AMPRnet

                       Amateur Packet Radio interNETAMPRnet on the Internet - Amateur Radio equivalent of Internet


                                                                                                                                                                       
5-6-2008

                                                                                                               

Radio amateurs have long used their radio equipment for digital communications – commonly known as Packet Radio. In recent

years there has been a steady growth in the use of the TCP/IP protocols over these radio links. The World-wide network of

Ham Radio Stations linked in this way is called AMPRnet. The goal of the Network is to provide connectivity among subnets

in nearly every country.  Some have radio links to adjacent subnets and some subnets are completely isolated.  The AMPRnet

is mostly not connected to Internet;  out of thousands of computer systems (host) registered in the AMPR.ORG domain,

few are able to be reached from the Internet. To check if a Host is connected to Internet you can use AMPRnet.org or the usual

Internet tools: traceroute, ping, dig, nslookup, smtp and VRFY.

 

A HF Packet Node, remote from an Internet Provider, (requires a long distance phone call) can still send/receive Internet Email

through a HF Internet Provider, called an Internet/AMPRnet Gateway.

 

           Example: VHF Station sends an Email message.

   

          A VHF Packet Station connects to a VHF/HF  KA-Node, (c aa3eu-7 ); then  connect to a digipeater  KA-Node (x n9rjx-7 s)

          then connect to Internet/AMPRnet Gateway N8DA (c n8da s); you will see the Prompt > to send Email msg. 

          type: sp Internet address, N8DA will send Subject: type the subject; N8DA will send Enter message: type: Email text and

          end with /ex on a separate line. N8DA will send: Send this message type: Y (message is queued, message is forwarded).

 

          Example: to send an Email from a HF Packet Node to any National/International Internet Email address.

 

           Connects to an Internet/AMPRnet Gateway (N8DA) ); you will see the Prompt > to send Email msg. 

          type: sp Internet address, N8DA will send Subject: type the subject; N8DA will send Enter message: type: Email text and

          end with /ex on a separate line. N8DA will send: Send this message type: Y (message is queued, message is forwarded).

          the Email is sent over Internet.

          To receive an Email, the Email must come from a Ham operator, who has connected to an Internet/AMPRnet Gateway.

          It is not legal for a non-Ham to connect to an Internet/AMPRnet Gateway.

 

          Example: One HF Packet Node to send a message over Internet to another HF Node. Neither Node can connect to Internet by

          Phone-landline, but can connect via HF to an Internet/AMPRnet Gateway.

 

          AA3EU connects to an Internet/AMPRnet Gateway ( N8DA). type: sp n4sd@kr4ma@ampr.org  address, and subject and

          text. Type Y send and the message is sent from N8DA, over Internet to another Internet/AMPRnet Gateway  (KR4MA).

          KR4MA sends the message via HF, AMPRnet routing, to N4SD. If N4SD is not on the air, the message is held at KR4MA

          for a later pickup by N4SD.  While the message is being held at KR4MA for pickup, KR4MA Beacons: MAIL FOR: N4SD

 

          Examples of Telnet Operation:

          PC Telnet program to Internet to HF to leave/pickup Mail at an active AMPRnet PBBS:

          Examples:

         Connect your PC to Internet

         With the WinPack v6.80 Telnet program, type: c ve1ama.amor.org:23’, or c linux.ve1ppr.ampr.org:23, or

                    c ve2har.dyndns.org:23 or c ve1ppr.ampr.org:23  or  c cx2sa.dyndns.org:23 or  : c  n8da.ampr.org:23  or

                    c  k0kcc.ampr.org:23   this connects your PC to the Internet/AMPRnet Gateway,

                    After prompt: > log in, (lower case) type: CALL & Password (Your First Name),  & Home BBS

                    Ie. (N8DA.#NEOH.OH.USA.NOAM), after [TNOS-3.01a1-BFHIMW$],  send Sysop, Permissions request message. >

         To connect direct to another AMPRnet from n8da ie. type: t ka6b.ampr.org and log-in.

         Leave mail at VE1AMA with Telnet: type c ve1ama.ampr.org:23 (log-in, type: CALL & Your First Name)

                   type: sp ve1ama  <enter> Subject: <enter> <enter> /EX <enter> type Y <enter> to Exit type BYE                         

         Leave Mail at VE1PPR VHF PBBS, from N8DA, type: t ve1ppr.ampr.org,  (log in, type: CALL & Your First Name)

         Leave Mail at the VE1AMA-1 PBBS from VE1PPR for pickup, type: c vhf ve1ama-1

                    (type B (Bye) returns you to VE1PPR, type B returns you to N8DA, type B disconnects N8DA)

         Leave Mail at any Internet/AMPRnet Gateway from ie. N8DA, type: t CALLsign@ampr.org & login

         Leave Mail at VE1AMA-1, from N8DA type: sp ve1ama@ve1ppr.ampr.org.

