3.2 DATA FILE FORMATS [FORMATS, 5] This section contains technical information on each data file in tabular form: data file variable definitions, units, and ranges, Data General FORTRAN V format statement used to create the file(s), temperature, source, and computer tape file number. We have used scientific notation here in keeping with the style and format of our data files. Entry Key: The entry key contains explanations of the variables and their units in the order in which they appear in the data files. A double asterisk, "**", stands for "raised to the power of"; e.g., "m**-3 m**-1" means "per meter cubed per meter". Format: The format section contains the Data General FORTRAN V format code used to generate a given data file. The scale factor "P" changes the location of the decimal point in the external representation of a real number, with respect to its internal value. The format is "nP", where n is an integer constant that specifies the number of positions you want to move the decimal point to the right. 3.2.1: Attenuation Coefficients 3.2.1.1: Atmospheric Attenuation Coefficients (program ATTENCOEF) Entry Key: With the exception of ATTENHT, which is a file of altitude (km), the entries are: absorption (km**-1), and scattering (km**-1). These values are in a one-to-one correspondence with the altitudes in file ATTENHT. Format: ATTENHT - [F4.1], all others [2(2X,1PE11.4)] ---------------------------------------------------------------- File Name Range Temp. Source/ Tape File # --------------------------------------------------------------- ATTENHT 0 - 85 (km) ---- McClatchey et al.(1972)/ 180 AERXCLR " ---- "/ 181 AERXHAZ " ---- "/ 182 MIDLATSUM " ---- "/ 183 MIDLATWIN " ---- "/ 184 SUBARCSUM " ---- "/ 185 SUBARCWIN " ---- "/ 186 TROPIC " ---- "/ 187 --------------------------------------------------------------- 3.2.1.2: Attenuation and Scattering: Water Entry Key: sequence #, wavelength (m), attenuation (m**-1), scattering (m**-1) Format: [I5,3(2X,1PE10.4)] --------------------------------------------------------------- File Name Range Temp. Source/ Tape File # --------------------------------------------------------------- H2OXATTENSCAT 3.75E-7 - 8E-7 ---- Jerlov (1968)/ 10 --------------------------------------------------------------- 3.2.2: Standard Atmospheres Entry Key: sequence #, altitude (km), pressure (mb), temp. (K), density (mols cm**-3) for H2O,CO2,O3,N2O,CO,CH4,O2,N2. Format: [I5,2X,F7.1,5(2X,1PE10.4)] (lines with sequence #) [14X,5(2X,1PE10.4)] (lines without sequence #) --------------------------------------------------------------- File Name Range Temp. Source/ Tape File # --------------------------------------------------------------- MLS 0 - 100 (km) ---- Program FSCDATM (1981)/ 11 MLW " ---- "/ 12 SAS " ---- "/ 13 SAW " ---- "/ 14 TROPICAL " ---- "/ 15 USXSTAN " ---- "/ 16 --------------------------------------------------------------- 3.2.3: Cloud Drop Size Distributions