Bylaws of the
Lowell Amateur Radio Club, Inc.
September 12, 2000

Forward: The difference between Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws deserves a short discussion. Bylaws are inherently designed to “govern membership and regulate activities”. By conventional definitions, they are procedurally based, as opposed to policy based. Policy based provisions of a corporate charter are stipulated in the Articles of Incorporation, not in the bylaws. Michigan and the Federal governments require “Articles of Incorporation” for incorporation and tax exempt status filings. Yet, to operate procedurally in some measure of scope, we require bylaws, which in turn would not need to be used as “clutter” in the Articles sent to the two governmental agencies.

Section 1. Amendments to the Bylaws. These bylaws may be amended in the same manner as the Articles of Incorporation.

Section 2. Governmental and Member Filings. The Treasurer shall be responsible for any governmental filings of forms. This includes the annual tax return (Form 990 or 990EZ) and donor statements as required by 5012c3 provisions. The Treasurer will need help to do this. He/she will appoint other members to assist, those who come forward with the offers for assistance.

Section 3. All Officers’ Positions. All officers will identify backup members for purposes of “filling in” when any particular officer is absent at meetings for procedural and reporting purposes. This means that, for example, if the Treasurer is absent, he/she shall designate an alternate for the writing of checks and the procedure for doing so. As well, reporting at regular meetings may necessarily be done by the alternate.

Section 4. Additional Officers’ Duties. The Treasurer shall maintain all monies in non-risky investments, including bank demand deposit and savings accounts and CDs and equivalents.


Articles of Incorporation for
Lowell Amateur Radio Club, Inc.
June 12, 2000, revised September 10, 2000


Article  I. Name
The name of the corporation is: Lowell Amateur Radio Club, Inc.

Article II. Purpose of Organization
The purpose or purposes for which the corporation is organized are: To provide amateur radio repeater services and related education and place into service these for use by licensed amateur radio operators.  Such operations will include public services for the American Red Cross, law enforcement agencies and National Weather Service.  See Article VI, o below for further qualification.
 

  • Article III. Organization Basis

  • Article IV. Registration

    1. The address of the registered office is:
    2. Not Applicable
    3. The name of the resident agent at the registered office is:


    Article V. Incorporators
    The names and addresses of the incorporators are as follows:
     Kenneth D. Paulson, 915 Masonic St., Belding, MI 48809
     Matt S. Kidder, 407 Rice St., Ionia, MI 48846
     Jack C. Amelar, 1554 Lincoln Lake Ave. N., Lowell, MI 49331-9711
     Jim E. Jaworowicz, 1365 Alden Nash Ave. N., Lowell, MI 49331-9763

    Article VI. Activities and Events
    Activities and events shall be governed through bylaws to not preclude IRS Sec. 501c(3) status, tax exempt qualification.

    Page 2, Articles of Incorporation, Lowell Amateur Radio Club, Inc.
    Article VI, continued

    ( a.-n. below are predecessor organizationís Constitution [Lowell Amateur Radio Club, March 12, 1994 as amended September 13, 1998]):
     

    Page 3, Articles of Incorporation, Lowell Amateur Radio Club, Inc.
    Article VI.h., continued

    Page 4, Articles of Incorporation, Lowell Amateur Radio Club, Inc.
    Article VI, continued

    1. A breach of the officerís duty of loyalty to the LARC or its members.
    2. Acts or omissions not in good faith or that involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law.
    3. A violation of section 551(1) of Act No. 162 of the Public Acts of 1982, being section 450.255(1) of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
    4. A transaction from which the officer derived an improper personal benefit.
    5. An act or omission occurring before the date of final adoption of these Articles.
    6. An act or omission that is grossly negligent.

    Page 5, Articles of Incorporation, Lowell Amateur Radio Club, Inc.
    Article VI, continued
    (The following inclusions comply with IRS Sec 501c(3) requirements)


    In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names this 10th day of September, 2000.
    Kenneth D. Paulson ____________________________________

    Matt S. Kidder _________________________________________

    Jack C. Amelar _________________________________________

    Jim E. Jaworowicz ______________________________________