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QRM NEWSLETTER PUBLISHED BY
BRISTOL AMATEUR RADIO CLUB VIRGINIA/TENNESSEE - USA
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April Meeting *** The April meeting will be presented by Mr. Dave Marshall, W3BI and will be on using new digital modes and hardware development to design antenna performance.
Two Meter Net ***
Dale Barker, KT4SQ holds a net each Tuesday night @ 9:00 PM on the frequency of 146.670 no tones. Be sure to try to check in. Dale runs a very good net so check in to show him your support. Also this is one of the oldest Nets on the East Coast.
Toni Ward, KF4BMW is now taking the club dues for 2017. They run from Jan 1,thru Dec.31 of the same year. You can give them to Toni at the next club meeting or mail hr a check to Toni Ward C/O BARC 305 Honeysuckle Lane, Bristol Tennessee, 37620. Thanks.
Ben Morris, K4EDI and his fellow amateurs who help give the tests are ready and able to go and give the tests after each club meeting..Ben says the correct change is always appreciated and a duplicate copy of your current license and a photo ID is also required. For more info you may email him at:firstname.lastname@example.org You can also call him at 276/791/0102.
W1AW Operating Schedule
Time Mode Days
------------------- ---- ---------
1300 UTC (9 AM ET) CWs Wed, Fri
1300 UTC (9 AM ET) CWf Tue, Thu
Daily Visitor Operating Hours:
1400 UTC to 1600 UTC - (10 AM to 12 PM ET)
1700 UTC to 1945 UTC - (1 PM to 3:45 PM ET)
(Station closed 1600 to 1700 UTC (12 PM to 1 PM ET))
2000 UTC (4 PM ET) CWf Mon, Wed, Fri
2000 " " CWs Tue, Thu
2100 " (5 PM ET) CWb Daily
2200 " (6 PM ET) DIGITAL Daily
2300 " (7 PM ET) CWs Mon, Wed, Fri
2300 " " CWf Tue, Thu
0000 " (8 PM ET) CWb Daily
0100 " (9 PM ET) DIGITAL Daily
0145 " (9:45 PM ET) VOICE Daily
0200 " (10 PM ET) CWf Mon, Wed, Fri
0200 " " CWs Tue, Thu
0300 " (11 PM ET) CWb Daily
CW: 1.8025 3.5815 7.0475 14.0475 18.0975 21.0675 28.0675 147.555
DIGITAL: - 3.5975 7.095 14.095 18.1025 21.095 28.095 147.555
VOICE: 1.855 3.990 7.290 14.290 18.160 21.390 28.590 147.555
CWs = Morse Code practice (slow) = 5, 7.5, 10, 13 and 15 WPM
CWf = Morse Code practice (fast) = 35, 30, 25, 20, 15, 13 and 10 WPM
CWb = Morse Code Bulletins = 18 WPM
CW frequencies include code practices, Qualifying Runs and CW
DIGITAL = BAUDOT (45.45 baud), BPSK31 and MFSK16 in a revolving
Code practice texts are from QST, and the source of each practice is
given at the beginning of each practice and at the beginning of
On Tuesdays and Fridays at 2230 UTC (6:30 PM ET), Keplerian Elements
for active amateur satellites are sent on the regular digital
A DX bulletin replaces or is added to the regular bulletins between
0000 UTC (8 PM ET) Thursdays and 0000 UTC (8 PM ET) Fridays.
Audio from W1AW's CW code practices, and CW/digital/phone bulletins
is available using EchoLink via the W1AW Conference Server named
"W1AWBDCT." The monthly W1AW Qualifying Runs are presented here as
well. The CW/digital/phone audio is sent in real-time and runs
concurrently with W1AW's regular transmission schedule.
All users who connect to the conference server are muted. Please
note that any questions or comments about this server should not be
sent via the "Text" window in EchoLink. Please direct any questions
or comments to email@example.com.
In a communications emergency, monitor W1AW for special bulletins as
follows: Voice on the hour, Digital at 15 minutes past the hour, and
CW on the half hour.
