In the non-Muslim parts of the world, when problems go uncontrolled, many simply do not know what to do and where to go. So, they kill themselves. In contrast, a non-Muslim historian Philip Hitti in his book History of the Arabs, objectively emphasizes that suicide is rare in Muslim Lands. He says.
“In this uncompromising monotheism, with its simple, enthusiastic faith in the supreme rule of a transcendent being, lies the chief strength of Islam. its adherents enjoy a consciousness of contentment and resignation unknown among followers of most creeds.”
Islam considers life as a trust (amanah) from Allah. Many good things that one possesses are, in fact, amanah - his own mind, body and soul, his life-partner, his own children, his wealth and the like. All of these belong to Allah alone. Thus, what right has one got to take his life away. Allah says:
“O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: But let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual good-will: Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful! lf any do that in rancour and injustice, soon shall We cast them into the Fire: and easy it Is for Allah.” (Qur’an 4:29-30)
The Muslims know well that suicide is absolutely prohibited by Almighty Allah. No Muslim commits suicide, because if he does, he will have the Hell-fire as his eternal abode. He takes admonition from the following Ahâdîth of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh): Abu Hurairah (Ral) narrated that the Prophet said: “He who commits suicide by throttling shall keep on throttling himself in the Hell-fire (forever) and he who commits suicide by stabbing himself shall keep on stabbing himself in the Hell-fire (forever).” (Bukhari, Vol. 2, Hadith 446)
Jundab (Ral) narrated that the Prophet said, “A man was inflicted with wounds and he committed suicide, and so Allah said: `My slave has caused death on himself hurriedly, so I forbid Paradise for him.’” (Bukhari, Vol. 4, Hadith 445)
May Almighty Allah save all Mankind. Aameen.