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AUSTRALIAN RADIO PUBLICATIONS AND MAGAZINES.

INTRODUCTION.
This publication is an attempt to catalogue the wireless periodicals and radio books that have been published in Australia since the introduction of wireless in about 1897, through to around 1950. I was particularly interested in the influence of the Wireless Institute of Australia (WIA) and amateur wireless experimenters on the publication of wireless magazines, so you will see that their involvement is covered in some detail.

With a couple of exceptions I have not included publications which commenced after 1950 and I have concentrated on technical wireless publications rather than the magazines which contain only entertainment news and radio programs.

This catalogue will probably never be complete, because of the difficulty of finding rare publications, some of which are known only from one or two issues or just as a title. There are probably others I have not even heard of.

NOTES.
It is not easy to confirm the initial date of publication unless the first issue is sighted. I have attempted to track down issue No.1 of each publication and where given, that date is generally accurate. Counting back from later dates, volume numbers and issue numbers can be totally misleading because some issues might not have been printed, issues may have been combined, the frequency of publication altered, or the numbering system just changed at the editor's whim!

 The numbering systems used by publishers vary greatly and often defy logic. Then there are sometimes typographical errors in dates and issue numbers to compound the confusion.

The date a publication ceased is even harder to determine, as rarely did the editor announce the demise of his magazine. Collections in more than one library can be a guide if they all end with the same issue there is a fair chance that it was the last one.

A valuable reference to library holdings is the massive collation "Scientific Serials in Australian Libraries" or SSAL, but even SSAL does not include all the publications listed in this catalogue. SSAL is now available in the larger libraries on microfiche and also gives details of holdings in specialist and company libraries, but these are often only open by special arrangement. It is surprising how few of the library collections are comprehensive or near complete.

Both publishers and librarians take liberties with the titles of publications and for instance a magazine might include "Australia" or a state name in its official title, but it may not always be printed with the full name on the cover and therefore it is not catalogued correctly in libraries. If you can't find a title, look for it in my index with, or without, "Australia", "Australian", or "Australasian" in the title, or try adding or deleting the state names eg. NSW, Qld., S.A., Victoria, or W.A.

Australian publishers often used the same names as overseas magazines and it is possible to confuse local and overseas publications with the same name.

Amateur enthusiasts were instrumental in starting and promoting both radio stations and radio publications, particularly after public broadcasting was permitted in late 1923. Some amateurs were wealthy entrepreneurs whilst others had little money and less business acumen. Therefore their efforts met with variable success and some of the outcomes can be seen in the longevity of their business ventures and their magazines. A number of magazines were absorbed by other publications and some of the people involved moved around from magazine to magazine.

In 1922 amateur wireless experimenters were issued with identifiers or "call signs" with two letters preceded by a number to identify their home state, eg 2NO (in NSW) so that is generally how I list them. Later, international prefixes were added, in Australia's case it was an "A" so calls became A-2NO, then in 1927 the letters "OA" preceded the number. Finally in 1929 the current international identifier "VK" was added before the number, eg VK2NO. VK2NO was the call sign of Don Knock, a well known amateur experimenter and technical writer who featured in a number of radio magazines.

I was assisted in this work by staff from many of the Australian public and specialist libraries, and I am most grateful for their generous efforts. A copy of this Catalogue has been given to:

            LIBRARY SERVICE OF WEST AUSTRALIA
            NATIONAL LIBRARY OF AUSTRALIA
            NSW STATE LIBRARY
            QUEENSLAND STATE LIBRARY
            SOUTH AUSTRALIA STATE LIBRARY
            TASMANIA STATE LIBRARY
            VICTORIAN STATE LIBRARY 

If any reader can add to or correct this listing I would very much appreciate the information, sent to:

Colin MacKinnon, VK2DYM at cmac@zip.com.au 

 I need to know: 

Full Title and any subtitles                                 First date of issue
No. of pages                                                    Frequency of issue
Name of publisher                                            name of editor
Price                                                                last issue known
Size of publication and type of print - eg A4, stiff cover, 4 colour print, etc.

A short summary of the contents eg is it predominantly amateur wireless, broadcast listeners, technical or basic? A photocopy of the cover and title page would be useful, please.

 Some Important Dates in Australian Wireless Development.

1897         Post & Telegraph engineers and university researchers in  Australia re-create Marconi's wireless experiments.
1901         The Royal Navy on Australian Station assumes control of wireless.
1905         Wireless Telegraphy Act (1905) gives control to the Government Post & Telegraph Dept. and permits licensing 
                  for experimental purposes. However very few licences were issued.
1910         Wireless Institute of Australia (WIA)  formed in NSW to lobby for easier issue of experimental licences.
                 Government orders 2 high power wireless stations for maritime communications in the region.
1911         Only 27 official experimental licences are current.
1914         Approx 400 official licensees and 200 illegal stations closed down due to World War 1. Navy takes charge of
                 wireless again.
1918         AWA publishes "Sea Land & Air" as a semi-trade monthly.
1919         AWA makes a public broadcast of music in Sydney.
1920         Navy reluctant to allow licensing or return of radio equipment.
1922         New regulations from the P & T Dept. allow re-issue of licences.
1922         "Wireless Weekly" commences. It was the first Australian news-stand wireless magazine.
1923         First commercial broadcast station, 2SB (later 2BL), commences transmissions in Sydney as a "Sealed Set"
                 station, followed by 2FC, then 3LO (Melbourne) and 6WF (Perth).
1924         New Broadcast Regulations permit A and B class broadcast stations. Interest in radio increases rapidly creating
                 a market for wireless magazines.
1928        Government acquires all A class stations and establishes National Broadcasting Service.
1930        The Depression causes hardship for publishers, radio stations and the buying public.
1932        Government establishes the Australian Broadcasting Commission. Wireless is still a popular and growing market.
1939        World War 2 declared and amateur radio stopped. Several technical magazines cease as staff enlist and paper
                 becomes hard to obtain. Technical information dries up due to wartime restrictions.
1946         Radio magazines re-appear after the war but the boom years are over.


THE ALL ELECTRIC RECEIVER by VK-3GT.
This substantial A5 size book of 128 pages was written in 1930 by Geoffrey Thompson, VK3GT, of The Listener In technical staff. It cost 2/6 and is listed as a "Listener In Handbook". Consequently I believe it was No.3 in the series of 16 Handbooks that Listener In produced. See entry on the LISTENER IN HANDBOOKS. The contents include technical articles on many aspects of receiver design, data tables, a glossary and several wireless circuits for home builders, with emphasis on mains power operation.

AMATEUR RADIO.
The first copy of the monthly magazine that currently serves the Australian amateur radio fraternity was released in October 1933, at a price of 6d, and comprised 20 small pages of news items from the Victorian Division of the Wireless Institute of Australia and its affiliated clubs, plus one technical article. The front cover proclaimed that it was "published in the interests of ‘Amateur Radio’ by the Wireless Institute of Australia (Vic. Div.) official organ of the Royal Australian Air Force Wireless Reserve". The second issue contained news from the other states, and with a spirit of co-operation not seen before in the amateur community, Amateur Radio magazine, often known just as AR, was on its way to becoming the pre-eminent magazine it is today.

During the 2nd World War, the financial and manpower resources of the WIA (Vic) Division were sadly depleted and so AR was produced as a typed and duplicated newsletter of 10 to 16 pages, stapled between light card covers. The February 1941 issue was missed but then the wartime version was issued without break from March 1941 through to September 1945. The October 1945 issue reverted to a commercially printed magazine format. At one period during 1940, the magazine was titled AMATEUR RADIO DIGEST. The current journal averages 60 pages and is available only to members of the Wireless Institute of Australia.

There had been several previous attempts to produce a magazine for amateurs but they had failed through a lack of support and publishing expertise as well as some bitter politics. See Amateur Radio for October 1958 and January, March and April 1991 for more details of the history of AR.

AMATEUR RADIO AND BROADCAST MONTHLY.
Volume 1, No.1 was issued in November 1933, published by Amateur Radio and Broadcast Monthly Pty. Ltd. in Sydney and edited by A. Alexander, who had previously been the technical editor of Radio Monthly. It cost 6d per monthly issue and consisted of 36 pages. The first issue stated that it hoped to support both Australian and New Zealand amateurs in their experiments and listed a New Zealand branch office. The duration of this magazine is unknown but it is likely that it was discontinued after only one or two issues, in favour of Radio Monthly which was taken over by Amateur Radio and Broadcast Monthly Pty. Ltd. in December 1933. There is probably a story of intrigue behind these events but I have not found the details. See the entry for RADIO MONTHLY.

A.R.C. RADIO FAULT FINDER.
An 8 page fold out flow chart for diagnosing faults in receivers, as well as a diagram showing typical voltage measurements, it was probably given out as part of the course in radio troubleshooting run by the Australian Radio College (A.R.C.) established in Sydney in the late 1920's, although this publication is probably from the late 1930's.

A.R.T.S. & PATENTS TECHNICAL BULLETIN.
The organisation known as Australian Radio Technical Services and Patents Co. Pty. Ltd. was set up by a group of local wireless companies (originally AWA, STC & Philips) to control and licence their patents on valves and circuits after the Government stopped collecting royalties on behalf of AWA in 1934. The company published irregular pamphlets of circuits and helpful design hints for its licensees and included reviews of contemporary wireless magazines. The publisher was ARTS & P Publications at the Sydney address of AWA which provided editorial and printing facilities. The first series ran from No.1 of 9/8/1934 to No.144 during 1949. Following a favourable acceptance of the early roneoed issues, numbers 18 to 67 were printed and were up to 16 pages for some issues, but then No.68 and subsequent issues reverted to a roneoed format. A new series began from No.1 in 1957 through to No.14 in 1960. Hardcover binders were available to hold the pamphlets.

AUSTRALASIAN ELECTRICAL TIMES.
The first issue was on 27/1/1922, it cost 6d per monthly issue, and was published by W. Davey, in Melbourne. Initially it covered only the electrical industry but from issue No.3 it included some interesting technical articles on wireless, principally by Joe Reed, 2JR, a well known amateur and electronic engineer who worked for AWA for many years. From issue No.10 the magazine also contained a "Radio News Department", and news of the Wireless Institute. The price increased to 9d for 54 pages from issue No.11. From Vol.3 No.4 of April 1924, it was the Official Organ of the Electrical Federation (Victoria). In February 1936, Vol.15 No.1, the name of the magazine changed to AUSTRALASIAN ELECTRICAL AND RADIO TIMES, to reflect the emphasis on radio. The last issue was Vol.31 No.1 of July-August, 1951.

AUSTRALASIAN RADIO WORLD.
This magazine provided a good balance of amateur and listeners' technical articles. It was a monthly and commenced in May 1936, and lasted till August 1951. The magazine cost 1/- for about 48 pages and was initially published by Trade Publications in Sydney with Mr. A. Earl Read (an ex-patriate New Zealander) as the editor. It was circulated in New Zealand too. The publishers sponsored their own "All-Wave All-World DX Club" whereby for 3/6 one could become a lifetime member, receive a badge, and a certificate with his membership number. Each issue had a page of DX news, mostly consisting of amateur and club activities. (DX is an abbreviation for distance - meaning radio reception from far away). In 1940 A.G. Hull, the younger brother of Ross Hull, and till then the editor of RADIO & HOBBIES, bought the magazine and became the proprietor/editor, whilst residing in Sydney. (See EXPERIMENTAL RADIO AND BROADCAST NEWS for more information on Ross Hull).

A.G. Hull (he is almost always referred to as A.G. but his name was Allen Galbraith) had followed in Ross's footsteps by taking over as the technical editor of Wireless Weekly when Ross returned to QST magazine in the USA in 1930. A.G. then became the editor of RADIO & HOBBIES when it commenced in 1939 as an offshoot of Wireless Weekly, but after 9 months left to buy AUSTRALASIAN RADIO WORLD. A.G. Hull later moved back to Melbourne where he built a mansion and laboratory at Mornington as the headquarters of the magazine. Despite purchasing a large printing press in late 1949, for installation in a local printery, Hull admitted in September 1950 that his experiment in decentralisation was a failure and he intended to move back to a Melbourne office. However, in November 1950 the magazine was sold to Radio & Electronics (N.Z.) Ltd. which had been printing a monthly called RADIO and ELECTRONICS (New Zealand) for the NZ and Australian market since April 1946. The December 1950 cover of AUSTRALASIAN RADIO WORLD included the words "Associated with Australian Radio and Electronics" and "Composite Issue" and then it became just AUSTRALIAN RADIO and ELECTRONICS (Vol.15 No.6 of January 1951). The new AUSTRALIAN RADIO and ELECTRONICS used the same cover design of the NZ version. A NSW amateur, Lay Cranch, VK2XC, became the Managing Editor, whilst another amateur, Don Knock, VK2NO, was a frequent contributor from its inception through to 1949. Cranch organised publication of the Australian edition of R & E Digest of Circuits in 1950, a compilation of circuits from RADIO and ELECTRONICS and originally published in NZ in 1949. The Australian magazine ceased publication after the issue of October 1951, Vol.16 No.3, and the New Zealand edition was sold in Australia once more, through to the 1960's, although the name changed to RADIO AND ELECTRONICS REVIEW, incorporating RADIO AND ELECTRONICS in the early 1950's and in April 1961 it was purchased by The Magazine Press Ltd. of New Zealand and the format was changed to emulate the English "Wireless World" magazine. It became RADIO, ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS and I understand it continues as ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS.

AUSTRALASIAN WIRELESS REVIEW.
The AUSTRALASIAN WIRELESS REVIEW claimed to be the 1st monthly radio magazine in Australia. This is not correct, but truth never stopped a good editor! (Sea Land and Air started in 1918). The first issue was January 1923 and it ran until September 1925. It was published by Pierpont Black, and sold for 6d, later increased to 1/-, and had an impressive four colour quarto size cover design. The contents were a mix of commercial shop news, and amateur activities, with a few projects. It claimed to search the "Literature of the World" and present anything new in its pages, after testing for suitability for Australasian conditions. It didn't live up to this claim as the contents were basic and unexciting, but it did include some interesting thumbnail sketches of early amateurs on the Sydney scene, and news of the amateur clubs.

