The Airwaves
May 2003
An ARRL Special Services Club -- RACES -- ARES
P.O. Box 1442, Ridgecrest, California 93556-1442




PresidentBill BurnsWA6QYR375-8566
First Vice PresidentPhelps TerHeunW6PTH
Second Vice PresidentDennis FarrellW6DWF446-4787
SecretaryTom IngramWB6EPD375-7950
TreasurerPam EvansKC6UUS375-4240

SARC Owned and Maintained Repeaters
Randsburg WA6YBN 145.34 MHz (-600 kHz), PL 100.0 Hz, Wide Area Coverage, Emerg. Pwr.
Ridgecrest WA6YBN 146.64 MHz (-600 kHz), Translator, No Squelch Tail, Emergency Power
Ridgecrest WA6YBN 147.00 MHz (+600 kHz), PL 107.2 Hz, Autopatch (Phno, # Dn)
Ridgecrest YBNBBS:WA6YBN, 145.050 MHz, Bulletin Board, 1200 Baud
Ridgecrest #YBNSW:WA6YBN-4, 223.580 MHz, Node, 1200 Baud
Ridgecrest #YBNSW:WA6YBN-4, 439.025 MHz, Node, 9600 Baud

Every	SARC Emergency Net	

Monday	1930 hrs (7:30 p.m.) WA6YBN
	Ridgecrest translator	
Night	146.64 MHz (-600 kHz)
	Visitors welcomed!

	ARRL Audio News
	1905 (7:05 p.m.) on 146.64 MHz

May 14 SARC Meeting
	Second Wednesday Heritage Inn Ready Room
	BOD Meeting 1900 hrs.
	Membership Meeting 1930 hrs.
	Program: HT Parade (see below)
May 17  T-Hunt! 146.565 MHz
	Meet at Heritage Inn parking lot @ 1100

June 11 SARC Meeting
	Second Wednesday Heritage Inn Ready Room
	BOD Meeting 1900 hrs.
	Membership Meeting 1930 hrs.

June 28/29 Field Day!

	Second Saturday, Even months.
June 14	Kern County Library Ridgecrest Branch
	131 East Las Flores Ave Meeting Room
	Pre-registration. Walk-in? Please call
	All must register at 9 am Code test 11 am
	Contact Mark Rosenthal N6BVP
	E-mail  [email protected]

From the President's Shack
May is here and the April winds keep blowing. Hope your antenna is in better shape than my tribander that is leaning at almost 45 degrees from horizontal. A cold April wind moved it off horizontal. I need to wait for the winds to quit before attempting to straighten it up. Moving into May is time to start looking towards Field Day in June and who will lead the thundering herd into the wilderness to fill the bands with RF and test out the emergency capabilities of your station. One station we should have provision for is the Get-On-The-Air for any one who just has a new license or someone who would like to try out HF for a change from their two meter bands. This is a great place to test out that new backpack antenna and or rig. Please consider being the coordinator of the SARC Field Day event.
73's Bill WA6QYR 375-8566

SARC Committees Technical
Assistance: Greg, WA7IRW 446-4383
Repeater Committee: open.
Radio Frequency Interference: Bill, WA6QYR 375-8566
Program: Dennis W6DWF 446-4787.
Public Relations: Phelps, W6PTH 375-4905
Airwaves Editors: Mike, WA6ARA and Paula N6VGW
Emergency and Public Service: Jerry, KK6PA 446-2228
Renewal Committee: Jerry, KK6PA 446-2228

SARC Monday Evening Net News Thanks to Mike WA6ARA for taking net control responsibilities during March time period and to Dave KC6UUR for covering the April period. If you would like to help out and gain some experience, please contact Lloyd 375-4572 to sign up for a months period in covering the IWV Emergency Net on Monday nights 7:30 pm on 146.64 MHz.

