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White Star Line RMS Titanic

The RMS Titanic

Is this the most famous radio station in the world? And is this the most famous radio transmission? The Titanic radio operators last transmissions and the tragedy that followed

Titanic's Wireless Room

Equipment:
The Titanic's "wireless" equipment was the most powerful in use at the time. The main transmitter was a rotary spark design, powered by a 5 kW motor generator, fed from the ship's lighting circuit. The equipment operated into a 4 wire antenna suspended between the ship's 2 masts, some 250 feet above the sea.

There was also a battery powered emergency transmitter and a separate motor generator in the room next door. The equipment's guaranteed working range was 250 miles, but communications could be maintained for up to 400 miles during daylight and up to 2,000 miles at night.

Radio room onboard the RMS Titanic

Assistant Radio Operator Harold Bride
at the "Marconi Wireless" aboard the Titanic
(Actual and only known picture taken)

Staff:
Titanic's Radio Room was operated by two Radio Officers (or, as they were known in those days, "Marconi Wireless Operators" or "Telegraphists").
In charge was 25 year old John George Phillips - better known as "Jack" or "Sparks", with 22 year old Harold Bride as the Deputy or Assistant Radio Operator.
"Touch the spark. . . Sound the tone" (a line from "Titanic" - the musical) sums up beautifully how the wireless apparatus operated these days. Because of this, all wireless operators were nick-named "Sparks".

A wireless operator employed by the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd., had to be between the age of 21 and 25 and able to send and recieve at least 25 words per minute in Morse. The age restriction was rarely enforced and most wireless operators started their seagoing career already at the age of 19 or 20. After passing their civil service examination, the wireless operators had to finish their training at the Marconi Training School in Liverpool. After the five months final training, they were ready to be stationed on a vessel. In 1912, Jack Phillips could tap out 39 words per minute, ditto that for Harold Thomas Cottam ('Carpathia's' wireless operator), and Harold Bride's speed was 26 words per minute.
Marconi Wireless Operators often became snippy in regards to Non-Marconi operators - claiming they were "incompetent" and "didn't know how to use Morse properly" (the United States Navy bore the brunt of such attacks).

Both Radio Operators remained at their posts until about 3 minutes before the Titanic foundered, even after being released from their duties by Captain Smith.
Harold Bride remarked that water could be heard flooding into the wheelhouse as he and Jack Phillips abandoned the Radio Room. Jack Phillips was still sending as the power supply to the Radio Room failed.
The Titanic Radio Operators did great honor to their profession.
Both Radio Operators earned very little for the amount of work they were required to do.
John George Phillips earned 4 and 5 shilling per voyage.
Harold Bride earned 2 and 2 shilling and sixpence per voyage.

Jack Phillips died of hypothermia on or near Collapsible Lifeboat B, his body was never recovered.

Harold Bride left the sea after WW1, and faded into obscurity. He died in Scotland in 1956.

Titanic's Radio Callsign:
As the dominant marine radio company of the time, the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd. allocated their own callsigns, most of which began with the letter M - these basically identified a Marconi installation, regardless of its location or the country of registration of the vessel in which it was installed.

Callsign allocation was eventually standardised at the London Radio Conference of 1912 (post Titanic), with prefixes being allocated on an international basis. UK coast stations and ships thenceforth used the letters G or M as the first letter of their callsigns. US ships and stations used K, N and W, German stations and ships used D, Italians I, French F, etc.

The Titanic was assigned the callsign "MUC" in January 1912. Some time after January, Titanic's callsign was changed to "MGY" - this was previously assigned to the US vessel 'Yale'.

