SV1GRB - Hellenic Amateur Radio Station - CQ ZONE:20 - ITU ZONE:28 - LOCATOR: KM18VA




Dx Info

About Me


Phonetic Alphabet Usually Heared On The Air, Q-Codes, RST and RSQ


Phonetic Alphabet Usually Heared On The Air
Sometimes operators uses phonetic alphabet other than the official adopted by ITU.

Alpha, America, Able
Bravo, Baker, Boston, Baltimore
Charlie, Canada
Delta, David, Denmark
Echo, Ecuador, Easy, Eduard
Foxtrot, Fox, Florida
Golf, Guatemala, George
Hotel, Henry, Honolulu
India, Italia, Italy
Juliet, Japan
Kilo, Kilowatt, Kentucky, King
Lima, London
Mike, Mary, Mexico
November, Norway, Nancy, Nicaragua
Oscar, Ontario, Ocean
Papa, Peter
Quebec, Queen
Romeo, Radio
Sierra, Sugar, Santiago
Tango, Texas, Tokyo
Uniform, United, Union
Victor, Victoria
Whiskey, Washington
Yankee, Yokohama, Yellow,Yesterday
Zoulou, Zebra, Zanzibar




HAM Radio Q Codes

QRA What is the name of your stn? This is ____
QRB How far are you from my stn? My distance is ____
QRG Will you tell me my freq? I belong to the ____ Line
QRI How is the tone of my transm? The tone of your transmission is ...
1. good
2. variable
3. bad.
QRK How do you receive me? I am receiving (1–5) where 1 is unreadable and 5 is perfect
QRL Are you busy? I am busy
QRM Are you being interfered with? I am being interfered with
QRN Any trouble with static? Atmospherics are very strong
QRO Shall I increase transm. pwr? Increase transmitter power
QRP Shall I decrease transm. pwr? Decrease transmitter power
QRQ Shall I send faster? Send faster (... words per minute)
QRR Ready for automatic operation? I am ready for automatic operation. Send at ... words per minute
QRS Shall I send slower? Send more slowly (... words per minute)
QRT Shall I stop sending? Stop sending
QRU Have you anything for me? I have nothing for you
QRV Are you ready? I am ready
QRX When will you call again.? I will call you again at ... hours on ... MHz
QRZ Who is calling me? You are being called by ... on MHz
QSB Fading Your signals are fading
QSD Is my keying defective? Your keying is defective
QSL Can you acknowledge receipt? I am acknowledging receipt
QSN Did you hear me or (c/s)? I did hear you on ... c/s
QSO Radio Contact
QSP Will you relay to (c/s)? I will relay to ...
QSV Shall I send V's on this freq? Send a series of V's on this frequency
QSX Will you listen to (c/s) on...freq? I am listening to ...
QSY Shall I change to...frequency? Change to transmission on another frequency
QTH What is your position? My position is ...


RST Code
(RS for phone, RST for cw)



R1  Unreadable.
R2  Barely readable, occasional words distinguishable.
R3  Readable with considerable difficulty.
R4  Readable with practically no difficulty.
R5  Perfectly readable.

Signal strength

S1  Faint, signals barely readable
S2  Very weak signals
S3  Weak signals
S4  Fair signals
S5  Fairly good signals
S6  Good signals
S7  Moderately strong signals
S8  Strong signals
S9  Extremely strong signals


Tl   Extremely rough hissing note
T2  Very rough ac note, not musical
T3  Rough, low-pitched ac note, mod. music
T4  Rather rough ac note, mod. musical
T5  Musically modulated note
T6  Modulated note, slight trace of whistle
T7  Near dc note, smooth ripple
T8  Good dc note, just a trace of ripple
T9  Purest dc note

RSQ Code
(for digital modes)


R1    0%   copy - Undecipherable
20%   copy - Occasional words distinguishable
40%   copy - Readable with difficulty, many missed characters
80%   copy - Readable with no difficulty
95%+ copy - Perfectly readable

Signal strength

S1  Barely perceptible trace
S3  Weak trace
S5  Moderate trace
S7  Strong Trace
S9  Very strong trace 


Ql   Splatter over much of the spectrum
Q3  Multiple visible pairs
One easily visible pair
One barely visible pair
  Clean signal - no visible unwanted sidebars