In September 1925 their advertising asserted that the magazine was "the finest and biggest publication of its kind in Australasia." It seems the public wasn't convinced because in October 1925 it was absorbed into NSW WIRELESS NEWS, another magazine from the same publisher, and sank into oblivion.

There is another magazine called AUSTRALASIAN RADIO REVIEW also published by Pierpont Black, costing 1/6 for 50 pages and known only from Vol.1 No.2 of February 1923. The 1st and 2nd issues of AUSTRALASIAN WIRELESS REVIEW have been checked to make sure the other title was not a printing error, so this similar magazine is a mystery.

AUSTRALIAN BROADCASTING CO.
The Australian Broadcasting Company was formed in 1929 after a business consortium consisting of Union Theatres, Fuller Theatres and J. Albert & Son won a Government tender to manage the A class broadcast stations and provide radio programs for a period of 3 years. In 1927 the Government had decided to re-organise broadcasting, so as the licences for the privately owned A class stations expired, it compulsorily acquired the assets and put the management of the stations up to tender. The PMG provided technical maintenance of the various stations. Radio station 3LO, one of the stations managed by the Australian Broadcasting Co. for the Government, issued a number of small leaflets on technical matters of interest to broadcast listeners, such as how to put up an antenna etc. They were mostly produced by the well known Melbourne amateur H.K. Love. The leaflets (perhaps 12 in the series) were posted to listeners upon request. The Australian Broadcasting Company contract ceased when the government formed the Australian Broadcasting Commission (the A.B.C.) in 1932.

AUSTRALIAN BROADCASTING COMPANY YEAR BOOK.
The S.A. State Library lists the AUSTRALIAN BROADCASTING YEAR BOOK, 1930, but it is probably the same publication. Of A5 size it cost 1/- and contained around 150 pages. The book was first published in early 1930, covering the 1929 activities of the Australian Broadcasting Company (see entry above) during its contract to manage the government owned stations. The 1930 year book has a good history of broadcasting, many photos of radio personalities and highlights of the activities of the Australian Broadcasting Company. Although the contract with the Australian Broadcasting Company ran to 1932 it is not known if it published a 1931 or 1932 year book.

AUSTRALIAN BROADCASTING COMPANY COMMUNITY MUSIC BOOK, No.1 and No.2.
Similar in size to the year book, this was a list of popular songs and music of the day, compiled by a Henry Roberts and copyrighted to J. Albert and Son, the music and entertainment barons. Book No.2 was published in late 1929 and it is assumed Book No.1 was printed soon after the Australian Broadcasting Company began running the government broadcast stations.

AUSTRALIAN OFFICIAL RADIO SERVICE MANUAL.
First published in 1938 (covering 1937 radios) by The Strand Press Pty. Ltd., Brisbane, publisher of The Electrical and Radio World, (see QUEENSLAND ELECTRICAL AND RADIO WORLD). Also known as AORSM, there were 14 volumes covering circuits and service information for domestic radio sets made by the local manufacturers. Generally around 320 pages and costing from 12/6 for the 1938 edition up to 24/- for the 1955 edition, these books are popular with vintage radio collectors and restorers. They were printed with both paper and stiff board covers, variously in black, grey and blue but to confuse users there were several editions and re-prints with differences in the page numbering which make it awkward to compare radio circuits. For instance Mingay's "Radio Diagram and Intermediate Frequency Index" (see entry) quotes 3 different versions of Volume 2. The issues were:

                    Volume  1             1937 circuits
                    Volume  2             1938 circuits
                    Volume  3             1939 circuits
                    Volume  4             1940/41 circuits
                    Volume  5             1946 circuits
                    Volume  6             1947 circuits
                    Volume  7             1948 circuits
                    Volume  8             1949 circuits
                    Volume  9             1950 circuits
                    Volume 10            1951 circuits
                    Volume 11            1952 circuits
                    Volume 12            1953 circuits
                    Volume 13            1954 circuits
                    Volume 14            1955 circuits

THE AUSTRALIAN POSTAL ELECTRICIANS' UNION JOURNAL.
Apparently first printed in August 1915, this magazine is the journal of that trade union. SSAL lists it as the JOURNAL OF THE POSTAL TELECOMMUNICATION TECHNICIANS ASSOCIATION (AUSTRALIA). It cost 3/- per annum, comprised 18 pages and was printed in Melbourne. The magazine dealt mainly with trade qualifications, wages and union matters, but did include articles on wireless circuits and designs. It was also called The Australian Postal Electrician on the inside pages. In 1942 it became TELE-TECHNICIAN and continues.

AUSTRALIAN RADIO CALLS.
A small book about 75 mm by 150 mm containing the names and call signs of amateur wireless licensees. It was published in June 1926 by the Melville Publishing Co. and cost 6d for 68 pages.

AUSTRALIAN RADIO NEWS & FILM REVIEW.
This magazine commenced on 21/5/1932. It was published each week by Norman J. Pritchard, edited by Norman Campbell and printed by The Bulletin newspaper in Sydney. It was priced at 2d and started with 34 pages but grew to around 50 pages in later years. In January 1933 (Vol.1 No.34) the shorter name of AUSTRALIAN RADIO NEWS was adopted. In April 1933 (Vol.1 No.43) the Bulletin bought the magazine and became the publisher and in May 1933 Don Knock VK2NO who had been a contributor to the magazine, became the technical editor. It was common for magazines of the era to be the official organ of various groups, and AUSTRALIAN RADIO NEWS was the journal of The Australian Radio Artists Association, The Australian Flying Corps Association, and the Zero Beat Radio Club.

Initially the main content of the magazine was radio programs for the week, news of broadcast personalities, and reviews of current films. Interestingly it had an arrangement with the Pharmaceutical Association to be sold through Chemist shops but that operated only for the first year of publication. Under the influence of Don Knock the magazine featured more technical articles, and gossip columns for amateurs. In 1933, the 5 metre band (56 Megacycles) was popular and the magazine included a number of articles on experimental wireless equipment for that band.

At this point it is appropriate to mention that in February 1932 the WIA (NSW Division) ceased to exist, having been renamed the Institute of Radio Engineers and becoming a professionals only organisation. This did not please those who were hobbyist amateurs, who promptly formed the Association of Radio Amateurs (NSW) or ARA and news of their activities was included in the rival journal Radio Monthly. In late May 1933, just after his appointment to AUSTRALIAN RADIO NEWS, Don Knock proposed to the committee of the Association of Radio Amateurs (NSW) that his magazine should become the official organ of the ARA, would provide 2 pages per week free for amateur news, and guarantied a circulation of 20,000. Knock and his publishers demanded immediate acceptance of their offer, but instead the ARA committee rebuffed Knock, and at the next meeting a motion was passed to the effect that the constitution of the ARA be altered to ensure that any official journal be selected by a 2/3 majority of all members by ballot. At that same meeting Knock (the Vice-President) and R.H.W. Power (the Secretary) resigned from the ARA.

The AUSTRALIAN RADIO NEWS ceased publication with the 15/6/34 issue, Vol.3 No.109, and was thereafter incorporated in The Bulletin from the 20/6/34 issue.

AUSTRALIAN RADIO & TV NEWS.
The first issue was in May 1949 with Don Knock as the editor and published by Haynock Press, a joint venture with A.E. Hay. The magazine cost 1/- and was 68 pages. It appears to have been short-lived.

AUSTRALIAN RADIO PUBLICATIONS LTD.
This is not a publication, but as the company produced many magazines in the years 1930 to the current time, it deserves to be mentioned here. The organisation was founded in 1930 by Oswald Francis Mingay. He also owned the Mingay Publishing Co. Pty. Ltd and the Mingay Printing Company and even ran an employment agency for electrical businesses. He was a prominent amateur, call sign 2XX, during the 1920 to 1940's era, ran the Bergin Electric broadcast station, 2BE, in 1924 and served in signals in World War 1. In World War 2 he was the Government's Manager of Radio Production. He is called the "Father of the I.R.E." because of his efforts to establish, promote and publish transactions of that professional organisation. His publishing empire is now owned by Thomson Business Publications in Sydney. At various times over the period 1930-1970 Mingay published:

                    Amateur Radio Log Book
                    Australian Advertising Rate and Data Service
                    Electrical Appliance Price List
                    Radio Receiver Price List
                    Radio Review of Australia
                    Radio Service Record Sheets
                    Radio Service Job Cards
                    Radio Trade Annual of Australia
                    Radio & Electrical Weekly
                    Radio & Electrical Merchant
                    Radio Retailer of Australia
                    Radio and Electrical Retailer
                    Broadcasting Business, weekly, plus a quarterly and a year book
                    Radio Trade-in Handbook
                    Technical Topics
                    and many other magazines, booklets and pamphlets.

 See the individual entries for each publication.

AUSTRALIAN SHORT WAVE HANDBOOK.
Published annually by Radio & Hobbies from 1947 to 1950. The 1947 publication was issued as the follow-on edition of the Wireless Weekly Call-Sign Book and Technical Review which had last been published in 1938. These books were all edited by John Moyle, VK2JU, the long time editor of Radio & Hobbies and sold at a price of 2/- each. They included amateur and commercial call sign lists, and construction articles for receivers and amateur transmitters.

AUSTRALIAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS AT WAR.
This 178 page book was a special issue of the weekly Radio & Electrical Retailer from Mingay Publishing. It was published on 2/5/1946 as Vol.23, No.16 at a cost of 6d, to commemorate and illustrate the use of Australian made wireless and telephone equipment etc in the Second World War. It is a valuable reference for World War 2 wireless equipment historians. Mingay was a Captain in Army Signals but was released to become Radio Production Manager for the war effort.

A.W.A. or commonly AWA.
Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd. published a large number of periodicals and booklets for promotional purposes. The booklets included:

                Wireless for Australia - circa 1920
                Australia's Wireless Industry and Service - 1922
                Modern Wireless Service - 1922 ?
                Wireless Service, Agreement with Australian Government - 1922
                Wireless for Australia, High Speed Wireless - 1922
                Experiment at Koo-Wee-Rup - 1924
                Developing Wireless Services in Australia - 1928
                Wireless Progress in Australia - 1930
                Facts re the Wireless Industry - 1932
                "On the Seven Seas" - Marine Wireless Services - 1932
                Wireless Patent Rights - 1932
                An Epoch of Radio Communications - 1935
                The First Wireless Message UK to Australia
                Facts re the Wireless Industry - 1938
                Australian Wireless Achievements - 1938
                AWA and the War - 1945
                Wireless Today - 1947 ?
                AWA Wireless Communications Apparatus

A.W.A. BROADCASTER.
Distributed free of charge to the commercial broadcast stations which were owned or managed under contract by AWA, this monthly newsletter started as a 4 page leaflet in February 1936 and grew to around 12 pages, with special issues up to 16 pages. It included such items as advertising rates, lists of available transcription programs and station and personnel activities. It gives interesting data on the growth of country radio stations. The last issue seen is Vol.1 No.19 of September 1937 but it is not known how long it continued.

A.W.A. JOURNAL.
This booklet for AWA staff started in September 1949 with Vol.1 No.1 and was issued approximately every six months but in 1951 it became a quarterly and later on it was bi-monthly of up to 48 pages but then reverted to quarterly. It ceased with the June 1956 issue of Vol.5 No.9 of 28 pages. It was an A5 size booklet of news, social and personal events.

A.W.A. RADIO GUIDE.
This book was published each year from 1926 to 1930. It contained articles and hints for listeners, details of broadcast stations and commercial short wave stations as well as amateur call sign listings. Advertisements for AWA equipment were featured and the 1926 edition includes a full price list of AWA wireless equipment. The number of pages varied and for instance the 1926 issue was 104 pages for 1/- whilst the 1928 issue was 1/6 for 216 pages.

A.W.A. RADIOLA NOTES.
This leaflet was "published in the Interests of Authorised Radiola Distributors" and as such gave service data on various AWA radios and details of new models, along with copies of the advertisements appearing in the press etc. It ranged from 4 to 8 pages and included news of the AWA dealer conventions and a little news of AWA events that might be of interest to the dealers. Only a few issues have been seen and the first available is Vol.2 No.3 in April 1940. Vol.9 No.2 was in 1942, whilst Vol.11 No.1 to Vol.11 No.10 were all in 1945, so the numbering scheme is a mystery. Vol.11 No.11 was dated December 1945 and included an apology for being late due to other work on AWA advertising campaigns.

A.W.A. REVIEW.
Apparently commencing in 1947 through to 1948.

A.W.A. SALES BULLETIN.
Known only by Vol.1 No.3 of 1/2/1928, this was a 4 page leaflet with technical data and illustrations of wireless components sold by AWA, such as Marconi Valves, Amplion speakers and various coils and brackets.

A.W.A. TECHNICAL REVIEW.
A publication reminiscent of the Proceedings of the Bell Laboratories (USA), and other high quality technical reviews. It featured papers on AWA's research and development of electronic equipment. First published in March 1935 in Sydney, it continued, despite some wartime disruption, till Vol.16 No.2, of September 1977. Initially with a grey cover and blue print, it later had a red cover and black print. It was intended to be quarterly but did not hold rigidly to that policy, and occasionally had 5 or 6 issues per volume, spread over more than a 12 month period. It frequently contained 100 pages of detailed design data and photos of new AWA products. The publication was issued at no cost to interested companies and qualified engineers.

BOYS WIRELESS BOOK.
Published in 1924 by the Eagle Press and claiming a 10,000 print run, the A4 size book is a basic treatise for children. It is obviously based on an English publication and has a few black and white photos of early UK wireless stations and aerials.

BOYS WIRELESS NEWS.
The BOYS WIRELESS NEWS was first published on 11/10/1924, with 36 pages, with the intention of supplying wireless news and education for younger readers. To be affordable to those readers, the price of this weekly magazine was 1 penny. It was published by W. Pierpont Black of 304 Kent St. Sydney. The contents of the magazine were a good balance of basic technical projects and news of the amateur and commercial wireless scene.

The magazine underwent a name change to THE WIRELESS NEWS on 28/2/25, because it was felt it had an appeal to older readers too.

