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通信英語

No.03   1992 Mar.   p66~67,   by 黃國雄 / BV2WC



前兩期大略介紹過基本的通信橡皮圖章(RUBBER STAMP)後,本期起開始作談話的內容介紹,先從大家的所在地 -- 台灣講起

   The Republic of China (ROC) government currently controls the Taiwan, Kinmen and Matsu areas.
   中華民國政府現行管轄範圍包括台灣地區及金馬地區。

   The Taiwan area, with thirty-six thousand square kilometers, includes Taiwan proper, the Penghu Islands, Green Island, Orchid Island and Tiaoyutai Islets.
   台灣地區包括台灣本島、澎湖群島、綠島、蘭嶼及釣魚台列嶼等島嶼,面積約 36,000 平方公里。

   Taiwan, also known as Formosa, is an island about one hundred sixty kilometers off the southeast coast of mainland China. It is seperated from Fukien Province on the mainland China by the Taiwan strait.
   台灣又名福爾摩沙,位居中國大陸東南方 160 公里之外海,西隔台灣海峽與福建省相望。

   The island measures three hundred and seventy-seven kilometers long and one hundred forty-two kilometers wide at its widest point.
   台灣本島南北縱長 377 公里,東西最大寬處約 142 公里。

   The Central Mountain Range slopes gently to a broad and fertile plain in the west.
   中央山脈縱列於中央偏東,緩降於寬闊肥沃的西部平原。

   Hills and mountains cover two-third of the island which has sixty-two mountains over three thousand meters tall.
   層層山巒涵蓋全島三分之二,有62座山高度在3000公尺以上。
(BV3FG註:台灣高於3000公尺的山峰遠大於100座以上)

   Yushan is the highest mountain,about three thousand nine hundred and ninty-seven meters tall, is the loftiest peak in Northeast Asia.
   玉山是全島最高峰,有 3997 公尺高,雄冠東北亞。
(BV3FG註:玉山的高度應修正為3952公尺)

   In the east, the mountains descend precipitously to the Pacific.
   東部山脈陡峭,瀕臨太平洋。

   The island's uplands are so extensive that only about one-fourth of Taiwan is arable.
   境內多山,可耕地面積僅佔四分之一。

   Shorelines are fairly straight and good natural harbors are few.
   海岸線平直,天然良港稍少。

   Rivers are short, useful for power generation but not for navigation.
   河川短促,水力蘊藏豐富,適合發電但不利航行。

   Physiographically, Taiwan has five major areas: the Central Mountain Range, volcanic mountains, foothills, tablelands, coastal plains and basins.
   就地形而言,台灣可概分五大部份:中央山脈、火山、丘陵、台地、海岸平原及盆地。

   The Kinmen and Matsu, with one hundred and eighty square kilometers, are two island groups just off the mainland China.
   金門馬祖地區靠近福建省外海,面積約 180 平方公里。

   The climate is subtropical with average temperature around twenty-two degree Celsius (seventy-two degree Fahrenheit) in the north and twenty-four point five degree Celsius (seventy-six degree Fahrenheit) in the south.
   台灣地區屬亞熱帶氣候,平均氣溫北部約在攝氏 22 度 (華氏 72 度),南部攝氏 24.5 度 (華氏 76 度)。

   Summer season runs from May to October, winter from December to February.
   夏季從五月開始到十月,冬季從十二月到翌年二月。

   Rainfall is heavy, averaging twentyfive hundred millimeters annually.
   境內雨水充沛,平均年雨量約 2500 公釐。

   Local and seasonal variations are numerous. The north is often rainy in the winter, and the south in the summer. Winter snows occur in the higher mountains.
   雨季因時因地而異,北部冬天多雨,南部則集中夏季,高山地區偶有霜雪。

   Language spoken are Chinese in the Mandarin, Amoy and Hakka dialects. Mandarin of the Peiping dialect is taught in the schools.
   使用的語言有國語、閩南語及客家語。學校裡用國語教授,屬於北平方言。

   History reports that aborigines reached Taiwan in prehistoric times. Chinese started coming about fourteen hundred years ago.
   歷史記載原住民在史前時代就已來到台灣居住,漢民族約在一千四百多年前才開始移民台灣。

   Dutch and Spanish came to the island in the seventeenth century and the Japanese were in occupation from eighteen ninty-five to ninteen forty-five.
   荷蘭人和西班牙人在17世紀開始來到台灣,1895至1945年之間被日本人統治過。

   The present government was established January first, ninteen twelve after the fall of Ching dynasty.
   清朝末亡後於1912年元月1日建立現在的中華民國。

   Tourism draw over one and a half million visitors annually. Traditional Chinese hospitality is the secret behind such success......plus abundant natural beauties.
   每年吸引15O萬以上的觀光客來華遊覽,典型的中國人好客之道加上天然美景是觀光業成功之處。

   Apart from Taipei, the principal cities are Kaohsiung, Tainan, Taichung, and Keelung. The population of Taiwan exceeds twenty million.
   除台北市以外,其他主要的城市有高雄、台南、台中及基隆。總人口超過2千萬人。

73s!See you guys next time. END



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