Entry Key: sequence #, number density of drops or ice particles (m**-3 m**-1), begining radius (m), ending radius (m) Format: [I5,3(2X,1PE10.4)] --------------------------------------------------------------- File Name Range Temp. Source/ Tape File # --------------------------------------------------------------- CLOUD1 1E-7 - 1.6E-5 ---- Carrier et al. (1965, 1967)/ 17 CLOUD2 1E-7 - 1.07E-5 ---- "/ 18 CLOUD3 1E-7 - 1E-5 ---- "/ 19 CLOUD4 1E-7 - 2E-5 ---- "/ 20 CLOUD5 1E-7 - 3E-5 ---- "/ 21 CLOUD6 1E-7 - 1.6E-5 ---- "/ 22 CLOUD7 1E-7 - 2E-5 ---- "/ 23 CLOUD8 1E-7 - 1.3E-5 ---- "/ 24 CLOUD9 1.5E-6 - 7.5E-5 ---- Schickel (1975)/ 25 CLOUD10 1E-6 - 5E-5 ---- Heymsfield (1975)/ 26 CLOUD11 5E-5 - 5E-4 ---- "/ 27 CLOUD12 3E-6 - 1.3E-5 ---- Heymsfield & Jahnsen (1974)/ 28 CLOUD13 3.97E-7 - 3.97E-5 ---- Kraus & Barnes (1976b)/ 29 CLOUD14 3.97E-7 - 2E-4 ---- Kraus & Barnes (1976a)/ 30 CLOUD15 3.97E-7 - 1.58E-4 ---- Barnes (1977)/ 31 CLOUD16 8.05E-6 - 5.64E-4 ---- Glass & Varley (1978)/ 32 CLOUD17 1E-6 - 8.6E-4 ---- Varley & Brooks (1978)/ 33 CLOUD18 1E-6 - 3.1E-5 ---- 34 --------------------------------------------------------------- 3.2.4: Solar Spectral Irradiance Entry Key: sequence #, wavelength (m), solar spectral irradiance (watts m**-2 m**-1) Format: [I5,2(2X,1PE11.4)] --------------------------------------------------------------- File Name Range Temp. Source/ Tape File # --------------------------------------------------------------- FLUX1 1.2E-7 - 1E-4 ---- Thekaekara (1972)/ 35 FLUX2 2.5E-10 - 1.95E-2 ---- Smith & Gottlieb (1974)/ 36 --------------------------------------------------------------- 3.2.5: Sky Spectral Radiance Entry Key: sequence #, wavelength (m), spectral radiance (watts m**-2 m**-1) Note: This quantity is spectral radiance density: watts per square meter, per meter of wavelength. Format: [I5,2(2X,1PE11.4)] --------------------------------------------------------------- File Name Range Temp. Source/ Tape File # --------------------------------------------------------------- SKYBACSL 3.1E-7 - 7.2E-7 ---- Clark (1969)/ 37 SKYBAC10 " ---- "/ 38 --------------------------------------------------------------- 3.2.6: Rayleigh Coefficients: Air Entry Key: MASSXSCAT - sequence #, wavelength (m), mass scattering coefficient (m**2 kg**-1) : VOLXSCAT - sequence #, wavelength (m), volume scattering coefficient (m**-1) : RAYXSCATCROSS - sequence #, wavelength (m), scattering cross section (m**2) Format : [I5,2(2X,1PE10.4)] --------------------------------------------------------------- File Name Range Temp. Source/ Tape File # --------------------------------------------------------------- MASSXSCAT 2E-7 - 2E-5 0 C Penndorf (1957)/ 39 VOLXSCAT " " "/ 40 RAYXSCATCROSS " " "/ 41 --------------------------------------------------------------- 3.2.7 Refractive Indices: Aerosols, Air, Ice, Liquid H2O (in alphabetic order) NOTE: The file name prefixes "RF", "RFI", and "RFC" refer to