         Leave Mail at VE1AMA-1, from N8DA type: c hf ve1ama-1

         Leave Mail at VE1AMA-1, from N8DA type: ve1ama (N8DA will Mail Beacon, till picked up)

         Send Mail to any Internet address from ie. N8DA type: sp Internet addresses Subject and Email text. The Email

                   should be of an Amateur Radio nature. 

         To send your R mail at N8DA to your Email address: Read the mail to the option, continue or N for No … then

               type: sp aa3eu@verizon.net  <enter> Subject: <enter> <enter> /EX <enter> type Y <enter> to Exit type BYE

         To check mail at N8DA type: LL 5, to see a list of the last 5.

         To see other Areas in N8DA type: an

         To List all Subjects: type: LS  to List a Subject: ie Kenwood type: LS Kenwood  to List Mail from: type L < AA3EU

         Listserve: To send a: bulletin, notification, or question to Listserve, just address them to network105@network105.net and

                           in the Subject line put this: NET105: followed by some sort of Subject info.

 

 

PACKET software programs:

           PcPakratt For Windows v1.00A (AEA PK-232 TNC software)

           PacTerm98 for Windows v2007.03.02 Release 3.75.05 http://www.cssincorp.com/pacterm/   (Kantronics TNC software)

           WinPack v6.80 Telnet software  http://www.winpack.org.uk/  (interface PC to Internet to AMPRnet)

Note: WinPack Telnet must be setup; see Help – and read Telnet.txt

 

Packet most used frequencies

             HF Day:  14.098 14.103 14.105.51 LSB 14.107  14.109  14.111

             HF Night: 3.625  7.091  7.100.5  7.105  10.147 

             VHF: 145.03      

             UHF: 440.975 430.55 430.15 441.00 446.1 446.5 1299.87

             Packet Radio Band-Plan 145.030 (IP/NOS) - 145.67 (NET/NOS)  430.15 (X-1J+)

 

Radio with TNC/Modem PK-232MBX (PK-Node non-cross-over) setup:

     Radio 1 (HF 300B) Radio IC-706MKIIG & MFJ-949E Tuner

           Set receiver to: un-squelched, max RF audio, receiver volume control to ½.

           Adjust DCD to just Lit, and readjust squelch.

           Push and hold MODE switch 2 sec. to toggle USB to LSB

           Push Band switch to 14 MHz Band

           Set VFO to 14.105.51 ,monitor receive packets and readjust for a TNC LED 1&2 9&10 Lit (tune-in) display.

          Push Display for 2 sec

          Set Microphone gain to 5 and push Display

          Set:  M3: Filters NB=OFF,   M4:  VOX = OFF, COM = OFF

          Initial set mode:  7 = Auto, 27 = OFF, 29 = 9600

          Push Display 2 sec, Menu for Q1; Set TX Power to 50% of manufacturers rated power. (set to 7)

          Tune antenna  & tuner w/MFJ-269 for 1:1

          Push F-3 to select ALC

          Adjust transceiver ALC: select the HF window; type a series of characters, Click ENTER to transmit and adjust Mic.

          gain, until ALC meter does not peak past the ALZ Zone (8); KAM XL manual Append., B don’t apply.

 

          Note: Deviation see: www.febo.com/packet/layer-one/transmit.html             

 

  TNC PK-232MBX software PcPakratt For Windows setup:

          Click PcPakratt For Windows Icon

          Click TNC, Select TNC1:PK232

          Select Dumb Term at the cmd type: da yymmddhhmmss  (local time)

          Select HF Packet mode   

          Click MailDrop

          Click MDM  (Monitor) 

          Select Parameters:

                    TNC1 HF Packet Params:

                              Axdelay: 0, Beacon: 120, Dwait: 0, Frack: 5, Frick 0, Maxframe: 1,  Mcon: 0,   Mycall: Call, 

                              Paclen: 32, Slottime: 8,  Txdelay: 30;

                              Acrpack ON, Ax25 ON, CMSg  ON, Daystanp ON, Header ON, Hid ON, ILF ON, Mrpt ON,

                              Pperst ON, Step ON,  Stepup ON, Xmitok ON

 

                     TNC1 HF Packet Params:

                              Btext: ie. Sykesville, MD. “Network 105” HF-VHF Gateway

                              Ctext: ie. “Sorry not at computer, Please pickup/leave PBBS mail at AA3EU-1”

