The Airwaves
December 2005
An ARRL Special Services Club
-- RACES -- ARES --
P.O. Box 1442, Ridgecrest, California 93556-1442

BOARD    President    Bill Burns    WA6QYR    375-8566   
    First VP    Paula Herr    N6VGW    375-5324   
OF    Second VP    Gene Brewer    KI6LO    446-1315   
    Secretary    Tom Ingram    WB6EPD    375-7950   
OFFICERS    Treasurer    Pam Evans    KC6UUS    375-4240   

SARC Owned and Maintained Repeaters

Randsburg WA6YBN 145.34 MHz (-600 kHz), PL 100.0 Hz, Wide Area Coverage, Emerg. Pwr.
Ridgecrest WA6YBN 146.64 MHz (-600 kHz), Translator, No Squelch Tail, Emergency Power
Ridgecrest WA6YBN 147.00 MHz (+600 kHz), PL 107.2 Hz, Autopatch, linked to 145.34
Ridgecrest YBNBBS:WA6YBN, 145.050 MHz, Bulletin Board, 1200 Baud
Ridgecrest #YBNSW:WA6YBN-4, 223.580 MHz, Node, 1200 Baud
Ridgecrest #YBNSW:WA6YBN-4, 439.025 MHz, Node, 9600 Baud

SARC Committees

Technical Assistance: Greg, WA7IRW 446-4383 Public Relations: Paula, N6VGW 375-5324
Program: Gene, KI6LO 446-1315 Airways Editor: Mike, WA6ARA 275-5324
RF Interference: Bill, WA6QYR 375-8566 Emergency and Public Service: Jerry, KK6PA 446-2228


Every Monday Night

ARRL Audio News 1910 (7:10 PM) on 146.64 MHz SARC Net - Visitors Welcomed! 1930 hrs (7:30 PM) WA6YBN Translator 146.64 MHz (-) East Kern County Emergency Net Visitors Welcomed! Rand repeater 145.340, pl 100 2000 hrs (8 PM)
Dec 04 OTHTC HIGH DESERT 50K ULTRA & RRCA 30K Southern CA State Championship Dec 14 SARC Board Meeting Heritage Inn Conference Room 7:30 PM Dec 14 SARC General Meeting Heritage Inn Conference Room 7:30 PM
Second Sat, Even months
Dec 10 Volunteer License Exam Sessions
Kern County Library Ridgecrest Branch
131 East Las Flores Ave. Meeting Room
Pre-register by 07 Dec.
All must sign in at 9 AM.  Code test 11 AM. 
Contact Elvy NØLV 760-384-3589
E-mail  [email protected]

From the President's Shack

Well it is coming to the end of another year. Thanksgiving flew past so fast we didn't even have leftovers. It would seem like in a few days Christmas will be over and we'll be working on remembering to write 2006 on our letters and checks. I keep seeing articles on BPL in the electronics trade magazines. Most seem to be middle of the road, but concerned about interference or dollars to have another competing service out there. We are all going to no lead in products too. But I remember having to worry about those little whiskers of metal growing between leads on the old IC's that had leads miles apart compared to what we can't see now with a magnifying glass. It is always something to go wrong. Those guys building the new defensive weapons that have to rely on the lowest bidder making the thing that is to save our war fighters life. We think of computers that are obsolete when we take them out of the store. Those are the same folks that are building some of the weapons that we used to look for a shelf life of 10 to 20 years. Our radios are doing the same thing. Got to buy the new one because the old one when it dies is unfixable. No changing the tubes or even the transistors now days. Well good luck and happy holidays. Be happy to have leftovers.
73's Bill

Board of Officers Meeting Minutes
By Secretary Tom Ingram (WB6EPD)

The November 9, 2005 board meeting was called to order at 1908 hrs. Those present: Pres. Bill Burns (WA6QYR), 1st Vice Pres. Paula Herr (N6VGW), 2nd Vice Pres. Gene Brewer (KI6LO), Treas. Pam Evans (KC6UUS), Secy. Tom Ingram (WB6EPD and AIRWAVES editor Mike Herr (WA6ARA). Nominations for the upcoming Board of Officer Elections will be accepted from the floor during the General meeting. SARC received $266 for the sale of equipment from the Jeff Eaton estate. Discussions were held on the Audit Committee and the Installation dinner. The Over the Hill Track Club is planning a race on 4 December and may request HAM support. No new status on the 146.640 translator upgrades. A Letter and a Certificate were received from the ARRL in recognition of SARC support of the Spectrum Defense Fund. The meeting was adjourned at 1922 hrs.