real, imaginary, and complex refractive index files, respectively, with the exception of the microwave files used by program MICRO, which contain complex data. Aerosol files are divided into these three data types, and then listed alphabetically within these categories. File names preceded by "**" indicate they are the microwave refractive index files, used in program MICRO; these asterisks are not part of the file name. Entry Key: RF+ files: sequence #, wavelength (m), wavenumber (cm**-1), real refractive index : RFI+ files: sequence #, wavelength (m), wavenumber (cm**-1), imaginary refractive index : RFC+ files: sequence #, wavelength (m), wavenumber (cm**-1), real refractive index, imaginary refractive index : Microwave files: sequence #, wavelength (m), real refractive index, imaginary refractive index, source (real index), source (imaginary index) Format: RF and RFI files: [I5,3(2X,1PE13.6)] : RFC files: [I5,4(2X,1PE13.6)] : MICRO files: [I5,3(2X,1PE13.6),2(5X,A2)] ---------------------------------------------------------------- File Name Range Temp. Source/ Tape File # ---------------------------------------------------------------- 3.2.7.1: Aerosols RFXADPE,O 2E-7 - 2E-6 24 C Zernike (1964)/ 42, 43 RFXBARF1 - 3 4.05E-7 - 7.68E-7 15,35,55 C Malitson (1964) 49 - 51 RFXBARF4 2.65E-7 - 1.03E-5 25 C "/ 52 RFXCAF1 - 3 4.05E-7 - 7.68E-7 15,35,55 C Malitson (1963)/ 59 - 61 RFXCDS1E,O 5.12E-7 - 1.4E-6 ---- Bieniewski & Czyzak (1963)/ 53, 54 RFXCDS2E,O 5.5E-7 - 1.4E-6 ---- Czyzak et al. (1957)/ 55, 56 RFXGERM1 - 4 2.55E-6 - 1.24E-5 297,275, Icenogle et 204, 94 K al. (1976)/ 75 - 78 RFXGERM5 2.06E-6 - 1.6E-5 27 C Salzburg & Villa (1957)/ 79 RFXGLASS1 - 17 3.65E-7 - 2.6E-6 ---- Kingslake & Conrady (1937)/ 80 - 96 RFXGLASS18,19 1.01E-6 - 1.1E-5 27 C Salzburg & Villa (1957)/ 97, 98 RFXGLASS20 5.77E-7 - 1.19E-5 25 C Rodney et al. (1958)/ 99 RFXKDPE,O 2E-7 - 2E-6 24 C Zernike (1964)/ 103, 104 RFXQUA1E,O 4.96E-5 - 4.95E-4 ---- Russell & Bell (1967)/ 112, 113 RFXQUA2 1.6E-4 - 3.49E-3 47 F Laikin (1961)/ 114 RFXQUA3E,O 1.44E-7 - 2.31E-7 ---- Chandrasekharan & Damany (1968)/ 115, 116 RFXSAPPH1E,O 2.54E-7 - 6.91E-7 24 C Jeppeson (1958)/ 124, 125 RFXSAPPH2 2.65E-7 - 5.58E-6 24 C Malitson (1962)/ 126 RFXSAPPH3 2.65E-7 - 4.25E-6 19 C Malitson et al. (1958)/ 127 RFXSAPPH4 - 6 4.05E-7 - 7.07E-7 17,24,31 C "/ 128-130 RFXSILIC1 - 4 2.55E-6 - 1.03E-5 296,275, Icenogle et al. 202, 104 K (1976)/ 135 - 138 RFXSILIC5 1.36E-6 - 1.1E-5 26 C Salzburg & Villa (1957)/ 139 RFXSILICA 3.65E-7 - 1.53E-6 ---- Zernike (1964)/ 134 RFXSODNITE,O 4E-7 - 7E-7 ---- Ivlev & Popova (1974)/ 140,141 RFXZNS1E,O 3.6E-7 - 1.4E-6 ---- Bieniewski & Czyzak (1963)/ 142, 143 RFXZNS2 4.4E-7 - 1.4E-6 ---- Czyzak et al. (1957)/ 144 RFIXDUST1 - 10 3E-7 - 1.7E-6 ---- Lindberg et al. (1976)/ 62 - 71 RFCXAMSP1 - 3 9.3E-6 - 9.5E-6 24 C Jennings (1981)/ 45 - 47 RFCXAMSP4 4.05E-7 - 4E-5 ---- Toon et al. (1976)/ 48 RFCXCALCE,O 2E-7 - 6E-6 ---- Ivlev & Popova (1974)/ 