado-i Tadjikistan-i Ozod
        Active: October 20, 1993 - 1997?
        Contact Address
        Related Website
            "Infiltration Operations Continue into Afghanistan"  Military analysis, January 1994
            "The Conflict in Tajikistan: Questions of Regionalism" by Davlat Khudonazarov (December 1995)
            "The Afghan-Tajik crucible and regional security," The Hindu, October 1996
            Tajikistan Resource Page Run by the Soros Foundation
        Monitored
            Jan 95: 0300-0400 7080 kHz (Mekhonoshin, RUS via NASWA Mar 95)
                        *0620-0700* 7080 kHz, normal freq. range 7030-7090 kHz (BBCM via NASWA Feb 95)
            Jan 97: 1340-1410 7080 kHz (Mekhonoshin, RUS via Cumbre 122)
            Jun 97: 0230, 0330, 0530, 0630  5960 // 7100 kHz  (BBCM via DXW 69)

Middle East
 
Regional
 
    Voice of the Masses
        Organization: Iraqi government to spread the ideology of the ruling Baath Party to Arab neighbors
        Broadcast from: Iraq. Transmitters were destroyed during the Gulf War in 1991, but rebuilt
            by 1996. (Agence France Press via The ACE Sep 96)
            Reported as Iraqi Radio's Second Program Network.
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification:
        Active: May 1970 - 1996?
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Jul 96: 0300-2100 531, 585, 693 kHz (BBCM via The ACE Sep 96)
 
 
Iran
 
    Democratic Voice of Iran, Voice of Iran's Freedom Seekers  

        Organization: "This is an independent... station. It is not affiliated to any particular group,
            religious or political faction." (Direct via BBCM via DXW 67)
        Broadcasts from: Dushanbe, Tazikistan
        Languages: Farsi
        Identification: (Farsi) Radio-ye Seda-ye Azadikhahan-e Iran
        Active: May 12, 1997 - November 15, 1998
        Contact Address
            BCM Box 5842, London WC1N 3XX, UK
                Fax: +44-541-525051
            Box 554, 11479 Stockholm, Sweden
                Fax: +46 8-831148
            France Fax: +33-1-4399-9565
            e-mail: mail@dvi.org
        Website
            Democratic Voice of Iran
        Monitored
            Nov 97: *1830-1900*  6210, 5835, 5840 kHz  (Hauser, OK via Cumbre 165)
            Jan 98:  *1827-1901*  6210 kHz  (Hill, MA via DXW 98)
            Apr 98:  0300-0330  6210 kHz  (Henderson, FRA via NU 1480)
                         *0310-0340*  6210 kHz (irregular-timing varies)
                         *1730-*****  6210 5835 kHz
                         *1732-1740*  6210, 5835 kHz
                         *****-1800*  6210, 5835 kHz  (BBCM via Krone, DEN via DXW 113)
            May 98: 1730-1755  6220 kHz  (Goonetilleke, SRI via Bueschel, GER via CDX 191)
            Jun 98:   0303+  6210 kHz  (Henderson-Turkey via NU 1477)
                          1730-1755  6220 kHz  (Goonetilleke-Sri Lanka via BCDX 365)
            Jul 98:   1731+  6200.0 kHz (Schaay-Netherlands via CRW 7)
            Aug 98: 1745+  5835 kHz  (Sahba-Sweden via CDX 203)
            Oct 98:  1840-1858*  5835, 6210 kHz  (Korinek-South Africa via CRW 15)
 
    Voice of the Ahwaz Revolution
        Organization: Arab Front for the Liberation of Ahwaz
        Broadcast from: Iraq
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification:
        Active: January 1983 - 1995?
            Previously known as Radio al-Qadisiyah from 1980-1982.
        Contact Address
        Related Website
        Monitored
            1995: 1600-1800 1044 kHz (BBCM via CRBweb)
 
    Voice of the Movement of the Mojahedin of Iranian Baluchestan
        Organization:
        Broadcast from: Iraq, possibly.  Reportedly shared transmitters with Radio Egypt of
                Arabism (BBCM via The ACE, Aug 96).
        Languages:
        Identification:
        Active: June 1996 - 1996?
        Contact Address
        Related Website
            "Repression and Killing in Iranian Balouchestan," March 1996
            "Another Sunnite Cleric Murdered in Balouchistan," Nov 11 1996
        Monitored
            Jun 96: 1330-1430 11875 kHz (BBCM via The ACE Aug 96)
 