                              Ptext: ie. “Welcome to AA3EU’s PBBS; please leave/pickup up mail”

 

                      TNC1 MailDrop Params: Kilonfwd ON  MAildrop ON  MDMon ON  Home BBS type in a local BBS Call N8DA;

                                 Mymail: type in your Call AA3EU-1

           Select Configuration: TNC1:  TNC Configuration: PK232 COM1 9600; Select Save/Restore MailDrop

           Select File: Save TNC1 Parameters

           Select Configuration: Save Configuration

           Select Maildrop (PBBS AA3EU-1 PK-Node) to leave message for pickup; type: Call, Subject, message text and save Message

          With the program in Transmit, Adjust the TNC AFSK Output Level control, CW, until the ALC meter shows a small deflection.

 

         Note: all TNC signal cables should be shielded cables.

         Note: Separate antenna and signal cables as far as possible, and provide a good ground.

 

TNC/Modem KAM-XL Manual is on it’s CD or at WEB http://www.kantronics.com/    kamxl_manual2005-09.pdf

 

Radio with TNC/Modem KAM-XL  (KA-Node cross-over)  setup:

          (a much greater Packet operation than the PK-232MBX TNC)

    Radio Port 2 (HF 300B) IC-706

          Radio IC-706MKIIG & MFJ-949E Tuner

          Set receiver to: un-squelched, max RF audio, receiver volume to ½;

          Push and hold MODE switch for 2 sec to toggle USB to LSB

          Push Band switch to 14. MHz Band

          Set VFO to: 14.105.51, (LSB):  monitor a Packet receive signal and readjust VFO to light brightest, at both ends of the

                KAM XL’s bar graph Display

          Push Display for 2 sec

          Set Mic gain to 5 and push Display

          Push Display 2 sec, Push Meun to select Q1; Set TX Power to 50% of manufacturers rated power. (set to 7)

          Tune antenna & tuner for  1:1 w/MFJ-269 SWR Analyzer

           Push F-3 to select ALC

          Adjust transceiver ALC: select the HF window; type a series of characters, Click ENTER to transmit and adjust Mic.

          gain, until ALC meter does not peak past the ALZ Zone (8); KAM XL manual Append., B calibration, don’t apply.

 

Radio Port 1 (VHF 1200B) TM-261

         Set VFO to 145.030s

         Set receiver volume

         Set receiver squelch

         Set TX Power 

         Adjust TNC for Transmitter Deviation of 2.5KHz from carrier/unmodulated freq.:

                    KAM XL manual Append. B calibration don’t apply

 

 A TNC/Modem KAM XL (KA-Node) setup:

         Note: Check KAM-XL version against latest KAM XL version at Kantronics WEB Site. If unit version is older,

                   Download the update file and send it with MS’s HYPERTERM to KAM-XL folder, with flash update wizard program.

                   TNC version KAM XL 1.05347 – Kantronics WEB Site version 12/13/2005 kamxl-05347.zip Read the TNC version

                   at the Command window.

          Click PacTerm 3 For Windows Icon

          

          PacTerm program will display PacTerm Port 1 Stream A – VHF Window, CW Window & Command Window.

          Close the CW Mode window

          Click File Log Book Settings NONE

 

          Click on VHF Tool Bar and select: NEW HF PACKET SESSION (PacTerm Port 2 Stream A – HF Window)

          Resize: Window Port 1 Stream AWindow Port 2 Stream A – Window (Command – Logging – Port 1 Port 2)

          Click Command Tab on Window: Command – Logging – Port 1 – Port 2

                 Scroll the Command window to see the KAM XL version and Serial Number and the Setup.

                 Type ? after cmd: to see list of Commands. Type HELP followed by COMMAND for more information on that

                 Command. Type HELP HELP for a list of all Commands with an explanation of the Commands.

                  Typing S will tell the state of the TNC Connected or Disconnected.

          

                 Values: In the Command window, after cmd: type a Command and then Click ENTER:

                 AXDELAY: 0/0, BEACON Every 20/5; 

                 CMSG: PBBS/PBBS or CMS P PBBS/PBBS;  DIGIPEAT ON ;  DWAIT: 0/0; 

                 FRACK: 5/6;  HBAUD 300/1200; HID ON/ON;   KNTIMER 15;  KNX ON  (KNXCON ON)  MAXFRAME 1/1;

                 MAXUSERS 4/4; MCOM: ON/ON;   MCON: ON/ON;  MONITOR ON;  MYNODE: AA3EU-7;