FCC licensed amateurs may operate the station from 1400 UTC to 1600
UTC (10 AM to 12 PM ET), and then from 1700 UTC to 1945 UTC (1 PM to
3:45 PM ET) Monday through Friday. Be sure to bring your current
FCC amateur license or a photocopy.
St. Patrick’s Day Activity Hopes to “Turn the Bands Green”
Radio amateurs around the world will celebrate St. Patrick’s Day on the air through the St. Patrick Award. “We hope to turn the bands green,” the event’s sponsors said. The St. Patrick Award activity will get under way . Radio amateurs or SWLs are invited to take part. Awards will be in four categories: SPD Station Award (for registered stations); Fixed Station Award; Mobile Station Award, and Short Wave Listener Award. Register to be an official participating station. Visit the event’s Facebook page.
Hurricane Watch Net Pioneer Don Kay, K0IND, SK
Hurricane Watch Net (HWN) pioneer Donald J. “Don” Kay, K0IND, of Panama City, Florida, died on March 1. He was 89. HWN Manager Bobby Graves, KB5HAV said Kay was a humanitarian who loved Amateur Radio and helping people. All told, he said, Kay served the HWN for more than a half-century. Licensed in the early 1950s while stationed in the military in Colorado, Kay was one of the original members of the HWN in 1965, serving for 23 years as assistant net manager and 4 years as net manager. Kay also designed the HWN logo, and Graves said many consider him an HWN co-founder. In 2013, he was named manager emeritus and continued serving the net as an advisor. A US Naval Academy graduate, Kay served in the military from 1946 until 1977.
RadioShack Again Files for Bankruptcy
Once the go-to store for radio amateurs, electronics tinkerers, and shortwave listeners, RadioShack has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy for the second time in 2 years, placing the future of its remaining stores in jeopardy. The 1,743 retail outlets that survived RadioShack’s 2015 bankruptcy were acquired by General Wireless Inc., an affiliate of Standard General LP, which, at the time, received US Bankruptcy Court approval to acquire the inventory and assume the leases of the RadioShack stores. Now down to 1,500 stores, RadioShack once boasted more than 5,000 stores nationwide. At least some of RadioShack’s 5,900 employees could be affected. That figure is down from 7,500 workers 2 years ago.
RadioShack.com, stores, and dealer locations across the country are still currently open for business and serving customers,” the company said in a news release. “The Company is closing approximately 200 stores and evaluating options on the remaining 1,300. The Company and its advisors are currently exploring all available strategic alternatives to maximize value for creditors, including the possibility of keeping stores open on an ongoing basis.”
The acquisition by General Wireless followed a bankruptcy auction in 2015. Plans at the time called for “co-branding” about 1,440 of the surviving stores with cellular phone provider Sprint Corp. RadioShack also has closed more stores and slashed operating expenses by more than 20%, but it wasn’t enough. The company cited “surprisingly poor” mobile phone sales as a factor. Chapter 11 gives RadioShack another opportunity to restructure and stay in business. The retailer joins other brick-and-mortar stores forced to shutter outlets in the face of declining sales and fiscal losses, with electronics stores especially hard hit.
Dating its founding to 1921, RadioShack once offered a considerable array of name-brand Amateur Radio equipment — even beams and towers — along with home entertainment gear and discrete components — including transistors, resistors, and capacitors. Its iconic 1960s-era catalog ran to more than 300 pages. In later years, it sold a fairly popular 2 meter handheld transceiver for a time, as well as Citizens Band equipment, 10-meter single-banders, and shortwave receivers. RadioShack’s website is announcing a clearance sale, with some items steeply discounted.
RadioShack did more to spread the early technology culture in the US than any other commercial institution,” ARRL CEO Tom Gallagher, NY2RF, observed.
Former Business News Broadcaster Paul H. Kangas, W4LAA, SK
Business news broadcaster Paul H. Kangas, W4LAA, of North Miami Beach, Florida, died on February 28. He was 79. From 1979 until 2009, Kangas was the co-anchor of the popular Nightly Business Report on public television, on which he signed off wishing viewers “the best of good buys.” He received an Emmy Award for Lifetime Achievement in Business and Financial Reporting from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.
With his booming voice, easy laughter and quick wit, Paul Kangas was a tremendous asset to Nightly Business Report, right from its inception in 1979,” said Linda O’Bryon, who once co-anchored with Kangas. “He helped invent stock market reporting on television.” O’Bryon said Kangas, who worked without a script, had an “encyclopedic knowledge of the stock market.”
Kangas was among the original members of an informal group that began meeting more than 3 decades ago on 20-meter SSB. Group member Bill Cate, K5EEF, told ARRL that Kangas was “a favorite with all of us, a great and fun wordsmith, with whom we would play spelling and definition games all the time.”
A graduate of the University of Michigan and the New York University Stern School of Business, Kangas was a US Coast Guard veteran and former stockbroker who broke into broadcasting as a stock commentator on Miami PBS station WPBT, becoming co-anchor of Nightly Business Report in 1990.
Former White House Cybersecurity Advisor Howard A. Schmidt, W7HAS, SK
Howard A. Schmidt, W7HAS, of Muskego, Wisconsin — a global leader in cybersecurity and the first person to hold the post of White House Cybersecurity Coordinator — died on March 2. An ARRL member, he was 67. Schmidt served both Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama as their administrations’ top cybersecurity advisor. He also held top security posts at Microsoft and eBay. In 2009, after President Obama named him as White House Cybersecurity Coordinator, Schmidt told ARRL that he credited Amateur Radio with getting involved in technology.
I love technology, and it was Amateur Radio that caused me to build my first computer — a Sinclair ZX80 — to use for EME calculations,” he said in a 2009 interview. “I studied all about the OSCAR systems and would build equipment to monitor when they would pass within range of Arizona,” where he spent his younger years. That, he said, set him on the path to computer crime investigations and computer forensics, which, in turn, led to his career in cybersecurity. First licensed as WB7NUV in the late 1970s, Schmidt was active on VHF and UHF, including packet, and said TAPR was “a real inspiration.”
By the time he joined the Obama administration, which he left in 2012, he had only recently gotten back into Amateur Radio owing to what he called “an administrative error.” Due to a clerical mistake, the FCC had erroneously mailed him an Amateur Extra license, prompting him to buy a full complement of gear. By the time the error was resolved, he said, “I was hooked on Amateur Radio all over again.”
Schmidt distinguished himself in both the public and private sectors, including more than 26 years of military service with the US Air Force. He was the author of Patrolling Cyberspace: Lessons Learned from a Lifetime in Data Security.
Nayif-1 Amateur Radio Satellite Transmits Message from Dubai’s Ruler
The Nayif-1 Amateur Radio satellite is beaming a message from Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid, Vice President and Ruler of Dubai — the first to be transmitted by the new satellite. AMSAT-NA has designated Nayif-1 as Emirates OSCAR 88 (EO-88). The message, in Arabic, says, “The renaissance of peoples, nations, and civilizations starts with education; and the future of nations starts at their schools.” Launched on February 15, the Nayif-1 satellite carries a U/V linear Amateur Radio transponder for SSB and CW and a telemetry transmitter. Nayif-1 was a joint project of the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC) and American University of Sharjah (AUS). It is the United Arab Emirates’ first nanosatellite. Telemetry is on 145.940 MHz, 1.2 kb BPSK (FUNcube standard). The SSB/CW transponder uplink passband is 435.045-435.015 MHz, and the downlink passband is 145.960-145.990 MHz.
ARISS to Swap Out Handheld VHF Transceivers on Space Station
The 10th SpaceX International Space Station cargo resupply mission delivered investigations to study human health, Earth science, and weather patterns last Thursday. It also carried a new Ericsson 2-meter handheld radio to replace one that failed a few months ago, disrupting the Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) program. The VHF radio in the Columbus module was used for school group contacts and for Amateur Radio packet, temporarily relocated to UHF after the VHF radio failure. ARISS International Chair Frank Bauer, KA3HDO, said the new Ericsson radio will, at some point, be installed in Columbus, replacing the Ericsson UHF radio now supporting APRS packet and some school contacts. Bauer made it clear that the new Ericsson transceiver is an interim measure for ARISS.