May Meeting Program - HT parade
Everyone is invited to bring their favorite (or not-so-favorite) HT. Share information: how to program, what you like, what you don't, what you think you'd *really* like to have if AES would do j-u-s-t a bit better on their sale prices.
(Editor - the home-brew round up is postponed to a later date, watch The Airwaves for the new date)

The concrete is now aged and the rack for antennas has been welded. I hope to have the tower up soon. Power is in the building and successful tests have been run on the filters. The repeater has been put on the air a few minutes for testing. The two-meter transmitter puts out some 35 watts of RF. The building gets warm in the sun and is nicely sealed up. But it looks like some screened vent holes need to be installed to help keep temperatures down to ambient. The batteries are in place and can power the machine. Now some better method of power transfer needs to be completed. In the mean time I hope to have the machine running with a magnetic mount whip for temporary operation. The Randsburg link radio has been taken to a friend down south to install the reverse burst board. Once that is accomplished then some will need to install it in the Rand machine. Things are moving forward.
Bill, WA6QYR

Board of Officers Meeting Minutes
Tom And Phelps not present, Bill, Dennis, Pam, Mike Herr present.
Agreed to have club pay for snacks for a while. Maybe the snacks could be brought in my members or some one designated in the future. Pam agreed to continue for a while. It was only less than $4 this time from the dollar store. Time for snacks was kind of open. People were picking them up when entering room and during the meeting and after. That seemed to work out fine, just being available.

Out of the "Renewal Committee" action items- It was agreed that we need to greet people and talk with them as they come in. This kind of just happened this meeting. This is something President can encourage folks to be greeters. It was agreed that the President needs to welcome folks to meeting. Agreed that Publicity Committee needs to get club meeting information into newspapers. ARRL audio bulletins are taking place- a good thing. Dennis agreed to make meeting programs more rounded with demos and other sides of the hobby. He had lots of programs planned to cover just that. Dennis agreed to try to be a "coordinator" for a going and coming from work "net" for a while just to see what happens. Mike Herr is going to try to arrange a T-Hunt for the May National T-Hunt day.
- Bill WA6QYR

Minutes of the General Meeting
The 04 April 2003 meeting was called to order by the President, Bill Burns (WA6QYR) at 1933 hrs at the Heritage Inn. The Sign-in sheet was started around. The Airwaves is now available via Email, an email address on the sign-in sheet will get you a copy. We had Sergeant Paul Wheeler of Ridgecrest PD stop by to say thanks for supporting Ridgecrest Emergency operations planning and events. Joe Foster of Salvation Army also attended the meeting.
Announcements: 50/50 tickets are available. The Treasurers report is in the newsletter. Membership renewals reminder if you haven't renewed with Tom- need to see him soon.
Committee reports:
Renewal Committee: Jerry, KK6PA Renewal committee has been meeting and coming up with some good ideas br> Emergency and Public Service Committee: There was a note in the San Joaquin Valley Section news on Lloyd Brubaker retiring as east Kern radio officer for 40 years. Our new officer is Jerry Brooks who will speak to us tonight about the ARIES/ RACES operation. The California Office of Emergency Services Wednesday morning net on 40 meters has been running smoothly.
Repeater Committee: 147 Machine progress- the shed is in place with club assets installed. I hope to be installing the electrical wiring soon. Tower base hole is dug and steel purchased. The foundation steel has been put into position. The County building Inspector is to come on Concrete pouring to follow.

Mike Herr (WA6ARA) was net control for the SARC emergency net for the past month. Dave Stone (KC6UUR) will assume the task next month. Dennis Farrell (W6DWF) presented the ARRL video and Jerry Brooks (KK6PA) presented an informative talk on ARES I RACES. After the presentations Mark Rosenthal announced VE session April 12 this Saturday. Mike Herr asked about committee to start thinking about Field Day. Jerry talked about possible Bishop foot race event support. Bob Phillips asked about getting list of membership-something I guess we need to think about giving out phone numbers and email addresses or maybe a list just of names??? 19 people signed the sheet, but there were more than that in the room.
- Bill WA6QYR


Treasurer's Report As of May 05, 2003
Draft Account	$926.73
Share Account	$6,396.91
TOTAL	        $7,323.64
Obligated Funds:
Relocate 147.00 Repeater	$574.13
BALANCE:	$6,749.51
Submitted by Pam Evans, KC6UUS

Answers to Questions you Maybe Didn't Know Who to Ask?
Phelps TerHeun, W6PTH
Ever so Brief History of Emergency Communications
The advent of emergency communications dates to around the turn of the 20TH Century with the sinking of the Republic off the East coast of the United States. The Marconi Man1 on that ship restored his severely damaged radio room to operation and undoubtedly saved many lives by providing position reports to the shore station (there was only one) and the couple of ships within steaming distance equipped with the "newfangled" wireless.

