1. Grid Block Keying
The circuit to the right shows a very basic transmitter control using grid blocked
keying for a typical dual conversion SSB transmitter. In the key up condition the
transmitted in prevented from generating any output. Note that all other stages must
be capable of running without damage or over-
If the application uses one or two or three mixers in the transmit path then all
of them must be keyed to prevent any by-
Envelope shaping to prevent key clicks, chirp etc is achieved using time constants
R1/C1, R2/C2, R4/C3 and R5/C4 which should be selected for each individual application.
Typical rise and fall times are around 2ms -
2. Receiver Mute
The following circuit generates a negative voltage used to mute the receiver when transmitting. Modifications to the AGC system will be required to enable the receive AGC time constant to be isolated from the muting facility. The values shown may need to be adjusted for each users particular circuit and operating voltages.
With the key up the triode should be cut-
3. Valve T/R Switch
The following circuit is a T/R switch that can be used with low and medium power PAs to isolate the receiver during transmit periods.
NOTE: This circuit is intended for use with a valve receiver which is more tolerant
of RF voltages at the aerial socket than its solid-
The 2p2 capacitor may be constructed from two 5p or three 6p8 capacitors in series
to ensure a sufficiently high working voltage. Connect one end of this capacitor
to the hot end of the pi-
If you are concerned about possible heater-
This circuit is in use on a 100W HF PA which is run from a 700V DC supply.
Extreme care is required when working on this type of equipment with the high voltages involved. Make that it is switched off, disconnected from the mains supply and the internal supplies are fully discharged before working on the equipment.