ARISS is making great progress on the development of the new interoperable radio system that we hope to use to replace our aging radio infrastructure in the Columbus module and the Service module,” he said. “The hard — and expensive — part of this effort is just beginning, with testing and human [spaceflight] certification on the horizon.” ARISS was able to shift school contacts from NA1SS to the Kenwood TM-D710 transceiver in the Russian Service Module. Cosmonauts use that radio to carry out their ARISS school contacts from RS0ISS.
Bauer thanked all of ARISS’s partners, which include ARRL and AMSAT, as well as individuals and entities that have donated to the program. In December, ARISS announced a “notable contribution” from the Quarter Century Wireless Association (QCWA) to help support development and certification of new ISS radio hardware.
The Ericsson MP-A VHF handheld transceiver that ISS crew members had used to speak via Amateur Radio with students and educational groups around the world for more than 16 years began displaying an error message last fall, rendering it unusable. ARISS has said ARISS’s new JVC Kenwood TM-D710GA-based radio system, once on station and installed, will improve communication capability for students scheduled to participate in educational contacts and related activities. The new system also will allow greater interoperability between the Columbus module and the Russian Service Module.
In 2015, ARISS kicked off its first fundraising program, after relying on support from NASA, ARRL, AMSAT, and individual donors and volunteers to cover the costs of day-to-day operations and spaceflight equipment certification. NASA budget cutbacks made it less certain that ARISS would be able to cover its operational expenses going forward. ARISS leadership initiated the fundraising effort with the goal of securing greater financial stability. The ARISS website has more information on how to support the program.
ARISS International Chair Frank Bauer, KA3HDO, is Hamvention’s Amateur of the Year
Dayton Hamvention® has announced its 2017 award winners for Amateur of the Year, Club of the Year, and Special Achievement. Each year, Hamvention honors radio amateurs who have made major contributions to the art and science of Amateur Radio.
Scouts in Belize Learn about Amateur Radio
The Belize Amateur Radio Club (BARC) presented an “Introduction to Amateur Radio” for the Scout Association of Belize on February 26. The demonstration, held at the Scouts National Training Grounds, covered BARC´s goals for Amateur Radio in Belize, a video, a hands-on demonstration of radio equipment, and a question-and-answer session. The demonstration represented a first step in cooperation between BARC and the Scout Association of Belize (Scouts Belize).
As we move forward with our friendship and cooperation, let’s remember to use our radio skills wisely for the greater good of our nation, especially in times of emergencies, such as hurricanes and flooding, when we are needed most,” BARC President Emil Rodriguez, V31ER, said afterward.
Members of BARC offered to provide radios and equipment for the Scouts of Belize to take part in Jamboree on the Air (JOTA) in October. JOTA is the world’s largest Scouting event. Discussions at the event also included establishing a permanent Amateur Radio station for Scouts Belize, so that routine training could be conducted covering operating basics and simple radio theory, among other topics. —
FEMA Needs Experienced New Administrator, Former Head KK4INZ Tells Lawmakers
Now-former Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Administrator Craig Fugate, KK4INZ, told a US House subcommittee this week that the agency needs to have a new and experienced administrator soon, or it could lose its forward momentum. That sentiment was echoed by House members during a hearing on FEMA’s future held by the House Homeland Security Committee’s Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Communications Subcommittee.
It’s not a good job to do on-the-job-training,” Fugate told lawmakers. “It’s too brutal, and the citizens deserve better.” He said that whoever ends up heading the agency should understand that FEMA’s role in disaster response “is not about putting FEMA in charge.”
My parting advice for the FEMA team was to continue going big, going early, going fast, and being smart about it,” Fugate said in his written testimony. The new FEMA head should build upon “the strides the agency has made since [Hurricane] Katrina.” During his time at FEMA, from 2009 until this January, Fugate was a strong supporter of Amateur Radio as a communication resource in disasters.
The hearing was the second in a series that will provide recommendations to the next FEMA Administrator. Former FEMA Administrator R. David Paulison also testified. The officially vacant position is being filled for now by Robert Fenton Jr., FEMA’s Region IX administrator.
