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IK1HGE 432Mhz Quagi

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I like electronics, telecommunications, photography, playing various instruments, programming... There are a couple of recent projects that I'd like to show to you. Let's begin with a 432 Mhz Quagi antenna.

I tried N6NB's project but it didn't work well. Actually, there were some differences from the original project: for the Driven Element and the reflector, I used 1.8mm solid copper wire (the one for coils or transformers) because, at least in Italy, the old insulated #12 TW solid copper wire is too hard to be found. Furthermore, the Directors diameter was 4mm instead of 3mm. Probably these differences resulted in unacceptable Standing Wave Ratio, as you can see here below:

Fig. 1 Experimental SWR curve obtained with N6NB's design (materials as specified in the text above)


Someone suggested me to optimize the antenna through NEC2, and... here you are the first results.

This Quagi is optimized for 432.2Mhz operation, however it works well in a quite wide range of frequency. All following data are obtained through 4NEC2D v. 5.3.2 by Arie.

The protype behaves better than I expected, but it seems that the Driven Element requires a little adjustement due to mounting approximations and to the coating of the copper wire. In my prototype, the Driven Element required to be shortened of about 3mm.

I suggest to:

1) Build the antenna by using the design data here below

2) Run a SWR curve

3) Adjust the DE length. An estimation of the new length is: DE(new) = DE(old) * fSWRmin/432.2

where fSWRmin is the new frequency in MHz of minimum SWR. However the actual length depends on your peculiar construction, thus take it easy and don't cut too much!

I put some experimental results and the pictures of the prototype at the bottom of this page. I only regret that I did not record the SWR curves taken when the Driven Element was 741mm and 738mm long, however you can see that with 735mm the minimum SWR is @ 434.5MHz. You can also see the comparison to a simulated antenna with 735mm DE which includes loss due to non-ideal material.

Have fun!

Parameter Value Unit (Conditions)
Forward Gain
(432.2 MHz)
SWR (min)
(432 MHz)
MHz (SWR<1.4:1)
Take off angle

Degrees above good ground (Height about 8 wavelengths)

Table 1 Antenna performance (MOM simulation)


Fig. 2 Structure of the quagi antenna


Quads copper wire diameter 0.0018 Directors aluminum rods diameter 0.004 Boom (wood) 1.50
Element Length Position   Spacing
RE 0.76215 -0.22904 DE-RE 0.22904
DE 0.7413 0 DE-DE 0
D1 0.29365
0.13093 DE-D1 0.13093
D2 0.29213
0.40783 D1-D2 0.2769
D3 0.28042
0.57751 D2-D3 0.16968
D4 0.28618
0.7632 D3-D4 0.18569
D5 0.28384 1.0228 D4-D5 0.2596
D6 0.27414 1.2687 D5-D6 0.2459

Table 2 Design information (meters)


Fig. 3 Vertical (Elevation) pattern in free space


Fig. 4 Horizontal pattern in free space


Fig. 5 SWR and reflection coefficient charts


Fig. 6 Impedance charts: Resistance,Reactance (top) and Impedance,Phase (bottom)


Fig. 7 Total Gain vs. Frequency

Fig. 8 IK1HGE 432MHz 8el Quagi - 3D horizontal gain plot

The construction details are described in N6NB's article, in the ARRL Antenna Handbook and in many places on the net. Just search for "Quagi".

Here below, find some suggestions and some pictures of my prototype.

Fig. 9 IK1HGE 432MHz 8el Quagi - Prototype construction details

I appreciate your comments about this project. For further information or to give me some feedback about your experimental version of this design, e-mail me: