EVARC Events/Announcements

October 2, 2015
Vol 15, No 35

SAFETY TIP:  Three reasons for grounding: Electrical Safety, RF Suppression, Lightning Protection




EVARC Upcoming Events/Announcements
Test Sessions
From the ARRL Letter - October 1, 2015
     Hurricane Watch Net Keeping Tabs on Joaquin
     League Reiterates Call for FCC to Allocate 630 Meters, Okay Rules for 2200 Meters
     Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2015 Hits 100 Proponents in the US House
     MARS Invites ARES/RACES Participation in Coronal Mass Ejection Disaster Exercise
     ARRL Foundation Scholarship Program Accepting 2016-17 Academic Year Applications
     More Chinese Amateur Radio Satellites are Aloft
In Brief
Education and Training
Closing Items



EVARC Upcoming Events/Announcements


Next meeting of the Elkhorn Valley Amateur Radio Club
Date:  Saturday, October 10, 2015
Time:  08:30 AM
LocationBailey's Bistro & Lounge
                 1201 S 13th St
                 Norfolk, NE

Minutes from the September 2015 meeting are available and can be read on the EVARC Web page

Visitors and guests are always welcome to the meeting.

For more Information see the EVARC Web Page



EVARC Meeting Location

After further discussion with the management at Bailey's Bistro, the club will continue to meet it's current location.  This is good news since we were no able to find a different suitable location.  Our thanks to Bailey's management for their continued support of the club.


Midwest Division News

The Midwest Division ARRL Newsletter for October 2015 is available on the EVARC Web site.



Nebraska Section News

The Nebraska Section news for August 2015 is available on the EVARC Web site.  Section Manager Matt Anderson, KA0BOJ, discusses the need for Ham Operators at the Nebraska State Fair.  State Fair will be August 28 through September 7.



ARRL Legislative News

The ARRL Legislative News is now available on the EVARC Web site.  Check out what legislation is being proposed and status of on-going legislation.



Test Sessions within 100 miles of Norfolk, NE

For more testing locations see the ARRL Testing Web page

     Sponsor: Siouxland ARA
     Date: Oct 09 2015 
     Time: 6:30 PM (Walk-ins allowed) 
     Contact: Gary L. Johnson
                    (712) 898-7631
     Email: garywy0v@msn.com
     Location: American Red Cross
                    4200 War Eagle Dr
                    Phone call is preferred
                    Sioux City IA 51109-1700
     Sponsor: Amt Radio Assoc Nebraska
     Date: Oct 21 2015 
     Time: 6:00 PM (Walk-ins allowed) 
     Contact: Allen D. Harpham
                    (402) 462-4619
     Email: kb0asq@kb0asq.com
     Location: Hastings Fire Dept
                    1313 N Hastings AVe
                    Hastings NE 68901-9999
     Sponsor: Southwest Iowa ARC
     Date: Oct 27 2015 
     Time: 6:30 PM (Walk-ins allowed) 
     Contact: Gregory S. Ross
                    (712) 566-2698
     Email: Greg.Ross@BHMI.COM
     Loction: American Red Cross
                    705 N 16th St
                    Council Bluffs IA 51501-0105
     Sponsor: Lincoln ARC
     Date: Nov 05 2015 
     Time: 6:30 PM (Walk-ins allowed) 
     Contact: John P. Hauner
                    (402) 486-1400
     Email: jphusker@earthlink.com
     Location: Northside Cafe
                    2701 N 48th St.
                    Lincoln NE 68504-1425
     Sponsor: Bellevue ARC
     Date: Nov 14 2015 
     Time: 1:00 PM (Walk-ins allowed) 
     Contact: Robert F. McCoy
                    (402) 292-8501
     Email: nb0b@arrl.net
     Location: Alegent Health Midlands Hospital
                    11111 S 84 Street
                    McArdle Suite
                    Papillion NE 68046-3920
     Sponsor: AksarbenARC/Omaha Area VE Team
     Date: Nov 24 2015 
     Time: 6:30 PM (Walk-ins allowed) 
     Contact: Gregory S. Ross
                    (402) 778-0033
     Email: Greg.Ross@BHMI.COM
     Location: American Red Cross
                    2912 S 80th Avenue
                    Near 84th and Center
                    Lower Level West Side
                    Omaha NE 68124-3250
     Sponsor: Siouxland ARA
     Date: Nov 27 2015 
     Time: 6:30 PM (Walk-ins allowed) 
     Contact: Gary L. Johnson
                    (712) 898-7631
     Email: garywy0v@msn.com
     Location: American Red Cross
                    4200 War Eagle Dr
                    Phone call is preferred
                    Sioux City IA 51109-1700