57,58 RFCXDUST1 - 3 3E-7 - 1.7E-6 ---- Lindberg (1977)/ 72 - 74 RFCXGLASS1 4.8E-7 - 6.9E-7 ---- Hoover/ 100 RFCXGRAPH 2.5E-7 - 6E-6 ---- Ivlev & Popova (1974)/ 101 RFCXGYPS 2E-7 - 6E-6 ---- "/ 102 RFCXMASCAG " ---- "/ 105 RFCXMOLYB 3.3E-4 - 5E-4 ---- Meyer (1926)/ 106 RFCXPLTX1 - 5 9.3E-6 - 1.06E-5 24 C Jennings (1981)/ 107 - 111 RFCXQUA1E,O 7.68E-7 - 3.6E-5 " Peterson & Weinman (1969)/ 117, 118 RFCXQUA2E,O 5E-7 - 6E-6 ---- Ivlev & Popova (1974)/119,120 RFCXQUA3,4 1E-7 - 1.65E-7 ---- Lamy (1977)/ 121, 122 RFCXSALT 2E-7 - 1E-4 ---- Toon et al. (1976)/ 123 RFCXSAPPH1 2E-7 - 6E-6 ---- Ivlev & Popova (1974)/131 RFCXSAPPH2E 9E-6 - 3.3E-4 ---- Toon et al. (1976)/ 132 RFCXSAPPH2O 2E-7 - 3.3E-4 ---- "/ 133 RFCXSYNAER 4E-7 - 1.5E-5 ---- Ivlev & Popova (1973)/ 44 3.2.7.2 Air RFXAIRN30 2E-7 - 2E-5 -30 C Penndorf (1957)/ 145 RFXAIRN15 " -15 C "/ 146 RFXAIR0 " 0 C "/ 147 RFXAIR15 " 15 C "/ 148 RFXAIR30 " 30 C "/ 149 3.2.7.3 Ice RFCXICE1 9.5E-7 - 1.52E-4 ---- Irvine & Pollack (1968)/ 150 RFCXICE2 2E-6 - 3.3E-5 -7 C Schaaf & Williams (1973)/ 151 RFCXICE3 1.25E-6 - 3.3E-4 100 K Bertie et al. (1969)/ 152 RFCXICE4 4.43E-8 - 1.67E-4 -7 C Warren (1984)/221 RFCXICE5 1.67E-4 - 8.6 -1 C "/222 RFCXICE6 " -5 C "/223 RFCXICE7 " -20 C "/224 RFCX1CE8 " -60 C "/225 ** RFICEMN50 3E-2 - 1E-1 -50 C Ryde & Ryde (1945)/ 204 ** RFICEMN30 " -30 C "/ 205 ** RFICEMN10 " -10 C "/ 206 ** RFICEM0 " 0 C "/ 207 3.2.7.4 Liquid H2O RFCXH2O1 5.46E-7 - 2.53E-5 18-20 C Zuev et al. (1974)/ 153 RFCXH2O2 2E-7 - 2E-4 25 C Hale & Querry (1973)/ 154 RFCXH2O3 2E-6 - 1E-3 27 C Downing & Williams (1975)/ 155 RFCXH2O4 9.6E-6 - 1.05E-5 24 C Jennings (1981)/ 156 RFCXH2O5 2E-7 - 2E-4 ---- Irvine & Pollack (1968)/ 157 RFCXH2O6 2E-6 - 2E-5 300 K Querry et al. (1977)/ 158 RFCXH2O7 " " "/ 159 RFCXH2O8 " " "/ 160 RFCXH2O9 " " "/ 161 RFCXH2O10 " " "/ 162 RFCXH2O11 " " "/ 163 ** RFH2OMN8 6.2E-3 - 3.21E-2 -8 C Lane & Saxton (1952)/ 208 ** RFH2OM0 5E-3 - 1E-1 0 C Ryde & Ryde (1945); Lane & Saxton (1952); Collie et al. (1948); Deirmendjian (1963)/ 209 ** RFH2OM10 1E-3 - 1E-1 10 C "/ 210 ** RFH2OM18 5E-3 - 1E-1 18 C Ryde & Ryde (1945)/ 211 ** RFH2OM20 " 20 C Ryde & Ryde (1945); Lane & Saxton (1952); Collie et al. (1948)/ 212 ** RFH2OM30 " 30 C "/ 213 ** RFH2OM40 " 40 C "/ 214 ** RFH2OM50 6.2E-3 - 1E-1 50 C Lane & Saxton (1952); Collie et al. (1948)/ 215 ** RFH2OM60 1.27E-2 - 1E-1 60 C Collie et al. (1948)/ 216 ** RFH2OM75 " 75 C "/ 217 --------------------------------------------------------------- 3.2.8 Relative Reflectance: Ice, H2O Entry Key: sequence #, wavelength (m), relative reflectance Format: [I5,2(2X,1PE13.6)] --------------------------------------------------------------- File Name Range Temp. Source/ Tape File # --------------------------------------------------------------- RRXH2O1 - 6 2E-6 - 2E-5 ---- Querry et al. (1977)/ 165 - 170 RRXICE1 2E-6 - 3.3E-5 -7 C Schaaf & Williams (1973)/ 164 ---------------------------------------------------------------