In a recent interview on HamRadioNow, Fugate focused on Amateur Radio’s role in disasters, explaining to host Gary Pearce, KN4AQ, how he became familiar with emergency management from the ground up, first as volunteer firefighter and paramedic in Florida, and then as head of Alachua County’s emergency management program for 10 years. That experience, he said, “was my first intersection with Amateur Radio.” He eventually self-studied for his license and passed the test after arriving in Washington.
He told Pearce that FEMA supports state, local, and tribal governments in emergencies and disasters, and will work with whatever resources are available. While it has taken advantage of radio amateurs and signed a Memorandum of Understanding with ARRL in 2014, the agency looks at Amateur Radio “a bit differently.”
We’ll work with whoever’s up and operating,” said Fugate, who has not quite taken off his FEMA hat. He said that could be an ARES group, a RACES group, or an individual radio amateur who may have key information coming out of an area hit by an emergency.
Training is great,” he told Pearce. “We shouldn’t think it’s exclusionary.” He said FEMA needs to remain open to any Amateur Radio resource available, “because that person may be the only one up and running.”
Fugate told Pearce that under his watch, FEMA tried to be inclusionary, taking advantage of the entire spectrum of radio amateurs, not just the institutionalized emergency communication organizations. “If you have the luxury of being exclusionary,” he said, “it’s probably not a bad disaster.” Fugate said that while he favors formal emergency communications training, those completing the courses may not always be available when a disaster strikes.
Fugate said now that he’s home in Florida, he is hoping to have more opportunities to pursue his interest in digital modes. He belongs to the Gainesville Amateur Radio Society (GARS).
RSGB Says Regulator Ofcom is Not Resolving Interference Complaints
Commenting in a UK regulatory proceeding, the Radio Society of Great Britain (RSGB) has taken issue with assertions by telecoms regulator Ofcom that the agency “advises and assists spectrum users to help resolve harmful interference.” RSGB said that, while Ofcom does advise complainants from the amateur community and elsewhere, it is “usually only to the extent of advising that they can do nothing and have no further interest in the case.” The regulator rarely uses its statutory powers to assist, RSGB said, responding to Ofcom’s proposed 2017-2018 Annual Plan.
The situation in the UK somewhat mirrors that in the US, where the FCC has dialed back the number of personnel available in the field to handle complaints. RSGB noted that when Ofcom took over responsibility for UK spectrum management in 2003, there were 100 field staffers dealing with interference and enforcement work, supported by other enforcement and engineering personnel.
Several commentators felt that was insufficient for the challenges facing the threats to the radio spectrum,” RSGB said. “Since then, the spectrum has become steadily more polluted as the number of non-compliant and faulty pieces of electronic apparatus and equipment has risen, coupled with Ofcom’s reluctance to act against them, while spectrum use has continued to grow. Instead of rising to the challenge, Ofcom has in fact constantly reduced staff until it now claims to have just 30 field engineers for the whole UK. In our view, this is short-sighted and inadequate.”
Ofcom has masked this inadequacy, RSGB contended, by raising the noise threshold for technical assignments for commercial licensees, something it cannot do for the Amateur Service. Meanwhile, the sources of interference to radio amateurs “are manifold and increasing,” RSGB said, citing more recent developments as wind farms, domestic solar arrays, and VDSL as the cause of “severe problems.”
RSGB said Ofcom’s typical response “is to merely check that the individual components are CE marked” and don’t acknowledge that the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) regulations require that apparatus must be compliant when it’s first placed into service.
RSGB said it hoped that Ofcom would reappraise its proposals with respect to interference resolution, “taking a more positive line and promising to increase resources.”
Past ARRL Midwest Division Director Lew Gordon, K4VX, SK
Past ARRL Midwest Division Director Lew Gordon, K4VX, of Hannibal, Missouri, died on February 25. He was 87. Although he had been suffering from cancer, Gordon remained active on the air until his death.
Licensed in 1947, Gordon was a veteran of the Korean Conflict. After separating from the service, he attended Purdue University, earning a bachelor’s degree in physics.
An ARRL Life Member, Gordon served on the ARRL Board’s Membership Services Committee, including 2 years as chairman, and on its Administration and Finance Committee. He stepped down from the Board in 2000 at the age of 70.