Only 4 issues later, 28/3/25, the name was changed again to NEW SOUTH WALES WIRELESS NEWS or NSW WIRELESS NEWS, (both titles were used on the cover of different issues) but with no explanation. With the 9/5/25 issue, a change was made to a new 2 colour cover design which continued till the last copy available. The price was increased to 2d in July 1925 but with the promise of additional useful data within the pages.

On 3/10/25, it absorbed its kindred publication Australasian Wireless Review. However, I suspect production costs exceeded the 2d per issue price and it failed shortly after. The last issue known is Vol.3, No.3, 31/10/25.

THE BROADCAST BULLETIN.
Subtitled "of Radio Programmes" and published by the Read Press in Brisbane this was a 16 page weekly containing the programs for 4QG, 2BL and 3LO and photos of wireless personalities etc with a little basic technical information. It cost 2d. circa 1926. Vol.4 No.1 was published on 19/4/1926 and was a souvenir issue to commemorate the opening of Brisbane radio station 4QG. Read Press also published Queensland Radio News.

THE BROADCASTER (W.A.).
A weekly of 64 pages for 3d per issue, first issued on 7/4/1934, this magazine covered programs of WA stations, technical articles, horse racing and sporting details. It was published by West Australian Newspapers Ltd., of Perth and from about 1935 was incorporated in the Weekend Mail newspaper.

THE BROADCASTER ANNUAL.
Published in 1934 by the proprietors of THE BROADCASTER weekly magazine, West Australian Newspapers Ltd., Perth.

BROADCASTING BUSINESS.
This was a weekly trade paper covering news and activities of the commercial radio stations and published by Australian Radio Publications, the Mingay publishing company. It was first published on the 5/9/1934 as an insert to Radio Retailer, with 16 pages but after several months was sold as a separate publication, at 6d per copy. The cost was later raised to 1/- per copy or 10/- p.a. for 52 issues, by which time it was 20 pages, then to 15/- p.a. but that included a copy of the BROADCASTING BUSINESS YEAR BOOK. The contents were mainly news and technical information specific to the commercial and National broadcast stations and their personalities. From Vol.8 No.1 of 6/7/1939 it was renamed COMMERCIAL BROADCASTING incorporating BROADCASTING BUSINESS and was published fortnightly with a more substantial cover with red print and white paper instead of the blue paper with black headings used previously. The price remained at 6d each or 10/- p.a.. With Vol.15 No.10 of 28/11/1946 the name reverted to BROADCASTING BUSINESS incorporating COMMERCIAL BROADCASTING. Then with Vol.17 No.1 dated 1/4/1948 it became ADVERTISING BUSINESS incorporating BROADCASTING BUSINESS and continued till Vol.17 No.3 of 29/4/1948 when it ceased publication.

 BROADCASTING BUSINESS QUARTERLY.
Yet another Mingay publication, it first appeared in October 1938 and provided information on advertising costs, statistics on listeners' licence numbers etc. for use by commercial stations and their sales staff. It cost 2/6 per issue of 48 pages or 7/6 for four issues. It became COMMERCIAL BROADCASTING RATE BOOK in 1939, costing 5/- per copy.

BROADCASTING BUSINESS YEAR BOOK of AUSTRALIA.
Also known as the BROADCASTING BUSINESS ANNUAL this Mingay publication contained a great deal of reference material intended for commercial stations, including lists of advertising agents and their client advertisers. In previous years such information had been in the RADIO TRADE ANNUAL AND SERVICE MANUAL (see entry) which also included technical data. Mingay split it into two publications, to suit the different markets. It was issued free with a subscription to BROADCASTING BUSINESS or cost 10/- separately, was first published in mid-1936 with 170 pages and had a soft cover whilst later issues had a hard cover. It continued to 1940 but probably ceased then due to wartime difficulties. The 1940 issue was titled the YEAR BOOK OF COMMERCIAL BROADCASTING and was free with a subscription to COMMERCIAL BROADCASTING, or 10/-.

THE BROADCAST YEAR BOOK and Radio Listeners Annual of Australia.
The first edition in 1934 was compiled and edited by C.C. Faulkiner and J.D. Corbett and published by The Harbour Newspaper and Publishing Co., Sydney. It cost 1/6 for 194 pages in A5 size. It appears to have been published up to 1939, and then again after the war in June 1946 as the "enlarged post-war edition - 1946-1947", consisting of 200 pages for 1/6. It is not known whether there were later editions. The contents included lists of commercial and amateur stations, statistics relating to licences and broadcast stations, and biographical notes on radio personalities of the times.

BY WIRELESS.
In 1910 Honorary Lieutenant G.A. Taylor and other military personnel plus several wireless enthusiasts set up 2 military wireless posts near Heathcote, south of Sydney and exchanged the first Army wireless messages in Australia. Taylor wrote about the event and included a number of photographs in this booklet published about 1912. A plaque stands in a park at Heathcote to commemorate the event.

A COMPLETE COURSE OF WIRELESS FOR PROFESSIONAL OR AMATEUR STUDENTS.
Written by Walter M. Sweeney and published in 1920 by the E.W. Coles Book Arcade for the Commonwealth of Australia as a text book, this book is interesting because it contains details and circuit diagrams for the Government wireless systems being used at that time in Australia.

CONCISE RADIO HANDBOOK.
Written in March 1933 by R.C.V. Humphries, of the Radio Engineering staff of AWA and published by White Bros & Parsons, this A5 size book of 146 pages is a manual for home set builders, starting with radio theory and proceeding to construction of a basic 6 valve electric receiver. Humphries lost his life in 1944 while serving as a radio operator on the steamer "Tanda", when it was sunk by the Japanese, in the Indian Ocean.

CQ.
In October 1927, following problems within the WIA, NSW amateur radio operators formed "The New South Wales Radio Transmitters League". The NSWRTL published its own monthly magazine, CQ, from December 1927. It was free to members, and edited by J.M. Bristow. CQ started with 12 pages containing technical and gossip items, and grew to 16 pages. It was small, about 20cm x 13.5cm, and professionally printed with a 2 colour cover.

The cost of the magazine was funded by Philips Lamps (A'sia) Ltd. because they were not getting the publicity that was being accorded to other wireless component manufacturers by various publications. Each issue of CQ featured data on Philips products, or construction details of amateur gear using Philips parts. The funding from Philips was quite generous for the times.

The August, '28 issue of CQ was subtitled "The Acting Official Journal of the Australian Radio Transmitters League" because of support from the other states. The magazine now included notes from the other member states and a fair smattering of news from New Zealand, where the magazine had a strong following. Also in August, the "Australian Radio Transmitters League", or ARTL was officially formed with Queensland as its Headquarters.

Despite the growth of the ARTL, there was confusion of identity and some animosity between this group and the stalwarts of the WIA. Moves were made to re-amalgamate the ARTL and the WIA and eventually a merger was accomplished. The September '29 issue of CQ proclaimed that it was now "A Magazine Issued by the NSW Division of the Wireless Institute of Australia."

At the Federal Convention of the WIA in Brisbane during September 1929, NSW proposed that CQ be adopted as the official organ for the WIA, and Philips agreed to publish the magazine for a period of at least 12 months, and would issue up to 1500 free copies of CQ each month to all Institute members and nominees. The Institute was to provide a capable editor and all subject matter, but Philips was to be privileged to publish at least one article in each issue describing Philips products.

As this represented a "donation" worth at least 500 pounds per annum, the offer was accepted. Mr. Leo Feenaghty, who was the editor of the Queensland RTL publication QTC, agreed to relinquish publication of QTC, but was instructed by the delegates to approach Philips and the NSW Division to put to them the desire that CQ be re-named QTC, as a mark of appreciation to Leo, and that he continue as editor of the magazine. In the event that Philips would not concede, then the Convention would accept CQ as it stood, with Leo as the editor and Phil Renshaw, the Secretary of the WIA NSW Division, as the assistant editor.

Philips were opposed to changing the name and intervention by the WIA Federal Executive in Melbourne then caused Philips to retract its offer completely and withdraw funding from CQ. Without financial support CQ could not continue, and ceased either in December 1929 or in early 1930, after 3 years of publication. See the entry for QTC.

 ELECTRICAL & RADIO HANDBOOK.
Published by the Electrical Trades Union of Australia, Federal Council, apparently between 1940 to 1962. The National Library in Canberra lists a holding from 1956 to 1962.

ELECTRICAL ENGINEER OF AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.
This magazine was first published on 15/4/1924 by the Tait Publishing Company of Melbourne. Tait had been producing the COMMONWEALTH ENGINEER which included electrical news items and eventually it was decided that a separate magazine was justified. The new magazine cost 6d and had about 40 pages. It was mainly concerned with the electricity supply industry but included many small and interesting news items related to broadcasting and broadcast stations and information on amateur wireless. The Tait family was heavily involved in entertainment and commercial broadcasting so the editorials tend to reflect their views and opposition to government restrictions. From Vol.8 No.1 of 15/4/1931 the name was changed to ELECTRICAL ENGINEER AND MERCHANDISER and the wireless content diminished. Then with Vol.34 No.1 of 15/4/1957 it became just ELECTRICAL ENGINEER.

ELECTRICAL TRADER OF AUSTRALIA.
Published monthly by Simmons Ltd. in Sydney and costing 6d per issue of about 38 pages, this magazine was the official organ of the Electrical Manufacturers' Association of NSW and the Contractors' Association of NSW. The editor was George W. Stewart. The first issue was in February 1931. The name was changed to ELECTRICAL & RADIO TRADER OF AUSTRALIA to reflect an emphasis on radio but by 1938/39 there was very little on radio and by then it appears to be virtually a trade magazine of the above electrical associations. It is believed to have ended with Vol.11, during 1942.

ELECTRICITY HOUSE CATALOGUE.
This is a catalogue that appears to have been issued, free, as an annual over several years (although not dated) and contains interesting instructions, data and illustrations of early wireless and electrical components for home set constructors. Electricity House was a well known Sydney retailer of radio parts for experimenters and wireless constructors in the 1920's. Known only by the circa 1922 edition of 34 pages.

ERDA.
The official organ of the Electrical and Radio Development Association of NSW, and published by that organisation in Sydney. The association was formed in 1925 as the Radio Broadcast Bureau to disseminate publicity on behalf of the members. The name was changed to the Electrical and Radio Development Association of NSW sometime after 1928. It was the publicity branch of the Electrical and Radio Association of NSW which was a manufacturers organisation formed back in 1911 as the Electrical Employers Association of NSW. The original purpose of the employers group was to counter wages claims by the electrical unions, but it became a general employers' and manufacturers' forum. The magazine had an editor appointed by the ERDA and backed by an editorial committee consisting of representatives from manufacturers and dealers. ERDA magazine commenced in January 1930 and had a circulation of around 2500 retailers, electrical authorities and builders and cost 6d per monthly copy. Naturally the contents were items of interest to retailers and the promotion of manufacturers' products in the radio and electrical appliance fields, with basic explanations of wireless technology. Originally just called ERDA, the magazine became the ERDA JOURNAL from the issue of Volume 38, No.3 in April 1966. It ceased publication with the issue of Vol.42 No.7 of Jan/Mar 1971. See also the entry for RADIO BROADCAST BUREAU BULLETIN.

EVENING NEWS WIRELESS HANDBOOK.
The Mitchell Library lists it as the SYDNEY EVENING NEWS WIRELESS HANDBOOK. This A5 booklet was written by A. Mitchell and published in 1924 by S. Bennet of the Evening News newspaper group in Sydney. It cost 1/- and its 132 pages contained amateur call sign lists, technical data and helpful hints for home builders of wireless sets. It has an interesting gallery of photos of prominent Sydney wireless experts.

EXPERIMENTAL RADIO and BROADCAST NEWS.
This magazine is listed under RADIO BROADCAST in the Mitchell Library. The first issue of this monthly was 1/8/1924 and it carried the sub-title: "Official Organ of The Wireless Institute of Australia." It sold for 1/- and contained 50 pages of amateur and listeners news and technical articles. The editor was H. K. Love, the President of the WIA, Victorian Division, with Ross Hull as the Associate Editor. It was published by Wireless Publishers of Australia at 443 Little Collins St. Melbourne, which happened to be the same address as the WIA, Victoria. Wireless Publishers was a private company controlled by 37 WIA shareholders, mostly committee members of the Victorian WIA, which body also held shares in trust. No shareholder could hold more than 5 shares, each of £5.

During the first Federal Convention of the Wireless Institute in Melbourne in 1924, this magazine had been chosen as the official organ of the Convention. Perhaps someone pointed out that this did not entitle it to claim to represent the WIA as a whole, because the second issue of the magazine was sub-titled : "Official Organ of the Wireless Institute (Federal Convention) of Australia (Victorian Division). That must have seemed a mouthful because the phrasing was tidied up from issue No.9 with a new sub-title of: "Official Organ of the Wireless Institute of Australia (Federal Convention Victorian Division).

The January '25 editorial page revealed that Love was Managing Director, whilst Hull was now the Managing Editor, with a Miss D.M. Mycroft as the Secretary. Vol.1 No.8 of March, '25 featured a new cover design and the name became simply RADIO BROADCAST. In April the cover design changed again.

Later, from the August '25 issue, the editorial page added "with which is incorporated the Radio Experimenter and Broadcaster", which had been a contemporary magazine of the time (see entry on RADIO EXPERIMENTER). The August issue was marked as Vol.2 No.13, but they changed their minds about the sequence by calling the following issue Vol.2 No.2. The price was reduced to 6d from August.

The Second Federal Convention of the WIA was held in Perth during August 1925 and B. Jerym Masters, representing Victoria, moved that RADIO BROADCAST become the official organ of the WIA. The controlling company offered to sell 4000 shares to the divisions so that they could share in the profits of the journal and to sell the magazine to members at 3/6 per year, post free. The Convention accepted the proposal (although I have found no confirmation that any Divisions took up shares) and the magazine, from the October 7th issue, could fairly claim to be the "Official Organ of the Wireless Institute of Australia". The editorial offices moved to Sydney to reflect the fact that the newly elected and first Federal Council of the WIA was resident in NSW. The magazine was printed in Sydney and strangely it was now published on the 7th of the month, instead of the 1st. Ross Hull was still Managing Editor, although he relinquished that position when he moved to Sydney around October '25 to join "Wireless Weekly".