                 M Y ON/ON; MYALIAS OFF/OFF;  MYCALL AA3EU/AA3EU; MYGATE AA3EU-2

                 MYP AA3EU-1; MYPBBS AA3EU-1; MXMIT ON/ON; NETCALL Disabled; 

                 NETALIAS MD105/MD105;  NDWILD OFF ;  NUMNODES 2; PACLE 60/128;

                 PBBS 400; PBHOLD ON; PBKILLFW OFF; PBLO NEW VARIABLE PBMAIL ON; PBPERSON OFF;

                 PBREVERS ON RETRY 15/10; STREAMCA ON TXDELAY 40/30 (TXD);  UIGATE ON/ON

                 USERS 2/2;  XMITLVL 45/50 25=-57db,  40=-28db, 45= -28db, 50= -19.5 db, 63= -0db

                 Note: the  /  separates setups for: HF/VHF

                 Set Date/Time Format from: mm/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss, type: daystr d mmm hhmmZ  or daystr d mmm hhmmm

                 Set Date/Tine type: da yymmddhhmm            

                 type: HTEXT  “White Pages” aa3eu@n8da.#neoh.usa.noam

                 type: CTEXT  “Sorry not at computer, Please pickup/leave PBBS mail at AA3EU-1”

                 type: BTEXT AMPRNet Gateway “NETWORK 105” HF 14.105.51 LSB <-> VHF 145.030 Sykesville, Md. USA

                 type: NTEXT “NETWORK 105” Sykesville, MD - Mobile vhf node  AA3EU-17 Node

                 type: PTEXT “Welcome to AA3EU’s BBS; Please leave/pickup Mail”

 

A TNC/Modem KAM-XL (KA-Node) Operation:

         To Monitor: Click on Packet Network Port 2 to monitor HF or Click on Packet Network Port 1 to monitor VHF

         To set a Connect Path: Click Packet Network Port 1 Tab; Put curser on the Packet Network Port 1 text window

                Click F7; Click Options and (1) type: Name of Connect ie VE1AMA-1; (2) type in: Connect Path: VE1AMA-1 – Click OK

         To ID: Put curser in a Port Text window and press ENTER.   

         To make a Contact: Click F7 and Click on the Icon of a Station to call. (Contact request is sent)

         To pick-up Mail in the PBBS: Click F7, Type Callsign of PBBS ie AA3EU-1

         To leave Mail in the PBBS to be picked up: Click F7; Type: Callsign of PBBS ie AA3EU-1

                 Type: Call, Subject and message and /EX and B to quit. Type: S ALL or S QST to leave Bulletin.

         To Clear Screen Click EDIT - Clear Screen

         Click Command Tab, at cmd: type ndh (Nodes heard) ndh 1 (Nodes heard with Path ndh c (clears Nodes heard Log);

                    mh (Stations heard) nh 1 (Stations heard with Path)  mh c (clears Station Log) ph (PBBS Log)

         To use as a KA-Gate – HF to VHF ie AA3EU-2 Digipeater Beacon type: info v aa3eu-2 CALL of VHF Station. The HF

                   Beacon would be cross-link from HF Band to VHF Band.

 

         Note: Registering as a Node will list you to receive: announcements from “NETWORK 105” Listserve & HELP

         Note: Once both Radios and the TNC are setup, the computer maybe disconnected when the system is unattended. The

                   TNC Mail light will indicate when mail is received. The computer will be needed only when human intervention is

                   required to transfer that PBBS mail which needs special distribution handling.

         Note:   ID Sent: AA3EU ID AA3EU/R  Enabled/D AA3EU-2/G  AA3EU-1/B  AA3EU-7N

         Note:  AA3EU-2  (MYGATE) is a digipeater.

 

A TNC/Modem KAM-XL (KA-Node) setup/operation:

          To leave Bulletins in the PBBS to be picked up: Click F7; type CALL of PBBS ie AA3EU-1

           Scripts:

           Type: s  QST type Subject: AA3EU ARES HF/VHF Station:

           AA3EU is part of the “NETWORK 105” HF/VHF ARES Packet Network. AA3EU’s KA-Node Gateway

           is a Linking TNC, that allows Packet Stations to cross-over VHF/HF/VHF Bands, (145.03/14.105.05). This provides VHF

           access to: AMPRnet TCP/IP Internet Email, other KA-Nodes and VHF Stations in the “NETWORK 105” Emergency Network.   

 

           Type: s ALL type Subject: To Send an Email to Internet:

           At AA3EU-7 type: x n9rjx-7 s (Digi from AA3EU-7 to n9rjx-7)

           At n9rjx-7 type: c n8da s (Digi from n9rjx-7 to N8DA)

           At N8DA Log-in your: CALL and for PW your 1st name; if not previously logged-in.

