The English answer to your question is that differential impedance
is the impedance of one trace to ground (i.e., "single-ended
impedance") plus the impedance of the other trace to ground minus
something to account for any coupling between the two traces.
If the traces are sufficiently separated (more than about three
times the trace-to-ground distance), then you can forget the
The math answer is a 2x2 matrix equation: ____
| V1 | | Z11 Z12 | | I1 | V1 o----------| black
| | = | | * | | |
| V2 | | Z21 Z22 | | I2 | V2 o----------| box
"Differential" means I1 = -I2. (Some may
disagree, but this works.) Dif'l impedance is (V1-V2)/I1. If you
plug into the matrix equations, that equals Z11 + Z22 - Z12 - Z21.
For any passive "black box", Z12 = Z21. For a symmetrical system
(I hope yours is), Z11 = Z22. Hence Z(dif'l) = 2 x (Z11-Z12).
if the traces are sufficiently separated, Z12 is negligible,
so Z(dif'l) = 2 x Z(single ended).
Good luck, Mark.
-- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Mike Jenkins Phone: 408.433.7901 _____ LSI Logic Corp, ms/G750 Fax: 408.433.2840 LSI|LOGIC| (R) 1525 McCarthy Blvd. mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org | | Milpitas, CA 95035 http://www.lsilogic.com |_____| ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~