Jerym Masters became Editor and Secretary and with the February 1926 issue printing was transferred back to Melbourne. However there appeared to be a problem as the magazine slowly went down hill. Vol.2 No. 5 was listed as the December/January combined issue, but then the February issue was printed with "January 1st" and overstamped "February" with a rubber stamp! The cartridge paper cover was changed to a cheaper grade and the number of pages dropped to 34.

The magazine struggled on for another year but the last issue in this format was Vol.3 No.5 of 1/1/1927. The decline continued and there was no February '27 issue and March and April were reduced in format and size.

It appears that the WIA effort petered out then and individual states printed their own news in the period from mid 1927 to 1929. It was during this period that dissatisfaction with the WIA led to the formation of the ARTL, with publication of CQ in NSW and QTC in Queensland. The WIA (NSW Division) journal during this period of unrest was RADIO JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA, between November 1927 and March 1928.

On June 3, 1927 a weekly tabloid newspaper of the same name, RADIO BROADCAST appeared but with a totally different format and appearance, consisting of 8 pages of wireless programs and station news, but it appears to have only lasted a few weeks. The publisher is not identified so it is hard to be sure if this was a last ditch effort by those mentioned above to stay in the magazine business, or a totally different publication. The Victorian State Library includes it as a "New Series" along with the other magazine but I am not so sure.

THE GULCHVIEW GAZETTE.
(QLD) 1928-'30. Nothing else known.

HEALING RADIO GUIDE, 1932.
From A.G. Healing Pty. Ltd., Adelaide, the well known retailer and manufacturer of home appliances.

HOBBIES ANNUAL.
See POPULAR HOBBIES.

HOBBIES ILLUSTRATED.
Although HOBBIES ILLUSTRATED catered mainly for craft and model making it did feature simple radio and electronic projects from authors such as Don Knock VK2NO, under the guidance of Tom Thorpe VK2LT as the adviser on radio and electronic articles. The magazine's first issue was Vol.1 No.1 of April 1946 and it continued into the mid-1950's. Price was 1/- for 48 pages as a bi-monthly, later increased to 2/- for 64 page monthly issues. It was published initially by Dunvegan Publications, then by Hobbies Illustrated Pty. Ltd. of Sydney and still later by the Mirror Newspapers group, and was edited by Arthur Neville. Whilst a number of magazines are available for study it is difficult to establish any meaningful volume and number sequence as they seem to alter without logic. Initially a volume covered 6 months but that seems to have varied later.

THE HOME CRAFTSMAN.
This magazine was called the "Amateur's Magazine - of Special Interest for Home Decoration and Wireless Enthusiasts", but included hobbyists in many other fields as well. It commenced in September 1923, cost 6d per 26 page monthly issue and included the "Home Gardener", with a little information on wireless and the WIA Victorian Division, as well as hints on furniture making etc. The last issue was Vol.1 No.10 of June 1924 and from July it was absorbed into another journal, the re-named Real Estate and Home Journal. That magazine had been running from September 1923 as Real Estate for the Home Builder. It was published by Mitchell and Casey, printers, of Melbourne.

THE HOMECRAFT MAGAZINE.
The Homecrafts hobby and toy shop in Melbourne was a large and popular source of wireless and model parts and the proprietor, P.H. McElroy, initiated this magazine as a service to customers. It began in June 1925 as a small 20 page journal costing 3d per month, with a two colour cover. As well as good construction articles on wireless it catered for those interested in fretwork, photography and model engineering. However from the issue of Vol.1 No.10, March 1926 several sections were deleted to concentrate on radio and electrical sections as well as model engineering and fretwork. The front cover design was altered and featured a larger logo in red ink with a blue border. THE HOMECRAFT MAGAZINE ceased with the October 1926 issue, but was replaced by a new and enlarged magazine titled POPULAR HOBBIES in November 1926. THE HOMECRAFT MAGAZINE had no connection with the similarly named THE HOME CRAFTSMAN. See above.

HOW TO BUILD A DUAL WAVE SUPERHET.
This is a quality A5 publication on good paper printed by the Bridge Printery for Radiokes Pty. Ltd., a supplier of wireless components in the 1920's and 30's. The booklet cost 6d and was of 52 pages. The contents are a very detailed description of the construction of a 6 valve battery or electric wireless receiver based on a kit of parts from Radiokes and include good quality photos of the steps in assembly. The booklet is not dated but is probably early 1930's vintage.

INTERNATIONAL RADIO NEWS.
Issued monthly by the International Radio Co. of Sydney who were manufacturers of electrical components and distributors of National Union Valves from USA. The company commenced in 1921 and claimed to have been the first commercial broadcaster in New Zealand as well as responsible for the formation of radio station 2BL in Australia. (Credit for starting 2BL is normally given to W.J. Maclardy, publisher of Wireless Weekly, so it is assumed that the company probably sold some equipment used in the construction of 2BL). Their magazine was a substantial publication, generally 24 pages in A4 size and included spot colour and large photos of products such as speakers, valves and components, along with technical data. Later, domestic appliances such as refrigerators and washing machines were included in what became virtually a monthly catalogue. It was issued free to companies in the electrical, automotive, radio and theatre equipment markets. The issues were not numbered so it is difficult to determine the first date of issue. The first issue held is March 1933 and the last is November 1946, with indications that it continued well past that date. International Radio expanded rapidly and commenced the manufacture of PVC coated electrical cable in the 1940's. Whilst strictly a trade publication, it has been included here because it seems to have enjoyed a large circulation, including to the general public.

LEVENSON'S RADIO "A PORTFOLIO OF PHOTO-CIRCUITS".
A booklet of simple crystal sets and valve amplifiers for the home builder done in a photographic style representing the physical layout of each design. It cost 2/6 and featured two crystal sets, two single valve and eleven multi-valve circuits.  Published about 1930.

LEVENSON'S RADIO-HANDBOOK.
Incorporating the 1930 Wireless Catalogue. A substantial booklet of wireless circuits and products. Price 1/-.

LEVENSON'S RADIO "THE BUYERS GUIDE".
Issued in 1934 with 224 pages and costing 2/- this was another radio buyers guide and assembly chart with many illustrations to help home set builders.

LEVENSON'S RADIO "RADIO CIRCUITS".
In 1941 Levenson's published a book of circuits and articles taken from the Radio and Hobbies magazine.

LINKING AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND WITH THE PACIFIC ISLANDS BY RADIOTELEGRAPHY.
This is an 8 page booklet published in late 1909 by the Pacific Radiotelegraph Company, of England, explaining its proposal to establish radio stations on Fiji and Ocean Island to interlink with other stations to be built in Australia, New Zealand and other English, French and German possessions in the Pacific. On an enclosed map the company showed stations at Southport, Queensland and Doubtless Bay, NZ, which it listed as "Proposed Government stations ..... (which) company may possibly be asked to erect." In fact the Australian Government rejected this proposal and in October 1909 awarded a contract to the rival Australasian Wireless Company for stations at Pennant Hills and Applecross (WA), to be taken over and run by the government. The Australasian Wireless Company also won tenders for stations at Doubtless Bay and Bluff (South Island of NZ).

 LISTENERS' WEEKLY & SCREEN NEWS.
A Queensland weekly, published by King Publicity Service in Brisbane at 2d per issue or 8/6 per annum. It was printed circa 1935-36 and was the official organ of the Queensland Listeners' League.

THE LISTENER IN.
The first issue was on 10/1/1925. Published by Edgar Baillie for United Press, Melbourne. Sub-titled "The Wireless Journal of Australia" and selling for 3d in A4 size, this weekly became very popular and often had a print run of 52,000 per issue. To cater for NSW interest a special edition titled THE NSW LISTENER IN was printed. In June 1929 it absorbed POPULAR RADIO AND AVIATION. The Listener-In continued to Vol.31 No.37 of 10/9/1955, then changed name to LISTENER IN TV, whilst continuing the volume sequence. In April 1976, Vol.49 No.16, it became simply TV SCENE, commencing with a new Vol.1 No.1.

THE LISTENER IN HANDBOOKS.
The publishers of The Listener In magazine also produced a series of books of wireless circuits and helpful hints each year from 1928 to at least 1947. The early issues were small books of up to 130 pages and costing 2/6 each. Later books were quarto size and of between 76 to 90 pages and covered topics of interest to home constructors and listeners. There were no transmitting circuits or projects for amateurs. The known issues are listed below.

                No. 1                     ??
                No. 2                    1929        "Calls"                                                            ?
                No. 3                    1930        "All Electric Receiver by VK3GT"                 2/6
                No. 4                    1930        "Set Constructor"                                          1/-
                 No. 5                    1932        "All Wave Receivers"                                    1/-
                 No. 6                    1933        "Superhet Book & AC Circuits"                    1/-
                 No. 7                    1933        "Battery Sets"                                                6d
                 No. 8                    1934        "All Radio Receivers"                                    1/-
                 No. 9                    1935        "Radio Sets & Circuits"                                 1/-
                 No.10                   1936        "Battery Book"                                              6d
                 No.11                   1936        "Modern Radio"                                            1/-
                 No.12                   1936        "The Beginners Book of Radio"                     1/-
                 No.13                   1937        "The Radio Set Builder"                                 1/-
                 No.14                   1939        "The Radio Constructor's Guide"                   1/-
                 No.15                   1940        "Short Waves"                                              1/-
                 No.16                   1947        "Modern Radio & Home Recording"                ?

MERCHANDISER, THE.
The Merchandiser was subtitled "The Newspaper of the Radio and Electrical Industries". It was published fortnightly and sold for 1/-. It consisted of 24 pages, was edited by Geo. W. Doyle and published by Industrial Newspapers Pty. Ltd. in Sydney. The issue of July 5th 1939 was Vol.1 No.16 so by counting back Issue No.1 should have been in December 1938. The contents were oriented to electrical and radio merchants, with reviews of new products, industry gossip and a couple of technical articles. Although the life of this publication is not known it was still being published, apparently as a monthly, in February 1948 (Vol. 10 Issue 3). The cover looked very similar in style and colours, red, white and black, to Mingay's Radio and Electrical Weekly and would certainly be in the same market.

MODERN SETS.
MODERN SETS was printed as an annual at a price of 1/- by the publishers of POPULAR HOBBIES in 1931 and 1932 and then it changed to MODERN SETS MONTHLY issued from June 1932 through to May 1934 and costing 9d per copy. However, it appears that it was not printed in July, September and December, 1933. It was edited by A.K. Box, the Radio Editor of POPULAR HOBBIES. The annual issues were 48 pages and comprised a number of wireless receiver circuits, whereas the monthly with similar content and number of pages also contained current news of local wireless activities.

OCEAN NEWS.
See WIRELESS NEWS.

ON THE AIR.
This was a weekly magazine sub-titled "Australia's Premier Broadcast Magazine" and costing 13/- p.a. with about 32 pages. It commenced on 14/10/1933 and was published by On the Air and Radio Services and was printed by Sydney Newspapers Ltd. It contained mostly the programs for the Sydney and Melbourne radio stations but did include some technical and historical notes on the various stations in early issues. The last copy available is 9/12/1933.

PHILIPS TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS.
The Philips organisation produced a number of publications and whilst they were circulated mainly to the trade and retailers they were sought after by experimenters and are included here for completeness.

Philips Bulletin Series 1 Issue No.1 was published on 15/8/27 and comprised four A5 pages of valve data and technical hints for retailers, experimenters and repair men. The first series was irregular at roughly two to three month intervals. Series 2 No.1 was printed in October 1928 and continued on a monthly basis till No.8 of October 1929. Series 3 No.1 of December 1929 was enlarged to newspaper size with 4 pages and was renamed The Philips Speaker. It continued in this format into the early 1930's.

Philips Research Reports were translations from the Dutch and as the title suggests were highly technical precis of research projects, not necessarily just on electronic subjects. They were printed quarterly for £1/12/- p.a. commencing in November 1945 but the period of publication is not known.

Philips Technical Communication was issued as a four page leaflet up to T.C. 87 of Jan/Feb 1942.  It is difficult to determine when they commenced because they were not dated till January 1937 with No.56 of Volume 3. To confuse the issue Vol.1 contained No.1 to No.33, Vol.2 included No.34 to No.55 and Vol.3 was No.56 to No.65. At a best guess issue Number 1 of Volume 1 could have been issued in early 1935. It was not published from mid-1942, during World War 2, but recommenced with No.1 of January 1946, as a 20 page booklet of valve data and articles on electronics and radio design, printed in Australia but mainly a translation from the Dutch publication of the same name. The post war publications were initially issued monthly with 8-10 issues per year, but commencing in 1949 they were no longer dated and ranged from 4 to 7 issues per year. They were issued up to No.4 in 1955 and included more Australian content including articles by Don Knock, VK2NO.

Philips Technical Review began in 1936 with Vol.1 No.1, but ceased with Vol.7 No.4 (1942) during World War 2. It recommenced in 1946 with Vol.8 No.1, January 1946, at a price of £1/8/9 p.a. for 12 issues. It contained Australian technical articles as well as summaries of the Research Reports. The longevity of these publications is unknown, but they were still being issued in 1970 with Volume 31.

Philips Transmitter News commenced in 1934 and continued till Vol. 8 in 1942 but was then suspended during the war. It recommenced with vol.9 in 1947. At some stage in its later life the name was changed to Philips Communications News and then to Philips Telecommunications Review.

