The VE3VRQ 6m Cubical Quad Antenna

I posted this portion as a message to the VHF Reflector, and thought that
it should be given wide spread veiwing by everyone who wishes to enter into 6m,
but may be somewhat sceptical whether it is worth going to a new VHF band.

Our Shoe String Quad Antenna

		To all 2m operaters reading this message, I encurrage you to purchase the TenTec 1209 transverter.
	Connect it to  your present 2m rig.  Then build a simple Quad (3ele's).  My Quad was constructed from
	a boom of 2" x 2" x 11' Construction grade pine, with element holders being 1/2" dowels (12 of course).
	The elements themselves were from 2 Radioshack SW antenna hardware kits.  No. 12 bare copper wire in a
	package, with insulators.  I purchased the 2 SW (Shortwave) hardware kits to construct a longwire
	6m antenna.

		Having made only one QSO on 06APR98 with N2JMH, I decided to look into making a cheap Quad, hence
	I opened my ARRL Antenna Handbook, ARRL Handbook, and asked a few questions on the Internet, which lead
	me to the following URL:

		What follows is the VE3VRQ enhanced KD6DKS / ARRL Cubical Shoe String Quad!  Primed 'mathmatically'
	for 50.125!

		I converted every number into mm to ensure most accuracy during construction, as I was going to use
	my children to help construct the antenna, and they are fantastic distractors! :^]  Here is the final
	measurements I came up with all in mm (unless otherwise noted).

			Element        -A-         -B-         -C-
			Reflector  : 6,263mm     1,566mm     1,107mm   CUT ALL WIRES LONGER BY 200mm - 300mm
			Driven Ele : 6,112mm     1,528mm     1,080mm   TO TWIST ENDS TOGETHER MEASURE AND MARK
			Director #1: 5,929mm     1,482mm     1,048mm   (90deg bend in wire was good for me!)

			Optional Directors for enhanced work:

			Director #2: 5,751mm     1,437mm     1,017mm
			Director #3: 5,578mm     1,395mm       986mm
			Director #4: 5,411mm     1,352mm       956mm
			Director #5: 5,249mm     1,312mm       927mm

			** -> Director Spacing 1,411mm for EACH element

			A = Circumferance of each element
			B = 1 leg (1/4 cir)
			C = this measurement is where you would attach the element to the dowel.
			    - Measured from Boom Center out to Dowel Tip.
	Click HERE to view a detailed construction shot. (192k)

NOTE:	Measure TWICE and CUT once!  This is NOT a one man job!  2 people minimum!  The more the better.

	o Mark your measurements on the boom noting which end is forward with a 3" nail sticking out 2".  This
	  will be used to hold the element guy string together later.
	o Drill 2 x 1/2" holes through the boom crosswise to each other, where you have marked the location of
	  the Reflector and guck the holes with yellow wood glue.
	o Insert 2 x 1/2"  dowels horizontally,  so they butt up with  one another.  Hold for a min of 5 mins.
	o Insert 2 x 1/2"  dowels vertaclly  about  3/4" deep  into  each hole.   hold  for a  min of  5 mins.
	o Guck the next  set of holes for the  Driven Element  (noted as  the Director  in the picture),  and
	  insert dowels as instructed above.  Carry this on for each element location.
	o Measure and cut your elements to the above specified lengths.

NOTE:   Loop and tie the all element ends together, with the exception for the Driven Element (noted as  the
	  Director in the picture).  The ends of wire of the  Driven Element are  soldered to the coax (one to
	  the center conductor and the other end to the sheilding (I was UNABLE to solder my ends together, so
	  I used 2 small cable tie straps to secure the Driven Element to the Coax!).  Secure this end to  the
	  dowel with twine, ensuring the ends do NOT short together.

	o Measure and mark the locations where the elements are to be inserted onto the dowels.
	o I tied  the elements to the dowels  with butcher's  cotton twine,  then tied  each dowel  lengthwise
	  together to hold the elements in place.
	o Once assembled,  Find the balance point of the boom  and mark it.  Drill 2 x 1/4" or 5/16" holes for
	  the U-clamp to secure the boom to the mast.

	Make sure the twine secures the element tightly.  Butcher's cord is only a temp measure, since I'm sure
	it will rott away in time,  but it sure got me up &  running on 6m ASAP and on a  "shoe-string" budget.
	My 1st antenna construction  lasted 3 years before  it fell apart.  If you coat the wood with Verathane
	or Shelac this will give you a longer life, but also increases the cost of construction.

INFO:	  Unlike the picture, I have my Coax running up the dowel to the boom, and taped and tie strapped in
	  place, to the center of the boom, then down the mast to the ground, taped and tied as required so it
	  does NOT get tangled with the rotor (You can see this clearly in the ABOVE photo).
	  Also, in the picture I have included a boom support structure to be incorporated if you decided to
	  use more than 3 elements (4 - 7 element construction).

