Dr. John Mantle Green is a Biologist-plant scientist (Ph.D. -
plant science, M.S. - botany, B.S. - biological sciences). Both his
Ph.D. dissertation and M.S. thesis research projects concerned
experimentation with plant genetics. Drawing on his background in
life science especially botany, Dr. Green has theorized methods for
terraforming the planets and moons of our solar system. He
extensively studied volcanology and other earth related sciences to
provide himself additional insight into terraforming. As such he is
well qualified to extrapolate on the nature of cryptospecies.
DMJ is a scientific generalist, theoretician, inventor, and
author. They have collaborated in an attempt to shed light on what
at first seems a rather murky subject.
A new phenomena is in the news, the Chupacabra or "goat-
sucker". Witnesses report being attacked and terrorized by a
creature which seems to defy current Zoological classification. The
sightings first began in Puerto Rico, then migrated to Latin
America, and recently Chupacabra have been reported in the southern
There is disagreement as to exactly what the creatures look
like. The radio personality, Art Bell, called it a griffin like
animal. Other people have mentioned a beak and/or wings which would
suggest that it might be some sort of an ornithoid (bird), or
evolved from the bird class.
The Griffin is a mythical animal with a beak, neck, wings, and
forelegs of an eagle. The body, the hind legs, and tail are those
of a lion. The Griffin, and Gyphon are smaller variants. They often
lack the lion like tail, but the description is generally similar
to the Griffin. Dr. Green speculates that it would be possible for
a Griffin like creature to evolve.
After the large predatory dinosaurs became extinct some sixty
five million years ago, the giant birds were the first to reoccupy
the top of the food chain.
However as the early mammals exerted their anatomical advantages
such as teeth, four legs, and live birth they quickly displaced
both predatory and herbaceous birds from their preeminence. Large
flightless birds, those alive today and those that survived the
mammals, did so primarily in areas devoid of mammalian competition
such as New Zealand, Tasmania, and Madagascar. Those on major
continents survived by occupying specialized niches.
Consider that there have been authenticated cases of mutant
ducks with four legs in addition to their wings. This type of
mutation might have occurred in eagles or other predatory birds. An
eagle with four legs might provide the evolutionary impetus
required for the creation of a new kind of predator. One can
speculate that a relatively large four legged eagle might retain
it's ability to fly, a still larger version might be flightless,
yet a formidable ground predator. The beak might become heaver than
that of any living bird. For illustration consider the snapping
turtle, who's heavy beak is able to crush the bones of an adult
human's leg. If the genes for wing claws were present and became
expressed then our theoretical creature might manifest wing spurs
such as those of the South American Screamer, or the Stramer Duck.
The final result would be an ornithoid carnivore with four legs,
each with eagle like talons, a terrible rending beak, and wings
with heavy stabbing spurs. This would certainly be a creature one
would not want to meet in a dark ally or any place else for that
matter. Smaller flying species might attack from the air adding yet
another unpleasant aspect.
Art Bell claimed that the goat-sucker was griffin like on the
April 28th, 1996 edition of his radio show, "Dreamland". Also
Richard Greenwall of the International Society of Cryptozoology
stated that he had received pelvic and other bones supposedly from
a goat-sucker. Analysis showed that the bones were decidedly bird
like, and may have come from an animal 3 to 4 feet in stature.
Other witnesses allege that the goat-sucker has a beak and/or
wings. It therefore seems possible that at least one of the types
of creatures called a goat-sucker could in fact be a griffin like
Other witnesses report a far different creature. They describe
a creature with the eyes one associates with the so called "grey"
aliens, large black and without an apparent cornea, or iris. The
creature they describe has the body of a dinosaur, some with and
some without tails, and prominent fangs jutting from the lower
and/or both jaws. These creatures, if real, are possibly not of
terrestrial origin. Rumors abound in the UFO community of hybrid
experimentation and these creatures appear to be some truly bazaar
hybrid or completely extra-terrestrial animal. They are not
described as having a dexterous hand, nor as using any form of
technology, nor do they operate in an orderly fashion. Hence one
might conclude that they are not a sapient species, but more like
an animal, possibly related to whose from which the "grays"
Humans have an anthropoid jaw, that is a mouth which opens and
closes vertically. Some of the Chupacabras have a similar
arrangement, however some are reported to have a mouth more akin to
terrestrial arthropods. Their jaws open and close horizontally like
terrestrial insects, spiders, and crustaceans. Insects, Myriapods
(centipedes and millipedes), and crustaceans (crabs, lobsters, etc)
have one or more pairs of right and left mouth parts/jaws. The
spiders have right and left fangs which mesh and supplement the
mouth parts. The Chupacabra with the insect like head would be far
to large to be mobile if it were a true insect with an exoskeleton.