POPULAR HOBBIES.
The magazine for everyone! POPULAR HOBBIES contained articles on just about every hobby or sport popular in the 20's, including wrestling, golf, speedboats, cycling and of course wireless. It originated because the HOMECRAFT MAGAZINE published by the Homecrafts hobby shop became so popular that a decision was made to change it to a larger magazine with broader interests. The first issue of POPULAR HOBBIES was 15/11/1926 but from the February 1927 issue of Vol.1 No.3 it was issued on the first of the month. Note that there was no January 1927 issue. It was a monthly of 66 pages, costing 6d. To confuse anyone trying to trace the history of the magazine, it started a new volume every 6 issues, ie. Vol.2 No.1 was 1/6/27, Vol.3 No.1 was 1/12/27, etc. POPULAR HOBBIES was published by Reviews Pty. Ltd. in Melbourne on behalf of Homecrafts Newspapers Pty. Ltd. A.K. Box was the radio editor. Sometime in 1929 Reviews Ltd. became the sole publisher. POPULAR HOBBIES was the Official Organ of the Australian Aero Club, Victorian Division, so understandably there were many articles on power flying. There was a close relationship between the Aero Club and the WIA (Vic. Division) which built and installed wireless transmitters in the club's aircraft and at one stage (1929-30) the official WIA wireless station was situated at Essendon Aerodrome. The magazine also sold the HOBBIES ANNUAL consisting of all the first year's issues (1926-27). It is doubtful that the annual was produced in later years. POPULAR HOBBIES ran till at least June 1932 when it fell victim to the depression, by which time it was down to 36 pages. However the publishers continued with MODERN SETS MONTHLY. (See entry for MODERN SETS).

POPULAR RADIO WEEKLY.
Billed as "The Radio Paper with the Largest Net Sale" and costing 1d per week, this journal contained the usual mix of articles for wireless listeners. It commenced on 25/2/1925 with 36 pages and was published by Valentine Byrne and printed by The Radio Press in Melbourne. It had no technical content but included a little news from the WIA Victorian Division.

POPULAR RADIO WEEKLY prospered by supplying extensive weekly program listings for the broadcast stations as well as biographies of their personalities. By December '25 it was up to 52 pages and then in late January '26 it contained 72 pages, had Victorian and NSW editions and cost 2d. It claimed to have a weekly circulation of over 25,000.

The last issue was Vol.4 No.17 for 13/6/28, because it was purchased by United Press, publishers of Listener In and from June 20 became POPULAR RADIO MONTHLY.

POPULAR RADIO MONTHLY.
Also known as AUSTRALIAN POPULAR RADIO MONTHLY the predecessor to this magazine was POPULAR RADIO WEEKLY, which had become a big success and was a thorn in the side of its competitor, Listener In. United Press, publishers of Listener In, solved the problem by buying the Weekly and changing it to a monthly magazine.

POPULAR RADIO MONTHLY first appeared in June 1928 but from November changed to POPULAR RADIO AND AVIATION, with continuity of the sequence of issues. The emphasis was about 50/50 aviation/wireless, with some technical wireless articles and a news column for amateurs. It cost 6d and had an average of 72 pages. It ceased in May 1929 with Vol.1 No.12 and was thereafter incorporated in THE LISTENER IN (see entry).

PRACTICAL RADIO.
A 420 page book by Henry Smith Williams, published in Australia in 1924, although it appears to be all USA content.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE IRE (6/37)-V.4/9 (7/42)
PROCEEDINGS (IRE, AUSTRALIA) V.5/1 (4/43)-V.5/10 (10/43)
OF THE IRE, AUSTRALIA (1945)-
The Institute of Radio Engineers was formed in February 1932 by some members of the Wireless Institute of Australia (NSW) Division, basically by usurping the assets of that organisation and renaming it the IRE. The IRE published proceedings similar in format to the overseas IRE (UK) and IRE (USA) organisations. See the RADIO REVIEW OF AUSTRALIA for more information.

QUEENSLAND ELECTRICAL & RADIO WORLD.
The first issue appears to have been in January 1936 and it continued till at least 1954 but there is some confusion as to the official name over the years, possibly due to the way different librarians have catalogued it. It was published by Strand Press in Brisbane at a price of 9d, with Lawton Taylor as the Managing editor. By 1944 it was known as just ELECTRICAL & RADIO WORLD, subtitled as Incorporating Automatic Refrigeration, and was known as the official journal of the Electrical and Radio Federation (Queensland), Electrical Contractors' Association, Australian Trained Radio Servicemens' Institute, and the Institute of Queensland Projectionists. It consisted of 44 pages in 1944. The November 20, 1954 issue is titled AUSTRALIAN ELECTRICAL AND RADIO WORLD and it was published monthly on the 20th at 17/6 p.a., circulating to wholesalers, retailers, government authorities and councils. It comprised 140 pages and was an obvious and substantial competitor to Mingay's publications.

Due to the confusion over cataloguing in various libraries I have listed the following as probably the same publication as above:

AUSTRALIAN ELECTRICAL & RADIO WORLD (QLD).
AUSTRALIAN RADIO & ELECTRICAL WORLD (QLD).
AUSTRALIAN ELECTRICAL WORLD.

QUEENSLAND RADIO NEWS.
First published on 2/2/25 and sub-titled "Your Own Wireless Journal", this was a 45 to 52 page quarto size monthly costing 6d, and published by Read Press, Brisbane which also published "Broadcast Bulletin" (see entry). It continued till 1934 and at one stage was the "Official Organ of the WIA Queensland".

QTC.
Disenchantment with the WIA organisation in Queensland led a group of active amateur transmitters to meet in April 1927 to form the Queensland Radio Transmitters League. The Secretary was Leo Feenaghty OA4LJ who became editor of the group's newsletter, QTC. The first issue of QTC was July 1927 and it was issued monthly to the Q.R.T.L. members. It was hand typed by Leo and roneoed, stapled and distributed by a small band of volunteers each month. The cost of the newsletter was paid from members' subscriptions.

At around the same time, similar activity in NSW led to the creation of the NSW Radio Transmitters League in October 1927 and publication of a journal that they called CQ (see entry).

Radio Transmitters Leagues were promoted in the other states and in August 1928 they amalgamated to create the Australian Radio Transmitters League with headquarters in Queensland. This ARTL was a strong body of transmitters, but the WIA was still dominant in some states and the PMG Radio Authorities were reluctant to deal with more than one body representing amateurs. It made sense to re-unite all amateurs under terms satisfactory to the interests of each. After much negotiation, the ARTL and WIA buried the hatchet and by July '29 the ARTL had merged with the WIA. The Federal Council of the WIA had recognised the Queensland Division of the ARTL as the local WIA Division, so QTC was able to proclaim itself as the Official Organ of the Wireless Institute of Australia (Queensland Division) from the issue of 7/5/29. Then the issue of QTC for July 1929 states that it was "the official organ of The Wireless Institute of Australia."

At the September '29 Federal Convention of the revitalised WIA, held in Brisbane, it was suggested that CQ should become the official organ of the WIA, with Leo Feenaghty being offered the job of editor. For various reasons this did not come about and CQ ceased publication sometime after the December 1929 issue, whilst QTC continued as the official organ of the WIA.

From the issue of December 1930, (Vol.4 No.42), QTC was sub-titled "The Proceedings of the Wireless Institute of Australia." QTC continued till November 1931, (Vol.5 No.53), when Leo closed it down in favour of "Television and Radio Review", (see entry) following the decision of the 8th Federal Convention to make that magazine the official WIA publication. QTC was resurrected some time later (about 1955) as the newsletter of the WIA, Queensland Division and continues to this day.

RADIO and HOBBIES IN AUSTRALIA.
RADIO & HOBBIES, as it was more commonly called, started in April 1939 (Vol.1 No.1) following a decision by Associated Newspapers to change WIRELESS WEEKLY from a magazine into a tabloid containing radio programs and fiction stories and continue the technical side in this new monthly magazine. RADIO & HOBBIES was, as the name suggests, a technical magazine slanted towards hobbyists. The editor was A.G. Hull who had previously been the technical editor of WIRELESS WEEKLY, whilst the technical editor was John Moyle, VK2JU who had worked in the Wireless Weekly radio section. When Hull left in 1940 Moyle took over as editor and also served in the RAAF Publications Dept. during World War 2, writing technical manuals. From February 1955 RADIO & HOBBIES changed its name to RADIO, TELEVISION & HOBBIES and then from April 1965 to 1990 it was ELECTRONICS AUSTRALIA, although in August 1984 the title was made lower case, ie Electronics Australia. Following a period of instability in the electronics publishing industry which saw the rise and fall of several magazines and their editors, Federal Publishing took over the rival magazine Electronics Today International in 1984. That magazine had commenced in 1970. After 6 years running concurrently with Electronics Australia it was absorbed in the latter so that from Vol.52 No.6 June 1990 to the present the name is Electronics Australia with ETI. Interestingly the current publishers have recently taken to claiming that Electronics Australia was established in 1922, relying on its heritage from Wireless Weekly. Wireless Weekly was indeed established in August 1922 but continued well after the date of commencement of RADIO & HOBBIES, which I consider to be an entirely new and separate publication, albeit from the same publisher, so the claim is perhaps "creative" editorial thinking.

RADIO AND HOME.
Published by Peterson's Printing Press, Perth with the first issue on 1/11/1933 comprising 32 pages in A4 size. There were only 7 issues before it was absorbed in February 1934 into "Western Australian Gardener" by the same publisher. However, there is no trace of any radio aspects in the latter publication.

RADIO BROADCAST.
See EXPERIMENTAL RADIO AND BROADCAST NEWS.

RADIO BROADCAST BUREAU BULLETIN.
Published in Sydney from 1925, by the Electrical and Radio Association of NSW, it later became the ERDA magazine sometime after 1928. See entry for ERDA. From 1926 the Association took over the annual Radio and Electrical Exhibition held at Sydney Town Hall. In 1928 the Radio Broadcast Bureau Bulletin included the Radio & Electrical Exhibition Handbook and Catalogue for the exhibition.

RADIO BROADCAST EQUIPMENT IN NSW.
Sub-titled "- Progress since 1929" this roneoed paper was written by H. Weir and published by the Engineering Lecture Society of the Postal Institute of NSW. It is a transcript of a lecture describing the obsolete transmitting equipment at 2BL, Sydney, a comparison with newer equipment at 2NC, Newcastle, and then the latest transmitter at 2CO, Albury. It contains good technical descriptions and several photographs.

RADIO CALL.
RADIO CALL was a long running South Australian tabloid weekly equivalent to the NSW published Wireless Weekly, with programs and personalities and a little technical information. It was printed by News Ltd. and sold for 2d. It commenced on 15/7/37 and ran till April 1943, then the name was changed to SOUTH AUSTRALIAN RADIO CALL from the issue of 5/5/43. Subsequently, on 31/7/47 it changed back to RADIO CALL for a further 5 years, then on 10/9/52 it became RADIO CALL with HOME & SPORT MAGAZINE. It was RADIO CALL HOME AND SPORT from 5/8/53 till 9/2/55 then back to RADIO CALL until 19/6/1957. On 26/6/57 it became MIDWEEK & RADIO CALL till its demise on 4/9/57.

RADIO DIAGRAM & INTERMEDIATE FREQUENCY INDEX.
The first edition was printed in 1940 for 2/6, and edited by O.F. Mingay and a Mr. Edwards. It provided an index to finding the circuit diagrams of radio receivers that had been published in other Mingay magazines and the AORSM books (see entry for AUSTRALIAN OFFICIAL RADIO SERVICE MANUAL) for the period 1933 to 1939. A second edition was published in 1941 and following the end of World War 2 a 3rd edition was produced in 1947 which deleted some of the early listings but included sets up to 1945. The 1947 edition cost 5/- and provided data on the I.F.'s (Intermediate Frequencies) of some 2,600 wireless sets going back to 1936, as well as a comprehensive index of manufacturers' models and where to find the circuit diagram for each set in the AUSTRALIAN OFFICIAL RADIO SERVICE MANUALS.

R AND E DIGEST OF CIRCUITS.
RADIO and ELECTRONICS, a New Zealand magazine, organised the Australian edition of "R & E Digest of Circuits" in 1950, a compilation of circuits from RADIO and ELECTRONICS which were first published in NZ in 1949. "R & E Digest of Circuits No.3" appeared in 1954, printed in NZ. See AUSTRALASIAN RADIO WORLD.

RADIO AND ELECTRICAL EXHIBITION HANDBOOK.
The first wireless exhibition in Sydney was organised by the Wireless Institute in 1923 at the Sydney Town Hall. From 1926 the exhibitions were organised by a committee of wireless and electrical dealers and manufacturers belonging to the Electrical and Radio Development Association of NSW. These A5 size booklets costing 6d for around 128 pages are the catalogues for those public events.

They contain interesting information and photos of domestic radio and electrical appliances. The 1928 handbook says it was "incorporated in the Radio Broadcast Bureau Bulletin" which later became ERDA magazine.

RADIO COMPONENTS.
Was published by the Manufacturer's Federation as a Technical Bulletin commencing in 1946. It was changed to RADIO AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS and continued till Vol. 10 in January 1950.

RADIO DEALER.
Probably only one or two issues printed commencing in about August 1930. See RADIO RETAILER OF AUSTRALIA for an explanation.

RADIO EXPERIMENTER.
Commencing in December 1923, this magazine claimed to be the Official Organ of the Wireless Institute of Australia from its first issue, but that title was unofficial. The RADIO EXPERIMENTER appears to have been started at the instigation of the WIA Victorian Division and was edited by Howard Kingsley Love who was the President of the division at the time. A clue is given in the September 1923 issue of AUSTRALASIAN ELECTRICAL TIMES, which reported that "The Victorian Division of the WIA has decided to publish a quarterly report of proceedings". Instead, an arrangement was made with Magazines Ltd., a subsidiary of the Standard Publishing Co., to produce a monthly journal to serve the interests of the wireless experimenter. In June 1924 the title was changed to RADIO EXPERIMENTER AND BROADCASTER with an emphasis on commercial wireless and retailers and it ceased to be the WIA journal when the Victorian WIA terminated its association with this magazine in order to start its own journal. It continued under this title till the last issue, in June 1925, Vol.2 No.7. Then it seems that in August 1925 the Radio Experimenter and Broadcaster was absorbed into the WIA's Experimental Radio and Broadcast News magazine. See EXPERIMENTAL RADIO and BROADCAST NEWS for further details.

THE RADIOGRAM.
A monthly staff magazine published by AWA, the first issue was in November 1929, featuring a plain grey cover. From December the cover was blue and the size increased to about A5. The magazine included personal anecdotes and features on AWA developments such as the special 64 page issue of Vol.2, No.5, April 1931, to commemorate the opening of the new Ashfield factory. It appeared to be produced by the Sales Department and consequently one or two issues were missed during heavy sales campaigns, as explained by the editor. It is unclear how long the publication lasted but copies exist up to Vol.3, No.10, of December 1934, now in A4 size.