Although Guglielmo Marconi's invention had been on ships since the turn of the century, its use was far from universal in 1912. The Titanic's wireless operators were Marconi Company employees and only indirectly responsible to the Captain and his Officers. Radio messages were very popular with the passengers and were regarded as important navigational aids, but there use still lacked regulation. The Titanic tragedy highlighted this fact, since several ice warnings had been received but not reported to the bridge.
One of the first standard radio distress calls to be sent from a ship occurred in 1903 and was Marconi's newly created "CQD." "CQ" was the signal to stop transmission and pay attention; adding the "D" meant distress. In 1906 the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin created the signal "SOS" as an alternative means of summoning assistance. The three letters were chosen solely for their simplicity in Morse Code. Three dots, three dashes and three dots were instantly recognizable, and could be transmitted by someone who had never used a wireless apparatus. In 1908 "SOS" officially superseded "CQD" as the regulation distress call, but Marconi operators rarely used the new signal. Only after Harold Bride radioed his now famous SOS from the sinking Titanic did the new signal become standard.
In 1909 a distress call sent out on wireless was responsible for the incredible rescue of over sixteen hundred passengers and crew aboard the White Star Liner 'Republic'. While the role of the wireless in the rescue of the "Republic" made headlines, it was one ship's failure to use its wireless that stood out in the Titanic disaster. Had the 'Californian' utilized her wireless to identify the mystery ship seen by her captain and officers, she would have inevitable heard the Titanic's distress call.
After the Titanic's disaster, ships were required to have a twenty-four hour radio watch. More emphasis was placed on navigation, so that crucial information such as ice warnings would not go unreported to the bridge. Unfortunately over fifteen hundred people had to die before the vital role of the wireless was fully understood...

Trials and Commissioning:
The Marconi equipment was delivered to the Titanic in time for the sea trials on April 2nd prior to her maiden voyage
Phillips and Bride spent the day completing the installation and adjusting the equipment. They exchanged test calls with coast stations at Malin Head (North coast of Ireland), callsign MH and Liverpool (actually known as "Seaforth"), callsign LV.
By this stage the "wireless" was in almost constant use, with the sea trial reports flowing from Captain Smith to Bruce Ismay (Managing Director of the White Star Line) at the company offices in Liverpool.

By April 3rd, the equipment was adjusted and working correctly - Phillips and Bride exchanged messages with coast stations at Teneriffe (2,000 miles away) and even Port Said (more than 3,000 miles distant).

Both Radio Officers left the ship at Southampton for a short period. Phillips signed back on articles on April 6th when he returned briefly to check the spare parts. Bride returned on board at 23.30 p.m. on April 9th.

Watch Hours:
Both men were up early on sailing day, April 10th, conducting final testing of the equipment. They arranged watches by personal agreement: Phillips, First Radio Operator, took the 20.00 - 02.00 watch, whilst Bride, Assistant Radio Operator, was on duty between 02.00 - 08.00. There were no fixed watch hours during the day: the men relieved each other to suit mutual convenience, however a continuous watch was maintained.

Location of the "Marconi Room":
The "Marconi Room" was situated on the Boat-Deck (i.e.: the same deck as the Bridge), at the after end of the superstructure containing the Bridge and Officer's quarters - it was about 40 feet aft from the Bridge, connected via the corridor which ran down the port side of the Officer's quarters.
The "Marconi Room" was in the centre of the accommodation - it did not have an outside facing porthole. Natural light was provided via a skylight in the deckhead (ceiling).

The Radio Operators sleeping accommodation was in a separate room to starboard of the "Marconi Room" - connected to the operating room by an interconnecting door. The Radio Operators shared the Officer's toilet/washroom facilities across the corridor.

The "Marconi Room" was connected to the ship's 50 line telephone exchange. However, it appears that there was no direct telephone connection to the Bridge.
This problem was rectified on Titanic's sister ships 'Olympic' and 'Britannic' after the Titanic disaster - a speaking tube was installed which connected the "Marconi Room" to the Bridge.

Passenger Traffic:
As the Titanic's departure preparations were completed, both Radio Operators prepared for the daily onslaught of passenger communications directed to and from "ADVISELUM", the wireless code word assigned to the Titanic for passenger's personal traffic.

Passengers sent their telegrams at the Inquiry Office, on the starboard side of the forward First-Class entrance. The handwritten messages were paid for at the desk, at the rate of 12 shillings and sixpence for the first 10 words, and 9 pence per word thereafter (a substantial sum in 1912, although not for a First-Class passenger).

Telegrams were sent to the Radio Room by pneumatic tube. At the end of the day, a balance was struck between the Purser's clerk and the Radio Operators regarding the number of chargeable words sent.

Incoming passenger messages were received by hand by the duty Radio Operator, and typed on a telegram form by the other Radio Operator. Passenger traffic was sent from the Radio Room to the Inquiry Desk using the pneumatic tube.

Messages concerning navigation were delivered directly to the Bridge. Similarly, messages for the Captain were delivered by the Radio Operators to the Captain's cabin, down the starboard passage of the Officer's quarters.

In the 4 1/2 days between leaving Southampton and the collision with the iceberg on that "Fatal Night", the Titanic's Radio Operators received and sent 250 passenger telegrams.