1 The operator on the Republic was from the U. K. Upon his return to London, the posting for him was for the maiden voyage of the RMS Titanic. Fortuitously, romance intervened. Not willing to be separated from his lady love, he instead accepted a local shore station operator position and the Titanic sailed without him.

The "Marconi Men" and their equipment were furnished to shipping lines as a turn-key service. The Marconi company installed, owned and maintained the shipboard and shore station equipment, and the operators were all Marconi employees. The equipment was spark gap, and the advertised range was perhaps a couple of hundred miles or so. More on a "quiet" day, significantly less in heavy thunderstorm conditions.

Unbelievable as it may seem to us today, wireless was not then viewed by the shipping lines, much less the Government, as having any real utility or as a resource in an emergency. It was rather installed as an up-scale novelty for well-to-do travelers and their families and friends ashore. Sending and receiving "radiograms" back and forth between ship and shore was one of the very "in" pastimes for the monied traveler of the time.

Amateur radio sprang up as fast as the (limited) commercial applications and services, and the relative percentage of people with radio technical skills in the earliest years may well have favored the so called Amateur ranks. There weren't too many "paying" jobs yet in the early days, but there were many non professionals with a keen interest in the new and exciting science of wireless communication.

Congress continued for a time to be un-convinced of the value of wireless, viewing it as a novelty or fad. This began to change after the first decade of the Century. In 1913 the Mid-West suffered monumental windstorm damage (possible string of tornadoes?) leaving a large portion of central Ohio completely isolated. Although not organized in any way, radio Amateurs at the Universities of Michigan and Ohio, respectively, together with other "Hams" established two way communications into and out of the stricken area. Notice was finally taken, and it was conceded by civil authority that wireless may have value after all! Meanwhile, Amateur Radio continued to help out in an essentially spontaneous manner whenever misfortune struck. However, any sort of organization specifically to support emergency operations was still some years away.

Federal Communications Act of 1934 and formal organization
Among other things, the Act of 1934 formally established the Amateur Radio Service. In 1935, the American Radio Relay League established an emergency communications and disaster preparedness program, the Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARES). ARES has grown to over 80,000 licensed Amateurs across the country, who serve non-Governmental agencies such as the American Red Cross and Salvation Army. ARES will also serve Governmental agencies in the early part of an emergency situation until the responsible Government agencies choose to activate the RACES organization. Once this happens, ARES may continue to support nonGovernmental agencies.

RACES, the Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service, was founded and organized in 1952 to support local, county and state emergency agencies. FEMA, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, established later, also encourages RACES. RACES supports only Government agencies, which may be at any level, local, state or federal, and under FCC regulations, may be activated by "any civil defense organization serving the area". Originally considered a "temporary" organization, it was founded to facilitate an immediate response from volunteers who, being already registered and "credentialed", could be activated without any delays, either administrative or with respect to designating operating frequencies. Provisions under the RACES organizational umbrella provides continued operation of RACES members on specified frequencies even after the President invokes war emergency powers. Other Amateurs (not RACES members) must cease operations. Administration of RACES is handled by volunteer Hams, specifically Radio Officers at the local level. ROs are approved by the local county, and in Kern County, the RACES "boss" is Charles Connor, County Emergency Manager. RACES may be activated by the County Sheriffs Department, Fire Department or city Police Department and once activated, RACES volunteers become temporary, unpaid, employees of the county while working an emergency.

In many communities, including Ridgecrest, most Amateur Radio operator volunteers are registered in both the ARES and RACES organizations.