However one might speculate that orders of animals unknown among
earth species might be very insect like, but with partial or
completely internalized skeletons, and other characteristics
associated with the higher animals. If a species like the insectoid
Chupacabra actually exists then it is very likely not of
Chupacabra with pronounced fangs whether anthropoid or
arthropoda may very well feed by sucking blood. Animals are found
that have been drained of blood. They have 1, 2 or 4 vampire like
fang marks. Others report that some animals show no signs of having
been drained of blood. Again it seems that there may be more than
one variety of Chupacabra.
To add to the intrigue some reports describe a Chupacabra as
being like a large flying rat, which would seem to indicate that
they are likely a bat of an unknown variety. Bats are classified by
what they eat and generally fall within one of five categories.
There are fruitivores or herbivores (fruit eating) bats, nectar
eating bats, insectivore (insect eating) bats, vampire bats that
drink blood from a variety of animals, and predatory bats which
prey primarily on other bats.
It is possible that there much larger bats than are known. The
tropical rain forest regions of earth are particularly suitable to
hiding unknown species. Goat-suckers might be examples of large
predatory and/or vampire bat species. A large predatory bat could
attack from the air, and might even hunt in packs thereby
emboldened to attack relatively large species of animals. Bats are
primarily nocturnal, and the majority of Chupacabra attacks are
reported at night.
Vampire bats which reside in central America are relatively
small and feed not by puncturing a victim and sucking out the blood
but by making painless incision with their razor sharp teeth and
then lapping up the blood as in oozes from the wound. Their saliva
contain an anticoagulant which prevent blood from clotting and
hence as they drink the wound continues to bleed. Even a small
vampire bat can cause a human to awaken covered with blood. A very
large vampire species, particularly if they hunted in stealthy
packs, might kill an adult human or even larger animals.
Many animals travel by flying in a tropical rain forest
because the primary source of food is the green leafy canopy
itself. Should an ecosystem which harbors a large unknown predatory
bat species be disrupted or destroyed by human activity it is
likely the displaced species would seek food elsewhere perhaps
invading areas already occupied by humans. Human destruction of the
rain forest will certainly bring man into contact with a previously
unknown species, perhaps some large and predatory.
Reports of large rat like flying animals might be
pterodactyls. This speculation seems unlikely, but is sufficiently
viable to consider. The Coelacanth was described as a species which
had become extinct 65 million years ago until they were discovered
quite alive off the coast of Africa. Pterodactyls, like bats, would
have membranoid wings. Their wings are supported by a single digit
as opposed to bats which use four fingers to hold open there wing
membranes. Shown are pterodactyls known from the fossil record.
Despite the view of paleontologists, persistent reports of
pterodactyl like animal continue in modern times. Note the mythical
Wyvern looks decidedly like a pterodactyl. Perhaps a small breeding
population yet exists hiding in the canopy of some remote tropical
Because both bats and pterodactyls have leathery wings, a non-
biologist might not recognize the difference and suppose that what
was being observed were bats when in fact they might be something
very different. Like bats, many pterodactyls seem to have been
nocturnal. Note the skull of a pterodactyl which must have had very
large eyes indeed to warrant the need of such large eye sockets and
the supporting rings of bone. Skeletons rot with sufficient
rapidity in the rain forests that they are rarely found for any
Other animals that are preserved in legend or on coats of arms
may be renditions of real animals that exist or that existed until
relatively recent times. The long tailed bird the Basilisk, has an
appearance very similar to archeopterix. Possibly the Basilisk is
or was a surviving descendant of early archeopterix like birds.
Both the long tailed birds and pterodactyls may exist now or may
have until quite recently. They may have been known as Basilisks
Another interesting possibility is that one of the types of
creatures called goat-suckers may in fact be a bird with a long
pointed bill. In tropical Latin America there have been reports of
a variety of Chupacabra with a very long pointed beak which it uses to
peck holes in it's victim's skin from which it then drinks blood.
In the Galapogos Islands there are birds which eat parasites of
other animals. If their beak breaks the skin they will readily lap
up the oozing blood. This illustrates a mechanism which might be
selected by evolution, producing a blood drinking bird. The large
Chupacabras may have evolved in this or a similar fashion.
Why the Chupacabras are just now making their presence known
may be closely related to man's expansion into formerly isolated
areas. As the endemic habitat is destroyed herbivore tend to die
off, and predatory species tend to migrate in search of new food
sources such as is occasionally the case with mountain lions, polar
bears, wolves, and coyotes. Sometimes the new food source are
domesticated animal or even man.
The Chupacabra phenomena is certainly a fascinating subject
and, whether real or not, has lead to illuminating speculation. If
the reports contain a grain of truth then there seems to be several
cryptospecies ripe for discovery.
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