l Hamfests/Conventions


SouthWest Iowa ARC (SWIARC) Hamfest
     Start Date: 03/05/2016
     End Date: 03/05/2016
     Location: McClelland Iowa City Hall
                    117 Main Street
                    McClelland, IA 
     Website: http://swiradio.org
     Sponsor: SouthWest Iowa Amateur Radio Club
     Type: ARRL Hamfest
     Talk-In: 146.82-
     Public Contact: Greg Ross , N0GR 
                              22106 320th Street
                              Minden, IA 51553
     Phone: 712-566-2698
     Email: N0GR@arrl.net
Nebraska State Convention
     Start Date: 04/23/2016
     End Date: 04/23/2016
     Location: Lancaster Event Center
                    4100 North 84th Street
                    Lincoln, NE 68501
     Website: http://www.lincolnhamfest.org
     Sponsor: Lincoln Amateur Radio Club
     Type: ARRL Convention pending Executive Committee approval
     Talk-In: 146.760
     Public Contact: Reynolds Davis , K0GND 
                              3901 South 42nd Street
                              Lincoln, NE 68506
     Phone: 402-488-3706
     Email: K0GND@arrl.net
Iowa State Convention (3900 Club Hamboree 2016)
     Start Date: 05/14/2016
     End Date: 05/14/2016
     Location: Boone County Fairgrounds
                    1601 Industrial Park Road
                    Boone, IA 50036
     Website: http://3900club.com
     Sponsor: 3900 Club
     Type: ARRL Convention pending Executive Committee approval
     Talk-In: 146.850- (no PL tone)
     Public Contact: Clay Conard , W0FS 
                              PO Box 286 Stratford, IA 50249
     Phone: 515-838-2285
     Email: w0fs@arrl.net



For a complete listing of Hamfests go to the ARRL Hamfest Search page



From the October 1, 2015 ARRL Letter


Hurricane Watch Net Keeping Tabs on Joaquin

It's been a quiet season so far for the Hurricane Watch Net (HWN), but Hurricane Joaquin, now a Category 3 storm, has been keeping net members busy this week. Joaquin hit the Bahamas on September 30, with maximum sustained winds of 120 MPH. After initially activating on September 30 at 1500 UTC on 14.325 MHz, the net took a break on October 1 at 0445 UTC, as conditions deteriorated on its nighttime frequency of 7.268 MHz. The HWN resumed operation a few hours later on 20 meters at Alert Level 5 -- Catastrophic Response Mode. WX4NHC at the National Hurricane Center (NHC) also activated on October 1.

"This storm has gotten huge and very ugly," HWN Manager Bobby Graves, KB5HAV, told ARRL on October 1. Residents along the US East Coast should closely monitor the progress of Joaquin."

The NHC said Joaquin would batter the Central Bahamas with hurricane-force winds and heavy rain and storm surges into the evening of October 1. The storm was expected to generate rainfall totals of 10 to 15 inches over the central Bahamas. The NHC has predicted that Joaquin would turn toward the west-northwest late on October 1, followed by a turn to the north and an increase in forward speed on October 2.

The 5-day projection for Hurricane Joaquin would place the storm off the coast of North Carolina as early as October 4 and headed toward Southern New England. States of emergency already are in effect in Virginia and New Jersey, but it's still unclear whether the storm will make landfall or remain offshore. Some ARES units are already preparing for possible activation.

During HWN activations, the net control station requests measured/observed "ground-truth" data from stations in the affected area. The HWN is available to provide backup communication to official agencies, such as emergency operations centers and Red Cross officials in the affected area. The net also will gather and report to FEMA officials in the NHC any information on significant damage. Stations should not check into the net unless specifically requested to do so.

The NHC said swells generated by Joaquin will affect portions of the Bahamas over the next few days and will start affecting portions of Florida's eastern coast and the US southeast coast by October 2. "These swells are likely to cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions," the NHC predicted.