RADIOGRAM PICTORIAL.
By Radiogram Pty. Ltd. Melbourne. This was a Sunday weekly tabloid circa 1936. See also the similar publication RADIO-PROGRAM PICTORIAL.

RADIO IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.
RADIO IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND - or often simply RADIO, as printed on the inside pages and identified as such in the press, commenced on 4/4/1923 and was a fortnightly publication, incorporating SEA LAND AND AIR. It was still published by Wireless Press (AWA) but printed by Wireless Newspapers. It cost 6d, for 24 pages but later expanded to 48 pages. The editor was still S. E. Tatham (2ST), with N. H. Thompson as associate editor. RADIO IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND remained the official publication of the WIA till October 1923 and thereafter a regular amateur column by Chas. Maclurcan, 2CM, appeared in each issue instead of news from the WIA.

In early 1925 Tatham left to concentrate on his own business as a wireless manufacturers' representative and Thompson became editor. However, in September 1925 the magazine ownership was transferred to Wireless Newspapers and was printed by Publicity Press Ltd., with a new editor who was also an amateur licensee, Arthur W. Watt, 2WW. Watt later became editor of WIRELESS WEEKLY too. He was joined by C. W. Slade, 2SX, as technical editor. (Call signs at this time should be pre-fixed by A, as in A-2SX, but this convention was often disregarded in the magazines).

RADIO contained technical projects and articles and a complete amateur section of several pages. Under the influence of Watt, it featured a high amateur content, much like the current Amateur Radio magazine in concept.

RADIO changed to a monthly after the 13/4/1927, (Vol.4 No.106) issue. The first issue of the new series monthly was 15/5/1927, (Vol.I No.1). It had 80 pages and cost 1/- and featured a new style and front cover to go with the changes.

In late 1928 Watt resigned as editor of both RADIO and WIRELESS WEEKLY. G.V. Blunden became editor and a well known amateur, Don Knock, OA-2NO, became the technical editor.

The last issue of the magazine was on 15/12/1928, (Vol.2 No.8). It was subsequently incorporated in WIRELESS WEEKLY.

RADIO JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA.
G. A. Taylor, who was a leader in early wireless organisations, was the editor of this short-lived weekly magazine which commenced in November 1927. It had an imposing four colour cover and cost 3d for 64 pages, later expanded to 68 pages and had the imposing sub-title of "Official Journal of the Association for Developing Wireless in Australia, Wireless Institute of Australia NSW Division, Listeners' League (NSW) and Others." The WIA NSW Division had appointed the magazine as its official journal in early November, prior to the first issue.

As mentioned, Taylor was very active in wireless matters and was the president of the Association for Developing Wireless in Australia. This organisation was a lobby group to promote broadcast wireless for listeners and to give support to manufacturers fighting against AWA's monopoly and so the Journal was the magazine of the association. It contained weekly radio programs and news of the WIA NSW Division and also news from listeners' and amateur clubs. It was easy to be expansive in those days and the Association often listed itself as "Developing Wireless in Australia, New Zealand and Fiji". The secretary was Norman B. Ridge of later publishing fame (Ridges Magazine).

The magazine's first issue was on 23/11/1927 and it ceased publication with the 28/3/1928 issue because Taylor drowned in his bath during an epileptic fit on 10/1/1928 and although his wife continued to publish a number of civil engineering magazines for many years, she had little knowledge of radio and could not carry the added load.

(Taylor was a well known civil engineer and town planner and had many other interests such as flying, poetry, painting & publishing. He and his equally prominent wife have personal and biographical data, paintings etc located in the Mitchell Library and there is a plaque at Narrabeen commemorating his pioneer gliding successes off the Narrabeen sandhills).

RADIO MONTHLY.
RADIO MONTHLY, not to be confused with Popular Radio Monthly, began on 15/12/1931, with A.W. Watt (of Wireless Weekly and Radio in Australia and New Zealand fame) as its Managing Editor. Don Knock was the Technical Editor and J.B. Martin was the Associate Technical Editor. At a price of 1/-, it comprised 68 pages of technical articles for domestic and amateur builders and included columns for both the "Association of Radio Amateurs of NSW" and the WIA. It was a substantial production with glossy paper, of about A4 page size.

It was initially published by Federal Publications, Sydney, which later changed it's name to Federal Journals. The magazine was the usual mixture of technical articles for wireless builders and listeners, with amateur columns provided by various correspondents.

From February 1932, RADIO MONTHLY became the official organ of the Wireless Institute of Australia, following the demise of Television and Radio Review. In mid 1932, Don Knock resigned as Technical Editor to join Australian Radio News, published by The Bulletin. Mr. A. Alexander, a radio engineer, became the Technical Editor in September, '32. Also from that time, Vol.1 No.10, less glossy paper was substituted.

Vol.1 No.12 was issued on 25th of November and combined the November and December 1932 issues. It also signalled a new cover design, new owners, new amateur correspondents and a reduction to 56 pages. Future issues were published on the first of the month. The new publisher was Briton Publications in Sydney who continued to Vol.2 No.10 (Dec. '33) when Amateur Radio and Broadcast Monthly Pty. Ltd. still in Sydney, became the publisher. The price was then reduced to 6d and it included more amateur information but the last known issue is Vol.2 No.15 of 25/5/1934, although there is a possibility it did continue into 1935. See also AMATEUR RADIO and BROADCAST MONTHLY which commenced in November 1933.

RADIO PICTORIAL OF AUSTRALIA.
A substantial weekly magazine of 48 pages and A4 size, costing 6d and published in Sydney, it commenced in July 1935. W.J. Martin, who had previously edited the AWA Radiogram and AWA's Ocean News, was the publisher with Lew Parks as editor. The contents were almost exclusively news and photos of radio personalities and management but the early issues have some historical anecdotes and a little technical data. It later became a monthly, sub-titled "A Monthly Magazine for Broadcast Listeners" which accurately sums up the content. It did not include an index for a number of issues which makes searching for information a little difficult. The magazine went through several cover variations and reduced in size but persisted till February 1952 by which time it was 36 pages costing 1/-. The National Sound and Film Archives has copies but they are apparently not yet catalogued and are not open for viewing (1994 information).

RADIO PROGRAM PERIODICAL.
There seems to be a multitude of magazines with very similar names! This one was published by Radio Programs Ltd of Perth, W.A. It commenced on the first of September 1932 and was published fortnightly as a 6 page leaflet which was "printed and constructed to harmonize with the modern radio cabinet" and intended to fit into a timber frame to stand next to the radio because it says that "Complete with its walnut frame, it is an essential requisite to the word radio"! No price is shown on the cover.

RADIO PROGRAMS.
As the name suggests, this was a weekly publication on radio programs, published by Popular Hobbies in Melbourne. It commenced on 23/6/1927 and cost 1d. Later the name was changed to RADIO-PROGRAM PICTORIAL. See also the similar Radiogram Pictorial.

RADIO REALM.
Radio Realm was first issued in June, 1934 at 6d per monthly issue. The editor was Douglas Linnett with P. Boulton as the Associate Editor and the 40 page magazine was printed in Sydney. Only one copy has been seen, so the longevity of the publication is unknown.

RADIO RECEIVER TRADE-IN ALLOWANCE HANDBOOK.
Published in January, 1939 at 6d, it included trade-in price details for all Australian wireless receivers since 1933. I am unsure if there were editions pre 1939. The 1940 edition was called the RADIO RECEIVER OFFICIAL TRADE-IN HANDBOOK, costing 1/-. They were published by O.F. Mingay. See also TRADE-IN HANDBOOK.

RADIO RESEARCH BOARD.
The Radio Research Board, or RRB, was set up in 1927 by the Government to carry out research into radio propagation etc, following problems experienced by the commercial broadcasting stations when they came on air from 1924 onwards. The RRB consisted of the Universities of Sydney and Melbourne, the PMG and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, or CSIR. Report No. 1 was issued in 1931 with others following at irregular times over subsequent years till 1960.

RADIO RETAILER OF AUSTRALIA.
Oswald Francis ("Ozzie") Mingay was a prolific publisher of magazines and books for the electrical trade and this was one of his many endeavours. Mingay started in the Post Office and served with distinction in Army Signals during World War 1. He returned to a career in wireless and later had the idea for a radio trade paper. He approached the Daily Telegraph which agreed to employ him as the editor of a new magazine, RADIO RETAILER OF AUSTRALIA. It commenced in March, 1930 but by September Mingay was forced to resign after offending the Electrical and Radio Development Association (ERDA). He started his own publication, RADIO DEALER, taking most of the advertisers with him. The Telegraph capitulated and sold the struggling RADIO RETAILER to Mingay for £25 and it ran under that title till November 1933 after which it became RADIO AND ELECTRICAL MERCHANT. That lasted to September 1935 and then it changed back to RADIO RETAILER OF AUSTRALIA. From December 1, 1933 through to May 1939 the magazine was a weekly, costing 6d and incorporated both Electrical News and Radio Review. RADIO RETAILER as it was commonly known, was strictly for the radio and electrical trade, but contains items of interest for any vintage wireless collector. The magazine ran to 18/11/1938, then on 25/11/1938 the name changed once more to RADIO & ELECTRICAL RETAILER, still as a weekly until June 1939 when it became a fortnightly which persisted till 16/4/1947. From May 1947 it changed back again to RADIO ELECTRICAL WEEKLY series 2 and was published into the 1950's. It became ELECTRICAL WEEKLY, followed by MINGAY'S WEEKLY, MINGAY'S ELECTRICAL WEEKLY, and MINGAY'S ELECTRICAL RETAIL WEEKLY. Still later it was renamed MINGAY'S RETAILER AND MERCHANDISER. With the issue of October 1993, Vol.93 No.10 the name was altered to MRM - Mingay's Retailer and Merchandiser and it continues today, published now by the Thomson Publishing company. It is still known fondly as just "Mingay's". At various times the publication was monthly, irregular, weekly and fortnightly!

Radio Retailer also issued several annual booklets of 60-80 pages for 1/- each, such as the "Christmas Supplement 1936" and "Radio Sales Booster" in November 1937. These gave helpful hints for retailers to increase their sales.

See Vol.94 No.5, May 1994, of MRM for a brief biography of O.F. Mingay.

THE RADIO REVIEW OF AUSTRALIA.
As previously mentioned, Oswald F. Mingay was an early amateur (callsign 2XX) and one of the leaders in development of radio in Australia through to World War 2.

This was one of his many ventures in publishing and had "the aim of presenting a record of radio engineering in Australia". The first issue was on 17/4/1931, with 50 small pages for 1/- and was published by Mingay on behalf of Australian Radio Publications in Sydney. At the time Mingay was secretary of the NSW WIA and whilst supporting the WIA, it appears the magazine was privately owned by Mingay.

It listed as part of its contents "Proceedings of the Wireless Institute of Australia". Perhaps someone objected to the scope of the claim to represent the WIA Australia wide, as the July '31 issue only asserted to present the proceedings of the WIA (NSW Division). It should be remembered that people such as Ernest Fisk, Managing Director of AWA, Mingay and Renshaw (a prominent amateur and consulting wireless engineer) looked on the WIA in the light that we see the IREE today, ie. a professional engineer's body. Therefore this magazine contained highly technical detail of commercial wireless equipment and installations very similar to the approach of the later proceedings of the I.R.E. and in the early issues it printed the examination questions for the Wireless Institute (NSW Division) Trade Certificate Examinations for 1st and 2nd Class Certificates.

With the October '31 issue the name was changed to TELEVISION AND RADIO REVIEW and the price reduced to 9d, although the number of pages dropped to 34, with 8 pages devoted to the amateurs. At the 8th Federal Convention of the WIA, held in Sydney during October, 1931, it was finally agreed that this magazine would be the official organ of the Wireless Institute throughout Australia.

In the period from July 1927, the typed and roneoed 12 page leaflet QTC, edited by Major Leo J. Feenaghty, 4LJ, had been the Queensland amateur journal and then from July 1929 it was the Official Organ of the WIA. The 8th Federal Convention considered that the appearance and scope of the Institute's journal should be improved and Mingay offered to include QTC as a supplement in his magazine and to change the name to TELEVISION AND RADIO REVIEW AND QTC, with the hope that Major Feenaghty would continue to edit the QTC portion. Feenaghty declined and suggested that from 1/12/1931, QTC would cease and all subscriptions be transferred to the TELEVISION AND RADIO REVIEW.

With another change of name, TELEVISION AND RADIO REVIEW of AUSTRALIA of December '31, Vol.1 No.8, now proclaimed that it was the "Official Organ of the Wireless Institute of Australia", with Mingay as Managing Editor and R. Chilton 2RC as his Assistant Editor. Each issue contained about one page of WIA news from each Division. However in 1932, the committee of the WIA (NSW), through the magazine, started moves to make the WIA a professionals only organisation within the I.R.E.. When the I.R.E. absorbed (or high-jacked!) the WIA (NSW Division) aggrieved amateurs who were no longer acceptable to the "professional" I.R.E. quickly formed the Association of Radio Amateurs (NSW), which established close links with the surviving WIA Divisions in other states and eventually in 1937 was able to retrieve the registered name of the WIA (NSW). Further information from a different viewpoint is presented in Amateur Radio, January '85, pp. 6-9.

Relations between the WIA in other states and Mingay were distinctly cool and there were strong objections to his continued publication of the official organ of the WIA. That was neatly solved by Mingay ceasing publication of TELEVISION AND RADIO REVIEW after the January '32 issue, Vol.1 No.9. It had been the official WIA journal for only 2 issues!

In February 1932 RADIO MONTHLY took up the status of the "Official Organ of the Wireless Institute of Australia".

In January 1933, Mingay started a new magazine called (would you believe) THE RADIO REVIEW OF AUSTRALIA.

