RE: [SI-LIST] : trace width for clock routing- wider/narrower?

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From: S. Weir (weirsp@a.crl.com)
Date: Mon Mar 13 2000 - 00:43:33 PST


Weber,

I look at this as matching the driver. If the driver has substantial
impedance then a series term will be the easiest. For most clock drivers,
that will require a discrete resistor with all the attendant
"benefits". If your driver can couple directly into the trace( because it
is designed to ), I think you are better off without the resistor.
Modelling should give you a good answer about what is adequate for a
particular situation.

1. I do not believe that within the practical limits we are talking about a
wider trace produces more or less EMI, provided it is matched to the real
impedance of the driver / receiver network, and as you have stipulated, the
return path is good. A wider trace should yield more accurate impedance.

2. Then I think the return path needs to be fixed. If the return path is
seriously compromised, the EMC and SI problems are going to be very tricky
to solve. You can look back about two weeks where Lee Ritchey quoted that
one of the most common problems he has to solve results from poor returns
do to misapplied moating. ( Lee please jump in if I am misquoting you. )

Good planning, enough decoupling, enough power / gnd vias, and good
modelling / verification should get through the day for PC's. ( Unless of
course you are fighting RAMBUS on 4 layers, in which case intervention by a
deity may be called for ).

Regards,

Steve.
At 10:34 AM 3/13/2000 +0800, you wrote:
>Hi all,
>
> I think John's question resides in that should 5 mils or 6 mils or maybe
>8mils or 12 mils of trace width should be used, since we all know that
>coupling is in inverse proportion(to some order) to the trace spacing,
>especially in the PC platform design today, the clock generator usually
>shows a Rout of about 30~40 Ohm, and to match the impedance , a trace width
>of 8~15 mils should be used, or a series resistor(maybe 10~33 Ohm) has to be
>used, why such a contradiction exists? For better real estate efficiency, 5
>mils trace is the most popular one, yet the Rout is so low that we might
>need to use series termination? Here I want to summarize my question also
>and may have your kind and valuable comment and help.
>1. will a wider trace cause more EMI issue than a narrower trace with a
>series term if the Rout is small? (Assume that the return path is good).
>2. If the return path is somewhat ruined because there are so many power
>level in the PC design today, then which one would be impacted more than the
>other one? I mean in SI regard and EMI regard.
>
>
> Best Regards
> Weber Chuang( e)
> Signal & Timing Integrity Engineer,
> VIA Technologies, Inc. Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
> TEL : 886-2-22185452 ext : 6522
> mailto:weber@via.com.tw <mailto:weber@via.com.tw>
> http://www.via.com.tw <http://www.via.com.tw/>
> Very Innovative Architecture
>
>
>
>-----Original Message-----
>From: S. Weir [mailto:weirsp@a.crl.com]
>Sent: Monday, March 13, 2000 9:29 AM
>To: si-list@silab.eng.sun.com
>Subject: Re: [SI-LIST] : trace width for clock routing- wider/narrower?
>
>
>John,
>
>Assuming stripline or microstrip construction, set the trace width to get
>the required impedance and set the spacing to get the required crosstalk
>isolation. The amount of attenuation for a given amount of spacing required
>depends largely on the height to the nearest reflection plane, and the
>parallelism to other traces. If 5/10 gives you 50 ohms, then 5/25 will give
>roughly 6X the attenuation for any amount of parallelism beyond the critical
>length that 5/10 gives you and still maintain 50 ohms.
>
>The above does not hold true if you are using coplanar waveguide. There
>were various discussions of CPW characteristics on this thread about a month
>ago.
>
>Regards,
>
>
>Steve.
>At 09:04 AM 3/13/2000 +0800, you wrote:
>
>
>
>Dear All SI experts,
>
>For clock routing, does wider trace width have more advantage than narrower
>one ,in term of better electrical properties, under the condition of same
>trace to space ratio and good match in impedance with source terminators?
>
>For example, 5 mils trace width with 10 mils trace spacing versus 10mils
>trace width with 20 mils trace spacing.
>
>Thank you for your helps in advance.
>
>John Lin
>SI Engineer
>Quanta Computer Inc.,Taiwan, R.O.C.
>Email: John@quantatw.com
>Tel: 886+3+3979000 ext. 5183
>
>
>
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