"We're monitoring the situation and the forecasts regularly. Like most, we're waiting to see which way the storm will go," ARRL Emergency Preparedness Manager Mike Corey, KI1U, told the ARRL Field Organization leadership in areas that could be affected by Joaquin. "ARRL Headquarters will be in touch with our National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (VOAD), FEMA, and NHC as things develop."

Visit the HWN website for the latest information on this storm and HWN activation plans.



League Reiterates Call for FCC to Allocate 630 Meters, Okay Rules for 2200 Meters

The ARRL has again urged the FCC to go forward with a proposed new Amateur Radio allocation at 472-479 kHz (630 meters) and to establish service rules for Amateur Radio operation at 135.7-137.8 kHz (2200 meters). The League reiterated its August 31 arguments in favor of flexible FCC Part 97 regulations in its September 30 reply comments to the FCC's April Report and Order, Order, and Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (R&O/NPRM) in ET Docket 15-99. That R&O/NPRM raised several questions regarding how Amateur Radio might coexist with PLC systems used to control the power grid. Targeting comments filed by the Utilities Telecom Council (UTC), the ARRL called on the Commission to ignore UTC's call not to allocate 630 meters to Amateur Radio. It asked the FCC to implement a notification procedure for amateur stations within 1 kilometer (0.62 miles) of a transmission line carrying PLC and where the PLC system is operating on frequencies within or which overlap the 2200 or 630 meter bands.

"The comments of UTC, without the benefit of any technical component or argument, oppose the allocation of the 630 meter band to the Amateur Service, and suggest overly and unnecessarily conservative regulation of amateur operation in the 2200 meter band," the ARRL told the FCC. "Whatever protection criteria are ultimately deemed to be necessary with respect to the 2200 meter band, those criteria would be applicable and sufficient as well with respect to the 630 meter band," the ARRL said. "There is no technical justification offered by UTC for withholding the 630 meter allocation."

The ARRL also urged the FCC to reject what it called "UTC's inchoate proposal" to elevate the unlicensed status of PLCs operating between 9 and 490 kHz, purportedly to protect them from interference "caused by amateur operations," while not making any accommodations to address PLC interference to Amateur Radio operations. "UTC cannot have it both ways: It cannot enjoy the benefits of unlicensed operation under Part 15 of the Commission's rules as a carrier-current, unintentional emitter and at the same time claim the protection afforded an allocated, licensed radio service," the ARRL argued.

While the UTC has offered to work with the FCC, the ARRL characterized the UTC's comments as "distinctly unhelpful" in terms of providing information regarding the prevalence and location of PLCs that need protection, the interference potential from Amateur Radio operation and notification requirements, and just how much protection the PLCs actually need. "They are not responsive at all to the plethora of questions asked by the Commission in the Notice," the ARRL continued, "and those points that UTC makes are unsubstantiated."

The League said it's willing to work with utilities in setting up a notification procedure to address the unlikely possibility that Amateur Radio operations in the two bands might interfere with critical PLC systems.

"In order to implement this, UTC should be called upon to provide to ARRL or to the general public, a list of transmission lines carrying PLC which make use of either of the two subject bands, thus to facilitate notification," the ARRL reply comments said.

The League concluded by calling on the FCC to allocate 630 meters to Amateur Radio, as proposed in the Notice, reject UTC's proposal to elevate the status of PLCs, and implement a notification procedure for amateur stations within 1 kilometer of a transmission line carrying PLC in or near the two bands, and to make the LF and MF allocation changes in Part 2 and the Part 97 service rule changes, "as proposed by ARRL and not otherwise."



Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2015 Hits 100 Proponents in the US House

The Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2015 -- H.R. 1301 and S. 1685 -- now has the support of 100 members of the US House of Representatives. Two additional cosponsors signed onto H.R. 1301 on September 24, raising the number of cosponsors to 99. Those members plus the House bill's sponsor, US Rep Adam Kinzinger (R-IL), total 100 proponents, and the number is expected to continue growing.