Cliff Ahrens, K0CA, who later also served as Midwest Division Director, called Gordon “a strong advocate for Amateur Radio,” who served honorably in the US Air Force and the CIA.
Gulf Coast Amateur Radio Club Annual Hamfest Announces New Date
The Gulf Coast Amateur Radio Club has changed the date of its annual hamfest. The event now will take place on Saturday, April 8, in Hudson, Florida. Contact Michael Christopher, W2IW, for more information.
Xenia High School Closing on May 19 to Let Students Attend Hamvention
Xenia High School has announced that it will cancel classes on Friday, May 19, so students there can attend the opening day of Hamvention. The largest Amateur Radio gathering in the US will take place in Xenia for the first time this spring after being forced to relocate when longtime venue Hara Arena closed. A message on the high school’s website says, “Xenia will welcome Hamvention to our community for the first time ever this year. Hamvention will be taking place May 19-21. Because this is the first year of Xenia hosting it, we want our students to have the opportunity to take advantage of all of the sessions associated with this program. We also anticipate a large number of people from outside the city coming to Xenia for the convention. We are excited about what Hamvention can mean to our city.”
15-Meter SSTV Dash Contest 0000Z, Apr 1 to 2359Z, Apr 2
+ LZ Open 40m Sprint Contest 0400Z-0800Z, Apr 1
+ Missouri QSO Party 1400Z, Apr 1 to 0400Z, Apr 2 and
1400Z-2000Z, Apr 2
+ Mississippi QSO Party 1400Z, Apr 1 to 0200Z, Apr 2
+ SP DX Contest 1500Z, Apr 1 to 1500Z, Apr 2
+ EA RTTY Contest 1600Z, Apr 1 to 1600Z, Apr 2
+ North American SSB Sprint Contest 0000Z-0400Z, Apr 2
+ RSGB RoLo SSB 1900Z-2030Z, Apr 2
+ RSGB 80m Club Championship, CW 1900Z-2030Z, Apr 3
+ ARS Spartan Sprint 0100Z-0300Z, Apr 4 + Phone Fray 0230Z-0300Z, Apr 5
+ CWops Mini-CWT Test 1300Z-1400Z, Apr 5 and
1900Z-2000Z, Apr 5 and
0300Z-0400Z, Apr 6
+ UKEICC 80m Contest 2000Z-2100Z, Apr 5
+ NRAU 10m Activity Contest 1700Z-1800Z, Apr 6 (CW) and
1800Z-1900Z, Apr 6 (SSB) and
1900Z-2000Z, Apr 6 (FM) and
2000Z-2100Z, Apr 6 (Dig)
+ SARL 80m QSO Party 1700Z-2000Z, Apr 6
+ NCCC RTTY Sprint 0145Z-0215Z, Apr 7
+ NCCC Sprint 0230Z-0300Z, Apr 7
+ JIDX CW Contest 0700Z, Apr 8 to 1300Z, Apr 9
+ PODXS 070 Club PSK 31 Flavors Contest 1000Z, Apr 8 to 0400Z, Apr 9
+ QRP ARCI Spring QSO Party 1200Z, Apr 9 to 2359Z, Apr 10
+ OK/OM DX Contest, SSB 1200Z, Apr 8 to 1200Z, Apr 9
+ SKCC Weekend Sprintathon 1200Z, Apr 8 to 2400Z, Apr 9
+ Texas State Parks on the Air 1400Z, Apr 8 to 0200Z, Apr 9 and
1400Z-2000Z, Apr 9
+ New Mexico QSO Party 1400Z, Apr 8 to 0200Z, Apr 9
+ Georgia QSO Party 1800Z, Apr 8 to 0359Z, Apr 9 and