Titanic's First Radio Operator - John George Phillips

John George - "Jack" or "Sparks" (because he sent morse so fast) - Phillips was born on April 11th, 1887 in Godalming in Surrey, UK.

John Phillips First Radio Operator Onboard the RMS Titanic
First Radio Operator
John George Phillips

After leaving Godalming Grammar School, he passed the Civil Service examinations and began work as a telegraphist at the local post office.
Phillips left Godalming in March 1906 to attend the Marconi Company's Wireless Telegraphy training school at Seaforth Barracks in Liverpool.
After finishing his training in August 1906, he was posted as Junior Radio Officer on the White Star Line vessel 'Teutonic'. For the next 2 years he served on the 'Lusitania', 'Mauretania', 'Campania' and 'Oceanic'.
In 1908, he was transferred to the Marconi Transatlantic station at Clifden on the Irish coast where he worked as an operator transmitting and receiving messages to and from the Marconi sister station at Glace Bay, Nova Scotia - this was the first Transatlantic wireless operation.
After leaving Clifden in 1911, Phillips returned to sea on the 'Adriatic'. In March 1912 he was sent to Belfast to take up the post of Chief Radio Officer on the new White Star liner Titanic.
Phillips died in that "Fatal Night", a few days after his 25th birthday. Because he had been awake the previous night repairing the radio equipment Phillips was too exhausted to survive in the icy water. He died of hypothermia on or near Collapsible Lifeboat B, his body was never recovered.

Titanic's Assistant Radio Operator - Harold Sidney Bride

Harold Sidney Bride was born to Arthur and Mary Ann (Rowe) Bride on January 11th, 1890 in Hull, England.

Harold Bride Assistant Radio Operator Onboard the RMS Titanic

Assistant Radio Operator

Harold Sidney Bride

He joined the Marconi School and received his first appointment in July of 1911. He first worked aboard the 'Hoverford', 'Lafranc', ' Anselm', and then on the 'Lusitania'. Bride joined the Titanic - like John George Phillips - at Belfast.
Harold Bride survived that "Fatal Night" in Collapsible Lifeboat B.
Despite the fact that Bride was recovering in the 'Carpathia's' infirmary from crushed and frostbitten feet after the Titanic's sinking he insisted to assist her only wireless operator - Harold Thomas Cottam - by sending a list of known survivors to New York and was carried up to the wireless shack where he was promoted to Senior Operator and the two Harolds were given total control over what was and was not sent to New York.
After the Titanic disaster he received a hero's welcome when he returned home to Beckenham, and worked as a telegrapher in a London post office. He returned to the sea in 1913 as a wireless operator aboard the SS 'Medina'.
World War I found him as a wireless operator on the tiny steamer, 'Mona's Isle'. He later embarked on a career as a salesman.
Harold Bride married Lucy Downie at Stranraer, Wigtownshire, Scotland, on April 10th, 1920. The couple moved to Scotland and had three children. Bride was an avid churchgoer and rarely spoke of the Titanic. He died of bronchial complications on April 29th, 1956.

The Final Wireless Transmissions aboard the R.M.S. Titanic

Manned by John George Phillips and Harold Bride, the Titanic's wireless room had been doing steady business since the ship had left port. The machine went down on Saturday evening, April 13th, and had not been repaired until nearly 5.00 a.m., Sunday, April 14th.

Prior to April 14th, 1912, the Titanic had recieved several ice warnings, from the ships 'Caronia', 'La Touraine', 'Amerika', and 'Rappahannock'. The message from the 'Caronia' had been posted in the officer's chart room. Wireless operator Harold Bride shut down the telegraph for a while on April 14th, 1912 to let the machine cool, and missed an ice warning from the 'Californian'.

While these are not every wireless message to go from or to the Titanic, they are the most pertinent to the tragedy which befell the ship:

1.40 p.m.
14 April 1912

S.S. Baltic to R.M.S. Titanic:
"Captain Smith, Titanic. Have had moderate variable winds and clear fine weather since leaving. Greek steamer Athinai reports passing icebergs and large quantity of field ice today in latitude 41.51 N, longitude 49.52 W. Last night we spoke (with) German oil tanker Deutschland, Stettin to Philadelphia, not under control, short of coal; latitude 40.42 N, longitude 55.11 W. Wishes to be reported to New York and other steamers. Wish you and "Titanic" all success".

7.30 p.m.
14 April 1912
S.S. Antillian to R.M.S. Titanic:

"6.30 p.m., apparent time, ship; latitude 42.3 N, longitude 49.9 W. Three large bergs five mile to southward of us".