THE RADIO REVIEW OF AUSTRALIA 2nd series.
Mingay re-started this magazine in January 1933 after an absence of 12 months (see entry on THE RADIO REVIEW OF AUSTRALIA) and called it Vol.2 No.1. It carried the sub-title of "A monthly technical review incorporating the proceedings of the Institution of Radio Engineers, Australia". From January '34 to January '37 it incorporated the proceedings of the IRE and the contents and style became the model for the current Proceedings of the IRE (later the IREE). It continued to June 1938, although the proceedings of the IRE were published separately by Mingay from January 1937. The RADIO REVIEW OF AUSTRALIA was then incorporated in RADIO RETAILER OF AUSTRALIA after the issue of June 1938 (Vol.6 No.6) with Mingay's explanation that whilst the Review was a publication for technical research, the most pressing need was for circuit information etc. for the serviceman and technician.

RADIO SCIENCE.
The first issue was Vol.1 No.1 of February 1948 at 1/- and this magazine from Radio and Science Publications in Sydney ran till 1949. The editor was C.E. Birchmeier (AMIRE, USA) and the appearance and philosophy of the publication was very similar to its competitor Radio and Hobbies. It commenced as a quarto size but Vol.2 No.1 (1/49) was slightly smaller in size and by Vol.2 No.8 the size had been reduced again and it was down to 40 pages instead of 50. The last issue was Vol.2 No.9 for Sept/October 1949.

RADIO SIR! 1930-31.
Published by Philips, this was a small book of 74 pages, costing 6d and included electronic theory as well as descriptions for building several domestic and short wave receivers, including the popular 5 valve PCJ5 shortwave receiver. PCJ was the big Dutch shortwave transmitting station. It was published by Publicity Press.

RADIO TECHNICIAN.
RADIO TECHNICIAN started as a 16 page monthly supplement in the Mingay publication, Radio and Electrical Retailer, on 27/1/1939 and later became a separate publication costing 5/- p.a. It was meant as a reference to radio circuits and troubleshooting and incorporated many of the features from Radio Review, which had ceased some time previously. The radio data was then incorporated within Radio Retailer but there seemed to be a need for a separate specialised publication of servicing information, so Radio Technician was born. See entry for Radio Retailer of Australia.

RADIO TECHNICIANS' HANDBOOK.
In 1940 this annual, another Mingay publication, took the place of the RADIO TRADE ANNUAL & SERVICE MANUAL. As both Ossie Mingay and his son Colin joined the war effort I suspect that, like several other Mingay publications, it did not continue past 1940.

RADIO TIMES.
Subtitled "Programs Illustrated" and incorporating the WIRELESS DAILY, this appears to be a weekly newspaper containing Sydney radio programs and some technical information. It included adverts from local wireless manufacturers. It claimed to be the "original broadcast programme paper in the Commonwealth". The only copy seen is Vol.2 No.39 of 15/5/1925.

RADIO TRADER.
A monthly magazine costing 6d from Pickwick Publishers Pty. Ltd. in Melbourne, it covered general wireless trade and service matters. Circa 1938. Note that there was a short-lived Mingay publication of the same name in late 1930.

RADIO TRADE ANNUAL OF AUSTRALIA.
First produced in 1933, it was known both as the RADIO TRADE ANNUAL OF AUSTRALIA or RADIO TRADE ANNUAL & DIRECTORY OF AUSTRALIA, it was complied by the staff of Radio Retailer of Australia, a Mingay publication, and was a substantial hard cover book of 308 pages. The 1935 edition of 300 pages was free with a subscription to Broadcasting Business or Radio Retailer (15/- p.a.), or cost 5/- (later 10/-) as a separate item. In 1938 it became RADIO TRADE ANNUAL & SERVICE MANUAL by including 220 pages of service data. The annuals contain technical articles, population and licence statistics and short biographies of radio trade personalities as well as manufacturing company details. In 1939 the manual was split back into two books, the RADIO TRADE ANNUAL and the RADIO TECHNICIANS' HANDBOOK. Subscribers to the Radio Retailer had a choice of which book to include with their subscription or could buy either one for 10/-. See also RADIO TECHNICIANS' HANDBOOK and BROADCAST BUSINESS YEAR BOOK.

RADIOTRON DESIGNER'S HANDBOOK.
The first edition was a small soft cover booklet of 40 pages published in 1934 and costing 1/-, written by Fritz Langford-Smith of AWA. It was printed for the Australasian Wireless Valve Co. (AWV) by Wireless Press, the AWA printing house. In 1935 a new edition was printed with 58 pages. The next edition in 1940 consisted of 352 pages and became a worldwide best seller, with over 280,000 copies and reprinted over numerous impressions to at least 1943 with one impression translated into Polish. The first impression of the 3rd edition had a soft cover but some later print runs had a hard cover. I know of at least 8 Australian impressions. The 4th edition was produced in 1952 and was reprinted in USA for RCA with the RCA logo on the hard cover, as well as translations into Japanese and Spanish. It was printed for the UK market by Iliffe Publishing (who published Wireless World). The 4th edition grew to around 1500 pages and it is estimated that around 500,000 were printed, worldwide. There were at least 6 impressions of the 4th edition up to 1963.

AWV also printed a 24 page "4th Edition, Addenda, 1953" to the 1st impression, and the information was incorporated in the revised 2nd impression. There was then a 28 page "4th Edition, Enlarged Supplement, 1954" with addenda and corrections to the 3rd impression. There may have been further addenda and correction booklets for later impressions but I have not found such records.

RADIOTRON TRADE ANNUAL.
This is in fact the RADIO TRADE ANNUAL & SERVICE MANUAL from Mingay Publishing (see above), but because AWA advertised its trade mark "Radiotron" on the spine of the annual, it is often mistakenly identified and catalogued in libraries as the Radiotron Trade Annual.

RADIOTRONICS.
Whilst not strictly a periodical, this publication was widely circulated over a long period so is included here. The Amalgamated Wireless Valve Co. (AWV) which was associated with Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) (AWA) and was a licensee of RCA (USA), produced these technical bulletins describing both imported RCA and locally made AWV valves along with typical radio circuits using them. Radiotronics was published by the AWA publishing house Wireless Press and was initially 2/- per year to interested persons such as radio manufacturers and servicemen. Although ostensibly issued monthly commencing in 1935, the early 8 to 10 page leaflets seemed to be produced at irregular intervals. It was later issued bi-monthly and numbered consecutively up to issue 146 in December 1950. It was then published as a monthly commencing with Volume 16 in January 1951 with better paper and covers at 1/- ea. or 20/- p.a. including postage. In 1965 it reverted to a quarterly at $0.50 per copy and seems to have been published till Vol.34 No.4 of December, 1969.

                                        Pre- 1946 uncertain
                                        1946                No. 117 - 122
                                        1947                No. 123 - 128
                                        1948                No. 129 - 134
                                        1949                No. 135 - 140
                                        1950                No. 141 - 146
                                        1951                Volume 16 No.1 to 12 (12 issues p.a.)
                                        1952                Volume 17
                                        and continuing till Volume 1965, Volume 30 when it became a quarterly.

RADIOVISION.
Published monthly for 6d a copy by Television and Radio Laboratories (T.R.L.) and edited by Donald MacDonald who was the chief engineer for station 3LO. The first issue was September 1928 and it continued till October 1929. It was funded by MacDonald till Vol.1, No.6 when a couple of small advertisements were carried. It included details of a wireless fax machine to be made and sold by the Laboratory and early TV developments but it seems the public was not yet interested in this technology.

R.E.R.A.
Official monthly journal of the Radio and Electrical Retailers Associations (R.E.R.A.) of NSW, Victoria and South Australia. Later Queensland joined the group. It commenced in September 1950 with monthly issues. The price was 10/- p.a. or 1/- per copy and it comprised around 32 pages in A5 sizeand was published in Sydney by the NSW branch. It included state news, product lists and information of interest to radio and electrical retailers such as the need to fix prices amongst themselves! By December 1953 It had become an A4 publication but of only 16 pages, still for 1/- per copy.

A REVIEW OF RADIO.
Sub-titled "Where Australia Stands" this is a 40 page re-print of an address given by G.A. Taylor on 25/1/1927 to the Association for Developing Wireless in Australia, New Zealand and Fiji. Taylor was the founder and President of the association, which was a lobby group for advancing broadcast radio. See RADIO JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA for more information.

SCOTTS WIRELESS HANDBOOK-1923.
Although this was a New Zealand publication, it contained details of NSW amateurs and data pertinent to both NZ and Australian commercial stations. It was published as a small booklet by Thornton Scott in 1923, and expanded in later years as SCOTTS RADIO HANDBOOK, although apparently not printed in consecutive years. The Mitchell Library has only the 1923, 1924 and the 1931 (6th) editions.

SEA LAND AND AIR.
This monthly magazine started earlier and survived longer than most, although it did go through name and ownership changes. The first issue was on 15/3/1918, with 72 pages for 9d. Note that in both the book Halcyon Days and the article by Chris Long in Amateur Radio of December 1985 the commencing date is incorrect. The cover announced that it would be "Describing the Working and Progress of the Navies, Mercantile Marine, Wireless Telegraphy, Wireless Telephony on Land and Sea and Aviation throughout the World and particularly in Australasia."

SEA LAND AND AIR was published by the Wireless Press which was owned by AWA. As a consequence Marconi and AWA radio developments featured heavily. E.T. Fisk, the Managing Director of AWA, was also the President of the Wireless Institute of NSW and both he and this magazine had a strong influence on the WIA and the re-commencement of amateur activities after World War 1.

At the suggestion of Fisk it was decided to "link up all the experimental associations throughout the Commonwealth with the object of forming an all-Australian Association....". No doubt it was Fisk's influence that saw SEA LAND AND AIR chosen as the "Official Journal of the Wireless Institute of NSW" in March 1919 and then it became the official journal of the Victorian Wireless Institute from the issue of June, 1919, (Vol.2 No.15).

Notice that whilst the magazine started a new volume after each 12 issues, the issue number was consecutive from No.1 onwards. There was no issue for October 18, 1918 so that the issues from November, 1918 on could be issued on the first of each month. From July 1919 the number of pages was increased to 80.

The Wireless Institute of South Australia was formed in September, 1919, and adopted SEA LAND AND AIR magazine as its journal.

In November, 1919, the Wireless Institute of Australia, W.A. Section was set up and chose SEA LAND AND AIR as its journal. SEA LAND AND AIR spread its influence further by becoming the official organ of the Wireless Society of New Zealand with the December 1919 issue. The Wireless Institute of Queensland had formed in March 1919 and later adopted SEA LAND AND AIR as its magazine too, so it had now become the "Official Journal of the Wireless Institute of Australia", a title that it held till October 1923.

Early in 1922 an amateur operator, S. Tatham (2ST), became the editor. SEA LAND AND AIR ceased by that name after the March, 1923 issue (Vol.6 No.60), but a new magazine, RADIO IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND took its place on 4/4/23.

SHORT WAVE HANDBOOK.
Published by MODERN SETS, Melbourne, in 1934 and consisting of 100 pages for 1/-, this booklet contained radio projects, shortwave station lists and call signs.

SHORT WAVE RADIO NEWS.
Believed to have been published in Melbourne during 1936, from Vol.1 No.1 to Vol.1 No.6 only.

A SIMPLE OUTLINE OF RADIO FOR BEGINNERS.
This is a 32 page, A5 size booklet costing 1/-. Although no publisher is given, it was probably produced by Levenson's Pty. Ltd. in Sydney because the only advertising, on front and back covers, is for that firm's products. It is probably circa late 1920's or early 1930's.

SOUTH AUSTRALIA WIRELESS & RADIO MAGAZINE.
This very impressive magazine was similar to the NSW Wireless Weekly, was of quarto size and commenced with about 32 pages and grew to be 52 pages by 1926. It cost 3d per week and was published by the Mail Newspapers group. The first issue was on 1/4/1924, as a monthly titled SOUTH AUSTRALIA WIRELESS (MONTHLY) & RADIO MAGAZINE. The word "(Monthly)" was dropped in subsequent issues. Following the demise of the official Wireless Institute publication, this magazine was the "official organ of the WIA, S.A. Division". From 1/1/1925 it became a weekly called SOUTH AUSTRALIA WIRELESS & RADIO WEEKLY and flourished for several years. The magazine contained a fair amount of WIA news as well as detail of general radio broadcasting and programs. The last issue was on 12/1/27, (Vol.3 No.114). Thereafter it was incorporated in MODERN RADIO & ELECTRONICS which commenced on 19/1/1927 with a new series but only continued till Vol.2 No.63 of 4/4/1928. The new publication was intended to cover the electrical transmission field as well as radio.

THE STORY OF COMMONWEALTH WIRELESS.
Published in 1936 as No.6 in a series of "The Commonwealth Stories", this is a 24 page booklet by D.J. Amos and E.J. McAlister of Adelaide. (the other stories are about the Commonwealth Bank, Ships, Railways, Woollen Mills and Oil Refineries). The booklet is an incredible publication for the reason that it twists the truth and even the obvious lies to suit the authors' position! They defame just about every Australian and English politician, company and private individual involved with wireless and it is not till you reach the last paragraph that the authors reveal that they support the "Social Credit Proposals of Major Douglas" which include " .... forcing all private businesses and monopolies to grant decent remuneration and working conditions to their servants." It appears the authors were Socialist or Communist Anarchists determined to undermine the government and capitalist structure. The sad part about this trashy booklet is that others, including some well respected historians, have taken this diatribe as fact, to support their own opinions and have therefore perpetrated a distorted view of the development of wireless in Australia. The one saving grace of the publication is that it references a number of wireless matters in Hansard, Government papers and the newspapers which are useful for information. However, researchers should read each reference that is given to form their own judgement of the facts, as you simply cannot accept the "facts", conclusions or arguments provided by these authors. (The other stories in the series are just as bad!)

SYDNEY EVENING NEWS WIRELESS HANDBOOK.
See EVENING NEWS WIRELESS HANDBOOK.

TECHNICAL TOPICS RADIO HANDBOOK.
Yet another Mingay publication, this book of 282 pages published in 1947 collates the "Technical Topics" that had appeared in the Radio Electrical Weekly over the previous 12 months. It cost 7/6 and included technical data as well as solutions to typical servicing problems encountered by radio servicemen. The second edition with all new topics cost 15/- and was published in ??