Minutes of the General Meeting
By Secretary Tom Ingram (WB6EPD)

The 9 November 2005 meeting was called to order by the President, Bill Burns (WA6QYR) at 1931 hrs at the Heritage Inn. The Sign-in sheet was started around.


 1. 50/50 tickets were available. 
 2. There was 1 visitor, David Bizon (KE6WYM). 
 3. The Treasurers Report is in the newsletter. 
 4. SARC received $266 for the sale of equipment 
 from the Jeff Eaton estate. 
 5. Paula and Mike Herr are collecting Toys for 
 Katrina victims and asked if the club would pay 
 shipping. Lloyd Brubaker (WA6KZV) moved that 
 the club pay up to $30 for shipping. Motion 
 seconded by Jerry Brooks (KK6PA) and passed 
 by the members. 
 6. The Jamboree-On-The-Air was at Pearson Park on 
 October 15th. An article is in the AIRWAVES. 
 7. There will be an Over The Hill Track Club
 event on 4 Dec. HAM support may be requested. 
 8. There is an open 440 repeater (447.025 ?) linked 
 to the Trona repeater.  
 9. The China Lake Commanding Officer is interested 
 in having a HAM repeater installed on Navy 
 property at Parrot Point. Better emergency 
 communications in the area and in Panamint valley 
 are needed. 
 10. The SARC 147.000 repeater has had some 
 electrical problems that should be corrected now. 
 11. Nominations for Board of Officers: 
 President - Bill Burns (WA6QYR) 
 1st Vice President - John Andrus (KC6UWM) 
 2nd Vice President - Open 
 Secretary - Lloyd Brubaker (WA6KZV) 
 Treasurer - Pam Evans (KC6UUS) 
 12. John Denson (AI6A) will call all members to look 
 for volunteers for office. 
 13. SARC received a Certificate in recognition of the 
 donation to the Spectrum Defense Fund. A picture 
 will be in the QST in the near future. 
 14. Greg Roush (WA7IRW) of the Technical 
 Assistance Committee provided a short program on 
 VTVMs and Digital Voltmeters, both of which have 
 high input impedances. 
 15. Pam Evans (KC6UUS) provided cookies. 
 16. Gene Brewer (KI6LO) displayed a kit 6 meter 
Gene Brewer provided the program on DX expeditions. Mike and Paula Herr won the 50/50. 22 Hams were present for the meeting. The meeting was adjourned at 2048.

On 04 Dec 2005 SARC supported the Over The Hill Track Club (OTHTC) Ultra Marathon. The run was 30 and 50 Km in length and had nearly 300 runners! The day started cold and dark and remained cold most of the day. Luckily we did not have any serious accidents. We were able to help out finding where runners were or had been and keep relative track of everyone. Greg, WA7IRW, put up the portable repeater and it worked great!. Outstanding! Hams helping out included John, AI6A; Tom, N6NPG; Greg, WA7IRW; Tom, WB6EPD; Paula, N6VGW and Mike WA6ARA. We have already been invited next year to participate. Thanks one and all!


Treasurer's Report As of December 01, 2005:

Draft Account $   447.61 
Share Account $ 5,058.73 
BALANCE:      $ 5,506.34 
Submitted by Pam Evans, KC6UUS Indian Wells Valley Emergency Net Report

Check ins November 07 - 14 November 14 - 17 November 21 - 17 November 28 - 12
...Mike Herr WA6ARA

Thank You

The Kiwanis thanked us for supporting the Walkathon on the 24th of September with a letter of appreciation and a donation of $50.

2006 SARC Nominations

Bill Burns WA6QRY President
John Andrus KC6UWM First VP
Fred Moses KG6STR Second VP
Lloyd Brubaker WA6KZV Secretary
Pam Evans KC6UUS Treasurer

Western Intertie Network (click image for larger version)
IRLP Linked Repeater in the Valley
From Edward Tipler, WI6RE

If you want to list the WIN System repeater on El Paso Peak, it is "open" and on
447.825 (-) PL 100.0. It is linked to over 28 repeaters in California and the USA. A note is to "not quick key" but leave 4 or 5 second open gaps, and also push the pickle and wait one or two seconds before speaking to allow the IRLP linking to catch up and start streaming the audio. For IRLP information, go to It has my callsign, WI6RE on it, but the equipment is owned by the WIN System. We are using IRLP as a link until an RF link can be established to the rest of the coastal WIN System, so the IRLP is generally not moved around, but left always connected to the WIN System via Reflector 9453.