One of the newcomers agreeing to cosponsor H.R. 1301 was the congressman who represents the Connecticut House district that includes ARRL Headquarters -- Rep John Larson (D-CT). The other new cosponsor was Rep Kristi L. Noem (R-SD)

The Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2015 would direct the FCC to extend its rules relating to reasonable accommodation of Amateur Service communications to private land-use restrictions. Kinzinger introduced H.R. 1301 in March, with 12 original cosponsors from both sides of the aisle. Sen Roger Wicker (R-MS) introduced S. 1685 in June, with Sen Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) as the original cosponsor.

Recently the League took steps to address objections and concerns raised by representatives of community associations about the legislation. "Clarity on Amateur Radio Parity" makes it clear that the bill would not create new federal policy with respect to outdoor amateur antennas. As it points out, the FCC already recognizes a strong federal interest in effective Amateur Radio communication from residences and has adopted a limited preemption of state and local regulation of Amateur Radio antennas. The Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2015 would extend the limited preemption to private land-use restrictions.

H.R. 1301 has been referred to the House Energy and Commerce Committee. Rep Greg Walden, W7EQI (R-OR), chairs that panel's Communications and Technology Subcommittee, which will consider the measure. S. 1685 has been referred to the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee's subcommittee on Communications, Technology, Innovation, and the Internet, chaired by Sen Wicker, the bill's sponsor.

The ARRL continues to encourage members to write their US House and Senate members urging their cosponsorship of the legislation. Visit the Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2015 page for information on how you can get involved.



MARS Invites ARES/RACES Participation in Coronal Mass Ejection Disaster Exercise

A disastrous coronal mass ejection (CME) will be the focus of a national Military Auxiliary Radio System (MARS) communication exercise in early November, and MARS is hoping to collaborate with Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARES) and Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service (RACES) groups. The MARS exercise will get under way on November 8 and continue into November 10. It will be a quarterly contingency HF exercise in support of the US Department of Defense.

"The exercise scenario will simulate a CME event and focus on actions that radio operators should take prior to and following a CME event," explained Army MARS Program Manager Paul English, WD8DBY. "One thing we want to continue to work on is the interface with the greater Amateur Radio community."

CMEs are huge explosions of gas, plasma, and electromagnetic radiation from the Sun, which are responsible for geomagnetic storms. Solar flares can accompany CMEs, but they are not the same thing. A CME can take anywhere from 1 day to 3 days to reach Earth. CMEs occur all the time, but most bypass Earth with minor effects. A major CME that hits Earth directly could damage or destroy satellites as well as terrestrial communication and electrical power infrastructure.

English said the November exercise would simulate a radio blackout as well as infrastructure damage. "During the exercise, we will simulate the blackout with a 3 hour pause, and then we will bring stations back on air and begin handling requests for information," he told ARRL.

Training objectives for this exercise will include understanding what a CME is and how much forecast lead time can be expected; the effects associated with a CME, and what precautions radio operators take to protect their equipment prior to a severe CME.

After the simulated CME, operators will assess its effects and begin reporting that information. This will involve "interoperation with Amateur Radio operators and groups to assist in assessment."

Individual radio amateurs as well as ARES and RACES teams are encouraged to participate in this exercise. Contact MARS and provide your contact information, if your organization is interested.



ARRL Foundation Scholarship Program Accepting 2016-17 Academic Year Applications

The ARRL Foundation is accepting academic year 2016-17 applications from eligible young radio amateurs planning to pursue higher education. All applicants must be active FCC licensees and submit an online application. More than 80 scholarships ranging from $500 to $5000 will be awarded in 2016. In addition, one applicant will be selected to receive the prestigious William R. Goldfarb Memorial Scholarship, awarded to a high school senior pursuing a degree in business, computers, medical, nursing, engineering, or science. Students submitting 2016 applications should read the ARRL Scholarship Descriptions carefully and apply only for those scholarships for which they are eligible. Some scholarships have geographic criteria or other requirements.

All applicants must submit a completed online application. Applicants must also forward a copy of their academic transcripts from their most recently completed school year. Applications without accompanying transcripts will not be considered. Cell phone photos of transcript(s) will not be accepted. All transcript(s) must be scanned into a PDF and sent via e-mail.

Applicants for the William R. Goldfarb Memorial Scholarship must also submit a PDF of their FAFSA form by February 18, 2016, as well as a copy their academic transcript from their most recently completed school year.