T9.
Very few magazines of the early radio clubs have survived the years, but there are several copies of T9 known. It was the Official Journal of the Waverly Radio club which had been formed on 27/1/1919 as the Waverly Amateur Wireless Club, with 5 members. They produced a monthly journal for about 18 months. In 1934 the magazine was recommenced, in A5 size and roneoed and stapled format. The Waverly Club continues today and is one of the longest surviving amateur radio clubs in Australia. (The current spelling is Waverley).

THE TELECOMMUNICATION JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA.
The Telegraph Electrical Society was formed in Melbourne in August 1874 by a group of officers of the Post & Telegraph Department. It published "Transactions" till about 1881, and at some stage the booklet was renamed the "Journal" of the society. By 1932 the Society had been re-constituted as the Postal Electrical Society of Victoria, and in June 1935 it published the first issue of the TELECOMMUNICATION JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA. It was issued free to members and sold to others at 2/- per copy or 4/- per year for 3 issues. Between '35-'37 there were 2 issues per year and thereafter 3 per year. It grew to be a substantial magazine of up to 48 pages, mostly of telephone electrical interest but included technical articles on radio equipment installed by the PMG at the National Broadcasting Stations. It was printed by Ruskin Press which also printed the Australian Postal Electricians' Union Journal. The Society is now the Telecommunications Society of Australia.

TELERADIO.
Comprising 90 pages in A4 size for 3d per issue, this publication was sub-titled "A Weekly Wireless Journal", and published by the Telegraph Newspaper Co., Brisbane. It commenced in May 1933 and continued to at least March 1942. It included WIA news, technical articles and programs for all radio stations throughout Australia.

TELEVIEW.
Published quarterly by Video Publications of Melbourne at a price of 8/- for 4 issues. Claimed to be Australia's first magazine completely devoted to television. Known only by a magazine advertisement in August 1951.

TRADE-IN HANDBOOK.
Published by O.F. Mingay as the Radio Receiver Trade-In Allowance Hand Book in 1939, then as the Radio Receiver Official Trade-In Handbook in 1940, followed by the Trade-In Allowance Handbook 1941, and listing wireless sets from 1933 to 1940, this trade publication was recommenced after World War 2 when Mingay and his son and assistant, Colin, returned to civilian life.

On the cover of the first post war edition is printed "Official Radio Trade-In Handbook 1947" and it is claimed to be approved by all Australian radio associations as a guide to the present day value of all broadcast receivers from 1936 to 1947. It cost 5/- and was published by the Mingay Publishing Co. The NSW State Library holds the 1951, 1953/54, 1954 and 1958 to 1963 editions but it is unclear if it was printed each year. The 1951 and 53/54 editions are titled "Official Radio Trade-in Handbook" whilst the 1954 and 1956 books are "Mingay's Official Trade-in Handbook" and the 1958 to 1963 versions are just "Official Trade-in Handbook".

THE TRANSMITTER.
THE TRANSMITTER commenced on June 14, 1890 as the journal of the Electric Telegraph Society, a union of post office telegraphists with about 820 members. It was printed as a monthly in Sydney and consisted of 8 pages costing 3d per issue. It grew to 10-12 pages with a stiff green cover. In 1895 the name of the union became the NSW Postal and Electric Telegraph Society and still later it was the Australian Commonwealth Post & Telegraph Officers' Association. Whilst the magazine dealt with employment matters and the wire telegraph in its early years, in June 1898 it reprinted a news item from the Herald newspaper telling of Marconi's experiments and from then on other wireless oriented articles appeared. For instance, in 1901 it detailed experiments in 1899-1900 by H.W. Jenvey, the Telegraph Engineer and Chief Electrician of the Victoria Postal Service. From Vol.11, No.1 of May 1901 the magazine, which had grown to 24 pages, became a tabloid and included an interesting variety of advertisements for products ranging from telegraph keys to elixirs guarantying long life and outstanding virility! The last copy seen is Vol.18 No.3 of 1908, costing 4d.

TV & RADIO REVIEW.
circa 1931.  Not found as yet.

UNIVERSAL RADIO GUIDE AND ENCYCLOPEDIA FOR 1933-34.
Published by the Radio Publications Department of F.J. Palmer & Son, edited by A. MacKenzie and printed by Publicity Press. F.J. Palmer was the well known retailer of radio and electrical appliances to the masses. There were contributions from prominent amateurs and radio people, construction articles and details of the various commercial broadcast stations. The book cost 6d for 66 pages.

THE VOICE.
First published in June 1949, this was the "Official Organ of the Gramophone Company Limited", at Homebush, NSW. It was issued approximately bi-monthly (there were 5 issues to June 1950) to record retailers and HMV radio dealers. The life of this journal is unknown.

WAVETRAP.
Believed to be a publication of one of the state branches of the WIA.

WEST AUSTRALIAN WIRELESS NEWS & MUSICAL WORLD.
A fortnightly publication which probably commenced on 9/9/1929, and consisted of around 52 pages. It was published by the R.S. Sampson Brokensha Co. of Perth, and cost 3d per copy. The A4 magazine included programs of the WA radio stations as well as technical articles. Early in it's life Harold R. Wells, who had been an announcer at commercial station 6WF, was appointed as editor. The editorial page mentions that the magazine was "Conducted for the advancement and for the protection of Wireless interests in West Australia and incorporating 'The Musical World'", so at some time it appears to have absorbed the latter magazine. No doubt due to this it was also the official organ of several musical and orchestral societies and included a large section of musical interest, with only a smattering of amateur wireless news. It was later renamed WEST AUSTRALIAN WIRELESS NEWS in 1933 and continued till September 1936 when it became a weekly. By that time it was a substantial publication of up to 108 pages. Then with Vol.7, No.183, of 5/9/1936 the title was changed to W.A. WIRELESS and WATTLE LEAVES. WATTLE LEAVES was a children's wireless club magazine sponsored by radio station 6PR and had run for about 6 months prior to being incorporated in WEST AUSTRALIAN WIRELESS NEWS with its Vol.2, No.31 issue. WATTLE LEAVES originally appeared printed upside down on the back page of the West Australian Wireless News, but later was just a follow-on inside the magazine.

WESTERN WIRELESS.
Published every alternate Wednesday by Barclay & Sharland Ltd. in Perth, at a price of 3d and comprising 24 pages in A4 size, it covered commercial and amateur news in West Australia. It had a sub-title of "The Journal with 100% Radio News" and was the official organ of a number of local radio clubs. It was first published on 10/10/1923. By early 1925 it was the official organ of eight radio clubs, an impressive number. It ceased publication with Vol.5 No.99 in 31/8/1927, where-in the editor explained that it had been fighting a losing battle due to insufficient advertising. The magazine was the equal of Eastern state publications so it was a shame that it folded.

WHAT STATION IS THAT?
National Handbook No.6, published in 1933 by Robertson & Mullens, Melbourne and consisting of 36 A5 pages for 1/-. It was a guide to the A and B class commercial stations and included lists of the call signs of amateur stations. National Handbook No.'s 1 to 5 have nothing to do with wireless, covering dance steps, cartoon drawing, etc.

WHO'S WHO IN BROADCASTING. (In Western Australia)
First published in 1933 or 1934 by Paterson Printing Press with 32 pages for 6d, this annual contains mainly photos and biographical notes of the radio personalities of the six West Australian radio stations. The only issue seen is the 1935-36, second edition.

WIA BULLETIN.
Published in West Australia by the W.A. WIA Division, costing 6d, and known only by Vol.3, No.8 of February 1932 held by the WIA (VIC) Library in Melbourne. It was probably published as a reaction to the upheavals within the WIA and its publications at around this time.

WIRELESS CALL.
The WIRELESS CALL was proudly described as "Bright, Humorous, Up-to-date, Full of Interest & containing useful Hints. Handy for Reference."

In reality, the contents were very basic, with simple projects for 1 and 2 valve sets and an abundance of jokes and stories that would be banned as racist today!

It commenced on 19/12/1924 and was a weekly gazette costing 3d. The proprietor was given as Frederick George Collett of Potts Point, Sydney. The cover design was very reminiscent of Sea Land & Air, with a drawing of a ship, a plane and two aerial towers on the shore. However that design changed to a plain large type heading from issue No.4.

The last issue was Vol.1 No.5 for 16/1/1925 and I would surmise that it ceased publication then because of the inferior content compared to the other magazines available.

WIRELESS DAILY.
See RADIO TIMES.

WIRELESS HANDBOOK.
In September 1923 S.S. Gordon wrote a small 34 page handbook costing 6d, for wireless constructors and amateurs, and it was printed by Pierpont Black in Sydney. It contains one of the earliest lists of NSW amateur callsigns when licensing re-commenced after World War 1. It was intended to be published every 6 months but only one edition is known.

WIRELESS HANDBOOK.
There is some cataloguing confusion because the EVENING NEWS WIRELESS HANDBOOK has been listed as the WIRELESS HANDBOOK by some libraries.

WIRELESS, A HANDBOOK OF INSTRUCTION FOR RADIO ENTHUSIASTS.
A book of A5 size comprising 162 pages written by John Robinson, the Director of Queensland Radio Service and manager of the state radio station 4QG, and George Williams, an instructor with the Marconi School of Wireless, Sydney. This April 1926 publication cost 3/6 from Read Press, Brisbane, and is a comprehensive technical manual on basic wireless and includes simple circuits and a list of amateur call signs.

WIRELESS IN AUSTRALIA.
This 76 page book was written by J.M. Meyers for AWA and comprises a history of the company to 1925 with particular emphasis on the proposed Marconi Beam System, with quotes from parliamentary proceedings etc. It is a blatant promotional effort but a useful history of that episode in wireless development and controversy.

WIRELESS NEWS.
The WIRELESS NEWS, or WIRELESS NEWS at SEA, was printed as a daily newspaper on board various Australian and New Zealand ships, to entertain passengers and keep them up to date with news. The first issue was on 4/5/1923 on board the ship RMS "Niagara" as it steamed between Sydney and Vancouver. (The Niagara was the first ship fitted with short wave wireless, which allowed such long distance communications). The news items were compiled by AWA and sent by morse code from its high power transmitting station at Pennant Hills, NSW, to the ships each day where the news items were typed onto special stencils and printed up on a small "Gestetner" type press for distribution to passengers. As the paper developed, the format became up to 9 pages of pre-printed advertising from companies located in the ports of call, into which was stapled the news of the day, of around 3 or 4 pages. News of events on board such as games and parties were included also. WIRELESS NEWS continued to 1932 when it was replaced by the OCEAN NEWS, costing 3d.

WIRELESS WEEKLY - or W.W.
First printed on 4/8/1922, as a quarto size journal of 12 pages for 3d per copy, WIRELESS WEEKLY was published in Sydney by W.J. Maclardy, 2HP, a founder of commercial radio station 2SB (later changed to 2BL), for Publicity Press, the same company that later took over publication of RADIO IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND. The origin of Wireless Weekly stems from discussions between Miss F.V. Wallace, 2GA, who owned a wireless shop in the Royal Arcade, Ron Marsden 2JM, her engineer, and Maclardy. In 1922 there was only one regular wireless periodical, SEA LAND AND AIR, an AWA monthly publication, and this group foresaw an opening for a competitor with a less biased view than the all powerful AWA. Wireless Weekly was therefore probably the second Australian wireless periodical although later Wireless Weekly claimed that it was the first Australian wireless journal. The front cover featured a topical photo of amateur radio activity and initially it was exclusively for amateurs. From Vol.1 No.21 the front cover became stiff card and introduced the 3 colour drawing of a house and antenna poles that marked the magazine cover design for much of its duration.

Whilst Wireless Weekly started as an amateurs' magazine, it gradually became a broadcast listeners' journal and with the start of commercial broadcasting in 1923, it featured information about commercial stations and programs. In early 1924 A.W. Watt became the editor of Wireless Weekly, a position he held till 1928.

Wireless Weekly flourished, often exceeding 64 pages, and became too much for Maclardy who was by now heavily involved with commercial broadcaster 2BL, so the publication was sold to Wireless Newspapers Ltd.

During 1923 Wireless Weekly was the "Official Organ of the Australasian Radio Relay League". That association was set up within the WIA to allow those amateurs with transmitting licenses to pass messages around the country in the same manner as the American Radio Relay League (ARRL). Due to apathy and lack of organisation by the WIA, it never gained popularity and indirectly its failure lead to the formation of the Australian Radio Transmitters League, or ARTL. As time passed, Wireless Weekly became more a listeners' weekly program magazine, whereas RADIO IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND or simply RADIO, now from the same publisher, was generally biased towards the enthusiast and amateur. However Wireless Weekly absorbed RADIO in the issue of 28/12/28. Wireless Weekly sometimes included small booklets as supplements to some issues, listing amateur and commercial radio stations. Those known are:

                "A Booklet of Call Signs"         November 27, 1931
                "What Station was That"          August 24, 1934
                 "What Station is That"              December 6, 1935

Wireless Weekly endured till 1939, but then changed to a tabloid costing 3d and full of radio programs, personalities and fiction stories, published by Associated Newspapers. During the period 1941-43 it published wartime anecdotes and propaganda. The 4/7/1942 issue proclaimed that it was THE NEW WIRELESS WEEKLY, but in fact the format was no different to the previous concept. The issue of 16/1/1943 was the last as Wireless Weekly, but it was absorbed into a new publication called POCKET BOOK (Wireless Weekly) which was a small booklet of 80 pages and costing 6d. This became the POCKET BOOK WEEKLY (Story Teller Magazine) and continued till late 1948. See also RADIO AND HOBBIES.

WIRELESS WEEKLY CALL SIGN BOOK & TECHNICAL REVIEW.
The available issues of 1937 and 1938 include call sign lists for Australian and New Zealand amateurs, and radio technical data and projects. It is not known if there were prior issues, and the next issue was actually the AUSTRALIAN SHORT WAVE HANDBOOK of 1947, published by Radio and Hobbies.

WIRELESS WEEKLY STANDARD RADIO RECEIVERS.
A 54 Page publication costing 1/-, with full constructional details of what were called the "1933 Standard Superhets". It was compiled by A.G. Hull, the editor of Wireless Weekly and featured a patented design from a Mr. Thomas Taylor of Cessnock. It was a reprint of articles that had appeared in W.W. during May to September 1931.

Please note, this article is copyrighted.

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