 
Iraq
 

    Iraqi Broadcasting Corporation
 
        Organization: Al-Mu'tamar al-Watani al-Iraqi (Iraqi National Congress) in Iraqi Kurdistan and London. This group
                is headed by Ahmed Chalabi and was organized by the CIA after the Gulf War.  It received US$12 million
                in covert funding from the CIA between 1992 and 1996, when the US government began to support the
                National Accord in London.
        Broadcast from: Voice of the People of Kurdistan in December 1992, then from a CIA transmitter in Kuwait
                between 1993 and 1994, and finally from its own site in northern Iraq until it was destroyed in 1996.
        Languages: Arabic, Kurdish, Turkmen
        Identification:
        Active: December 1992 - September 1996
        Contact Address
            London - Tel: (0171) 495 1666
            Sulaymania, Iraq - Tel: (873) 68 234 6239 Fax: (873) 68 234 6240
            Iraqi National Congress, 9 Pall Mall Deposit, 124-128 Barlby Road, London W10 6BL
                    Tel: (0181) 960 4007  Fax: (0181) 960 4001
                    e-mail: pressoffice@inc.org.uk
            Tel: (873) 68 234 6239  Fax: (873) 68 234 6240 in Sulaymania, Iraq
        Related Website
            INC Information Activities
            IBC News From Iraq
            CRI Investigative Report
        Monitored
            IBC was shut down after Saddam's invasion of Arbil and the subsequent destruction
            of our facilities in Sept 1996."  (INC)  Was active on short wave and medium wave.

    Radio Freedom
        Organization: Al-Mu'tamar al-Watani al-Iraqi (Iraqi National Congress)
        Broadcast from: CIA facility in Kuwait
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification: (Arabic) Al Huriya
        Active: January 1992 - January 1997
        Contact Address
            London - Tel: (0171) 495 1666
            Sulaymania, Iraq - Tel: (873) 68 234 6239 Fax: (873) 68 234 6240
            Iraqi National Congress, 9 Pall Mall Deposit, 124-128 Barlby Road, London W10 6BL
                    Tel: (0181) 960 4007  Fax: (0181) 960 4001
                    e-mail: pressoffice@inc.org.uk
            Tel: (873) 68 234 6239  Fax: (873) 68 234 6240 in Sulaymania, Iraq
        Website
            CRI Investigative Report
        Monitored
            The station "went off the air after the US Government cut off our access to their
            transmitter in Kuwait in Jan 1997." (INC)  Was previously active on medium wave.
 

 
Kurdistan
 
    Voice of the Kurdistan Revolution
        Organization: Peoples Democratic Party of Kurdistan (PDPK)
        Broadcast from:
        Languages: Kurdish, Arabic
        Identification: (Arabic) Idhaat Sawt Kurdistan al-Thawrah
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Jan 92: 0500-0700 6716 kHz
                        1400-1545 6716 kHz (BBCM via NASWA Mar 92)
 
    Voice of the Struggle of Iranian Kurdistan
        Organization: Hostile to Iran
        Broadcast from:
        Languages: Kurdish
        Identification: (Kurdish) Dangi Khabati Kurdistani Iran
        Active: December, 1988 - 1996?
        Contact Address
        Related Website
            Kurdistan Web Report on Voice of the Struggle of Iranian Kurdistan
        Monitored
            Nov 94: Traditional freq. 4165-4400v, 5080v, 7000v, & 7435v kHz (BBCM via NASWA
                                                                                                                                            Jan 95)
            Feb 95: *1500 4345-4355v kHz (BBCM via NASWA Apr 95)
            Apr 95: 1600 4170 kHz (Mekhonoshin, RUS via Jihad DX)
            Jul 96: 1500 4250 kHz (BBCM via The ACE Sep 96)
 
 
Saudi Arabia     Holy Medina Radio (Currently Inactive)
        Organization:
        Broadcast from: Most likely Iraq since this is the same name as an Iraqi program that was beamed
            to Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War.
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification: (Arabic) Idhaat al-Madinah al-Munawwarah
        Active: April 22, 1992 - 1995?
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            1995: 1300 11785 kHz (BBCM via CRBweb)

    Radio of the Saudi Opposition from Najd and Hijaz
        Organization:
        Broadcast from: Iraq, possibly.
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification:
        Active: ? - 1995?
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            1995: 1300 11785 kHz (BBCM via CRBweb)

    Voice of the Free Men of the Peninsula Radio from Riyadh
        Organization: Hostile to Saudi government, but friendly to Iraq
        Broadcast from: Most likely Iraq
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification: (Arabic) Ithaat Sawt Hari al-Jazirah min al-Riyadh
        Active: Jan 18, 1993 - 1993?
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            Jul 93: 2000-0000 11860 or 9740 alternative kHz (BBCM via NASWA Aug 93)
 

 
Syria

    Voice of Arab Syria
        Organization:
        Broadcast from: Iraq
        Languages: Arabic
        Identification:
        Active: October 1976 to counter Syrian-dominated Arab Peacekeeping Force in Lebanon.
            March 1981 following Syria's support for Iran and its continuing occupation of Lebanon.
            Signed off in 1995?
        Contact Address
        Monitored
            1995: 1600-1800 1377 kHz (BBCM via CRBweb)


Oceania

Bougainville
 
    Radio United Bougainville
        Organization: PNG government to support the Bougainville Transitional Government
        Broadcast from: Papua New Guinea
        Languages: Pidgin
        Identification:
        Active: February 1994 - 1995?
        Contact Address
            Public Awareness Campaign Unit, P.O.Box 268, Buka, Papua New Guinea
                Fax: +675 968 001
        Monitored
            Apr 95: 1000 3880 kHz (Martin, AUS via NASWA May 95)