           To send Email type: s type: Internet address type: Subject type: text and end with /EX on a separate line.

                Send message? type: Y (message is queued) – message forwarder to: Internet address

 

           To Copy & Paste a Text File into your PBBS:

            In the PBBS, type s and Message Name and Subject

            Highlight and copy a Text File and Paste in the Send Window ending on a separate line with /EX

      

            Connect to a VHF Packet BBS from a KAM XL: Click on Port 1 Bar, Click on Packet Network Port 1, Click on C Button and

                                                                                         type in CALL and Click on Connect Button

            

 

Examples of HF Operation:

   Via HF to leave/pickup Mail at an active AMPRnet PBBS: examples:

 

         Connect direct to n9rjx-7 Internet/AMPRnet Gateway type: c n9rjx

         Leave Mail at K3MVF-1    PBBS for pick up, type: c k3mvf-1

         Leave Mail at K3MVF-1    PBBS for pick up, type: c ve1ama-7 type: c k3mvf-1

         Leave Mail at VE1AMA-1 PBBS for pick up, type: c ve1ama-1

         Leave Mail at VE1AMA-1 PBBS for pick up, type: c n9rjx-7  type: c ve1ama s

         Leave Mail at VE1PPR-1   PBBS for pick up, type: c ve1ama-7 type: x ve1ppr-1

         Leave Mail at VE1PPR       sp ve1ama  or  c vhf ve1ama-1

         Leave Mail at N8DA          PBBS for pick up, type c n8da s

 

         Connect to VE1PPR-1 from n9rjx-7 [Connected to Node Enter Command B C J N ?] type:  c ve1ama-7 s 

                            type: x ve1ppr-1 s  [Link Made JNOS-1.11d.BFHIM$]

         Connect to VE1PPR-1 from VE1AMA-7 (VHF from HF) type: x ve1ppr-1 [LINK MADE JNOS-1.11dBFHIM$]         

         Connect to N8DA Internet/AMPRnet Gateway from n9rjx-7  type: c n9rjx-7  type: c n8da  s

                             [LINK MADE TNOS-3.01-BFHIMW$] type: sysop

 

         Connect to Gateway N8DA HELP Files

                                                M to list Stations Connected now;  ML to list Stations that were Connected

         Connect to Node n9rjx-1  N to list Nodes;  N S no time stamp  N L to list Paths;  J to list Stations; J S no time stamp

                                                J L to list Paths and time stamp.

         Connect to AJ0O-7 KAM-XL “NetRom” (K-Net) no prompt - I for Info. - U for Users connected & then

                                                type of Node K-Net, TheNet, X1J-4

         Connect to VE1WN type: c ve1ama-7 type: x ve1wn s (this is a X1J-4 Node)

                                                type: I Info., u for users, n local Maritimes Nodes, dx for DX Cluster

         Station Beacon: ie. “NETWORK 105 – Linking HF to Sykesville, MD … Node-Op – Joe”

           KAM-Plus and KAM-XL have: 4 extra:  Beacons, Paths, Time Slots

           Send Beacon to both HF and to VHF Paths, set unproto path, ie. type:  u linking via n9rjx-7,ve1ama-7/hflink v  Callsign-x

                 (where Callsign is the local VHF Node and # is the SSID), the u command line shows the paths specified; the slant bar

                 separates the HF from the VHF Port.

                 If you want a separate: Beacon text, Separate path, and separate time frame:

                                                Set BLT parameter for HF & VHF time frame

                                                Set LT parameter to text to send

                                                Set LPT for both HF and VHF, or either HF or VHF

                                                    

          The X command is for crossing Bands VHF to HF & HF to VHF

          B(ye) will take you back to the previous Station  (if you used the S in your original x ve1ppr-1 s connection)

          The thing you need to always keep in mind is where you are connected to and where you want to go.  Typing X at any node

          will always cross you over to the opposite band, if the tnc can do it... X command is strictly a Kantronics command.
          The PK-900 can cross from hf to vhf and vice versa, but they do it a bit differently, one connects to the hf port and then
          moves to the vhf port and makes the connection, a bit slower but works well.