9.30 p.m.
14 April 1912
S.S. Mesaba to R.M.S. Titanic and All Eastbound Ships:

"Ice report: In latitude 42 N to 41.25 N, longitude 49 W to 50.3 W. Saw much heavy pack ice and great number of large icebergs, also field ice. Weather good, clear".

9.35 p.m.
14 April 1912
R.M.S. Titanic to S.S. Mesaba:

"Recieved, thanks".

9.38 p.m.
14 April 1912
S.S. Mesaba to R.M.S. Titanic:

"Stand by".
(Stanley Adams, on the S.S. 'Mesaba', was waiting for the Titanic to indicate the message had been given to the captain. Jack Phillips did not respond, but continued to send passenger messages to Cape Race.)

11.00 p.m. (approx)
14 April 1912
R.M.S. Californian to R.M.S. Titanic:

"Say, old man, we are stopped and surrounded by ice".

11.10 p.m. (approx)
14 April 1912
R.M.S. Titanic to R.M.S. Californian:

Keep out! Shut up, shut up! I am busy, I am working Cape Race.

11.15 p.m. (approx)
14 April 1912
R.M.S. Titanic to Cape Race, Newfoundland:

"Sorry, please repeat. Jammed".

Between 11.35 and 11.45 p.m. (most likely the latter) Captain Smith informed Phillips and Bride that the ship had hit an iceberg, and to prepare a distress call. The captain returned at 12.15 a.m. and told them to send it.

12.15 a.m.
15 April 1912
R.M.S. Titanic to Any Ship:

"CQD Titanic 41.44 N  50.24 W"
(CQD was the contemporary distress signal, though soon, the new distress signal would be put to use for the very first time).

12.17 a.m.
15 April 1912
R.M.S. Titanic to Any Ship:

"CQD CQD SOS Titanic Position 41.44 N  50.24 W. Require immediate assistance. Come at once. We struck an iceberg. Sinking".
(SOS was the first use of the new distress signal. So far, two ships had responded to the Titanic's distress call. They included the 'Frankfurt', nearly 170 miles away, and the 'Olympic', nearly 500 miles away.)

12.20 a.m.
15 April 1912
R.M.S. Titanic to R.M.S. Carpathia:

"Come at once. We have struck a berg. It's a CQD, old man. Position 41.46 N  50.14 W"

12.21 a.m.
15 April 1912
R.M.S. Carpathia to R.M.S. Titanic:

"I say old man, do you know there is a batch of mesages coming through for you from MCC (MCC indicated Cape Cod) ?"

12.22 a.m.
15 April 1912
R.M.S. Titanic to R.M.S. Carpathia:

"CQD CQD"

12.25 a.m.
15 April 1912
R.M.S. Carpathia to R.M.S. Titanic:

"Shall I tell my captain? Do you require assistance?"

12.26 a.m.
15 April 1912
R.M.S. Titanic to R.M.S. Carpathia:

"Yes, come quick!"

12.32 a.m.
15 April 1912
R.M.S. Carpathia to R.M.S. Titanic:

"Putting about and heading for you".

12.40 a.m.
15 April 1912
R.M.S. Titanic to R.M.S. Carpathia:

"SOS Titanic sinking by the head. We are about all down. Sinking. . ."

From 12.40 a.m. until the final message was sent from the Titanic sometime between
2.15 a.m. and 2.25 a.m. the Titanic, the 'Carpathia' and other ships kept a steady stream of messages, updating their progress and Titanic's condition.
The Titanic continued to send out general CQD and SOS messages, in the chance that there might be a closer ship.

12.45 a.m.
15 April 1912

Titanic calls 'Olympic', (sister ship - 500 miles away en route to England) "SOS" (first use of SOS by Titanic - Bride jokingly suggests to Phillips that it may be his last chance to use the new distress call).

12.50 a.m.
15 April 1912

Titanic calls CQD and says, "I require immediate assistance. Position 41.46 N. 50.14 W." Received by 'Celtic'.

12.53 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Caronia' to MBC ('Baltic'), "MGY (Titanic) CQD in 41.46 N. 40.14 W. Wants immediate assistance".

1.00 a.m.
15 April 1912

MGY (Titanic) gives distress signal. DDC ('Cincinatti') replies. MGY's (Titanic) position 41.46 N. 50.14 W. Assistance from DDC ('Cincinatti') not necessary as MKC ('Olympic') shortly afterwards answers distress call.