What are the requirements for ARES and RACES membership ?
The requirement for registration in both organizations is exactly the same. Interested persons must be licensed Amateur Radio Operators. Period. That's it There is no requirement that registrants must belong to ARRL or any other Amateur organization, for that matter, and neither ARES nor RACES require the payment of any dues. Dual registration is therefore both easy and advantageous both to the volunteers and to the agencies they may be called upon to serve. The FCC prohibitions against RACES Amateurs communicating with ARES ceases to be an impediment, encouraging a seamless transition of all participants to RACES after that organization is activated.

Are there any training requirements ?
Believe it or not, the answer is no. However, individuals with no training or experience, will be of very limited to no value at all in an actual emergency. That is because the people with the training and experience are generally already in "gridlock" with work, and simply can't stop what they are doing to train a raw recruit. Generally, training of community Amateur Radio volunteers is accomplished by their participation in local disaster drills of one sort or another. Basic and very useful skills can and are successfully developed in this manner. "hands on" is excellent OJT. More formal training is highly desirable for those with the time and inclination, particularly people interested in liaison positions with the agencies served, or wishing to participate as net control operators, Etc.

Exercises and training
Exercises are useful and profitable to both participants and to those they serve. They provide training for volunteer operators, and expose both government agencies (all levels) and non-government clients as well, to the real capabilities of the volunteer organizations. Some feel this can be overdone, however, and events of the past have prompted RACES to put a limit of 36 hours per year with a maximum of no more than two exercises. Not to worry, however, if there are interesting things going on in your community that would provide beneficial training opportunities in excess of the RACES limitation. Such additional exercises can be conducted under ARES auspices without any such limitation as those imposed upon RACES. Formal training is highly desirable, although not, as previously mentioned, required. For example, ARRL offers emergency communications training courses on line for a fee. Here is
course number 1 You can accomplish the same thing without the hassle of trying to get registered into a limited enrollment situation (ARRL hasn't quite got its act together here yet) by simply buying the book ($ 10.00 from ARRL), engaging in home study and getting signed off by Mike Cash, W6PM (local "proctor").

Yes, We are going to have a new T-hunt The date is 17 May at 1100. Meet at the Heritage inn Parking lot and listen in on 146.565 MHz for the fun.

We have badges for the following hams:
Please pick them up at the club meeting

ARRL Audio News
Every Monday night, just prior to the net, Mike, KF6WSR, broadcasts the ARRL Audio News on 146.64 simplex. This is a great source of amateur radio news and a good warm up for the net. So check it out, at 1905 local time (7:05 p.m.) on 146.64 MHz. This is transmitted on the SARC translator output frequency but in simplex. Done so that we don't have to worry about timing out the translator.

SARC Newsletter via Email We are now making the newsletter available via Email. It is sent out as a PDF file so you will need Acrobat Reader to view it. Most have it and it is available free to both PC and Mac users. If you want the newsletter via Email (you will still get it via mail as well) just drop me an email and say so. If you are receiving it via Email and want off the list, please do the same.
. . . Editor, Mike, WA6ARA, [email protected]

Looking for News!
I'm always looking for local news for and about the IWV amateur radio community. Also, if you have something for sale or are looking for something else, drop me a line and I'll put it in the Airwaves.
. . . Editor, Mike, WA6ARA, [email protected]

Available free to a good home:
30 foot telescoping mast (three nesting 10 foot sections) plus misc other short masts and whips. Acquirer must be willing to remove antenna stored in the rafters inside a garage in Ridgecrest and take away themselves. Send email to [email protected] or call Robert Henry (206) 701-2032 (0900- 1700 PDT) to arrange pickup


In case of impending or current emergency, monitor the SARC translator on 146.64/04 MHz or the backup simplex frequency of 146.52 MHz. WA6KZV Lloyd, the local RACES EC, will coordinate mobilization. An Emergency Net Control Station will direct radio communications. Check in. State your capabilities. Be prepared to go outside the IWV for at least three days.

An E-Pac should contain: your RACES card, radios and accessories, batteries, charger, paper, pen, clipboard, flashlight with spare batteries, timepiece, headgear, sunglasses, spare glasses, your medications, your medical history, first aid kit, severe weather clothing, non-perishable food, 3 gal. water, sleeping bag.

Updated Mon Jun 2 18:21:00 PDT 2003