 

          The S is for S(tay).  What it does is if you make a connection to a 2nd station from
          the node as in the example ... c ve1ama-7 s, using the S command, is ensures you will return to n9rjx-7
          if the link fails, also same thing if you cross over to ve1ppr with the x ve1ppr-1 s, it ensures if you lose the link
          to ve1ppr-1, you get handed back to ve1ama-7.  In the case of a two node connection, if you lose part of it, it
          means you do not have to make the connection to the first node again.... and also when you say b to ve1ppr
          to get out of the system, you get ve1ama-7 back again, and maybe you may want to use it to go someplace else,
          if not you say b to ve1ama-7 and get handed back to n9rjx-7.  If you had not used the space S at any connection
          then saying b to ve1ppr would disconnect you from ve1ppr, and from ve1ama-7 and from n9rjx-7.  Sometimes
          one does not wish to take down the whole link.  Incidentally the AEA or TimeWave series of tncs also have the
          Stay command, the difference is you have to type out the whole word.  e.g.:  c Callsign stay. 

 

         N8DA “Dona”   When you are at Dana's TNOS AMPRNet node, you are right on the control point from hf to

         vhf and hf to the Internet... (AMPRNet).  Next time you go to n8da from the Internet type the letter N and

         look at the big list of world wide worm-holes, and the beauty of them is to get to them, you
         only need to type c Callsign+SSID... I always use the Callsign rather than the aliases or "handles".  The AMPRNet
         is like the Internet a packet node in
Quebec, or Japan, or anyplace is just a C CALLSIGN-# away.  For example
         right now when you telnet to ve1ppr, if all goes well within two months, you will be able to do it like this:
         c n8da   c ve1ppr-7
         and you will be instantly there.  When you are at N8DA, typing M will tell you who is also connected at the same
         time.... typing ML tells you who has connects and how many times and the time on the bottom right hand corner
         tells you how long the station has been up since booting the program.  Doing it at any AMPRNet station has
         the same results... if you see a Callsign in the ML list and want to know something about them... type:
         ml Callsign or  f Callsign        

 

First try to connect directly to any NetRom that interfaces to Internet, if you can’t connect direct, then try connecting to

a KA-Node that can connect to a NetRom The most reliable/efficient connection would be a connection direct to a NetRom Node that

interfaces to Internet. Next would be to a KA-Node that ‘C’ Connects to a NetRom Node. The KA-Node ( -7) repeats and

acknowledges each Packet. This is better than going via a DIGI where you have End-to-End acknowledgement of Packets. The least

desirable connection is via Digi.

 

K-Net Nodes have more setup involved, but once this K-Net Node setup is complete it is more automatic. K-Net Nodes work with

other K-Net Nodes to find the most reliable connection to the final destination (highest signal to noise), and take route. Then for

each station that you know you can easily connect to (VE1AMA-1 is used as an example) type the following and press ENTER:

ADDROUTE 1 VE1AMA-1 100!

Disconnect from your K-Net Node with a B, and then press ENTER, and then type DISP NET … press ENTER

K-Net Nodes are supposed to set up ROUTES automatically, with your K-Net Nodes routing table when another K-Net Node

connects to yours. In essence, there will be no connect to the next station if the software thinks the connection noise level

will be too high. As a starting point, when connected to your K-Net Node, type:

QUALITY 255/100 MINQUAL 20 and ENTER

 

Assume you want to talk to a distant station that can hear some distant node, for example N8DA. And let's assume you can hear
n9rjx. After you connect to n9rjx, look in the NODE list. If N8DA is listed, then enter the command C N8DA. This will
allow the network to automatically select the best route from n9rjx to N8DA. This will usually work much better than doing
your own node hopping, selecting the intermediate nodes between n9rjx and N8DA.

 

A TNC with Node and 2 VHF Ports is a Digipeater, error-free data, between the Node & Packet Station on Port #1 & between Node &
The Packet Station on Port #2 and the Node can link Ports #1 & #2 to transfer data between Packet Stations. A TNC with Node and 2 
Ports, HF Port & VHF/UHF Port, is a GATEWAY a Digipeater, error-free data, between the Node & Packet Station on Port #1 & 
between Node & The Packet Station on Port #2 and the Node can link Ports #1 & #2 to transfer data between Packet Stations. 
                  

Note:  Registering at a NetRom to request Node privileges:

            ie. Register via Internet with Winpack: c ve3lhz.no-ip.com  type: CALL & 1st name. After registering, send a message

            to ve3lhz,  requesting Node privileges and shorter prompts, and that, you are active on “NETWORK 105”

 

Note: SSID:

                -1 PBBS         -4                          -7  NODE                -10                 -13

                -2 GATE        -5                          -8                             -11                 -14 To Digipeater

                -3                   -6                          -9                             -12                 -15 From Digipeater                        

 

NODE:

Network Node refers to versions of: NetRom. There are NetRom Hard Nodes and there are NetRom Software Nodes.

And there are the European Nodes called Flexnet; some Flexnets are in the U.S..

