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通信英語 ENGLISH QSO

No.01   1991 Sep.   p104~106   by 黃國雄 / BV2WC



    隨著業餘無線電活動日益普遍,BV 電台人口愈來愈多,新 BV 剛上線面臨的第一個問題便是如何開口說英語,即使原本英語會話能力好的友台也不免會舌頭打結,不知該說甚麼?

    筆者大學英文系畢業,當初剛上線時也是手心出汗,腦筋一片空白,啥都不會說。只好多聽少說,聽聽別人怎麼說,再翻閱相關雜誌上是怎麼說,總算也能理出個頭緒,在國際舞台上朗朗上口,暢所欲言。

    其間曾有多位同好詢問該如何開口說通信英語,也曾印過一份簡單的樣式給大家分享,畢竟通信英語和一般英語會話是不一樣的,但也不是一成不變,說法有千百種。提供大家一份樣式,共同切磋琢磨,教學相長。


一、CQ 呼叫例句:

    CQ 專指不對特定對象之呼叫,類似「呼叫空中友台」之意。呼叫前要先仔細靜聽,確定無人使用才開始呼叫,呼叫前一定要先詢問是否有他人在使用:

"Anyone using this frequency?"
"Is this frequency in use? "
間呼三次沒人回應才正式開始呼叫,每回呼叫約十餘秒到 1 分鐘不定。

  • 無特定對象:

    "CQ CQ CQ......This is BV2WC calling CQ and standing by."
    簡潔的說法,字尾 "standing by" 表示等待接收。

    "CQ CQ CQ......This is BV2WC...... Bravo Victor Two Whisky Charlie...... BV2WC......BV2WC is calling CQ and standing by. "
    個人呼號拼讀後加以報讀並重覆呼號兩次以增加對方清晰聽取程度

  • 特定對象:

    在 CQ 之後加上對象名稱

    "Calling CQ CQ CQ......Calling CQ DX...... CQ DX......CQ Delta X'ray......Thisis BV2WC calling CQ DX and standing by. "
    專呼遠地電台並報讀 DX。

    "CQ DX......CQ DX......Calling CQ to any DX station......This is BV2WC calling CQ DX and standing by for any call. "
    專呼遠地電台並表明靜候任何遠地電台回應。

    "CQ CQ DX......This is BV2WC......BV Two Whisky Charlie in Taipei Taiwan calling CQ DX and standing by. "
    呼叫遠地電台並表明自己的所在地及國家名稱。

    "CQ CQ CQ......Hello CQ......Calling CQ......This is BV2WC calling CQ......CQ CQ CQ......Calling CQ fifteen meters......This is BV2WC calling CQ and standing by for any call. "
    15 米波段長呼方式,增加對方截收機會。

    "CQ Europe......CQ Europe......this is BV2WC Taipei Taiwan......Calling CQ Europe and standing by for any call. "
    專呼歐洲電台,但不要拒絕其他地區電台的呼叫,待回應完再續呼歐洲。

    "CQ North America......CQ CQ CQ......Calling CQ to any station in North America......This is BV2WC calling CQ North America and standing by for any possible call. "
    專呼北美洲電台,任何北美洲地區的電台聽到請回答。

    "Calling CQ to any station in the United States......This is BV2WC calling CQ USA and standing by for any possible call. "
    專呼美國電台,任何美國電台聽到請回答。

    "Calling CQ CQ CQ......Calling CQ to the W6 area ......CQ W6 ......This is BV2WC calling CQ W6......CQ CQ CQ......Calling CQ to any station in the W6 area ...... This is BV2WC calling CQ W6 and standing by for any possible call. "
    呼叫美國 W6 (加州) 區域的電台,任何美國加州的電台聽到請回答。

  • 通信比賽呼叫方式 :

    "BV2WC CQ Contest"
    "CQ contest CQ contest......This is Bravo Victor Two Whisky Charlie calling CQ contest (and) standing by. "
    簡短的比賽呼叫方式。