My 6m station consists of the following equipment: o Yaesu FT7221r (2m module installed) o TenTec 1209 2m / 6m Transverter (pre-assembled) o 3 element VE3VRQ enhanced KD6DKS / ARRL Cubical Shoe String Quad! And ONLY 6' in the air (Measured Boom <-> GND)! o Mirage A1015G 150w Amplifier w/Preamp o 2,000+ QSO's w/ 44+ countries & 332+ grids worked

I hope to work as many of you guys on 6m as possible, and as the band permits me to. Let me know how it works for you. Jon K. Jones wrote: > > Subject: 6m operation on a shoe string budget! > > Michael: > Great post about a budget 6M station and effective antenna. Do you feed > your 3 element quad directly with 50 ohm coax?? I may build one to > put in my attic - live in a "no outside antenna" restricted QTH. > 73, > Jon N0JK Sorry Jon, I forgot to include that very important information in my post! Yes, here's how I did it: 1) Snip 1' from one end of the Co-Ax cable. 2) Remove 4" of the black jacket around the shielding. 3) Next remove the foil shield (exposing the wire braid). 4) Then cut the di-electric housing the center conductor. 5) Upon measuring the lengths of the elements, the driven element (DE) was given 3" extra on each side of it, which allowed me to twist an eye-end which I was able to insert the ground braid on one side, and the center conductor on the other side of the driven element. Through the eye-end and twisted along the element that is. 6) Next twist the wire braid of the GND to the element, soldering the wire braid to the element. 7) Repeat step 6 for the center conductor. Thanks again Jon for refreshing these important details of the antenna! It's still sitting at 8' and still making these great QSO's with the band openings! Hope to work you before long! I heard some "0"'s last night, but failed to work any calls. Still its great just listening to those QSO's on 6m fly right by! 73 de VE3VRQ, Michael FN13gx Subject: Re: 6m Cubical Quads Date: Tue, 7 Apr 1998 21:46:09 EDT From: Kb8tej1 To: > Michael, dont give up on the long wire, at 100+ with a wire in on form or > another (currently using a 1/2 Square aimed at the Carrib. es 10 W) Good > cubical quad article in the ARRL Antenna hand book. 73 es see ya in the E- > Layer. Rob ***** Subject: Re: 6m operation on a shoe string budget! Date: Tue, 19 May 1998 00:21:14 -0500 (CDT) From: Robert Wood To: > This 1209 converter? $$?? kit or built? -- 73 Robert W5AJ Here is my "Plug" for Ten-Tec: (taken from the Ten-Tec Catalog: A-98 Pages B97 - 4 / B97 - 5) Let's Get Together and REPOSSESS 6 Meters! How Long can FOUR WHOLE MEGAHERTZ of precious semi-HF VHF spectrum just sit there for us hams if so few of us have gear to even try out this fascinating 6 meter band? The T-Kit 1209 Transverter lets new Technicians and oldtimers alike repossess 6 Meters at a VERY nice price! SSB-CW-FM-AM 6-Meter Transverter Add the excitement of the 50 MHz amateur band so easily to ANY modern ham 2 Meter transceiver. A transverter lets you transmit as well as receive on 6 Meters, using the precision digital tuning, available modes, memories and other features of your 2 meter transceiver. It's simple: You tune your 2m rig to 144.125 MHz on your display or dial is 50.125, and your on the 6m calling frequency! Keep your RF output under 5 watts, and just go for it! The 8 watts RF output is generous power during good band openings and for local communications and repeaters. FEATURES: o Use with any transciever capable of 3-5watts on 2 meters o Extremely simple hookup and operation o low-noise 50-54 MHz receiving input o Easy front-panel switching between 2m and 6m antennas o Fast, silent RF-sensing PIN diode T-R switching for QSK and data communication Specifications and Operating Requirements: o 12-15VDC @ 3.0 amps o RF output @ 51.000 MHz: 8 watts typical o standard 2m transceiver required for basic 50.000-50.350 MHz Beacon/CW/SSB operation o FM operation requires FM transmit/receive capability of 144.000 - 148.000 MHz, with repeater offsets being a function of the transceiver's VFO memory system o Operate any mode 50.000 - 54.000 MHz! o the 2m transeiver MUST be attenuated to 5 watts or less Assembled: $159.00USD + $15.00USD for shipping Kit Form: $ 95.00USD + $15.00USD for shipping ***** Subject: Re: 6m Opens then closes just in time for the Sprints! Date: Mon, 18 May 1998 17:20:46 -0400 From: Herb Spoonts To: > The FN13-to-FN20 path will be strictly an aurora or tropo path, but I'm > sure we will can make it one way or another. > Six is a very challenging band because things often happen when you > least expect them----or DON'T happen when you do expect them! I think > every mode of propagation known to man appears at one time or another. > That's of course what makes it fun! I was first licensed in 1946 in > Texas and was "trained" by a guy who had developed an interest in 6. I > have thanked him a million times for planting the seed with me. > Enjoy the band! Enjoy cussing. Enjoy smiling. Enjoy popping with pride. > It's all that! 73, -Herb