1400Z-2359Z, Apr 9
+ Yuri Gagarin International DX Contest 2100Z, Apr 8 to 2100Z, Apr 9
+ International Vintage Contest HF 1300Z-1900Z, Apr 9
+ Hungarian Straight Key Contest 1500Z-1700Z, Apr 9
+ NAQCC CW Sprint 0030Z-0230Z, Apr 12
+ Phone Fray 0230Z-0300Z, Apr 12
+ CWops Mini-CWT Test 1300Z-1400Z, Apr 12 and
1900Z-2000Z, Apr 12 and
0300Z-0400Z, Apr 13
+ RSGB 80m Club Championship, SSB 1900Z-2030Z, Mar 23
+ NCCC RTTY Sprint 0145Z-0215Z, Apr 14
+ NCCC Sprint 0230Z-0300Z, Apr 14
+ Holyland DX Contest 2100Z, Apr 14 to 2100Z, Apr 15
+ ES Open HF Championship 0500Z-0559Z, Apr 15 and
0600Z-0659Z, Apr 15 and
0700Z-0759Z, Apr 15 and
0800Z-0859Z, Apr 15
+ Worked All Provinces of China DX Contest 0600Z, Apr 15 to 0559Z, Apr 16
+ YU DX Contest 1200Z, Apr 15 to 1159Z, Apr 16
+ CQ Manchester Mineira DX Contest 1200Z, Apr 15 to 2359Z, Apr 16
+ Michigan QSO Party 1600Z, Apr 15 to 0400Z, Apr 16
+ EA-QRP CW Contest 1700Z-2000Z, Apr 15 (10-20m) and
2000Z-2300Z, Apr 15 (40-80m) and
0700Z-0900Z, Apr 16 (40m) and
0900Z-1200Z, Apr 16 (20-10m)
+ Ontario QSO Party 1800Z, Apr 15 to 0500Z, Apr 16 and
1200Z-1800Z, Apr 16
+ North Dakota QSO Party 1800Z, Apr 15 to 1800Z, Apr 16 + Feld Hell Sprint 1800Z-2159Z, Apr 15 + WAB 3.5/7/14 MHz Data Modes 1200Z-1400Z, Apr 16 (RTTY) and
1400Z-1600Z, Apr 16 (PSK) and
1800Z-2000Z, Apr 16 (RTTY) and
2000Z-2200Z, Apr 16 (PSK)
+ ARRL Rookie Roundup, SSB 1800Z-2359Z, Apr 16
+ Run for the Bacon QRP Contest 0200Z-0400Z, Apr 17
+ Low Power Spring Sprint 1400Z-2000Z, Apr 17
+ 144 MHz Spring Sprint 1900 local - 2300 local, Apr 17
+ Phone Fray 0230Z-0300Z, Apr 19
+ CWops Mini-CWT Test 1300Z-1400Z, Apr 19 and
1900Z-2000Z, Apr 19 and
0300Z-0400Z, Apr 20
+ NCCC RTTY Sprint 0145Z-0215Z, Apr 21
+ NCCC Sprint 0230Z-0300Z, Apr 21
+ QRP to the Field 0800-1800 local, Apr 22
+ UK/EI DX Contest, CW 1200Z, Apr 22 to 1200Z, Apr 23
+ SP DX RTTY Contest 1200Z, Apr 22 to 1200Z, Apr 23
+ Nebraska QSO Party 1300Z, Apr 22 to 0100Z, Apr 23 and
1300Z-2200Z, Apr 23 + BARTG Sprint 75 1700Z-2059Z, Apr 24
+ 222 MHz Spring Sprint 1900 local - 2300 local, Apr 25
+ SKCC Sprint 0000Z-0200Z, Apr 26
+ Phone Fray 0230Z-0300Z, Apr 26
+ CWops Mini-CWT Test 1300Z-1400Z, Apr 26 and
1900Z-2000Z, Apr 26 and
0300Z-0400Z, Apr 27
+ UKEICC 80m Contest 2000Z-2100Z, Apr 26
+ RSGB 80m Club Championship, Data 1900Z-2030Z, Apr 27
+ NCCC RTTY Sprint 0145Z-0215Z, Apr 28
+ NCCC Sprint 0230Z-0300Z, Apr 28 + Feld Hell Sprint 0000Z-2359Z, Apr 29
+ 10-10 Int. Spring Contest, Digital 0001Z, Apr 29 to 2359Z, Apr 30
+ Helvetia Contest 1300Z, Apr 29 to 1259Z, Apr 30
+ Florida QSO Party 1600Z, Apr 29 to 0159Z, Apr 30 and
1200Z-2159Z, Apr 30
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