    "CQ contest CQ contest......Calling CQ contest CQ contest CQ contest......This is Bravo Victor Two Whisky Charlie...... CQ contest CQ contest......This is Bravo Victor Two Whisky Charlie calling CQ contest and standing by. "
    比賽長呼方式。


    二、CQ 回答例句 :

    呼完 CQ 後,回應對方的感謝語句
    "Thanks for the call......"
    "Thanks for calling me......"
    "Thanks you for your call......"
    "Thanks for giving me a call......"
    "Thanks for the call, old man......"
    "Thanks you very much for the call"
    "Thanks for coming back to my call"


    三、RST 信號報告 :

    一般作 PHONE (話務) 時只要報 RS 數字即可。R (Readability) 是了解對方話語的程度,共有 1-5 種的了解程度,一般只報 5,表示完全了解。S (Signal strength) 是接收對方的信號強度,從自己收發機上的訊號表頭可以看出 1-9, 20, 40, 60 dB 的強度指示,一般報 9,表示訊號很強;超過 9dB 時則報 "plus 20dB 或更高。例如:

    "You are 59 (five-nine, fifty-nine), QSL? "
    "Your signal report is 59 (fifty-nine), five and nine. QSL? "
    最簡單的信號報告,表示收對方滿檔,完全了解,QSL 是明白嗎?

    "You are readability 5 and signal strength 10dB over 9 here in Taipei. "
    你的訊號報告在台北市,了解度是 5,訊號強度超過 9 有 10 個 dB 強。


    四、名字介紹:

    以方便彼此稱呼

    "My name is Bear. "
    "My handle is Bear, Bravo Echo Alfa Romeo. "
    "Bear is the handle. "
    「handle」是世界火腿們之間的稱呼用語,可以是電台操作員的小名,您自個要取任何洋名都可以,一旦選定登錄在全世界的「Call Book」上,可就得用它一輩子。以筆者而言,此「Bear」取自「Teddy Bear」玩具熊,與本人的「size」類似,而且又與中文名字字尾同音,您要叫「蘿蔔」 Robert,「豆腐」 Dalph,「倒過來拉屎」 Douglas,都可以,沒人管,愈短愈好,如 BV2A 用「Tim」,BV2AP 用「WU」,更簡單。

    "I missed your name, please say again."
    您的大名我沒聽清楚,請重覆再說一遍。

    "What is your name ? I missed it because of QRM. Please say again. "
    由於干擾嚴重,沒聽清楚,請重覆再說一遍。


    五、設備介紹:

    簡單說明收發機型號,天線種類及高度

    "What is your rig? "
    "What is your working condition ? "
    您使用甚麼樣的設備?您的工作條件如何?

    "I am using ICOM IC725 running 100 watts. "
    "My rig is KENWOOD TS140S running 100 watts. "
    我用的機器是……輸出功率一百瓦。

    "I am using a simple home brew Dipole antenna. "
    使用自製水平偶極天線。

    "The antenna I am using here is a Ground Plane (vertical) antenna. "
    使用垂直天線。

    "My Antenna is a 3-element Yagi, about 15 meters high from the ground. "
    使用三元件八木天線,離地15米高。


    六、交換 QSL 卡:

    作為雙方的通信證明

    "Please QSL."
    請寄給我 QSL 卡。

    "Please QSL via the bureau."
    請經由促進會轉發。

    "Please QSL direct."
    請直接寄到府上。

    "I'll QSL 100%. "
    我一定會回卡。

    "I'd like to have your QSL card. "
    我想要您的卡片。

    "What is your QSL information ? "
    您的通信地址是那裡?

    "My QTH is OK in the callbook. "
    世界 callbook 裡有我的通信地址。


    七、結束 QSO:

    "Thanks for the nice QSO, hope to see you again soon. "
    "It has been a very nice QSO, many thanks and 73. "
    與您談話非常高興,下回見。

    "That's all from here. Nice talking with you. 73 "
    今天的談話就到此為止。

    "Please send my best regards to your family, goodbye and 73. "
    請代我向您的家人問好。 END



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