Information on ISO Standards, and Related Web Pages:

This information is a follow-up to the article on ISO Standards that appeared in Computer Shopper magazine in the UK (Issue 129, dated 1998-November, on Pages 793 to 797 inclusive). It comprises some additional tables, followed by a number of links to Internet sites with various further standards information.

This file was originally located at:   <>

Additional Information to Article

The following information adds to that printed in the article. For reasons of space, the first table was reduced in size in the magazine. A number of items were omitted. It is reproduced here in full. The other three tables were completely omitted from the printed article for the same reason, and are included here for completeness.

A Few ISO Standards and their BS equivalent:

Title and Details
ISO 31-0 Specification For Quantities, Units and Symbols BS 5775-0
ISO 639 Representation of Names of Languages BS 3862
ISO 646 7-bit Coded Character Set For Information Interchange n/a
ISO 2022 ISO 7-bit and 8-bit Coded Character Set - Code Extension Techniques n/a
ISO 3166 Representation of Countries BS EN ISO 3166
ISO 4217 Representation of Currencies and Funds BS EN 24217
ISO 4873 Information Processing - ISO 8-bit Code For Information Interchange - Structure and Rules For Implementation n/a
ISO 5218 Representation of Human Sexes BS 5249-2
ISO 6709 Representation of Latitude, Longitude, Altitude BS 5249-3
ISO 6937-2 Information Processing - Coded Character Sets For Text Communication n/a
ISO 7372 Electronic Communication of Address Data n/a
ISO 8601 Representation of Date and Time BS EN 28601
ISO 8652 The ADA Programming Language BS 7145
ISO 8859 8-bit Coded Character Set Extensions (10 parts) BS 7203
ISO 8879 SGML (Standard Generalised Markup Language) BS 6868
ISO 9069 SGML (Standard Generalised Markup Language) BS 7138
ISO 9127 User Documentation and Cover Information For Consumer Software Packages BS 7137
ISO 9660 CD-ROM Volume and File Structure BS 7061
ISO 9899 The 'C' Programming Language n/a
ISO 10646 The UCS (32-bit) and UCS-2 (16-bit, UniCode) Character Sets BS ISO 10646
ISO 10744 The 'HyTime' Extensions to SGML BS ISO 10744
ISO 11172 The MPEG Video Standard BS EN ISO 11172
ISO 11180 Postal Addressing Rules for Various Countries (Address Structure etc) n/a
n/a Representation of UK Counties BS 6879
- Key:  ISO = International    EN = EuroNorm   BS = British Standard. -

Extract from ISO 3166 - Representation of Countries:

Country Alpha-2 Alpha-3 Numeric
France FR FRA 250
Liberia LR LBR 430
Spain ES ESP 724
United Kingdom GB GBR 826
United States US USA 840

Extract from British Standard BS 6879 - Representation of UK Counties and Similar Areas:

Sub-entity Alpha-2 Alpha-3 Numeric Location
England EN ENG 0015 -
Dorset DO DOR 1200 ENG
Essex EE ESS 1500 ENG
Fife Region FF FIF 8500 SCT
Norfolk NK NFK 2600 ENG
Scotland SC SCT 0019 -

These codes are intended for use only within Great Britain. When used internationally, the 'sub-entities' should be prefixed with the appropriate two-letter ISO 3166 Country ID and a hyphen; eg 'GB-DOR' for Dorset.

Extract from ISO 31 (Part 0, Paragraph 3 only):

  • Starting from, and on either side of, the decimal mark, digits should be placed into groups of three.
  • The groups should be separated by a small space, never a comma or point.
  • The decimal sign is a comma on the line.
  • In English language documents a point on the line is often used instead of a comma, and this usage is acknowledged in the ISO 31 standard.
  • The comma must never be used as the thousands mark.
  • A million is written as '1 000 000' and a millionth as '0,000 001' or '0.000 001' and so on.

Extract from ISO 5218 - Representation of Human Sexes:

Value Meaning
0 Not Known
1 Male
2 Female
9 Not Specified

Links to Standards Sites

Sites that appear in Red indicate that the address has recently failed. Where possible the new address is shown in the following entry, otherwise I am still looking for suitable Web Page links to include here. Sites come and go all the time. It isn't possible to always be up to date.

As usual, you can explore the other contents on each of these sites by simply reducing the address back to each '/' marker, one at a time.

             Ian Galpin       1998 November 10.

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