Hard Nodes are TNC’s with a chip; that contain TheNet or an American version of TheNet called X1J-4, K-Net and a

version of G8BPQ Node that is in a chip. Software Nodes are: G8BPQ, JNOS, TNOS, Node programs. Network Nodes

World Nodes List or Tables will appear at AMPRnet Stations, at Wide Area Networks, and at Local Area Networks.

Non-network Nodes are: KA-Node.  Users: connects to a Network Node, Neighbor Node:  Distant Node: Destination Node:

 

Conference Bridge:  part of a Network Operating System  (NOS). ie. N8DA Conference:

                               type: conf 14105 puts you into the conference window; type /w to see who is on the complete conference.

Digipeater: any TNC is a “Via  digipeater, error-free, end-to-end acknowledgement, not very efficient, not advisable on Networks.

 

Cross Over TNCs (cross over to the other Band ie. VHF-HF/HF-VHF):

   KA-NODE: KAM-E, KAM-Plus, KAM-XL

   PK-NODE: AEA/Timewave: KPC-4 & KPC-9612

Non-Cross Over TNCs, are: PK-232, DSP-2232, PK-900

Note: MFJ and Paccom no longer make TNCs.

 

Network Node (Host) types:

NetRom Node: dedicated chip ie. KAM-XL

NetRom Node: any TNC with software JNOS Operating System             

NetRom Node List: K0KCC-7, N8DA-7, VE3LHZ-7, VE3ZDA-7, VA3HRA-7, AA5JJ-7, AC5UV-7, VE2HAR-7

NetRom Node on Internet: K0KCC-7 (TNOS), N8DA-7, (TNOS), VE3LHZ-7, AA5JJ-7, VE2HAR-7, VE8JL-7

Note: A G8BPQ, NetRom, K-Net, X1-J, TheNet, AMPRnet JNOS or TNOS may not necessarily have a connection to Internet.

 

KA-Node: KPC-3 Plus with K-Net chip

   KA-Node: KAM-XL, KAM-Plus (KAMP) v7.1-V8.2 (operates 2  Ports, on HF & VHF/UHF Bands simultaneously).

 

TNC Modes:  TNC firmware provides three entirely independent user interfaces.  The default user interface is designed for use by a
human operator at a terminal. (terminal programs: KA-Gold & PK-Gold) Host mode, on the other hand, is designed for use by a 
specially-designed computer  program. It allows the computer to maintain strict control of the computer-TNC link, and to obtain 
control information that would otherwise be difficult to extract from the normal data stream. And KISS Mode: a transparent TNC 
running a software program ie. JNOS.
 
Additional hardware: IC-706MKIIG 13 pin to TNC DB9, cable; BUXCOMM cable IC13HVUB (page #8)
                                      TM-261 RJ45 to TNC DB9 cable; BUXCOMM cable KV98KW45
                                      TM-241 8p to DB9 cable; BUXCOMM cable KVAK8MX
Additional Packet software’s:
           Windows terminal programs: HOSTMASTER II + v.3.4, Packcom, HYPERTERM v5.1 for KAM-XL

           PacTerm for Windows v2001.12.17

           KaGOLD http://www.interflex.com/

           WinPack v6.80 http://www.winpack.org.uk/

            PuTTYtel Telnet http://www.putty.nl/download.html

            DXTelnet, Netterm for Telnetting

           MixW v2.16b8 http://mixw.net/beta/beta8/MixW216b8.exe  (this software does not require a TNC, has no PBBS)

           Multipsk v3.11 http://multipsk.eqth.org/index.html   (this software does not require a TNC, has no PBBS)

           Packcom    http://www.electronicsaustralia.com.au/cgi-bin/downloads.pl?sv=packcom&mode=all

Telnet Programs:

           WinPack www.apritch.myby.co.uk/uiv32.htm

           NetTerm www.securenetterm.com/

           MS Hyperterm www.modemsite.com/56k/x2-hyperterm

           DXTelnet www.qsl.net/wd4ngb/telnet.htm

References:

http://www.ampr.org/

http://www.ampr.org/amprnet.html

http://ka1fsb.home.att.net/netampr.html

http://ka1fsb.home.att.net/net105.html

http://ka1fsb.home.att.net/mhnet105.html

http://www.twiar.org/n2fnh/tnllltw/ll030517.txt

http://www.fwarig.org/ The Fort Wayne Amateur Radio Internet Gateway

http://www.fwarig.org/home_amprnet.html The Fort Wayne Amateur Radio Internet Gateway

 

http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html  PuTTY

http://wwwdyzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cqi?ID=3141

http://www.constitution.org/wipnet.htm

http://www.apritch.myby.co.uk/ WinPack

http://www.buxhamparts.com/ Packet: cables

http://packetradio.com/ Packet: cables, connectors and Packet info.

http://www.mouser.com Parts

http://www.varmintal.com/ahamp.htm Email via Packet

 

A big thanks to Elmers: VE1AMA Burt, the founder of  NETWORK 105”

and K0KCC Ken, W6OAV Bill,  KB5BOB Craig, N8DA Dona.