And from the editor...
This months meeting program will be on the WIN system and IRLP. Should be very interesting. I looked up the info on the net. The enclosed map describes the coverage of the Win System.

WINLINK 2000 in the IWV Part II

Hello again. Last month I discussed some of the benefits, capabilities, and requirements to get up and running on the HF side of the WINLINK 2000 system, a.k.a, WL2K, and the supporting AirMail email application. This month I'm going to talk about the VHF/UHF Packet side of WL2K and next month I'll close this article out by trying to tie both sides together.

Briefly, WL2K is an Amateur Radio communications system that allows you to send and receive emails via Amateur Radio frequencies. WL2K supports originating an email from an emergency location such as a hospital or evacuation shelter, forwarding the message to a WL2K Participating Mailbox (PMBO) located outside of the affected area, and then placing that same email onto the Internet for ultimate delivery. The preferred software application that allows Amateurs to create and send WL2K formatted emails is called AirMail.

One of the modules of AirMail is called the VHF Packet Client. The Packet Client allows you to use all of the capabilities of AirMail while using the standard AX.25 protocol Packet radio. If your station is set up to operate WL2K using PACTOR on the HF frequencies, you can also use the Packet Client at the same time you are connected to an HF WL2K station. And, to top it off, you can be connected to a HF WL2K station, downloading emails on your HF rig, and having a keyboard-to- keyboard QSO on VHF packet or connected to the WA6YBN Packet BBS! How's that for multitasking?

As a side note, if you haven't been using your Packet equipment because your new PC won't run your ancient MS-DOS TNC software, try AirMail. After all, once you connect to WA6YBN BBS or the 4 Node, you're using the BBS or Node command's, not the TNC software's preprogrammed or other special keystrokes. And, if you're having a keyboard-to-keyboard chat, all you need is a CONVERSE window. AirMail provides all that. Airmail Packet Client supports KAM+, KAM98, KPC3, PK232, PK96 (select PK232), PK900, DSP1232, and DSP2232 TNCs, and if you're smart enough to figure out how to make it work, AGW-PE. Give it a try if you have one of those TNCs.

Below is a typical AirMail Email window. Anyone familiar with email should be able to create, edit, and send AirMail emails immediately. Enter one To: address, as many Cc: addresses as necessary, enter the subject and text, and ensure the Post Via: window displays the correct callsign.

Once the message is created (and proofread !!!), click on the toolbar Mailbox icon to Post the current message for sending. This will automatically save and move the message to the AirMail's Outbox. At this point, you can either send the message immediately or work on other messages and send them all later.

When you are ready to send your messages to the local HF WL2K station, very little operator intervention is required. You start the AirMail Packet Client if not already started, ensure the CONNECT TO line reflects the packet address of the local HF WL2K station, and click on the GREEN (connect) button. That's it. AirMail does the rest. When all the queued messages have been sent and received, AirMail will automatically disconnect you from the local HF WL2K packet station. I'll discuss next month what the local HF WL2K station does to get your message delivered to a WL2K PMBO.

If you are expecting a reply to one of your previous outgoing messages, it is a simple matter to check for them. All you have to do is connect to the local HF WL2K station via AirMail Packet Client. If that station has any messages for you, the sending and receiving will start automatically. If nothing is pending at either station or when transmission is complete, AirMail will disconnect.

In the above screen shot, KK6PA connected to my AirMail Packet Client. My Client told him that I had two messages containing a total of 1375 characters for his station (KK6PA de KM6JM QTC 2 msg 1359 char). KK6PA's Packet Client told my station that he had 1 message for me (KM6JM de KK6PA QTC: 1 264). AirMail did this all with no operator action except clicking on the GREEN connect button. After our stations had sent and received all messages, AirMail automatically disconnected us.

Well, that's it for this month. Next month I'll finish this article by discussing how we get our messages sent from an emergency location to the local HF WL2K station, and on to a WL2K PMBO. Don't you just love all these new acronyms?

73. Hal/KM6JM - [email protected]

Tornado / Wind / Lightning Damage in Inyokern
...Jim Leonard WA6TFZ

Dec, 2nd 2005 at 01:30AM I was awakened to a thunderous wind and house shaking like I have never had before. At that same instant a bright flash and boom followed by a crash. It was over in a flash so went back to sleep. At 05:00AM I woke and dressed and went out side with a flash light and couldn't find one of my three towers.