Applicants will receive a confirmation message when their applications have been successfully processed.

The 2016 application window opened on October 1. Applications for the 2016 scholarship process must be received by 11:59 PM Eastern Standard Time on January 31, 2016. Transcripts must be received by Thursday, February 18, 2016. Award recipients are typically notified by mid-May by USPS mail and e-mail.

Individuals, groups, or clubs wishing to establish an ARRL Foundation Scholarship may review the Sample Terms of Reference. For additional information, contact the ARRL Foundation or call Lauren Clarke, KB1YDD, at (860) 594-0348.



More Chinese Amateur Radio Satellites are Aloft

Quick on the heels of the September 19 launch of nine satellites carrying Amateur Radio payloads comes word that three more satellites were launched on September 25 from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in Inner Mongolia’s Gobi Desert. The CubeSats, identified as Tianwang-1A (TW-1A; SECM-1), Tianwang-1B (TW-1B; NJUST-2), and Tianwang-1C (TW-1C; NJFA-1), were developed by students at the Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics in collaboration with the Shanghai Engineering Center for Microsatellites. TW-1A and TW-1B are 2 U CubeSats, while TW-1C is a 3U CubeSat.

The mission’s main goal is to experiment with software defined radio technology in space. The Amateur Radio payloads, which do not include any transponders, will serve to exchange telemetry, tracking, and command information with the ground control station. Telemetry data will be made public, so that radio amateurs around the world may track and monitor the health of the satellites.

Other payloads include a video camera, along with receivers for dual-band GPS/BeiDou, Maritime Automatic Identification System, and Aeronautical Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast. Using MEMS based cold-gas micropropulsion, it is planned to demonstrate formation flying by two of the CubeSats along with inter-satellite communication using GAMALINK 2.4 GHz spread spectrum technology from Portugal.

According to Michael Chen, BD5RV, of CAMSAT, the satellites have downlinks in the 435-438 MHz Amateur-Satellite Service allocation. TW-1A transmits on 435.645 MHz (GMSK 4800/9600 baud, 10 second transmit interval); TW-1B on 437.645 MHz (GMSK 4800/9600 baud, 20 second transmit interval), and TW-1C on 435.645 MHz (GMSK 4800/9600 baud, 10 second transmit interval). Note that TW-1A and 1C use the same frequency. The satellites also may have downlink frequencies in the VHF range.

TW-1A is object 40928, 2015-051D; TW-1B, (NJUST-1) is object 40927, 2015-051C, and TW-1C is object 40926, 2015-051B.

On the same launch was the technology demonstration satellite Pujian-1, which includes WiFi technology for intra-satellite communication.

Trevor, M5AKA, said it’s believed that Beijing plans another Amateur Radio payload satellite launch on October 5. — Thanks to AMSAT News Service, AMSAT-UK


  • The K7RA Solar Update - Tad Cook, K7RA, Seattle, reports: Solar activity spiked again this week, with average daily sunspot numbers rising from 73 to 120.9. Average daily solar flux tracked upward too -- from 106.7 to 122.7. Predicted solar flux is 130 on October 1-2; 120 and 110 on October 3-4; 100 on October 5-8; 115 on October 9-10; 110 on October 11-12; then 115, 120, and 125 on October 13-15; 130 on October 16-18; 125 on October 19; 120 on October 20-24, then 130, 125, 120, and 115 on October 25-28; 110 on October 29 through November 1, and 115 on November 2-6. Predicted planetary A index is 8, 20 and 22 on October 1-3; 28, 16, and 12 on October 4-6; 8 on October 7-8; 10 on October 9; 8 on October 10-14; then 12, 10, and 12 on October 15-17; 8 on October 18-24; 7 on October 25-27; 15, 10, 7, and 15 on October 28-31, and 12, 8, and 12 on November 1-3. Monthly averages of sunspot numbers for May through September were 83, 77.4, 68.5, 61.7, and 72.5. The 3 month moving averages of daily sunspot numbers centered on January through August were 98.2, 78.1, 68.2, 72.4, 77.7, 76.3, 69.1, and 67.5. A 3 month moving average centered on August has a sum of all sunspot numbers from July 1 through September 30, and divides by 92, the number of days. A 3 month moving average centered on July incorporates all data from June 1 through August 31.  Send me your reports and observations. -- Tad Cook, K7RA