 

 
 
Local - Maryland Heard Lists:

14.105.51 (LSB) AMPRnet HF  (TNX & COMMANDS & MHeard): High Lighted Calls have been directly connected to-

9Z4CP AA5JJ-7 AB4DE AB4KR-7 AC5UV AC5XP AD7AN-7 AG0S AJ0O-7 AL7LS CO2DT CO2IZ CO2LL

CO2WF CO2ZK CO3JA CO3JN CO3LY CO3TJ CO3SD CO8CX CO9BLL CU3AP HP3AXL K0KCC-7

K4RTP K4YTE K9MI K9UJH K9VSO-7 KA1FSB KA5KAB KA9QJT-1 KB0MPY-7 KB0MQQ KB0UID KB2USC

KB5BOB-7 KB5STV KB7ITU-7 KB8DM KB8IHG KB8TLU-7 KB9FHA KB9PRF KB9SOZ-7 KB9SUZ KB9WQF-7

KC0AVQ KC0CUA KC0LIX-7 KC4KLM KC5HNH KC6OAR KD4IUJ KD4WAX KD4XV-7 KD6RUH KF5NA  KI4LW

 KL1IF KL7AL KQ4TG KV3B LU1DY N0LVO N0TRQ-7 N1NGN N1OHX N2TIF N4ATA-7 N4EF N4NKV N4WI

N7UNV N8BFL N8DA-7 N8EVP N9LYA-7 N9OEW N9PLE N9RJX-7 N9WWR NI9X NN4NC OE3RAS VA3HRA-7

VA3PMAVE1AMA-1 VE1JOT-7 VE1PKT VE2HAR VE2IB VE3DOU VE3HRA-7 VE3LHZ-7 VE3PMA-7 VE3PZ-7

VE7DGM VE8JL W0LPD W0TX-7 W1MWB W1ZE W2DER W5KWB W6OAV-7 W7RZ W9UW WA3SWT

WA4SGC-7 WA0RES WA1SBI WA4SGC-7 WA5ETK WA5LQZ WA8RSA WA9IPK WB2LMV WB4EDA WD8OHA

WG0N WH6ANH WK0C-7 XE2BC YS1VO

 

144.390 APRS AA3EU AA3JY AA3WZ AI1V K0RYX K3BTK K3JRR K3NK K3ORB K3YJP K5HAL KA2NTT

KB1EJH KB2M KB2SCS KB2VYZ KB3FCJ KB3KUI KB3LJM KB3LZV KB3NDS KB3NYM KB4OGP KC8MMZ

KD4ZB KG4EBZ KG4URP KR3LC KV3B N1RIJ N2AYK N2CSA N2EWT N2SXJ N3DOU N3GXH N3HGB N3HU

N3KNT N3KTX N3OBQ N3ZLL N4CV N8PK N8PK-9 CW1605 CW1676 CW1859 CW4054 CW5368 CW7234

W0NQW W1CAR W2KP W3AHL W3GXT W3BW W3ND W3UD W4FMD W4OKW W8AAS WA3MEZ WB1HAI

KB2M KB3NDS WB3V WB4ARP WX3SMD

 

145.030 AMPRnet AA3EU AA3WZ K3IR  K3KWO K3ORB K3PZN  K3SMT KB3BOD  KB3KVA KB3LNM KB3MMX

KE3FL KE5APC KF3AK N3CWG  N3DOU N3DOW N3GKH N3HPZ  N3HYM  N3III N3QBI N3SCR N3SOK N3SB N3XJT

N3YIM N4WI NN3A  W3AAC  WA3MEZ W4OKW WB4APR WX3F

 

144.91

144.93

144.95

144.97

144.99

145.01

145.05  K3VAU KB3MMX N3ALG N3VSI

145.07

145.09

145.51 Cluster

145.53

145.55 Shuttle

145.57 Cluster

145.59 Cluster DX W3LPL

145.61 Cluster/PBBS

145.63 Cluster

145.65 PBBS

145.67

145.69

145.71 Cluster

145.73

145.75 Cluster

145.77 Cluster

145.79 APRS

145.555