1.00 a.m.
15 April 1912

Titanic replies to 'Olympic' and gives her position as 41.46 N. 50.14 W., and says, "We have struck an iceberg".

1.02 a.m.
15 April 1912

Titanic calls 'Asian' and said, "Want immediate assistance". 'Asian' answered at once and received Titanic's position as 41.46 N. 50.14 W., which was immediately taken to the bridge. Captain Smith instructs operator to have Titanic's position repeated.

1.02 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Virginian' calls Titanic but gets no response. Cape Race tells 'Virginian' to report to his Captain that the Titanic has struck iceberg and requires immediate assistance.

1.10 a.m.
15 April 1912

Titanic to MKC ('Olympic'), "We are in collision with berg. Sinking Head down. 41.46 N. 50.14 W. Come soon as possible".

1.10 a.m.
15 April 1912

Titanic to MKC ('Olympic'), Captain says, "Get your boats ready. What is your position?"

1.15 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Baltic' to 'Caronia', "Please tell Titanic we are making towards her".

1.20 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Virginian' hears MCE (Cape Race) inform MGY (Titanic) "That we are going to her assistance. Our position 170 miles N. of Titanic".

1.25 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Caronia' tells Titanic, "Baltic coming to your assistance".

1.27 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Olympic' sends position to Titanic, "1.24 a.m. G.M.T. 40.52 N. 61.18 W", and asks "Are you steering southerly to meet us?" Titanic replies, "We are putting the women off in the boats".

1.30 a.m.
15 April 1912

Titanic tells 'Olympic', "We are putting passengers off in small boats." "Women and children in boats, can not last much longer".

1.35 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Olympic' asks Titanic what weather she had. Titanic replies, "Clear and calm".

1.35 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Baltic' hears Titanic say, "Engine room getting flooded." (Captain Smith had just visited the Titanic's radio room and advised this to Phillips and Bride).

1.35 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Mount Temple' hears DFT ('Frankfurt') ask, "Are there any boats around you already?" No reply.

1.37 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Baltic' tells Titanic, "We are rushing to you".

1.40 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Olympic' to Titanic, "Am lighting up all possible boilers as fast as (we) can".

1.40 a.m.
15 April 1912

Cape Race says to 'Virginia', "Please tell your Captain this: "The 'Olympic' is making all speed for Titanic, but her ('Olympic's') position is 40.32 N. 61.18 W. You are much nearer to Titanic. The Titanic is already putting women off in the boats, and she says the weather there is calm and clear. The 'Olympic' is the only ship we have heard say, "Going to the assistance of the Titanic. The others must be a long way from the Titanic".

1.45 a.m.
15 April 1912

Last signals heard from Titanic by 'Carpathia', "Come as quickly as possible old man: our engine-room is filling up to the boilers".

1.45 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Mount Temple' hears 'Frankfurt' calling Titanic. No reply.

1.47 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Caronia' hears Titanic though signals unreadable still.

1.48 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Asian' heard Titanic call SOS. 'Asian' answers Titanic but receives no answer.
DFT ('Frankfurt') calls Titanic and says, "What is the matter with u ?"

1.50 a.m.
15 April 1912

Titanic says to 'Frankfurt', "You are a fool, stdbi - stdbi - stdbi and keep out".
'Caronia' hears 'Frankfurt' working to Titanic. 'Frankfurt' according to position 172 miles from MGY (Titanic) at time first SOS sent out.

1.55 a.m.
15 April 1912

Cape Race says to 'Virginian', "We have not heard Titanic for about half an hour. Her power may be gone".

2.00 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Virginia' hears Titanic calling very faintly, her power being greatly reduced.

2.10 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Virginian' hears 2 V's signalled faintly in spark similar to Titanic's (Phillips adjusting his transmitter to compensate for the dying power supply from the engine room).

2.17 a.m.
15 April 1912

Virginian hears Titanic, call "CQ" (call to all ships) , but unable to read him. Titanic's signals end very abruptly as power suddenly switched off.
(Phillips had actually intended to send "CQD DE MGY", however at this point there is a loss of all power to the radio room - water can be heard flooding the wheelhouse - Phillips says to Bride "Come on, let's clear out". Bride climbs to the roof of the officer's quarters and assist with launching collapsible Lifeboat B - Phillips disappears aft).