  • AMSAT's Fox-1A to Launch from California on October 8: The much-awaited Fox-1A CubeSat is set to launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California on October 8. It will ride aloft on an Atlas V rocket as part of the National Reconnaissance Office Launch 55 (NROL-55), which will carry an auxiliary payload called Government Rideshare Advanced Concepts Experiment (GRACE). Sponsored by the NRO, GRACE will carry 13 CubeSats into space -- nine sponsored by the NRO and four -- including Fox-1A -- by NASA. GRACE is the fourth NRO-sponsored CubeSat mission. -- Thanks to AMSAT News Service

  • LAPAN-A2 FM and APRS Satellite Launched: It's getting even busier in space. Indonesia's IARU Amateur Radio society ORARI reports that the LAPAN-A2/ORARI satellite was launched on September 28, from India. LAPAN-A2 is in a 650 km orbit and takes about 110 minutes to orbit Earth. The low-inclination equatorial orbit of 6° to 8° means it will be receivable only from about 30° N to 30° S, limiting the satellite's accessibility to users outside of that footprint. LAPAN-A2 has been heard. It now is undergoing activation and systems testing, and it is expected to be 1 month before the Amateur Radio FM transponder will be generally available. The primary aims of the mission are Earth observation using an RGB camera and maritime traffic monitoring using AIS -- both using frequencies outside the Amateur Satellite Service. The telemetry beacon is on 437.425 MHz; the FM voice uplink is 435.880 MHz; the FM voice downlink is 145.880 MHz. The transponder runs 5 W. The APRS digipeater is on 145.825. Reports are welcome.

  • Radio Amateurs Track Signal Interfering on Public Safety Frequency: Radio amateurs in New Hampshire recently were able to help track down the source of a constant mystery signal on 155.340 MHz -- the "Med 1" frequency for local hospitals. "The offending transmitter was easily received in Dover on a handheld, and was interfering with ambulance-hospital communications," New Hampshire Technical Coordinator Dee Hebert, AB1ST, told New Hampshire Section Manager Pete Stohrer, K1PJS. "George [Whitehead, W1BOF] and I began looking for the transmitter in Dover, and, after a few hours, we had traced it down to Exeter Hospital. George knows the emergency preparedness coordinator at that hospital and contacted him." Communications technicians at the hospital, responding to a report that users were unable to transmit or receive on any frequency, were unaware of the constantly keyed transmitter. They started shutting down systems there until the offending signal disappeared. "We suspect that all of the problems at Exeter Hospital were due to that single transmitter," Hebert said. "It was good to see Amateur Radio and our fox hunt skills put to practical use in the community." -- Thanks to Dee Hebert, AB1ST


l Education and Training  
  • ARRL Certification and Continuing Education course registration - The ARRL has many ways to continue your education in things Amateur Radio.  For more information go to the ARRL Courses & Training web pagee.

  • FEMA Online Trainingg - FEMA has numerous Independent Study Program courses available for Ham Radio Operators and others interested in emergency support and are recommended by ARES.  For a list of courses check the FEMA ISP training web sitee.  Look for the 100, 200, and 700 series courses.

  • Weather Spotter Training - To be a certified Weather Spotter in the State of Nebraska, you must attend a weather spotter training session, take two on-line courses, and pass a written exam provided by your local Emergency Coordinator.  The on-line courses can be found on the ucar.edu web site.

  • Did you know you can practice code on-line? The ARRL posts their code practice files on the web. These audio files can be played on line or downloaded for later play back on your own computer. Practice files are available for 5, 7.5, 10, 13, 15, 18, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40 Words per Minute. To find the files click the following link: http://www.arrl.org/code-practice-filesssss



    The EVARC weekly net meets every Monday evening at 7:30 PM on the club 2 meter repeater (146.73 -). Check-in to the net to hear an update on activities of other club members,  announcements of local interest, and any late breaking information. Everyone is welcome to check in.


    The purpose of this newsletter is to provide information to local hams with items of interest.  It is compiled from local, regional, and national sources an includes national, regional, and local news items and events.  Created by Monty Wilson, NRĜA. Contact  NRĜA with comments or questions.