RE: [SI-LIST] : Decoupling capacitors (again!)

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From: Zabinski, Patrick J. (
Date: Tue Aug 15 2000 - 10:19:39 PDT


More or less, yes.

If you look at just the final push-pull transistors
of an output driver, for example, you can take
a stab at the associated dI as:

        dI = VDD /

where VDD is supply voltage
        Rout = buffer's output impedance (which approximates
               the transistor's On resistance)
        Zline = characteristic impedance of the line

However, life is not that simple. With the dI, there
will be some voltage drop:

        dV = L * dI/dt

So, the equation above looks more like (forgive my
crude use of math):

        dI = (VDD - L*dI/dT)/(Rout + Zline)

Not exactly correct, but it should give you an
idea that dI will be decreased from the 'ideal'

Similarly, with lower effective-VDD, dt will slow down
as well, further 'limiting' the problem.

If you look at an extreme case, let's say you had a
2.5V VDD, 8 50 ohm output impedance drivers,
50 ohm impedance lines, 400 psec edge rates,
and 5 nH packaging inductance on the power leads.
The voltage drop by the simple dV = L * dI/dt
formula would be

        dV = 5e-9 * (8*2.5/(50 + 50))/400e-12
           = 2.5 V.

Before this would happen, the transistors would be
'starved' and the resulting dI would be reduced,
and the resulting dV would be reduced as well.

That said, I still believe the original approach
and theory Martin was following is sound; I just feel
further, non-linear analysis would be useful in
many applications.


> > * most (all?) dI/dt effects are self-limiting.
> Pat, could you please explain this. I interpret this as: any
> inductive
> voltage drop/bounce (on power or ground) will cause the I/O
> to slow down
> which will decrease the drop/bounce. Is this what you meant?
> -Matt

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