Sometime between 2.15 a.m. and 2.25 a.m.
15 April 1912
The final wireless message sent from the Titanic:
R.M.S. Titanic to R.M.S. Carpathia:

"SOS SOS CQD CQD Titanic. We are sinking fast. Passengers are being put into boats. Titanic."

Bride and Phillips left the wireless room after that message, after being urged to leave their post by Captain Smith. They made their way to the Boat-Deck and began trying to help the other men in the releasing of collapsible Lifeboat B. While neither of them immediately made it onto a lifeboat, both were rescued from the sea. Bride's feet were so severely frozen he could not walk. Phillips died of hypothermia on or near Collapsible lifeboat B, his body was never recovered.

2.17 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Virginian' called Titanic and suggested he should try emergency set, but heard no response.

2.20 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Virginian' to 'Olympic', "Have you heard anything about Titanic?" 'Olympic' says, "No. Keeping strict watch, but hear nothing more from Titanic. No reply from her".

2.20 a.m. (approx)
15 April 1912

This was the official time the Titanic foundered in 41.46 N. 50.14 W. as given by the 'Carpathia' in message to the 'Olympic'.

Between 2.20 a.m. and 9.00 a.m. April 15th, the 'Carpathia' and the other ships kept a steady stream of messages, updating their progress to reach the Titanic's last known position in order to rescue the survivors of the sinking in that "Fateful Night".

2.35 a.m.
15 April 1912

Mount Temple hears MPA ('Carpathia') send, "If you are there we are firing rockets".

2.40 a.m.
15 April 1912

MPA ('Carpathia') calling MGY (Titanic).

2.58 a.m.
15 April 1912

SBA ('Birma') thinks she hears Titanic so sends, "Steaming full speed for you. Shall arrive you 6.00 in morning. Hope you are safe. We are only 50 miles now".

3.00 a.m.
15 April 1912

MPA ('Carpathia') calling MGY (Titanic).

3.28 a.m.
15 April 1912

'La Provence' to 'Celtic', "Nobody has heard the Titanic for about 2 hours".

4.24 a.m.
15 April 1912

SBA ('Birma') says, "We are 30 miles S.W. off Titanic".

6.40 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Parisian' hears weak signals from MPA ('Carpathia') or some station saying Titanic struck iceberg. 'Carpathia' has passengers from lifeboats.

6.40 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Asian', with German oil tank in tow for Halifax asked what news of MGY (Titanic). Sends service (message) later saying heard MGY (Titanic) V. faint working.

7.40 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Mount Temple' hears MPA ('Carpathia') report rescued lifeboats.

8.07 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Baltic' sends following to 'Carpathia', "Can I be of any assistance to you as regards taking some of the passengers from you? Will be in position about 4.30 p.m. Let me know if you alter your position".

8.10 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Baltic' in communication with MPA ('Carpathia'), "Exchanged traffic re passengers, and get instructions to proceed to Liverpool".

8.15 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Baltic' turns round for Liverpool, having steamed 134 miles W. towards Titanic.

8.40 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Mount Temple' hears MPA ('Carpathia') call "CQ" (message to all ships) and say, "No need to std. Bi (stand by) him. Advise my Captain (sic), who has been cruising round the icefield with no result. Ship reversed".

8.45 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Olympic' sent MSG (message) to Owners, New York via Sable Island saying, "Have not communicated with Titanic since midnight".

8.55 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Carpathia' replies to 'Baltic', "Am proceeding to Halifax or New York full speed. You had better proceed to Liverpool. Have about 700 passengers on board".

9.00 a.m.
15 April 1912

'Carpathia' to 'Virginian', "We are leaving here with all on board about 700 passengers. Please return to your Northern course".

The 'Carpathia' is now heading for New York where she will arrive at 9.00 p.m. on the evening of April 18th with aboard the 705 survivors.

Note:
Apparently the SOS sent by the Titanic was also picked up by a radio ham (Mr. Moore) at Gelligroes, near Blackwood Monmouthshire , who reported hearing the SOS to the local police who were sceptical at the time.
Mr. Guglielmo Marconi himself visited Gelligroes to see the radio equipment Mr. Moore had made. Mr. Moore then worked for many years for Mr. Marconi.
Mr. Moor's relatives still live in the area. and the radio equipment can still be seen at Gelligroes Mill.

This page is dedicated to the eternal memory of the R.M.S Titanic and to all those who needlessly died one cold night in April 1912, and to the hero radio operators onboard all the ships especially the H.M.S Titanic