Reason was it was laying in the trees to the north side of my house and the A4S beam was a pretzel. See images enclosed.

Winds were only 77MPH at my wx station but the combination of the lightning struck and the winds were enough. There are two 8x8x16" cement blocks in my back yard that weren't there last night when I went out for the news paper and they had to come in from the storm.

The ARRL Letter 
Vol. 24, No. 45 
November 18, 2005 
The ARRL has formally asked the FCC to adopt the League's plan to segment the Amateur Radio bands solely by emission bandwidth rather than by mode. The Petition for Rule Making, filed November 14, recommends what the ARRL called "a shift in regulatory philosophy" that would encourage and facilitate the development and refinement of digital techniques and advanced technologies. At the same time, the League said, accommodating new technologies would not come at the expense of current operating modes, including double-sideband AM phone.

"This petition seeks for the Amateur Radio Service the flexibility to experiment with new digital transmission methods and types to be developed in the future," the League's petition said, "while permitting present operating modes to continue to be used for as long as there are radio amateurs who wish to use them." The ARRL said the changes it suggests will also update the FCC's rules and eliminate the need for "cumbersome procedures" to determine whether a new digital mode is legal under Part 97.

The ARRL's regulation-by-bandwidth plan is far from a done deal. In order for it to be adopted, the FCC first must put the League's Petition for Rule Making on public notice and invite formal public comments. A subsequent Notice of Proposed Rule Making would kick off a further round of formal comments. Ultimately, the FCC would have to issue a Report and Order putting the changes into place and setting an effective date.

The League conceded that its regulation-by-bandwidth regime would place increased responsibility on the amateur community to establish workable, accepted band plans, but it expressed confidence that such an effort would be successful.

The petition filed this week has been in the works for some time now. The ARRL Board of Directors adopted the petition's guiding principle in 2002 and invited comments from the Amateur Radio community in the summer of 2004. The proposal reflects expert input from the ARRL Ad Hoc HF Digital Committee as well as from ARRL staff. Comments from League members and an ARRL Executive Committee review led to further fine tuning.

The ARRL wants the FCC to replace the table at 97.305(c) with a new one that segment bands by bandwidths ranging from 200 Hz to 100 kHz. Unaffected by the ARRL's recommendations, if they're adopted, would be 160 and 60 meters. Subbands in other bands below 29 MHz would accommodate maximum emission bandwidths of 200, 500 or 3.5 kHz, with an exception of 9 kHz for AM phone.

The League's petition "seeks to facilitate and encourage the development, refinement and use of new digital technologies without the regulatory remnants developed at a time when the principal emissions used in the Amateur Radio Service were Morse telegraphy and single- or double-sideband amplitude-modulated telephony." Part 97 rules need to permit higher data rates between 1.8 and 450 MHz to encourage development of digital multimedia technology, "which has great promise for improving and fostering more effective emergency and disaster relief communications," the petition asserted.

"This petition does not favor one mode at the expense of another," the ARRL concluded in urging FCC adoption. "It merely allows expansion of the repertoire of options that amateurs may pursue compatibly."

ARRL CEO David Sumner, K1ZZ, discussed the subject of regulating by bandwidth in three "It Seems to Us . . ." QST editorials: "Regulation by Bandwidth" in September 2004, "Narrowing the Bandwidth Issues" in April 2005 and "Self Regulation" in October 2005.

The text of the ARRL's Petition for Rule Making is on the ARRL Web site


Download the Membership Application (PDF) print, fill out and mail to SARC. Members who fail to renew by March will be dropped from the roll.


In case of impending or current emergency, monitor the SARC translator on 146.64/04 MHz or the backup simplex frequency of 146.52 MHz. KK6PA, Jerry, the local RACES EC, will coordinate mobilization. An Emergency Net Control Station will direct radio communications. Check in. State your capabilities. Be prepared to go outside the IWV for at least three days.

An E-Pac should contain: your RACES card, radios and accessories, batteries, charger, paper, pen, clipboard, flashlight with spare batteries, timepiece, headgear, sunglasses, spare glasses, your medications, your medical history, first aid kit, severe weather clothing, non-perishable food, 3 gal. water, sleeping bag.

Updated Fri Dec 16 12:49:50 PST 2005